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Korg OASYS

korg oasys, korg oasys for sale
The Korg OASYS is a workstation synthesizer released in early 2005, 1 year after the successful Korg Triton Extreme Unlike the Triton series, the OASYS uses a custom Linux operating system that was designed to be arbitrarily expandable via software updates, with its functionality limited only by the PC-like hardware

OASYS was a software implementation of the research project that ultimately resulted in the OASYS PCI, a DSP card which offered multiple synthesis engines1 The original OASYS keyboard concept had to be scrapped because of excessive production costs and limitations of then-current technology2

Production of the OASYS was officially discontinued in April 2009 Korg sold just over 3000 units worldwide3 The final software update was released on November 24, 20094

In 2011, Korg Kronos, a successor of Korg OASYS, was introduced on Winter NAMM Show5

Contents

  • 1 Features
  • 2 Options
  • 3 Synthesis engines
    • 31 HD-1
      • 311 HD-1 Program
      • 312 HD-1 Oscillator
      • 313 Wave Sequencing
        • 3131 Differences from the Wavestation
    • 32 EXs
    • 33 EXs3
    • 34 EXi
      • 341 EXi Program
      • 342 AL-1
      • 343 CX-3
      • 344 STR-1
      • 345 LAC-1
      • 346 MOD-7
  • 4 Notable users
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Featuresedit

The standard Oasys comes with hardware similar to many personal computers:

  • 28 GHz Pentium 4 CPU
  • 40GB hard disk drive
  • 1GB DDR RAM, user-expandable to 2GB
  • 104" LCD touch screen

It features Korg's OASYS acronym for Open Architecture SYnthesis Studio technology, which allows multiple synthesis engines to be used simultaneously The OASYS also includes second-generation KARMA technology with the first generation having first appeared in the Korg KARMA It has either a 76 key synth-action, or 88 key hammer-action keyboard

Optionsedit

EXB-DI Digital interface board

The optional EXB-DI adds 8 channels of ADAT Optical format 24-bit 48 kHz digital output, as well as a word clock input The EXB-DI was first made available for the Korg Triton Studio keyboard and Triton Rack module - on these units only 6 outputs are available via ADAT Bar a few early models of the Oasys, the EXB-DI is user installable6

Synthesis enginesedit

As of November 24, 2009 the latest version of the OASYS OS is 133a, featuring the following synthesis engines:

  1. HD-1: A PCM synthesizer, with 628 MB of preloaded samples and Wave Sequencing
  2. EXs: A sample library that works by itself or with other engines EXs-1 is a set of instruments and EXs-2 is a grand piano
  3. AL-1: A 96-note polyphonic virtual analog synthesizer 84 notes in previous versions of the OS
  4. CX-3: A modeled tonewheel organ based on the current CX-3
  5. STR-1: A plucked string physical model
  6. LAC-1: Optional bundle $24900 including two virtual analog synthesizers, the PolysixEX and MS-20EX, which are updated models of the vintage Korg Polysix and Korg MS20
  7. MOD-7: $24900 Combines Variable Phase Modulation VPM, waveshaping, ring modulation, PCM sample playback, and subtractive synthesis in a patchable, semi-modular synthesizer

HD-1edit

HD-1 Programedit

The HD-1 is a sample+synthesis engine with a two "oscillator" structure In addition to the two "oscillators," an HD-1 Program contains a Vector Envelope, Common LFO per-program as opposed to per-voice, similar to the modulation LFOs in some early polyphonic analog synths, two common key tracking generators, KARMA settings, and effects

HD-1 Oscillatoredit

Each "oscillator" consists of a sample playback oscillator, dual multimode filter, nonlinear "drive" and low boost section, amp, and pan The sample playback oscillator has four velocity zones, each of which can play a mono or stereo sample or a Wave Sequence Velocity zones can overlap or crossfade Korg claims very low aliasing distortion, due to the use of band limited interpolation

Wave Sequencingedit

Wave Sequences were first introduced on Korg's Wavestation synthesizer, released in 1990 Wave Sequences allow a single note to play through a list of samples, one after the other, with or without crossfades, with other associated parameters changing for each sample, as listed below This can create smooth, evolving timbres, or rhythmic effects Internally, Wave Sequences are implemented by using two voices; voice A plays the first sample, voice B plays the second sample, voice A plays the third sample, and so on Other synthesizers have featured concepts which are similar in some aspects, such as PPG, Waldorf, and Access Virus wavetables, Synclavier resynthesis, and Ensoniq Transwaves and Hyperwaves see the Ensoniq TS 10

In the lists below, features new to the OASYS in comparison to the Wavestation are noted

OASYS Wave Sequences include, for each step:

  • The sample to play mono or stereo
  • Sample start offset
  • Reverse on/off
  • The length of the step, in milliseconds or rhythmic value
  • The crossfade time into the next step, in milliseconds
  • Crossfade fade-in shape 256 steps, from log to exp
  • Crossfade fade-out shape as above
  • Volume
  • Transpose and fine-tune
  • Two modulation "AMS" value outputs, to control any assignable parameters of the synthesizer in the rest of the Program eg filter cutoff or resonance, LFO speeds, etc

And, for the sequence as a whole:

  • Time/Tempo mode determines whether step durations will be in milliseconds or rhythmic values
  • Run on/off enables and disables programmed durations and crossfades altogether; modulation from other sources can control the sequence directly
  • Key sync on/off determines whether each note's Wave Sequence runs independently, or whether all notes sync together for lock-step rhythms
  • Swing and swing resolution
  • Quantize Triggers on/off adjusts note start times to match current KARMA/Sequence
  • Start step and start step modulation
  • End step
  • Loop start, end, and direction forwards, backwards/forwards, backwards
  • Loop repeats
  • Note-on advance increments the start step for each played note
  • Position modulation sweeps through the sequence manually
  • Duration modulation changes the step durations
Differences from the Wavestationedit

Additions to the original Wavestation implementation include time/tempo modes, sample-locked tempo sync, constant-time crossfades in tempo mode, fade-in and fade-out shapes, swing, trigger quantization and key sync, note advance, real-time duration modulation, control of reverse and sample start point per step, and modulation outputs

EXsedit

EXs is a Korg acronym for "EXpansion Sample" They are sample sounds that come pre-loaded with OASYS EXs-1 is a sample library with acoustic instruments including guitars, brass, piano, strings, beside others EXs-2 is a grand piano sampled in each key with 4 velocity levels plus damper The 1G RAM of OASYS only permits to load 1 EXs at a time, but the user can expand it to have both working at the same time

EXs3edit

EXs3 $149 includes over 700 MB of brass and woodwind samples, perfect for orchestral and pop productions Recorded using world-class instruments and players, the collection features piccolo, flute, alto flute, clarinet, bass clarinet, oboe, English horn, bassoon, contrabassoon, soprano sax, alto sax, tenor sax, baritone sax, trumpet, piccolo trumpet, cornet, flugelhorn, trombone, French horn, bass tuba, contrabass tuba, dual-trumpets, dual-trombones, and brass ensemble Designed to be richly expressive, the samples include multiple dynamics, straight and vibrato versions, breathy and overblown tones, legato, staccato, trills, flutter, growl, sforzando, glissando up/down, falls, doits, voice, breath, attack elements, grace notes, and key noise elements 128 Programs and 64 Combinations take full advantage of the new sounds

EXiedit

EXi is a Korg acronym for "EXpansion Instrument" It refers to all OASYS synth models other than the HD-1, including the AL-1, CX-3, etc

EXi Programedit

This is the Program structure for playing EXi It is similar to that of the HD-1, but differs slightly in a few ways, such as:

  • Allows selection of any two EXi for layering or splitting
  • Adds a "Common" step sequencer, shared by all voices in the Program
  • Adds audio input selection for each of the two EXi currently used by MS-20EX and MOD-7
  • Adds transposition for each EXi

AL-1edit

Virtual analog synth engine

  • Two main oscillators with analog-style FM and sync
    • Korg claims proprietary anti-aliasing technology, for no audible aliasing over standard 88-note range, with sync but with drive and ring-mod off
    • Waveforms: Saw, Pulse, Saw/Pulse, Double Saw, Detuned Saw 1, Detuned Saw 2, Triangle, Square/Triangle
    • Wave Morph and Pulse Width/Phase/Detune
  • Sub-oscillator
  • Audio input
  • Noise generator with saturation and dedicated filter
  • Ring modulation Ring Mod, AM, Rectify, Clip
  • Mixer provides modulatable volume and filter A/B pan for osc 1, osc 2, sub osc/audio input, noise generator, and ring mod
  • Per-voice, modulatable Drive nonlinear distortion and Low Boost low EQ
  • Dual resonant multimode filters, including "multifilter"
    • Multifilter provides two separate sets of gain controls for LB, HP, BP, and dry signals, with modulatable crossfade between the two sets
  • 4 EGs
  • 4 LFOs
  • 2 "AMS Mixers" modulation signal processors
  • Per-voice step sequencer

CX-3edit

A modeled tonewheel organ based on Korg's dedicated CX-3 organ keyboard This organ mimics and in many ways enhances the sound of the Hammond organ and Leslie speaker with amplifier simulation and other enhancements

STR-1edit

A plucked string physical model that allows you to pluck, strike, scrape, or otherwise "excite" the string with 16 different "pluck" types, noise, or any of the onboard or RAM-based PCM waveforms

LAC-1edit

The optional LAC-1 Legacy Analog Collection$24900 EXi adds the MS-20EX and PolysixEX virtual analog synthesizers

  • MS-20EX Runs in demo mode until activated
  • PolysixEX Runs in demo mode until activated

MOD-7edit

The MOD-7 $24900 includes six oscillators which combine simultaneous VPM aka FM, Waveshaping, and ring modulation, plus a PCM oscillator, noise generator, audio input, two multi-mode filters, three 2-in/1-out mixers, and an input main mixer – with a patch panel for routing them together

Note: The MOD-7 and PolysixEX/MS-20EX plug-ins are only available from wwwkorgusernet Owners must register their Oasys at the site in order to purchase them This includes providing the Public ID and serial numbers of their unit

Notable usersedit

Jordan Rudess, Monterrey, 2010
  • Roger Hodgson - Le Chant du Gros, Le Noirmont, Switzerland 2012-09
  • Jordan Rudess – Dream Theater
  • Tuomas Holopainen – Nightwish used during the recording of "Dark Passion Play", he later sampled the sounds into his laptop and uses two Korg TR 61s as MIDI controllers to play the sounds live
  • Rick Wakeman – Live in Hampton Court Palace 2009
  • Pete Townshend – The Who
  • Keith Emerson – Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Keith Emerson Band
  • Tony Banks – during live performances with Genesis
  • Greg Phillinganes – session keyboardist, played with Toto 2005–08
Herbie Hancock at Sonoma Jazz 2008
  • Herbie Hancock
  • Paul Davis – it was the last synthesizer he purchased before his death in 2008
  • Chuck Leavell – The Rolling Stones
  • Sly Stone
  • Michael Cretu – Enigma
  • John Paul Jones – at 2007 reunion of Led Zeppelin and occasionally with Them Crooked Vultures
  • Murray Gold – Doctor Who composer 2005–present
  • Vangelis

See alsoedit

  • Korg Kronos
  • Korg M3
  • Wersi Open-Architecture-System
  • Music workstation

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://wwwkorgcom/services/products/oasyspci/oasyspcihtm
  2. ^ Sound On Sound: Korg OASYS
  3. ^ karma-labcom
  4. ^ korgusersnet
  5. ^ "NAMM 2011: Korg Kronos Music Workstation" Sound On Sound 2011-01-16 
  6. ^ http://wwwkorgforumscom/forum/phpBB2/viewtopicphpt=44774&sid=9910176488263587842d21033b0da895

External linksedit

  • Korg Website
  • Karma-Lab Website - OASYS page
  • Karma-Lab Wiki - OASYS articles
  • Karma-Lab OASYS Video and Audio clips
  • Electronic Musician magazine's review – PDF file
  • Keyboard magazine's review – PDF file
  • Sound On Sound magazine's review, part 1
  • Sound On Sound magazine's review, part 2
  • Keyboard magazine article: The Making of the Korg OASYS
  • Sound On Sound magazine's OASYS v11 and STR-1 review
  • Sound On Sound magazine's OASYS v12 and LAC review
  • O'Reilly Digital Media - Inside a Luxury Synth: Creating the Linux-Powered Korg OASYS
  • The Art Of Sound Website Audio Demos
  • Understanding the Korg OASYS with video interviews and media gallery
  • History of the old OASYS project
  • Korg Forums Website
  • Karma-Lab OASYS forums
  • Electronics portal
  • Music portal

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Korg OASYS


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    29.10.2014


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