Koluvere Castle


Koluvere Castle Estonian: Koluvere linnus; German: Schloss Lohde, also Koluvere Episcopal Castle, Estonian: Koluvere piiskopilinnus, is a castle in Koluvere, Lääne County, in western Estonia

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Architecture
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

History

Koluvere castle from the north-west

A castle has existed on the strategic location since the 13th century In 1439, it came into possession of the bishop of Saare-Lääne German: Ösel-Wiek and functioned as one of the main residences of the bishop During the Livonian War, a battle between an outnumbered Swedish army and a Russian army, resulting in a Swedish victory, was fought nearby The clash, which took place in 1573, is known as the Battle of Lode In 1560, insurgents during a peasant uprising reputedly also tried to storm the castle

Between 1646 and 1771, the castle belonged to the von Löwen family By then it had lost its military significance and was henceforth used as an aristocratic residence In 1771 it passed into the hands of Grigory Orlov after which it became the property of the Empress Catherine the Great In 1786, the Empress found a use for the castle as a place of exile for Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel who had asked the Empress for protection from her violent husband, Prince Frederick of Würtemberg She died at the estate under unclear circumstances, only 23 years old Her grave is located in the nearby Kullamaa church, and her life has inspired plenty of local lore In 1797, Emperor Paul I presented the estate as a gift to general Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden It remained in the possession of his heirs until 1919

Between 1924 and 2001, it was used by various welfare institutions

Architecture

Reinhold von Buxhoeveden's coat of arms at Koluvere castle

The castle is built on an artificial island created in a dammed up part of Liivi river The high, square-shaped tower belongs to the oldest part of the castle and probably dates from the early 13th century, making it one of the oldest castle towers in Estonia With the development of firearms, a large, round cannon-tower was added in the 16th century From around this period a sculpted stone with the coat of arms of Reinhold von Buxhoeveden, bishop of Saare-Lääne 1532–1541 also dates

During the time of the ownership of the von Löwen family et, the castle lost its military importance It was instead converted into a comfortable home Thus, in about 1770 the interior was extensively redecorated in Rococo style Later, during the 19th century, the interiors received a neo-Gothic appearance

Several annexes to the main building were erected during its time as a manor house, for example stables and granaries, but also a noteworthy neo-Gothic power station The surroundings were also transformed into a picturesque park with ponds, a pavilion and an arched bridge adorned with obelisks 19th century

Several fires have damaged the castle, notably in 1840, 1905 and 1963 Still, it remains a very fine example of castle architecture in Estonia

See also

  • History of Estonia
  • Bishopric of Ösel–Wiek
  • Battle of Lode
  • Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
  • List of castles in Estonia

References

  1. ^ Hein, Ants 2009 Eesti Mõisad - Herrenhäuser in Estland - Estonian Manor Houses Tallinn: Tänapäev p 103 ISBN 978-9985-62-765-5 
  2. ^ Viirand, Tiiu 2004 Estonia Cultural Tourism Kunst Publishers p 107 ISBN 9949-407-18-4 
  3. ^ Hein, Ants 2009 Eesti Mõisad - Herrenhäuser in Estland - Estonian Manor Houses Tallinn: Tänapäev p 103 ISBN 978-9985-62-765-5 
  4. ^ Viirand, Tiiu 2004 Estonia Cultural Tourism Kunst Publishers pp 107–108 ISBN 9949-407-18-4 
  5. ^ Sakk, Ivar 2004 Estonian Manors - A Travelogue Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ pp 308–309 ISBN 9949-10-117-4 
  6. ^ Hein, Ants 2009 Eesti Mõisad - Herrenhäuser in Estland - Estonian Manor Houses Tallinn: Tänapäev p 103 ISBN 978-9985-62-765-5 
  7. ^ Viirand, Tiiu 2004 Estonia Cultural Tourism Kunst Publishers pp 107–108 ISBN 9949-407-18-4 
  8. ^ Sakk, Ivar 2004 Estonian Manors - A Travelogue Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ pp 308–309 ISBN 9949-10-117-4 
  9. ^ Sakk, Ivar 2004 Estonian Manors - A Travelogue Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ pp 308–309 ISBN 9949-10-117-4 
  10. ^ Viirand, Tiiu 2004 Estonia Cultural Tourism Kunst Publishers pp 107–108 ISBN 9949-407-18-4 
  11. ^ Sakk, Ivar 2004 Estonian Manors - A Travelogue Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ pp 308–309 ISBN 9949-10-117-4 
  12. ^ Hein, Ants 2009 Eesti Mõisad - Herrenhäuser in Estland - Estonian Manor Houses Tallinn: Tänapäev p 103 ISBN 978-9985-62-765-5 
  13. ^ Viirand, Tiiu 2004 Estonia Cultural Tourism Kunst Publishers pp 107–108 ISBN 9949-407-18-4 
  14. ^ Sakk, Ivar 2004 Estonian Manors - A Travelogue Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ pp 308–309 ISBN 9949-10-117-4 

External links

  • Official website
  • Old official website in Estonian
  • Koluvere Manor at Estonian Manors Portal


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