Konstantin Jireček


Konstantin Jireček 24 July 1854 – 10 January 1918 was an Austro-Hungarian Czech historian, politician, diplomat, and Slavist He was the founder of Bohemian Balkanology or Balkan Studies and Byzantine studies, and wrote extensively on Bulgarian and Serbian history Jireček was also a minister in the government of the Principality of Bulgaria for a couple of years

Contents

  • 1 Life
  • 2 Work
  • 3 Honours
  • 4 In fiction
  • 5 See also
  • 6 Annotations
  • 7 References
  • 8 Sources
  • 9 External links

Lifeedit

Konstantin Josef Jireček was the son of Czech historian Josef Jireček 1825–1888 and Božena, a daughter of Slovak philologist Pavel Jozef Šafárik 1795–1861 His family was deeply involved in Slavistics

Konstantin was brought up in Vienna and enrolled in the 1864–72 period at Theresianum, a prestigious preparatory school in Vienna1 During his education, he became very interested in and studied several foreign languages French, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Italian, Russian, English, Hungarian, Turkish and Greek1 In 1872 he became a student at the Philological Faculty at the University of Prague, where he studied history and modern philology1 At this time, his nearest friends included French historian Ernest Denis 1849–1921 and the sons of Bulgarian theatre director and actor Krastyo Pishurka1 In 1874 he took a study trip to Croatia-Slavonia and Serbia, after which he published several essays on the history and traditions of the South Slavic countries1

In 1876 he had his first book published, the History of the Bulgarians, a historiographical work spanning the medieval Bulgarian state foundation to the Ottoman conquest, which attracted great attention to the 22-year-old historian1 This was due to the European public's interest in the April Uprising of the Bulgarian people, a people little known in Europe at the time1 For his dissertation on the history of the Bulgarians, Jireček was awarded the title of doctor in philosophy in 1876 In 1877, his habilitation work was divided between Constantinople and Belgrade Serbia

After the end of the Russo-Turkish War 1877–78, which saw the re-establishment of the Bulgarian state, he helped construct the administration, school system and economy in the newly founded Principality of Bulgaria In 1879 he was employed by the Bulgarian government, and from May to July 1881 he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, then until 1882 as Minister of Science In 1884, he was appointed director of the National Library in Sofia During his stay, he devoted himself to research in Balkanology and Byzantine Studies He published his results in numerous studies and monographs

From 1884 to 1893 he taught universal history as a full professor at the Charles University in Prague After that, he was a professor of Slavic philology at the University of Vienna until his death in 1918 Carl Patsch succeeded the office at Vienna

Workedit

The bulk of Konstantin's writings deal with the history of the South Slavs and their literature They notably include a History of the Bulgarians Czech and German, 1876, History of Serbs, The Principality of Bulgaria 1891, Travels in Bulgaria Czech, 1888, etc He mostly wrote in German

  • History of the Bulgarians Czech: Dějiny bulharského národa; German: Geschichte der Bulgaren, published in Prague in 1876
  • Die altböhmischen Gedichte der Grünberger und Königinhofer Handschrift im Urtexte und in deutscher Uebersetzung Prag: Rivnac, 1879
  • Die Handelsstrassen und Bergwerke von Serbien und Bosnien während des Mittelalters: historisch-geographische Studien Prag: Verlag der Königlich Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 1879
  • Einige Bemerkungen über die Überreste der Petschenegen und Kumanen sowie über die Völkerschaften der sogenannten Gagauzi und Surguči im heutigen Bulgarien Prag: Verlag der Königlich Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 1889
  • Die Heerstrasse von Belgrad nach Constantinopel und die Balkanpässe Prag: Tempsky, 1877
  • Das Fürstentum Bulgarien, seine Bodengestaltung, Natur, Bevölkerung, wirthschaftliche Zustände, geistige Cultur; mit 42 Abbildungen und einer Karte Prag ua: Tempsky ua, 1891; Leipzig: Freytag, 1891
  • Poselství republiky Dubrovnické k císařovně Kateřině v roce 1771 Prag, 1893
  • Das christliche Element in der topographischen Nomenclatur der Balkanländer Wien: Gerold, 1897
  • Staat und Gesellschaft im mittelalterlichen Serbien Studien zur Kulturgeschichte des 13-15 Jahrhunderts Wien 1912 Fotomechanischer Nachdruck Leipzig: Zentralantiquariat der DDR, 1974
  • Geschichte der Serben, 1911–18, unvollendet Bd 1 Bis 1371; Bd 2 1371–1537 Gotha: Perthes, o J Nachdruck Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1967

Honoursedit

Jireček Point on Smith Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Konstantin Jireček In Bulgaria, Mount Jireček, the third highest peak of the Rila mountain range, as well as two villages, also bear his name

A journal of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts bears his name Serbian Cyrillic: Зборник Константина Јиречека

In fictionedit

Konstantin Jireček appears as a minor character in one of Aleko Konstantinov's satirical feuilletons centred on the fictional character of Bay Ganyo where the protagonist visits him in Prague, looking for shelter and discussing politics

See alsoedit

  • Jireček Line

Annotationsedit

  • Bulgarian: Константин Иречек, pronounced iretʃek

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Stadtmüller 1976, pp 409–410

Sourcesedit

  • Stadtmüller, Georg 1976 1950 Geschichte Südosteuropas Oldenbourg 
  • L Léger 1923 Neue österreichische Biographie 1815–1918 Wien pp 103–108 
  • Jagić, Vatroslav 1895 "Константин Јиречек" СКА 8: 176–184 
  • "Константин Јиречек" OSN 13: 546 1898 
  • "Константин Иречек" 100 години БАН 1869–1969, т 1 София: 274–276 1969 
  • Radojčić, N "Константин Јиречек" BLGS 2: 267–269 
  • Rehder, Р "Konstantin Jireček" Kudĕlka pp 205–209 
  • Šimeček, Z 1962 Konstantin Jireček ÖBL 12 pp 116–117 
  • Mihaljčić, Rade "Константин Јиречек" КМЕ 2: 118–120 
  • Miltenova, A 1905 Б Цвътковичъ и Й Наги: ТрудоветЪ на проф Д-ръ К J Иречека София 

External linksedit

  • Konstantin Jireček in the German National Library catalogue
  • Works by or about Konstantin Jireček at Internet Archive
  • Works by Konstantin Jireček at LibriVox public domain audiobooks
  • SANU "Константин Јозеф ЈИРЕЧЕК" Чланови Српске академије наука и уметности 


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