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La Fayette Grover

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La Fayette Grover November 29, 1823 – May 10, 1911 was a Democratic politician and lawyer from the US state of Oregon He was the fourth Governor of Oregon, represented Oregon in the United States House of Representatives, and served one term in the United States Senate


  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Career
    • 21 After statehood
    • 22 Electoral college dispute
  • 3 Death
  • 4 Selected works
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


Grover was born in Bethel, Maine, and was educated at Bethel's Gould Academy and Brunswick's Bowdoin College He studied law and earned entry into the bar association in Philadelphia in 1850 He moved to Oregon in 1851 and began his law practice in Salem


The Oregon Territorial legislature elected him prosecuting attorney for Oregon's second judicial district and auditor of public accounts for the Oregon Territory From 1853 to 1855, he was a member of the Territorial House of Representatives In 1854, he was appointed by the United States Department of the Interior to audit the claims from the Rogue River Indian War He was appointed by the Secretary of War in 1856 to a board of commissioners to audit the Indian war expenses of Oregon and Washington

After statehoodedit

In 1857, he was a delegate to the Oregon Constitutional Convention, representing Marion County1 When Oregon gained statehood, he was elected to the 35th United States Congress as Oregon's member of the House of Representatives, serving from February 15, 1859, to March 4, 1859 He did not run for reelection in 1858, and resumed his law practice and the manufacture of woolens

Grover was elected Governor of Oregon in 1870 and was reelected in 18742 He served as governor until 1877, when he resigned to serve in the United States Senate3 Grover served in the Senate from March 4, 1877 to March 3, 1883, serving in the 46th United States Congress as the chairman of the Senate Committee on Manufactures He did not run for reelection in 1883

Electoral college disputeedit

During the 1876 Presidential Election, Oregon's statewide result clearly favored Rutherford Hayes, but then-governor Grover claimed that elector John Watts was constitutionally ineligible to vote since he was an “elected or appointed official” Grover substituted a Democratic elector in his place The two Republican electors dismissed Grover's action and each reported three votes for Hayes, while the Democratic elector, C A Cronin, reported one vote for Samuel Tilden and two votes for Hayes The vote was critical because the electoral college without John Watts's vote was tied 184–184 A 15-member Electoral Commission ultimately awarded all three of Oregon's votes to Hayes


Grover resumed his law practice, retiring from public life Grover died in Portland, Oregon, on May 10, 1911, and was interred in River View Cemetery4

Selected worksedit

  • Grover, La Fayette 1874 Report of Governor Grover to General Schofield on the Modoc War : and reports of Major General John F Miller and General John E Ross, to the Governor : also letter of the governor to the Secretary of the Interior on the Wallowa Valley Indian question : Salem, OR: MV Brown, State Printer Retrieved 2014-03-08 


  1. ^ "Biographical Sketch of La Fayette Grover" Crafting the Oregon Constitution Oregon State Archives Retrieved 2016-06-20 
  2. ^ "Oregon Governor Lafayette Grover" National Governors Association Retrieved August 24, 2012 
  3. ^ "Grover, La Fayette, 1823 - 1911" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved August 25, 2012 
  4. ^ "La Fayette Grover" Find A Grave Retrieved 26 August 2012 

External linksedit

  • National Governors Association
  • United States Congress "La Fayette Grover id: G000505" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 
  • La Fayette Grover at Find a Grave
US House of Representatives
Preceded by
Position created
Member of the US House of Representatives
from Oregon's at-large congressional district

February 14, 1859 – March 3, 1859
Succeeded by
Lansing Stout
Political offices
Preceded by
George L Woods
Governor of Oregon
Succeeded by
Stephen F Chadwick
US Senate
Preceded by
James K Kelly
US Senator Class 2 from Oregon
Served alongside: John H Mitchell, James H Slater
Succeeded by
Joseph N Dolph

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