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Klamath County, Oregon

klamath county oregon assessor's office, klamath county oregon school district
Klamath County /ˈklæməθ/ KLAM-əth is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 66,3801 The county seat is Klamath Falls2 The county was named for the Klamath,3 the tribe of Native Americans living in the area at the time the first European explorers entered the region

Klamath County comprises the Klamath Falls, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government
    • 41 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Education
    • 61 Colleges and universities
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Census-designated places
    • 73 Other unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

The Klamath or Clamitte tribe of Indians, for which Klamath County was named, are the descendants of varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who have lived in the area for more than 10,000 years

When European-Americans began to travel through the area in 1846 along the Applegate Trail, they competed with the Klamath for game and water, which precipitated clashes between the peoples This was exacerbated by European-American settlers, who cleared the land to farm and encroached on hunting territory They were successful in demanding the removal of American Indians to reservations

The Modoc people, having been removed to Oregon to share a reservation with the Klamath, traditional rivals, wanted a reservation created on Lost River, near present-day Merrill, Oregon Captain Jack led his band back to Lost River, but the US Army, accompanied by militia and citizens of Linkville present-day Klamath Falls arrived and convinced Captain Jack to return An argument broke out, shots were fired, and the Modoc War began as the Modoc fled to Captain Jack's Stronghold in northern California

A treaty was signed with the Klamath on October 14, 1864, which led to the establishment of the Klamath Reservation At various times over the next 40 years, different individuals of the Modoc tribe were settled within the reservation

Because of the extensive tracts of forest, the Klamath were very well off as a people until the termination of the reservation by the US government in 1954 Much of the money received after the termination was lost due to squandering, theft or criminal deception, resulting in increased poverty and loss of tribal identitycitation needed

A few of the Klamath refused to accept the buyout money, most notably Edison Chiloquin 1924–2003 Instead of cash, he insisted on receiving the title to ancestral land along the Sprague River where he lived On December 5, 1980, the Chiloquin Act was signed into law, giving him title to the properties he wanted4

Geographyedit

A panoramic view of Klamath County, Oregon, with Klamath Lake in the background

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,136 square miles 15,890 km2, of which 5,941 square miles 15,390 km2 is land and 194 square miles 500 km2 32% is water5 It is the fourth-largest county in Oregon

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Jackson County west
  • Douglas County northwest
  • Lane County northwest
  • Deschutes County north
  • Lake County east
  • Siskiyou County, California south
  • Modoc County, California south

National protected areasedit

  • Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge
  • Crater Lake National Park part
  • Deschutes National Forest part
  • Fremont National Forest part
  • Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge
  • Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge part
  • Rogue River – Siskiyou National Forest part
  • Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge
  • Winema National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 2,444
1900 3,970 624%
1910 8,554 1155%
1920 11,413 334%
1930 32,407 1839%
1940 40,497 250%
1950 42,150 41%
1960 47,475 126%
1970 50,021 54%
1980 59,117 182%
1990 57,702 −24%
2000 63,775 105%
2010 66,380 41%
Est 2016 66,443 01%
US Decennial Census7
1790-19608 1900-19909
1990-200010 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 63,775 people, 25,205 households, and 17,290 families residing in the county The population density was 11 people per square mile 4/km² There were 28,883 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile 2/km² The racial makeup of the county was 8733% White, 063% Black or African American, 419% Native American, 080% Asian, 012% Pacific Islander, 345% from other races, and 347% from two or more races 778% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 167% were of German, 108% Irish, 107% English and 98% United States or American ancestry 926% spoke English and 61% Spanish as their first language

There were 25,205 households out of which 3030% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5420% were married couples living together, 1000% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3140% were non-families 2530% of all households were made up of individuals and 1040% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 249 and the average family size was 295

In the county, the population was spread out with 2580% under the age of 18, 860% from 18 to 24, 2550% from 25 to 44, 2520% from 45 to 64, and 1490% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 10010 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9730 males

The median income for a household in the county was $31,537, and the median income for a family was $38,171 Males had a median income of $32,052 versus $22,382 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,719 About 1200% of families and 1680% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2240% of those under age 18 and 770% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,380 people, 27,280 households, and 17,831 families residing in the county12 The population density was 112 inhabitants per square mile 43/km2 There were 32,774 housing units at an average density of 55 per square mile 21/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 859% white, 41% American Indian, 09% Asian, 07% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 41% from other races, and 41% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 104% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 200% were German, 147% were Irish, 119% were English, and 55% were American14

Of the 27,280 households, 284% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 497% were married couples living together, 107% had a female householder with no husband present, 346% were non-families, and 273% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 240 and the average family size was 288 The median age was 417 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $41,818 and the median income for a family was $51,596 Males had a median income of $42,215 versus $30,413 for females The per capita income for the county was $22,081 About 127% of families and 166% of the population were below the poverty line, including 218% of those under age 18 and 91% of those age 65 or over15

Governmentedit

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 670% 20,435 236% 7,210 94% 2,862
2012 671% 18,898 295% 8,302 34% 952
2008 650% 19,113 319% 9,370 31% 916
2004 721% 22,733 262% 8,264 16% 518
2000 677% 18,855 271% 7,541 52% 1,448
1996 542% 12,116 322% 7,207 136% 3,037
1992 446% 11,864 298% 7,918 256% 6,811
1988 600% 13,484 375% 8,429 25% 557
1984 698% 17,686 299% 7,575 03% 74
1980 628% 16,060 288% 7,371 85% 2,161
1976 525% 11,649 435% 9,659 40% 879
1972 589% 11,169 302% 5,719 109% 2,066
1968 564% 9,604 331% 5,629 105% 1,784
1964 485% 8,530 515% 9,066 00% 3
1960 505% 9,095 495% 8,928 00% 0
1956 536% 9,740 464% 8,434 00% 0
1952 640% 11,517 356% 6,407 04% 65
1948 475% 7,072 505% 7,520 21% 306
1944 469% 5,969 523% 6,656 07% 92
1940 395% 6,169 599% 9,345 06% 96
1936 264% 3,225 701% 8,562 36% 435
1932 324% 3,483 630% 6,772 47% 500
1928 613% 4,453 374% 2,721 13% 93
1924 535% 2,775 131% 680 334% 1,734
1920 702% 2,742 231% 901 68% 264
1916 444% 1,631 504% 1,853 52% 192
1912 223% 433 420% 815 358% 695
1908 546% 634 368% 427 86% 100
1904 687% 552 259% 208 54% 43

Klamath County is represented in the Oregon House of Representatives by two Republicans, E Werner Reschke and Mike McLane, and in the Oregon State Senate by Republican Dennis Linthicum Federally, Greg Walden, a Republican, is Klamath County's representative in the United States House The county has reliably given a majority of its votes to Republican politicians for years; the last time a Democratic candidate for US president carried Klamath County was in 1964, when Lyndon Johnson won by a landslide nationwide against Barry Goldwater — but only by three percentage points in Klamath County

Economyedit

Historically, Klamath County's economy was based on timber and agriculture, and although these natural resource industries now contribute only a small fraction to the region's current economic activity and employment, their legacy lives on in local politics, community identity, and landscape Euro-American settlement in the area was spurred in the early 20th century with the coming of the railroad In addition, the government-subsidized federal reclamation project, the Klamath Irrigation Project, dammed upper tributaries and drained much of the 128 square miles 3315 km2 Lower Klamath and Tule lakes to convert 188,000 acres 760 km2 of former lakebed and wetlands into farmland, to be supported by irrigation

Today the Sky Lakes Medical Center is the largest employer in the area, followed by Klamath County School District and Jeld-Wen, a manufacturer of doors and windows The area is currently experiencing a boom in housing construction, as its proximity to California brings waves of retirees from population centers to the south Outdoor recreation, such as hiking, hunting, and world-class trout fishing, as well as Oregon's only National Park at Crater Lake, contribute to the economy of the area A complex of six National Wildlife Refuges—Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges Complex—seasonally draw some of the largest concentrations of waterfowl in North America The area is world-renowned as a birdwatcher's paradise Natural geothermal hot wells provide heat for many homes, businesses, and the Oregon Institute of Technology campus The full potential of this energy resource continues to be studied

Educationedit

Colleges and universitiesedit

  • Klamath Community College
  • Oregon Institute of Technology

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Bonanza
  • Chiloquin
  • Klamath Falls county seat
  • Malin
  • Merrill

Census-designated placesedit

  • Altamont
  • Beatty

Other unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Ady
  • Algoma
  • Beaver Marsh
  • Bly
  • Cascade Summit
  • Chemult
  • Crescent
  • Dairy
  • Fairhaven
  • Falcon Heights
  • Fort Klamath
  • Gilchrist
  • Hager
  • Hatfield part
  • Haynesville
  • Henley
  • Hildebrand
  • Hot Springs
  • Keno
  • Kirk
  • Klamath Agency
  • Lake of the Woods
  • Langell Valley
  • Lenz
  • Lorella
  • Malone
  • Midland
  • Modoc Point
  • Odell Lake
  • Odessa
  • Olene
  • Pelican City
  • Pine Grove
  • Rocky Point
  • Shevlin
  • Sprague River
  • Worden
  • Yonna

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Klamath County, Oregon
  • List of parks in Klamath Falls, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Government Printing Office p 177 
  4. ^ http://wwworegonencyclopediaorg/articles/chiloquin_edison_1923_2003_/#VUMTqvnF_To
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

External linksedit

Media related to Klamath County, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons

  • Klamath County, Oregon official website
  • Klamath County Chamber of Commerce
  • Klamath Visitor & Convention Bureau
  • Klamath County Economic Development

Coordinates: 42°41′N 121°39′W / 4268°N 12165°W / 4268; -12165

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