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Krymsk

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Krymsk Russian: Крымск is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia Population: 57,382 2010 Census; 56,623 2002 Census; 50,893 1989 Census

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 2012 floods
  • 2 Administrative and municipal status
  • 3 Climate
  • 4 Military
  • 5 Plant breeding
  • 6 References
    • 61 Notes
    • 62 Sources

History

It was founded in 1858 as the fortress and stanitsa of Krymskaya Кры́мская, named after the Crimean Cossack Regiment It was capital of the Greek Autonomous District, which existed in years 1930-1938 The stanitsa was granted town status and given its present name a century later, in 1958 The town's railway station, however, retains the name Krymskaya

2012 floods

Main article: 2012 Krasnodar Krai floods 2012 flooding in Krymsk

Krasnodar Krai experienced a flash flood on July 7, 2012 after heavy rains There were about 275 millimeters 108 in of rain over the region State television reports that it was an equivalent of three to four months' worth of rainfall in a typical year In the hilly area, water formed torrents that rushed into towns

One of the worst known calamities in modern times in this region, the flood killed more than 150 people; with 140 deaths occurring in Krymsk alone Subsequently, the Russian government has declared a day of mourning on July 9, 2012

Tsunami-like waves of several meters were reported, although the nearest sea coast that of the Black Sea is located about 20 kilometers 12 mi southwest of Krymsk and there are mountains between Krymsk and Sea

The Russian government has acknowledged that town authorities was aware of the rising waters at 10 PM Friday night but failed to notify the residents of Krymsk of the approaching flood Russian officials admitted this failure was a major error

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Krymsk serves as the administrative center of Krymsky District, even though it is not a part of it As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the Town of Krymsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts As a municipal division, the Town of Krymsk, together with the khutor of Verkhneadagum in Nizhnebakansky Rural Okrug of Krymsky District, is incorporated within Krymsky Municipal District as Krymskoye Urban Settlement

Climate

Krymsk has a humid continental climate Köppen climate classification Dfa

Climate data for Krymsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C °F 58
424
54
417
84
471
140
572
189
66
230
734
268
802
265
797
220
716
169
624
112
522
69
444
155
599
Daily mean °C °F 39
39
33
379
62
432
114
525
161
61
204
687
241
754
239
75
196
673
145
581
91
484
50
41
132
558
Average low °C °F 21
358
13
343
38
388
85
473
130
554
177
639
212
702
210
698
169
624
120
536
70
446
31
376
106
511
Average precipitation mm inches 98
386
82
323
76
299
71
28
71
28
84
331
65
256
71
28
80
315
102
402
111
437
83
327
994
3916
Source: Krasnodar-meteoru

Military

The town has an air base which is located 30 miles 48 km to the north The main fighter regiment at the base has gone through a series of re-organizations and re-designations:

  • January 9, 2001: absorbed the 562nd Fighter Aviation Regiment, and renamed 3rd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment
  • January 12, 2009 renamed 6972nd Guards Aviation Base

The base is now part of the 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Command

Plant breeding

Krymsk is known for its experimental plant-breeding station, which holds important scientific collections of, among other crops, green peas, sweetcorn, tomatoes, peppers, aubergines eggplants, cucumbers, apples, plums, peaches, pears, apricots, and strawberries The station's stone fruit and quince collections are the largest and most important in Russia or any part of the former Soviet Union Of the 9,000 accessions of Prunus, about 5,000 to 6,000 are wild species and forms, 500 to 1,000 local varieties, and 2,000 to 3,000 cultivars and breeding materials The station is also known for the creation of fruit-tree rootstocks, which are named after the town + a number eg Krymsk 1, Krymsk 2, etc

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Reference Information #3401-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #766-KZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service 2011 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года Том 1" Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года 2010 All-Russia Population Census in Russian Federal State Statistics Service Retrieved June 29, 2012 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г «Об исчислении времени», в ред Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"» Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования 6 августа 2011 г Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г Government of the Russian Federation Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time" Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service May 21, 2004 "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" XLS Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года in Russian Retrieved August 9, 2014 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly 1989 "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года in Russian Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики Retrieved August 9, 2014 
  7. ^ Andrew Kramer,Russian deluge turns flash flooding into death trap, Sydney Morning Herald, July 9, 2012
  8. ^ Russia floods toll rises to 152, The Hindu, Retrieved July 8, 2012
  9. ^ Ellen Barry July 10, 2012 "After Russian Floods, Grief, Rage and Deep Mistrust" The New York Times Retrieved July 11, 2012 
  10. ^ "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification" PDF 
  11. ^ "Krasnodar-meteoru" Archived from the original on July 6, 2013 Retrieved July 12, 2012 
  12. ^ Michael Holm, 393rd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment, accessed December 2012

Sources

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края Справочная информация №3401-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края» Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai Reference Information #3401-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края Закон №766-КЗ от 22 июля 2004 г «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Крымский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред Закона №2053-КЗ от 28 июля 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края» Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №128, 10 августа 2004 г Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai Law #766-KZ of July 22, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Krymsky District, on Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, on the Establishment of the Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on the Establishment of Their Borders, as amended by the Law #2053-KZ of July 28, 2010 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai Effective as of the day of the official publication

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