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Knebworth

knebworth, knebworth house
Knebworth is a village and civil parish in the north of Hertfordshire, England, immediately south of Stevenage The civil parish covers an area between the villages of Datchworth, Woolmer Green, Codicote, Kimpton, Whitwell, St Paul's Walden and Langley, and encompasses the village of Knebworth, the small village of Old Knebworth and Knebworth House

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Twinning
  • 3 Facilities
  • 4 Sport and leisure
  • 5 Nature reserve
  • 6 Transport
  • 7 Employment
  • 8 Statistics
  • 9 Notable inhabitants
  • 10 Twin towns
  • 11 Local publications
  • 12 See also
  • 13 References
  • 14 External links

Historyedit

There is evidence of people living in the area as far back as Neolithic times and it is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 where it is referred to as Chenepeworde the farm belonging to the Dane, Cnebba with a population of 150 The original village, now known as Old Knebworth, developed around Knebworth House Development of the newer Knebworth village started in the late 19th century centred a mile to the east of Old Knebworth on the new railway station and the Great North Road subsequently the A1, and now the B197 since the opening of the A1M motorway in 1962

At the turn of the century the architect Edwin Lutyens built Homewood, southeast of Old Knebworth, as a dower house for Edith Bulwer-Lytton2 Her daughter, the suffragette Constance Lytton also lived there, until just before her death in 19233

Knebworth has, since 1974, been famously associated with numerous major open air rock and pop concerts at Knebworth House, including Queen's final live performance which took place on 9 August 1986 and drew an attendance estimated as high as 300,000, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Oasis playing to a quarter of a million people for 2 nights in 1996 and more recently Robbie Williams, who for three nights in August 2003 performed to the largest crowds ever assembled for a single performer

Twinningedit

On 16 June 1990 the village was twinned with the commune of Châtelaillon-Plage in France

Facilitiesedit

  • Knebworth Post Office
  • Doctors Surgery
  • Knebworth Village Hall

Education and leisure

  • Knebworth Primary and Nursery school
  • The Roebuck Inn, its oldest public house now in Stevenage, which dates back to 1420
  • The Lytton Arms public house in Old Knebworth, an early Victorian building
  • The Station, a public house, built in 1883, but closed since Feb2017
  • Recreation ground, incorporating football pitches, tennis courts, bowling green and children's play equipment

Places of worship

  • St Martin's, Church of England, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and consecrated by the bishop of St Albans, Edgar Jacob, in 1915
  • St Mary's, Church of England, parts of which date back to 1120
  • St Thomas More, Roman Catholic Church, built in 1936
  • Trinity Church, a Methodist Church and United Reformed Church local ecumenical partnership built in 1996 with roots in the village dating back to 1880
  • Redemption House Redeemed Christian Church of God offices

Sport and leisureedit

Knebworth has a Non-League football club Knebworth FC who play at Knebworth Recreation Ground Knebworth Tennis Club and Knebworth Bowls Club are also based at the Recreation Ground

Knebworth Park Cricket Club play at their ground in Knebworth Park Green Dragon Bowmen, an archery club, are also based in the Park

Nature reserveedit

Knebworth Woods is a Site of Special Scientific Interest

Transportedit

Knebworth railway station

Knebworth has a railway station, which has four platforms, running on the East Coast Main Line Southbound services run towards London King's Cross while northbound services run towards Cambridge and Peterborough The station and its train services are operated by Great Northern

Employmentedit

Many of Knebworth's residents are retired, commute to London or work in the surrounding towns and villages but there is employment in the village:

  • A D Bly
  • The Redeemed Christian Church of God administration centre
  • Corehard Limited

Statisticsedit

Statistics from UK Census:4

  • All Residents: 5,247
  • Number of households: 2,203
  • Average household size: 230
  • Residents in households: 5,136
  • Residents in communal living: 111
  • Area hectares: 1,958
  • Population density people per hectare: 270

The developed part of Knebworth around the railway station is approximately 120 ha This gives a density of approximately 17 dwellings per hectare5 Recent developments such as New Close, Kerr Close, Peter's Way and Woodstock and the extension of Wadnall Way have significantly increased this average density The population of Knebworth has approximately doubled since 19706

Notable inhabitantsedit

  • A Duncan Carse, painter, of Deards End 1922-19237
  • Barbara Follett
  • David Lytton-Cobbold, 2nd Baron Cobbold
  • Earls of Lytton
  • Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • Henry Lytton-Cobbold
  • Ken Follett
  • Martin Freeman
  • Robert Wilson, MBE, founder of Music for Youth
  • Samantha Fox, Page 3 model and pop star
  • Tony Byworth, notable country music journalist
  • Tony Cascarino, retired Irish football player

Twin townsedit

Knebworth is twinned with:

  • Châtelaillon-Plage, France8

Local publicationsedit

The Knebworth Parish News is published monthly and delivered to around 800 homes in Knebworth Articles for submission should be emailed to [email protected] It is published on paper only Although it contains secular articles, the cost of production is underwritten by the Parochial Church Council, which has editorial control of the publication

The Stevenage Comet is delivered to a small number of homes in the village

See alsoedit

  • Live at Knebworth
  • Concerts at Knebworth House

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011" Neighbourhood Statistics Office for National Statistics Retrieved 30 October 2016 
  2. ^ Historic England "Homewood 1000911" National Heritage List for England Retrieved 1 December 2015 
  3. ^ Jenkins, Lyndsey 2015 Lady Constance Lytton: Aristocrat, Suffragette, Martyr London: Biteback Publishing pp 228–30 ISBN 978-1-84954-795-6 
  4. ^ UK Census Data for Knebworth
  5. ^ Google Maps area tool
  6. ^ Private communication
  7. ^ Royal Academy Dictionary of Exhibitors: Summer Exhibition catalogue archives
  8. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns" Archant Community Media Ltd Archived from the original on 2013-07-05 Retrieved 2013-07-11 

External linksedit

  • Knebworth Parish Council

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