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Kumamoto

kumamoto oysters, kumamoto earthquake
Kumamoto 熊本市, Kumamoto-shi is the capital city of Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan

As of April 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 737,8123 and a population density of 1,900 persons per km2 The total area is 38953 km2

Greater Kumamoto 熊本都市圏 had a population of 1,460,000, as of the 2000 census As of 2010, Kumamoto Metropolitan Employment Area has a GDP of US$398 billion45 It is not considered part of the Fukuoka–Kitakyushu metropolitan area, despite their shared border The city was designated on April 1, 2012 by government ordinance

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Landmarks
  • 4 Government
    • 41 Wards
  • 5 Transport
  • 6 Sports
    • 61 Sporting events
  • 7 Education
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 Sister cities
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

See also: History of Kumamoto Prefecture

Katō Kiyomasa, a contemporary of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was made daimyo of half of the old administrative region of Higo in 1588 After that, Kiyomasa built Kumamoto Castle Due to its many innovative defensive designs, Kumamoto Castle was considered impregnable, and Kiyomasa enjoyed a reputation as one of the finest castle-builders in Japanese history After Kiyomasa died in 1611, his son, Tadahiro, succeeded him, but Tadahiro was removed by Tokugawa Iemitsu in 1632, replacing him with the Hosokawa clan

The current administrative body of the City of Kumamoto was founded on April 1, 1889

Near the end of World War II, Kumamto experienced several air raids, and the greatest one on the night of June 30 to July 1, 1945 About one third of the city was burned, and more than 300 people died

After the effects of the air raids, the Japanese Buddhist monk Nichidatsu Fujii decided to construct a Peace Pagoda atop Mount Hanaoka in the city to commemorate all those lost in war, and to promote peace Inaugurated in 1954,citation needed this pagoda held significance, as it would inspirecitation needed Fujii and his followers to build over eighty more in many locations across the world including India, Sri Lanka, the United States and the United Kingdom

On February 1, 1991, the towns of Akita, Kawachi, Tenmei and Hokubu all from Hōtaku District were merged into Kumamoto

On October 6, 2008, the town of Tomiai from Shimomashiki District was merged into Kumamoto

On March 23, 2010, the town of Jōnan also from Shimomashiki District; and the town of Ueki from Kamoto District were merged into Kumamoto6

A series of earthquakes struck the area beginning April 14, 2016, including a tremor with moment magnitude 71 early in the morning of April 16, 2016, local time7

Geographyedit

Climateedit

Kumamoto has a humid subtropical climate Köppen climate classification Cfa with hot summers and cool winters Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much heavier around the summer, especially the months of June and July

Climate data for Kumamoto, Kumamoto 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 225
725
264
795
274
813
307
873
344
939
361
97
388
1018
385
1013
370
986
337
927
289
84
246
763
388
1018
Average high °C °F 105
509
121
538
157
603
213
703
256
781
282
828
317
891
332
918
299
858
246
763
185
653
130
554
220
716
Daily mean °C °F 57
423
71
448
106
511
157
603
202
684
236
745
273
811
282
828
249
768
191
664
131
556
78
46
169
624
Average low °C °F 12
342
23
361
56
421
103
505
152
594
198
676
240
752
244
759
208
694
142
576
83
469
31
376
125
545
Record low °C °F −92
154
−92
154
−69
196
−25
275
13
343
71
448
143
577
153
595
67
441
05
329
−38
252
−79
178
−92
154
Average rainfall mm inches 601
2366
833
328
1379
5429
1459
5744
1955
7697
4049
15941
4008
1578
1735
6831
1704
6709
794
3126
806
3173
536
211
1,9859
78186
Average rainy days ≥ 05 mm 86 90 124 109 111 144 135 107 106 69 79 82 1242
Average relative humidity % 70 67 67 66 68 75 77 73 72 69 72 71 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1326 1395 1585 1814 1872 1410 1845 2110 1759 1897 1530 1475 2,0018
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency8
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency records9

Landmarksedit

Kumamoto Castle

The city's most famous landmark is Kumamoto Castle, a large and, in its day, extremely well fortified Japanese castle The donjon castle central keep is a concrete reconstruction built in the 1970s, but several ancillary wooden buildings remain of the original castle, which was assaulted during the Satsuma Rebellion and sacked and burned after a 53-day siege It was during this time that the tradition of eating basashi raw horse meat originated Basashi remains popular in Kumamoto and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in Japan, though these days it is usually considered a delicacy

Within the outer walls of Kumamoto Castle is the Hosokawa Gyobu-tei, the former residence of the Higo daimyo This traditional wooden mansion has a fine Japanese garden located on its grounds

Miyamoto Musashi lived the last part of his life in Kumamoto His tomb and the cave where he resided during his final years known as Reigandō, or "spirit rock cave" is situated close by He penned the famous Go Rin no Sho The Book of Five Rings whilst living here

Kumamoto is also home to Suizen-ji Jōju-en, a formal garden neighboring Suizenji Temple approximately 3 kilometers southeast of Kumamoto Castle

A notable shrine is Takahashi Inari Shrine

Suizenji Park is also home to the Suizenji Municipal Stadium, where the city's football team, Roasso Kumamoto used to play regularly, but nowadays they use the larger KKWing Stadium in Higashi Ward

The downtown area has a commercial district centred on two shopping arcades, the Shimotori and Kamitori, which extend for several city blocks The main department stores are located here along with a vast number of smaller retailers, restaurants, and bars Many local festivals are held in or near the arcades

Cultural venues include the Kumamoto Prefectural Museum of Art and Kumamoto Prefectural Theater

Kumamoto has a prefectural mascot, "Kumamon" Kumamon is a black bear with red cheeks10

Governmentedit

Kazufumi Ōnishi has been the city's mayor since December 201411

Wardsedit

Map of Kumamoto's wards

Since April 1, 2012, Kumamoto has five wards ku:

  • Kita-ku 北区
  • Nishi-ku 西区
  • Chūō-ku 中央区
    administrative center
  • Higashi-ku 東区
  • Minami-ku 南区

Transportedit

Kumamoto city tram

Local public transport is provided by the Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau Trams run to a few suburbs near the downtown area A large bus terminus, called the Kotsu Centre, provides access to both local and intercity destinations JR Kumamoto station provides rail links to Japan's extensive rail network On March 12, 2011, work on the shinkansen high-speed bullet train network was completed, establishing a direct high-speed rail link to Tokyo via Fukuoka's Hakata terminus Several local taxi companies serve the Kumamoto metropolitan area and are the only 24-hour public transport in the city

Kumamoto Airport is located in nearby Mashiki

Sportsedit

There is a local football club Roasso Kumamoto in JLeague

Sporting eventsedit

The Kumamoto Castle Marathon is a yearly event in Kumamoto City It was established in commemoration of Kumamoto becoming a designated city in 201212 The 1997 World Men's Handball Championship was also played in town

Educationedit

  • Kumamoto University
  • Kumamoto Gakuen University
  • Sojo University
  • Prefectural University of Kumamoto

Notable peopleedit

  • Naochi Fujimori, father of former Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori
  • Inoue Kowashi, statesman
  • Sayuri Ishikawa, enka singer
  • Masahiko Kimura, judoka
  • Rie Kugimiya, voice actress
  • Yuri Masuda, vocalist from the group move
  • Higonoumi Naoya, sumo wrestler
  • Eiichiro Oda, manga artist, author of One Piece
  • Momoko Ueda, professional golfer
  • Yōko Shimada, actress
  • Yokoi Shōnan, scholar and political reformer
  • Isao Yukisada, film director
  • Yuta Iwasada, Japanese baseball player

Sister citiesedit

Kumamoto City is twinned with the following cities

  • Billings, Montana, United States
  • Bristol, United Kingdom
  • Guilin, China
  • Heidelberg, Germany since 199213
  • Helena, Montana, United States
  • San Antonio, Texas, United States since 198714
  • Ulsan, South Korea since 2010

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Kumamoto City" JAPAN SHOWCASE The Japan Times Retrieved 24 October 2015 
  2. ^ "市長名の検索結果" in Japanese 全国市長会 Japan Association of City Mayors Retrieved 24 October 2015 
  3. ^ "Official website of Kumamoto City" in Japanese Japan: Kumamoto City Retrieved 29 April 2017 
  4. ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto "Metropolitan Employment Area MEA Data" Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo 
  5. ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data
  6. ^ "都道府県別市町村変更情報:福岡" kokudoorjp Retrieved on November 22, 2008 in Japanese
  7. ^ "Japan earthquake: Powerful new tremor in Kumamoto" BBC News 2016-04-15 Retrieved 2016-04-15 
  8. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)" Japan Meteorological Agency Retrieved 2011-12-02 
  9. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)" Japan Meteorological Agency Retrieved 2011-12-02 
  10. ^ The Life and Times of Japan’s Mascots
  11. ^ "市長のプロフィール" in Japanese 熊本市 Kumamoto City 3 December 2014 Retrieved 24 October 2015 
  12. ^ Kumamoto Castle Marathon website Information on 2013 Kumamoto Castle Marathon Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Twinning" City of Heidelberg Retrieved 2009-11-12 
  14. ^ City of San Antonio International Relations Office Retrieved 12 October 2011

External linksedit

  • Japan portal
  • Geography portal
  • Kumamoto City official website in Japanese
  • Kumamoto City official website in English
  • Kumamoto travel guide from Wikivoyage in English
  • Geographic data related to Kumamoto at OpenStreetMap

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