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Kintetsu Railway

kintetsu railway, kintetsu railway timetable
Kintetsu Railway Co, Ltd 近畿日本鉄道株式会社, Kinki Nippon Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha, referred to as Kintetsu 近鉄, is a Japanese passenger railway company, managing infrastructure and operating passenger train service Its railway system is the largest in Japan, excluding Japan Railways Group The railway network connects Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nagoya, Tsu, Ise, and Yoshino Kintetsu Railway Co Ltd is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Kintetsu Group Holdings Co, Ltd

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Abbreviations
  • 2 Lines
    • 21 Owned and operated lines Type I Railway Business, funiculars, and aerial tramway
      • 211 1,435 mm 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge lines
      • 212 1,067 mm 3 ft 6 in narrow gauge lines
      • 213 Cable car Funicular lines
      • 214 Ropeway aerial tramway
    • 22 Operated lines owned by other entities Type II Railway Business
    • 23 Owned lines operated by other entities Type III Railway Business
    • 24 Through-train services
    • 25 Abandoned lines and transferred lines
      • 251 Lines transferred to Nankai Electric Railway
    • 26 Unbuilt lines
  • 3 Rolling stock
  • 4 Fare cards
  • 5 Offices of Kintetsu
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

On September 16, 1910, Nara Tramway Co, Ltd 奈良軌道株式会社, Nara Kidō was founded and renamed Osaka Electric Tramway Co, Ltd 大阪電気軌道株式会社, Ōsaka Denki Kidō, Daiki 大軌 a month after Osaka Electric Tramway completed Ikoma Tunnel and started operating a line between Osaka and Nara nowaday the Nara Line on April 30, 1914 The modern Kashihara, Osaka, and Shigi lines were completed in the 1920s, followed by the Kyoto Line a cooperative venture with Keihan Electric Railway Daiki founded Sangu Electric Railway Co, Ltd 参宮急行電鉄株式会社, Sangū Kyūkō Dentetsu, Sankyū 参急 in 1927, which consolidated Ise Electric Railway Co, Ltd 伊勢電気鉄道株式会社, Ise Denki Tetsudō, Iseden 伊勢電 on September 15, 1936

In 1938, Daiki teamed up with its subsidiary Kansai Express Electric Railway Co, Ltd 関西急行電鉄株式会社, Kansai Kyūkō Dentetsu to operate the first private railway service from Osaka to Nagoya Another susidiary Sankyū bought Kansai Express Electric Railway on January 1, 1940 and continued the service on its own Then, Sankyū consolidated Yoro Railway Co, Ltd 養老鉄道株式会社, Yōrō Tetsudō, not the present Yoro Railway Co, Ltd on August 1 Daiki consolidated its largest subsidiary Sankyū on March 15, 1941 and was renamed Kansai Express Railway Co, Ltd 関西急行鉄道, Kansai Kyūko Tetsudō, Kankyū 関急 Kankyū consolidated Osaka Railway Co, Ltd 大阪鉄道株式会社, Ōsaka Tetsudō, Daitetsu 大鉄, owner of the present Minami Osaka Line on February 1, 1943 and moved its headquarters from Uehommachi to Osaka Abenobashi

Kankyū was renamed Kinki Nippon Railway Co, Ltd 近畿日本鉄道株式会社, Kinki Nippon Tetsudō, Kinki Nippon 近畿日本 or Kin-nichi 近日 after it consolidated Nankai Railway in June 1944: it maintained the name when Nankai regained its independence in 1947

After World War II, Kintetsu branched out and became one of the world's largest travel agencies, Kinki Nippon Tourist Co, Ltd, opening offices in the United States of America Kintetsu International Express, Inc and other countries

The first charged limited express train service started between Uehommachi and Nagoya in 1947, and this is the start of the present Kintetsu limited express trains The current rail network was mostly completed by consolidating Nara Electric Railway Co, Ltd 奈良電気鉄道株式会社, Naraden 奈良電, Shigi-Ikoma Electric Railway Co, Ltd 信貴生駒電鉄株式会社, Mie Electric Railway Co, Ltd 三重電気鉄道株式会社, Mieden 三重電 and other companies

Kintetsu moved its headquarters again from Osaka Abenobashi to Osaka Uehommachi on December 5, 1969

On June 28, 2003, Kinki Nippon Railway Co, Ltd was renamed Kintetsu Corporation The corporation was split on April 1, 2015 Its railway business division was succeeded by Kintetsu Split Preparatory Company, Ltd founded on April 30, 2014, while its real estate business division by Kintetsu Real Estate Co, Ltd, its hotel business division by Kintetsu Hotel Systems, Inc, and its retail business by Kintetsu Retail Service Corporation, respectedly

On the samed day Kintetsu Corporation was split, it was renamed as Kintetsu Group Holdings Co, Ltd as a holding company, while Kintetsu Split Preparatory Company, Ltd was renamed as Kintetsu Railway Co, Ltd1

Abbreviationsedit

From its founding to present
  • September 16, 1910—April 14, 1941: Daiki 大軌
  • April 15, 1941—May 31, 1944: Kankyū 関急
  • June 1, 1944—1948: Kinki Nippon 近畿日本 or Kin-nichi 近日
  • Present: Kintetsu 近鉄 —used for the official corporate name in English since 2003
Acquired or merged companies
  • Sangu Express Electric Railway Co, Ltd: Sankyū 参急
  • Ise Electric Railway Co, Ltd: Iseden 伊勢電
  • Osaka Railway Co, Ltd: Daitetsu 大鉄
  • Nara Electric Railway Co, Ltd: Naraden 奈良電
  • Mie Electric Railway Co, Ltd: Mieden 三重電

Linesedit

Map of the Kintetsu Railway

Owned and operated lines Type I Railway Business, funiculars, and aerial tramwayedit

Following lines belong to Kintetsu's Type I Railway Business 第一種鉄道事業, Dai-isshu tetsudō jigyō and Cableway 索道, sakudō Business under the Railway Business Act This means that Kintetsu is the owner and operator of the lines

1,435 mm 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge linesedit

All lines operate with 1500 V DC overhead catenary except for the Keihanna Line, which operates on 750 V DC third rail

  • Osaka Line and its branch
    • Osaka Line Osaka Uehommachi - Ise-Nakagawa
      • Shigi Line Kawachi-Yamamoto - ShigiSangūchi
  • Nagoya Line and its branches
    • Nagoya Line Kintetsu Nagoya - Ise-Nakagawa
      • Yunoyama Line Kintetsu Yokkaichi - Yunoyama-Onsen
      • Suzuka Line Ise-Wakamatsu - Hiratacho
  • Yamada/Toba/Shima Line
    • Yamada Line Ise-Nakagawa - Ujiyamada
    • Toba Line Ujiyamada - Toba
    • Shima Line Toba - Kashikojima
  • Namba/Nara Line and its branch
    • Namba Line Osaka Namba - Osaka Uehommachi
    • Nara Line Fuse - Kintetsu-Nara
      • Ikoma Line Ikoma - Oji
  • Keihanna Line Nagata - Gakken Nara-Tomigaoka
  • Kyoto/Kashihara Line and its branches
    • Kyoto Line Kyoto - Yamato-Saidaiji
    • Kashihara Line Yamato-Saidaiji - Kashiharajingu-mae
      • Tenri Line Hirahata - Tenri
      • Tawaramoto Line Shin-Oji - Nishi-Tawaramoto

1,067 mm 3 ft 6 in narrow gauge linesedit

  • Minami Osaka/Yoshino Line and its branches
    • Minami Osaka Line Osaka Abenobashi - Kashiharajingu-mae
      • Domyoji Line Domyoji - Kashiwara
      • Nagano Line Furuichi - Kawachi-Nagano
      • Gose Line Shakudo - Kintetsu Gose
    • Yoshino Line Kashiharajingu-mae - Yoshino

Cable car Funicular linesedit

  • Ikoma Line Toriimae - Ikoma-Sanjo
  • Nishi-Shigi Line ShigiSangūchi - Takayasuyama

Ropeway aerial tramwayedit

  • Katsuragisan Ropeway Katsuragi-tozanguchi - Katsuragi-sanjo

Operated lines owned by other entities Type II Railway Businessedit

Following line belongs to Kintetsu's Type II Railway Business 第二種鉄道事業, Dai-nishu tetsudō jigyō under the Railway Business Act This means that Kintetsu operates trains on the line, but the owner of the railway trackage is a separate company

  • 1,435 mm 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge line
    • Keihanna Line Ikoma - Gakken-Nara-Tomigaoka, trackage owned by Nara Ikoma Rapid Transit Railway Co, Ltd

Owned lines operated by other entities Type III Railway Businessedit

Following lines belong to Kintetsu's Type III Railway Business 第三種鉄道事業, Dai-sanshu tetsudō jigyō under the Railway Business Act This means that Kintetsu is the owner of the railway facility, but the trains are operated by separate companies

  • 1,067 mm 3 ft 6 in narrow gauge lines
    • Iga Line Iga-Ueno - Iga-Kambe, trains operated by Iga Railway Co, Ltd
    • Yōrō Line Kuwana - Ogaki - Ibi, trains operated by Yōrō Railway Co, Ltd

Until September 30, 2007, those lines were part of the Category 1 railway business

Through-train servicesedit

Kintetsu trains also run on the Osaka Municipal Subway Chūō Line, the Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line, and the Hanshin Railway Hanshin Namba Line, but such lines are not Kintetsu lines

Abandoned lines and transferred linesedit

  • Hase Line 長谷線 Sakurai - Hase, abandoned February 1, 1938 1938-02-01
  • Sanjo Line 山上線 Takayasuyama - Shigizammon, discontinued on January 7, 1944 and abandoned on March 21, 1957 1957-03-21
  • Horyuji Line 法隆寺線 Shin-Horyuji - Hirahata, discontinued on February 11, 1945 and abandoned on April 1, 1952 1952-04-01
  • Obusa Line 小房線 Unebi - Kashiharajingu-eki, discontinued on June 1, 1950 and abandoned on September 1, 1952 1952-09-01
  • Ise Line 伊勢線 Edobashi - Shin-Matsusaka - Daijingu-mae
    • Shin-Matsusaka - Daijingu-mae: abandoned on August 11, 1942 1942-08-11
    • Edobashi - Shin-Matsusaka: abandoned on January 22, 1961 1961-01-22
  • Iga Line 伊賀線 Nishi-Nabari - Iga-Kambe, abandoned on October 1, 1964 1964-10-01
  • Shima Line 志摩線 Kashikojima - Shinjuko, abandoned on July 1, 1969 1969-07-01
  • Hachioji Line 八王子線 Nishihino - Ise-Hachioji, discontinued on July 25, 1974 and abandoned on April 1, 1976 1976-04-01
  • Higashi-Shigi Cable Line 東信貴鋼索線 Shigisanshita - Shigisan, abandoned on September 1, 1983 1983-09-01
  • Hokusei Line 北勢線 Nishi-Kuwana - Ageki, transferred to Sangi Railway Co on April 1, 2003
  • Utsube Line 内部線 Kintetsu Yokkaichi - Utsube, transferred to Yokkaichi Asunaro Railway Company on April 1, 2015
  • Hachioji Line 八王子線 Hinaga - Nishi-Hino, transferred to Yokkaichi Asunaro Railway Company on April 1, 2015

Lines transferred to Nankai Electric Railwayedit

To separate both former Kankyū lines and Nankai Railway lines, on June 1, 1947, the following lines were transferred to Nankai Electric Railway Co Ltd that was renamed from Kōyasan Electric Railway Co, Ltd

  • Nankai Main Line 南海本線 Namba - Wakayamashi
    • Tennoji Branch Line 天王寺支線 Tengachaya - Tennoji
      • Tengachaya - Imaikecho: abandoned on November 18, 1984 1984-11-18
      • Imaikecho - Tennoji: abandoned on July 1, 1993 1993-07-01
    • Takashinohama Line 高師浜線 Hagoromo - Takashinohama
    • Tanagawa Line 多奈川線 Misakikoen - Tanagawa
    • Kada Line 加太線 Kinokawa - Kada
    • Kitajima Branch Line 北島支線 Wakayamashi - Higashi-Matsue, abandoned on December 1, 1966 1966-12-01
  • Koya Line 高野線 Shiomibashi - Koyashita
  • Hankai Line 阪堺線 Ebisucho - Hamadera-eki-mae transferred to Hankai Tramway Co, Ltd on December 1, 1980
    • Ohama Branch Line 大浜支線 Shukuin - Ohama-kitaguchi - Ohamakaigan
      • Ohama-kitaguchi - Ohamakaigan: abandoned on February 11, 1945 1945-02-11
      • Shukuin - Ohama-kitaguchi: closed on July 10, 1945, abandoned on November 28, 1980 1980-11-28
    • Uemachi Line 上町線 Tennoji-eki-mae - Sumiyoshikoen transferred to Hankai Tramway Co, Ltd on December 1, 1980
    • Hirano Line 平野線 Imaike - Hirano abandoned on November 28, 1980 1980-11-28

Unbuilt linesedit

  • Gifu Line 岐阜線 Ogaki - Gifu or Hashima, planned by Yoro Electric Railway Co
  • Shijonawate Line 四条畷線 Sakuranomiya - Nukata, planned by Osaka Electric Railway Co

Rolling stockedit

As of 1 April 2016update, Kintetsu operates a fleet of 1,905 electric multiple unit EMU vehicles, the second largest fleet for a private railway operator in Japan after Tokyo Metro 2,278 vehicles2

Fare cardsedit

KIPS ICOCA card: the contactless smart card sold by the Kintetsu Railway

Kintetsu accepts five types of pre-paid and post-paid reusable fare cards: Pearl Card, Surutto Kansai, J-Thru Card, PiTaPa, and ICOCA Pearl Card is used for purchase of tickets and others are used in lieu of tickets Validity of these cards varies by lines as shown in the table below

Validity of fare cards on Kintetsu lines
Magnet Contactless IC
Pearl
Card1
Surutto
Kansai
J-Thru
Card1
PiTaPa ICOCA
Dōmyōji Line x - + + +
Gose Line x + + + +
Ikoma Line x + + + +
Kashihara Line x + + + +
Keihanna Line x + x + +
Kyoto Line x + + + +
Minami-Osaka Line x + + + +
Nagano Line x + + + +
Nagoya Line x - - + +
Namba Line x + + + +
Nara Line x + + + +
Osaka Line Uehommachi - Aoyamachō x + + + +
Iga-Kōzu - Ise-Nakagawa x - - + +
Shigi Line x + + + +
Shima Line Five major stations2 x - - + +
Other stations x - - - -
Suzuka Line x - - + +
Tawaramoto Line x - - + +
Tenri Line x + + + +
Toba Line x - - + +
Yamada Line x - - + +
Yoshino Line x - - + +
Yunoyama Line x - - + +
Other lines x - - - -

Legend

  • "+": Ticket gates of all stations on the line accept the card some exceptions may exist
  • "-": No stations on the line accept the card some exceptions may exist
  • "x": Ticket vending machines of all stations on the line accept the card, but ticket gates do not

Note

  1. The sales of Pearl Card and J-Through Card ended on September 15, 2008
  2. The five major stations on the Shima Line that accept IC Cards are Toba, Nakanogō, Shima-Isobe, Ugata and Kashikojima

Offices of Kintetsuedit

  • Headquarters and Osaka Transportation Department, Railway Headquarters, Railway Headquarters: 1-55, Uehommachi Rokuchome, Tennoji-ku, Osaka
  • Nagoya Transportation Department, Railway Headquarters: 16-11, Unomori Itchome, Yokkaichi, Mie

See alsoedit

  • Yamato Bunkakan

Referencesedit

  • about Kintetsu
  • Railway and tourist guide website of Kintetsu
  1. ^ 純持株会社制移行に伴う会社分割に関するお知らせ PDF in Japanese Kintetsu Corporation May 13, 2014 Retrieved October 1, 2014 
  2. ^ 私鉄車両編成表 2016 Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2016 in Japanese Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha 25 July 2016 p 213-214 ISBN 978-4-330-70116-5 

External linksedit

  • Official website

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