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Kwang-chih Chang

kwang-chih chang, how old is kwang-chih chang
Kwang-chih Chang Chinese: 張光直; pinyin: Zhāng Guāngzhí; 1931–2001, also known as KC Chang, was a Chinese/Taiwanese archaeologist and sinologist He was a professor of archaeology at Harvard University, a Vice-President of the Academia Sinica and a curator at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology He helped to bring modern, western methods of archaeology to the study of ancient Chinese history He also introduced new discoveries in Chinese archaeology to western audiences by translating works from Chinese to English He pioneered the study of Taiwanese archaeology, encouraged multi-disciplinal anthropological archaeological research, and urged archaeologists to conceive of East Asian prehistory China, Korea, and Japan as a pluralistic whole


  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Career
  • 3 Selected works
  • 4 Honors
  • 5 See also
  • 6 Notes
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Early lifeedit

Chang's paternal grandfather was a farmer in Taiwan His father, Chang Wo-chün 張我軍, moved to Beijing in 1921 to pursue his education, where he met and married KC Chang's mother His father later became a professor of Japanese literature and language at Peking University and also established some fame as a leading literary figure Born in Beijing as the second son in a family of four children, he returned to Taiwan with his family in 1946; the family's eldest son remained in Beijing Because of that association, the 17-year-old Xhang spent a year in prison1

He enrolled in National Taiwan University in 1950, where he studied anthropology and archaeology under Li Ji He chose archaeology because "it is fun" He graduated in 1954 and moved to the United States to pursue his graduate studies at Harvard University He earned his PhD in 1960; his dissertation was entitled "Prehistoric Settlements in China: A Study in Archaeological Method and Theory"


Chang began his teaching career in the Anthropology Department at Yale University He then returned to Harvard in 1977 to teach anthropology, and later archaeology He was the Vice-President of the Academia Sinica from 1994 to 1996 He trained many students over the years among whom is a group of distinguished archaeologists including Bruce Trigger, Richard J Pearson, Choi Mong-lyong, and others

Chang's main research interests included Chinese prehistory, archaeological theory, settlement archaeology, shamanism, Bronze Age society, and the development of and interaction between regional archaeological cultures in China

He died in 2001 from complications due to Parkinson's disease Most of his books of personal research are preserved in the International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History,2 Boston University today

Selected worksedit

In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Chang, OCLC/WorldCat encompasses more than 100 works in more than 200 publications in 9 languages and nore than 9000 library holdings3

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it
  • The Archaeology of Ancient China 1963, 2nd ed 1968, 3rd ed 1977, 4th ed 1986
  • Rethinking Archaeology 1967
  • Settlement Archaeology 1968
  • Fengpitou, Tapenkeng, and the Prehistory of Taiwan 1969
  • Early Chinese Civilization: Anthropological Perspectives 1976
  • Food in Chinese Culture: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives 1977
  • Shang Civilization 1980
  • The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 BC 1999
  • "The Chinese Bronze Age: A Modern Synthesis", in Fong, Wen, ed 1980 The great bronze age of China: an exhibition from the People's Republic of China New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art pp 35–50 ISBN 0-87099-226-0 
  • Art, Myth and Ritual: the Path to Political Authority in Ancient China 1983
  • "The Rise of Kings and the Formation of City-states", in Allan, Sarah, ed 2002 The Formation of Chinese Civilization: an archaeological perspective Yale University Press pp 125–139 ISBN 978-0-300-09382-7 


  • Association for Asian Studies AAS, 1996 Award for Distinguished Contributions to Asian Studies4

See alsoedit

  • Richard J Pearson
  • Bruce Trigger


  1. ^ Kang-i Sun Chang 2006 Journey Through the White Terror Taipei: National Taiwan University Press pp 59–60 ISBN 9789860056990 
  2. ^ "International Center for East Asian Archaeology & Cultural History | Boston University" wwwbuedu Retrieved 2015-09-05 
  3. ^ Chang, Kwang-chih, OCLC WorldCat Identities
  4. ^ Wilson, Jon "AAS Award for Distinguished Contributions to Asian Studies" Association for Asian Studies AAS Archived from the original on 2008-05-17 Retrieved 2011-06-06 


  • Ferrie, Helke 1995 "A Conversation With K C Chang" Current Anthropology 36 2: 307–325 JSTOR 2744116 doi:102307/2744116 
  • Keightley, David N 2001 "Kwang-Chih Chang 1931–2001" The Journal of Asian Studies 60 02: 619–621 JSTOR 2659775 doi:101017/S0021911800009396 

External linksedit

  • Short Biography with a link to KC Chang's complete bibliography
  • Murowchick, Robert E 2012 Kwang-Chih Chang 1931-2001 PDF National Academy of Sciences 

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