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Kumamoto Prefecture

kumamoto prefecture, kumamoto prefecture map japan
Kumamoto Prefecture 熊本県, Kumamoto-ken is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu1 The capital is the city of Kumamoto2

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns and villages
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Tourism
  • 5 Education
    • 51 Universities
      • 511 National
      • 512 Public
      • 513 Private
  • 6 Transportation
    • 61 Rail
    • 62 Tramway
    • 63 Road
      • 631 Expressways and toll roads
      • 632 National highways
    • 64 Ports
      • 641 Ferry routes
    • 65 Airport
  • 7 Sports
  • 8 Sister cities
  • 9 Notable people
  • 10 Notes
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

Main article: History of Kumamoto Prefecture

Historically, the area was called Higo Province; and the province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration3 The creation of prefectures was part of the abolition of the feudal system The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear"

Geographyedit

Map of Kumamoto Prefecture showing municipal boundaries

Kumamoto Prefecture is in the center of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four major Japanese islands It is bordered by the Ariake inland sea and the Amakusa archipelago to the west, Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south

Mount Aso 1592 m, an extensive active volcano, is in the east of Kumamoto Prefecture This volcano is located at the centre of the Aso caldera

As of March 31, 2008, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: the Aso Kujū and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks; and Ashikita Kaigan, Itsuki Gokanoshō, Kinpōzan, Misumi-Ōyano Umibe, Okukuma, Shōtaisan, and Yabe Shūhen Prefectural Natural Parks4

Citiesedit

Fourteen cities are located in Kumamoto Prefecture:

Kumamoto City Hitoyoshi Aso City
  • Kumamoto the capital city of the prefecture
  • Amakusa
  • Arao
  • Aso
  • Hitoyoshi
  • Kami-Amakusa
  • Kikuchi
  • Kōshi
  • Minamata
  • Tamana
  • Uki
  • Uto
  • Yamaga
  • Yatsushiro

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Itsuki Village
  • Amakusa District
    • Reihoku
  • Ashikita District
    • Ashikita
    • Tsunagi
  • Aso District
    • Minamiaso
    • Minamioguni
    • Nishihara
    • Oguni
    • Takamori
    • Ubuyama
  • Kamimashiki District
    • Kashima
    • Kōsa
    • Mashiki
    • Mifune
    • Yamato
  • Kikuchi District
    • Kikuyō
    • Ōzu
  • Kuma District
    • Asagiri
    • Itsuki
    • Kuma
    • Mizukami
    • Nishiki
    • Sagara
    • Taragi
    • Yamae
    • Yunomae
  • Shimomashiki District
    • Misato
  • Tamana District
    • Gyokutō
    • Nagasu
    • Nagomi
    • Nankan
  • Yatsushiro District
    • Hikawa

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Kumamoto Prefecture

Demographicsedit

The population is 1,812,255 The prefecture ranks 23rd in Japan The population density is 24476 people per square kilometer

Economyedit

Tsūjun Bridge in Yamato, Kamimashiki Kumamoto Castle

There is a Honda automobile plant

Tourismedit

  • Mount Aso is one of the world's largest active volcanoes
  • Kumamoto Castle
  • Suizenji Park
  • Tsūjun Bridge, the largest stone aqueduct in Japan is in Yamato

Educationedit

Universitiesedit

Nationaledit

  • Kumamoto University

Publicedit

  • Kumamoto Prefectural University

Privateedit

  • Kumamoto Gakuen University
  • Kumamoto Health Science
  • Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
  • Kyushu Lutheran College
  • Kumamoto Health Science
  • Shokei Gakuin University
  • Sojo University
  • Heisei College of Music
  • Tokai University of Kumamoto

Transportationedit

Railedit

  • JR Kyushu
    • Kyushu Shinkansen
    • Kagoshima Line
    • Hohi Line
    • Hisatsu Line
    • Misumi Line
  • Kumamoto Electric Railway
  • Kumagawa Railroad
  • South Aso Railway
  • Hisatsu Orange Railway

Tramwayedit

  • Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau

Roadedit

Expressways and toll roadsedit

  • Kyushu Expressway
  • South Kyushu Expressway
  • Kumamoto Amakusa Road

National highwaysedit

  • Route 3
  • Route 57
  • Route 208 Kumamoto-Tamana-Arao-Ōmuta
  • Route 212
  • Route 218 Kumamoto-Takachiho-Nobeoka
  • Route 219
  • Route 265
  • Route 266
  • Route 267 Hitoyoshi-Isa-Satsuma-Satsumasendai
  • Route 268
  • Route 324
  • Route 325 Yamaga-Minamiaso-Takamori-Takachiho
  • Route 387
  • Route 388 Saiki-Nobeoka-Unomae
  • Route 389
  • Route 442
  • Route 443
  • Route 445
  • Route 501 Ōmuta-Arao-Udo
  • Route 503

Portsedit

Ferry routesedit

  • Kumamoto-Shimabara
  • Nagasu-Unzen
  • Ushibuka-Kuranomoto
  • Yatsushiro-Kamiamakusa
  • Reihoku-Nagasaki

Airportedit

  • Kumamoto Airport
  • Amakusa Airport

Sportsedit

Roasso Kumamoto franchise stadium in KKWing of Kumamoto

These sports teams are based in the prefecture:

  • Professional:
    • Roasso Kumamoto - Men's football and J League Second Division
    • Blaze Kumamoto - Men's association football
    • Mashiki Renaissance Kumamoto - Women's association football
  • Amateur:
    • Kumamoto Golden Larks - regional baseball

Sister citiesedit

Kumamoto Prefecture is the 'sister state/prefecture' of Montana in the United States

Kumamoto has a sister city located in Texas named San Antonio, which holds an annual fall festival 'akimatsuri' for its Japanese citizens In 2015 the mascot, 'Kumamon' visited as an honorary ambassador during the festival located at the Japanese Tea Gardens

Notable peopleedit

  • Tetsu Komai, a hollywood actor
  • Kazuaki Kiriya, a filmmaker
  • Kimeru, a pop artist
  • Moe Kamikokuryou, a Japanese idol
  • Yuri Masuda, singer
  • Tomiko Van, singer, vocalist of Do As Infinity
  • Eiichiro Oda, manga author, creator of One Piece
  • Yu Todoraki, actress
  • Tetsuya Noda, Contemporary artist
  • Katsuhiro Ueo, Drifting driver

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Kumamoto prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 572, p 572, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kumamoto" in p 572, p 572, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 8 February 2012 

Referencesedit

  • Japan portal
  • Geography portal
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • National Archives of Japan Kumamoto map 1891

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