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Kings Dominion

kings dominion, kings dominion tickets
Kings Dominion is a theme park in Doswell, Virginia 20 miles 30 km north of Richmond and 75 miles 120 km south of Washington, DC, off Interstate 953

The 400-acre 16 km2 park opened on May 3, 1975,2 and is currently owned by Cedar Fair and offers over 60 rides, shows and attractions including 13 roller coasters and a 20-acre 81,000 m2 water park4 The name given to the park is derived from the name of its sister park, Kings Island, and the nickname for the state of Virginia, "Old Dominion"


  • 1 History
    • 11 Early history as Kings Dominion 1972–83
    • 12 Growth under KECO management 1983–92
    • 13 Paramount era 1993–2006
    • 14 Cedar Fair era 2007–present
  • 2 Areas and attractions
    • 21 International Street
    • 22 Old Virginia
    • 23 Candy Apple Grove
    • 24 Safari Village
    • 25 Planet Snoopy
    • 26 Soak City
  • 3 Fast Lane
  • 4 Halloween Haunt
    • 41 Attractions
    • 42 Criticism
  • 5 Timeline
  • 6 Retired rides and attractions
  • 7 Kings Dominion logos
  • 8 In popular culture
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links


Early history as Kings Dominion 1972–83edit

The park entrance as seen from the observation deck of the replica Eiffel Tower

Following the success of Kings Island in Mason, Ohio, northeast of Cincinnati, Family Leisure Centers a partnership formed between Taft Broadcasting Company and Top Value Enterprises decided to expand into a new region of the country by opening a second park A 400-acre 16 km2 site was chosen in Doswell, Virginia, north of Richmond in the heart of the Mid-Atlantic, and construction began on October 1, 19725 The new park was designed with Kings Island in mind as the blueprint using similar themes, rides, and activities

Kings Dominion officially opened on May 3, 1975,26 offering fifteen attractions including the Rebel Yell, the Lion Country Safari Monorail, Galaxie, and a junior wooden roller coaster known as Scooby Doo Also present at the opening was a log flume, steam train, a collection of flat rides and a cable-car sky ride that transported visitors between Old Virginia and The Happy Land of Hanna-Barbera5 In addition, Kings Dominion's 1/3-scale replica of the Eiffel Tower and the International Street Fountain greet visitors near the main entrance to the park Original themed areas included The Happy Land of Hanna-Barbera, International Street, Lion Country Safari, Old Virginia, and Coney Island7 Daily admission price in 1975 was $750, and a dollar for parking2

Kings Dominion added their fourth roller coaster, a Schwarzkopf shuttle loop known as the King Kobra, in 1977 The King Kobra featured a 50-ton counter weight drop launch and was the park's first launched roller coaster It was in the park for nine seasons before being relocated to Jolly Roger Amusement Park in Ocean City, Maryland and later to Hopi Hari in Brazil where it exists today as Katapul8 Also in 1977, Kings Dominion was one of several amusement parks serving as location for the film Rollercoaster

A campground was completed in time for the 1978 season and the park's well-known Lost World mountain debuted in 1979 Originally, the Lost World featured three rides: a flume ride called Voyage to Atlantis, a children's attraction mine ride known as Land of the Dooz, and a rotor called Time Shaft Only a year later in 1980, the flume ride was rethemed Haunted River Kings Dominion later expanded Old Virginia with the addition of the park's third wooden roller coaster, the Grizzly, in 1982 and a river rapids ride called White Water Canyon in 1983

Growth under KECO management 1983–92edit

The replica Eiffel Tower at Kings Dominion

Taft Broadcasting Company sold its theme park division in late 1983 for $1675 million to Kings Entertainment Company KECO, a new company formed by senior executives and general managers of Taft's Amusement Park Group9 Three parks were involved in the sale — Kings Island, Kings Dominion, and Carowinds — along with a 20-percent stake in Canada's Wonderland American Financial Group later purchased KECO in 1987 but allowed KECO to continue to manage operations at the amusement parks10

One of the first additions under the new management group was Berserker — a looping starship ride added to International Street in 1984 Also that year, Smurf Mountain replaced the mine ride Land of the Dooz, transforming the Lost World into The Smurfs theme Kings Dominion unveiled a TOGO stand-up roller coaster in 1986 called Shockwave, the first of three roller coasters to be added under KECO Shockwave has one loop like the older King Kobra but adds a helix King Kobra was removed at the end of the season A water slide complex known as Racing Rivers opened in 1987, and Avalanche, which remains the only Mack bobsled roller coaster in the United States, debuted the following year in 198811 The trains of Avalanche are themed after bobsleds from various countries including the United States, France, Germany, Canada and Switzerland creating the experience of a bobsled race in the Winter Olympics12

Kings Dominion continued to expand over the next few seasons starting with Hanna-Barbera Land in 1990 with the addition of more children's flat rides A new, looping roller coaster from Arrow Dynamics called Anaconda was introduced the following year in 1991 featuring the world's first underwater tunnel which travels under part of Lake Charles Anaconda was also originally billed as having six loops,13 but unlike Arrow's six-inversion coaster Drachen Fire that opened at Busch Gardens Williamsburg the following year, the Anaconda actually has only four inversions: a vertical loop, a sidewinder, and two consecutive corkscrews14

A new 20-acre 81,000 m2 water park addition called Hurricane Reef opened in 1992 To build the water park, Kings Dominion filled in two-thirds of Lake Charles near the Candy Apple Grove region of the park Originally it featured the Monsoon Chutes two pairs of free-fall body slides, at 70 and 50 feet 15 m high, respectively, the Torrential Twist two enclosed body slides which wrapped around each other, the Pipeline four open body slides, Cyclone three enclosed body slides, the center of which was a free-fall, Tidal Wave two open slides, which riders rode on inner tubes, Splash Island an area for children with five water slides, and a lazy river15

Paramount era 1993–2006edit

The Paramount Theatre Now known as "Kings Dominion Theater"

Kings Dominion continued its growth when it became part of Paramount Parks in 1993 and switched its name to Paramount's Kings Dominion New attractions and areas of the park themed to Paramount's television shows and films appeared at Paramount's Kings Dominion almost every season that they were under Paramount's ownership In 1993, they added a motion simulator attraction, originally featuring the Days of Thunder film, and Lion County Safari was removed at the end of the season Also in 1993, Smurf Mountain was removed, leaving only the Time Shaft and Haunted River remaining in The Lost World Mountain until 1995 when both rides were removed The 1994 season saw the addition of a new area of the park themed to the 1992 Paramount motion picture Wayne's World, which featured their third full-size wooden roller coaster, Hurler, a shop called the Rock Shop, and a Stan Mikita's restaurant similar to the one featured in the film Since then, the Wayne's World section has been merged into the Candy Apple Grove since renamed the Grove; the Stan Mikita's was converted to the Juke Box Diner, and the Hurler no longer has Wayne's World theming, except for a few spray painted "Wayne's World" logos near the exit of the ride In the next year, another children's area, known as Nickelodeon Splat City, opened near the Shockwave roller coaster, this was a product of Viacom purchasing Paramount in 1994 This was later converted into Nick Central In the 1995 season, The Skyride and The Singing Mushrooms were removed

In 1996, Kings Dominion introduced its second launched roller coaster, and first LIM-launched roller coaster, The Outer Limits: Flight of Fear The Outer Limits has a 56 miles per hour 90 km/h launch, four inversions, and an identical "spaghetti bowl" layout to Flight of Fear at Kings Island Almost as notable as the launch of The Outer Limits was the fact that the entire ride was in semi-darkness; the riders could not see where they were going Five years after The Outer Limits opened, Paramount Parks' licensing agreement to use theming from the television show after which the ride was named expired; the Outer Limits theming in the ride and its queue was removed, and the ride was renamed Flight of Fear

1997 featured the debut of KidZville, a re-theming of the Hanna-Barbera section The park added the new Taxi Jam roller coaster, and Scooby's Playpark became a construction themed playpen called Kidz Construction Company Yogi's Cave was rethemed to Treasure Cave and many rides in KidZville, such as Scooby Doo's Ghoster Coaster, George Jetson's Spaceport, and Huck's Hot Rods, continued to bear the names of Hanna-Barbera characters

Overview of Volcano, The Blast Coaster and Flight of Fear in the background

Kings Dominion added another launched roller coaster in 1998, Volcano, The Blast Coaster, in the former Lost World mountain The mountain's previous rides had all been removed several years previously, and Volcano gave the mountain a major transformation Volcano, which was manufactured by Intamin, was the world's first LIM-launched inverted roller coaster The ride featured two separate launch sections, an Immelman loop out of the top of the mountain, and three heartline rolls on the way back down Volcano was themed to the 1997 film Volcano; the other Paramount Parks added inverted or suspended roller coasters themed to Top Gun around the same time During the next two seasons, Kings Dominion expanded Hurricane Reef behind the Rebel Yell and renamed it WaterWorks The new portion of WaterWorks includes Pipeline Peak, a set of four enclosed water slides, one of which the Night Slider is the world's tallest dark free-fall slide In 2000, Nick Central opened, replacing Nick Splat City and part of Kidzville16

The park added its third launched roller coaster, Hypersonic XLC, in 2001 Hypersonic XLC, a Thrust Air 2000 air-launched coaster made by S&S Power, launched riders from 0 to 80 miles per hour 130 km/h in 15 seconds, taking them up an 87-degree incline and down an 87-degree drop17 The entire ride takes about 25 seconds Hypersonic XLC broke down frequently and was closed for the first three months of its second season; no other Paramount Parks installed a similar ride18 Nevertheless, Hypersonic XLC helped establish Kings Dominion's reputation as "the launched coaster capital of the world"19 Hypersonic XLC was removed after the 2007 season

The early 2000s saw Kings Dominion opening new rides similar to existing rides at other Paramount Parks In 2002, the park opened its new wild mouse roller coaster, Ricochet Carowinds also installed their Ricochet in 2002 Diamond Falls, the Shoot-the-Chutes ride closed that season The 2003 season saw Kings Dominion become the final of several of the Paramount Parks to open a Drop Zone: Stunt Tower, now Drop Tower: Scream Zone The 305-foot-high 93 m Drop Zone at Kings Dominion was the tallest freefall ride in the world at the time it opened In 2004, Kings Dominion added Scooby-Doo! And the Haunted Mansion; similar Scooby Doo-themed dark rides had opened at three other Paramount Parks during the three previous seasons In the next season, Kings Dominion added an inverted top spin called Tomb Raider: Firefall, now The Crypt, which was an outdoor version of a similar ride named Tomb Raider: The Ride, also now The Crypt, at Kings Island The differences between the two were that at Kings Dominion riders' feet dangle freely and at Kings Island there is a floor In the 2006 season, Kings Dominion opened the Italian Job Turbo Coaster, its fourth launched roller coaster Unlike the previously built launched coasters at Kings Dominion, each of which was faster than its predecessor, the Italian Job Turbo Coaster is designed more as a family ride and features several launches at 40 miles per hour 64 km/h The coaster would later be renamed the Backlot Stunt Coaster in 2008 It is similar to the Backlot Stunt Coaster rides at Kings Island and Canada's Wonderland, which both opened in 2005

On May 22, 2006, Cedar Fair Entertainment Co announced that they were purchasing all five Paramount Parks20 The sale was finalized on June 30, 2006 for $124 billion21 The park continued to operate as Paramount's Kings Dominion until the beginning of the 2007 season when Paramount was dropped from the title

Cedar Fair era 2007–presentedit

Control of the Paramount Parks had been transferred from Viacom to CBS Corporation at the start of the 2007 season For the 2007 season, the park lowered its single-day admission by $5 to $4495,22 one year after Cedar Point had made the same change to their ticket prices This was the first time that Kings Dominion has ever lowered their ticket prices for a full season22 In addition, they brought back their Starlight discount, which allows admission to the park for $2999 after 4pm22 Kings Dominion expanded WaterWorks for the 2007 season, adding a second wave pool called Tidal Wave Bay, a four-person family raft slide called Zoom Flume, and a ProSlide Tornado22

During the Cedar Fair era, the park introduced Halloween Haunt While the park had always had a Halloween event, the new HAUNT event has been received very well

In December 2006, Kings Dominion also put Hypersonic XLC up for sale23 The park announced plans to keep it running until a buyer was found It remained in operation during the 2007 season and was closed and dismantled several weeks before the 2008 season started Also during the 2007–2008 offseason, Cedar Fair renamed the park's last two rides to open with Paramount theming Drop Zone Stunt Tower became Drop Tower Scream Zone, The Italian Job: Turbo Coaster became Backlot Stunt Coaster, and Tomb Raider: Firefall received the name The Crypt The Paramount Theater also changed its name to Kings Dominion Theater24

Dominator, a Bolliger & Mabillard floorless roller coaster formerly located at Geauga Lake, opened in 2008 in International Street Dominator is the longest floorless roller coaster in the world, with the fourth largest vertical loop in the world

The 2008 and 2009 seasons saw Kings Dominion receive three rides which had operated at Geauga Lake during its dry amusement park's final season On October 23, 2007, Kings Dominion announced that Dominator, a floorless roller coaster, would be moved to Kings Dominion and located in the International Street section25 Dominator opened on May 24, 2008, becoming Kings Dominion's first roller coaster with five inversions For the 2009 season, two flat rides once located at Geauga Lake, like Dominator, opened in 2008 Located near Rebel Yell, Americana became Kings Dominion's first Ferris wheel26 El Dorado, a pendulum ride, opened in the former site of Hypersonic XLC next to the Xtreme Skyflyer

For the 2010 season, Kings Dominion opened Intimidator 305, a 305-foot-tall 93 m gigacoaster by Intamin The ride features a cable lift hill, an 85° first drop and a maximum speed of 90 mph 140 km/h The ride, which is themed to NASCAR driver Dale Earnhardt, was announced on August 20, 2009, and represents the park's largest-ever capital investment It was opened to the public in May 201027 Also for the 2010 season, the Kidzville and Nickelodeon Universe areas of the park began being re-themed to Planet Snoopy, as were the children's areas at Canada's Wonderland and Kings Island The park has renamed the Hanna-Barbera themed rides in Kidzville to match the Planet Snoopy theme, ending the park's 35-year run with Scooby Doo and other Hanna-Barbera characters

For the 2012 season, Kings Dominion installed WindSeeker in the Grove section of the park next to the Juke Box Diner There are other versions of the ride in Cedar Fair parks such as Canada's Wonderland, Cedar Point, Kings Island, Knott's Berry Farm, and Carowinds The ride stands 301 feet 92 m and gives riders a view of the surrounding area28 Kings Dominion also added Dinosaurs Alive!, an upcharge dinosaur walkthrough exhibit, located in the Old Virginia section of the park This attraction also appears at Kings Island, Cedar Point, and Canada's Wonderland28

For the 2013 season, Planet Snoopy merged with KidZville during a 7-acre 28 ha expansion to form the largest Planet Snoopy in the Cedar Fair chain There are now 18 attractions covering 14 acres 57 ha29

For the 2014 season, Kings Dominion commemorated the 40th anniversary of Lion Country Safari and the preview-opening of Kings Dominion by returning park icons from past eras These icons included the return of the classic singing mushrooms, the repainting of Anaconda, an improved queue line for Volcano: The Blast Coaster, the return of classic blue ice cream, among other additions The 2014 season also saw the return of the iconic floral clock, the popular clown band, and the renaming of Johnny's and Trail's End Grill restaurants to their original names, Dinner Bell and Hungry Hippo, respectively New lighting packages were added to the International Street fountains and Rebel Yell The Congo and Grove sections of the park returned to their original themes, Safari Village and Candy Apple Grove, respectively

For the 2015 season, Kings Dominion continues celebrating their 40th anniversary with a major expansion to WaterWorks water park The expansion included a new 65-foot tall slide complex featuring three different attractions called Paradise Plunge, Aqua Blast, and Thunder Falls; a new children's area called Splash Island; expanded cabana areas, updated bathhouses, and other improvements to the area As part of the major water park expansion, the area was renamed and re-branded as Soak City30 On August 9, 2015, Shockwave closed in Candy Apple Grove permanently the closure of the ride was announced on July 9, 2015, and a swinging pendulum ride titled "Delirium" will stand in its place This was also the last operating season For Hurler 31

For the 2017 season, Kings Dominion will expand the Planet Snoopy area by adding three new children's rides and a covered pavilion area Free park-wide WiFi and Cedar Fair's FunPix photo service will also become available to guests On October 15, 2016, Kings Dominion announced that the Hurler wooden coaster would be permanently closed32

Areas and attractionsedit

International Streetedit

International Street is the park's main entry area, featuring a 320-foot-long 98 m fountain pool33 in the center of the walkway leading up to the 1/3 scale replica of the Eiffel Tower at the end of the street The area is themed to a showcase of various European architectures, featuring shops and restaurants of different cultures Originally, only the walkway and its shops were considered part of the International Street area;34 during the park's Paramount seasons, the boundaries of International Street expanded to include the Action Theater35

Ride Opening year Manufacturer Description Thrill rating36
Action Theater 1993 A 3-D theater which currently houses The Lost World 3D Formerly known as The Paramount Action F/X Theater 1998–2008 and Days Of Thunder 1993–1997 Formerly housed Days of Thunder 1993-1997, James Bond 007: License to Thrill 1998, Dino Island 3D 1999–2000, The 7th Portal 2001–2002 SpongeBob SquarePants 3D 2003–2011, The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera 2006, Dinosaurs: Giants of Patagonia 2012–2013
Berserker 1984 Intamin A Looping Starship ride 4
Dominator 2008 Bolliger & Mabillard A floorless roller coaster Originally from Geauga Lake in Ohio 5
Eiffel Tower 1975 Intamin An approximately one-third scale replica of the Eiffel Tower in Paris at 315 feet 96 m and 450 tons There is an exact replica of this Eiffel Tower at Kings Island 2
Grande Bandstand 1975 A performance stage beneath the Eiffel Tower N/A

Old Virginiaedit


Along with International Street, Old Virginia is the only original section of Kings Dominion that has kept its same name throughout the park's history This area has a distinct old-fashioned country theme with colonial-themed props including a replica of the Liberty Bell, music, and architecture In the 1970s, Old Virginia had an Intamin Flying Dutchman flat ride called Jamestown Landing; behind it, Old Virginia had a 3 ft 914 mm narrow gauge3738 steam train ride, Old Dominion Line, which ran through the woods in the back of the park39 Jamestown Landing closed by 1980;34 the Old Dominion Line stayed until it closed in the 1990s

Ride Opening year Manufacturer Description Thrill rating36
Blue Ridge Tollway 1975 Passenger-driven cars that ride along on a guide rail 2
Dinosaurs Alive! 2012 Dinosaurs Unearthed A pay-per-entry walkthrough Dinosaur attraction
Flying Eagles 1975 Bisch-Rocco A Flying Scooters type ride 2
Grizzly 1982 Curtis D Summers/Taft Broadcasting A wooden roller coaster similar to Wild Beast at Canada's Wonderland 4
Kings Dominion Theater 1975 A theater that currently houses Cirque Imagine Originally named The Mason-Dixon Music Hall and later named The Paramount Theatre during the Paramount era N/A
Shenandoah Lumber Company 1975 Arrow Development A log flume ride 4
Thunder Raceway 1995 RE Enterprises Pay-per-ride Go-kart racing track 4
White Water Canyon 1983 Intamin A River rafting ride 4

Candy Apple Groveedit

The area was known as Coney Island when the park opened in 1975 It was renamed Candy Apple Grove in 1976 In the 1990s, Candy Apple Grove lost much of its theming as it merged with the former Wayne's World area in 2001; the newly combined area was renamed as simply The Grove Candy Apple Grove is Kings Dominion's largest area in the park The area opened with an orchard theme complete with large candy apples, the popular animatronic Singing Mushrooms, and three apple-themed rides: Apple Turnover,40 Bad Apple, and Adam's Apple As part of Kings Dominion's 40th anniversary celebration, the Grove was rethemed to Candy Apple Grove with the return of its original theme including the newly developed Singing Mushrooms,41 floral clock, and the popular clown band42

In addition to rides, the area features carnival games, an arcade, fast-food restaurants, and a gift shop The 301 foot tall swing ride, WindSeeker, opened in 2012 Candy Apple Grove's newest ride, Delirium, a Mondial Revolution, replaced the Shockwave stand-up coaster in 2016 Hurler, a wooden roller coaster by International Coasters, Inc, closed in 201532

Ride Opening year Manufacturer Description Thrill rating36
Americana 2009 A ferris wheel that previously operated at Geauga Lake from 1999 until 2007 2
Bad Apple 2002 HUSS HUSS Troika Formerly known as Triple Spin from 2002-2013 3
Carousel 1975 Philadelphia Toboggan Company A historic 1917 wooden carousel, PTC #44 Originally from Roger Williams Park in Providence, Rhode Island43 1
Delirium 2016 Mondial A 115-foot-tall 35 m spinning pendulum flat ride 5
Dodgem 1975 Bumper cars 4
Drop Tower: Scream Zone 2003 Intamin A Gyro drop tower 4
Grove Stage 2013 Performance stage that currently houses Rockin' Country and Karaoke Superstars N/A
Rebel Yell 1975 Philadelphia Toboggan Company A racing dual-tracked wooden roller coaster 4
Ricochet 2002 Mack Rides A wild mouse roller coaster 4
Wave Swinger 1975 Zierer A suspended swing ride that rotates with a wave motion lifting riders more than 30 feet 91 m in the air 3
WindSeeker 2012 Mondial A tower swinger ride featuring two-person swings that slowly rotate and ascend the 301-foot 92 m tower until reaching the top where speeds increase up to 30 miles per hour 48 km/h 4
Xtreme SkyFlyer 1996 Skycoaster Pay-per-ride double skycoaster 5

Safari Villageedit

Safari Village formerly named Congo is Kings Dominion's easternmost and predominantly African-themed section It was inspired by one of the park's original attractions, the Lion Country Safari Containing a boat ride and a monorail train through a nature preserve, the safari attraction closed in the 1990s The area is home to mostly African architecture and landscaping, with many rides and restaurants themed to African stories and geography

Ride Opening year Manufacturer Description Thrill rating36
Anaconda 1991 Arrow Dynamics A custom looping roller coaster It was the first looping coaster to feature an underwater tunnel and the first coaster at Kings Dominion to feature more than one inversion 5
Avalanche 1988 Mack Rides A bobsled roller coaster that is the only Mack bobsled coaster currently operating in the United States 3
Backlot Stunt Coaster 2006 Premier Rides A family LIM-launched roller coaster based on the chase sequence of the 2003 remake of The Italian Job Riders launch into a parking garage, dodge police cars, and are attacked by a helicopter, which ignites fire all around riders before hitting a second launch section, sending riders into pitch black darkness Formerly known as The Italian Job: Stunt Track 2005–2007 5
The Crypt 2005 HUSS A suspended top spin with fire and water effects Formerly known as Tomb Raider: Firefall 2005–2007 5
Flight of Fear 1996 Premier Rides A LIM-launched roller coaster prototype Over-the-Shoulder harnesses were removed and replaced with lap bars in 2001 Formerly known as Outer Limits: Flight of Fear 1996–2000 5
Intimidator 305 2010 Intamin A giga coaster that is one of the tallest in the world The name is in reference to former NASCAR driver Dale Earnhardt, "The Intimidator", and the coaster's 305-foot 93 m lift hill44 5
Scrambler 2000 Eli Bridge Company A classic scrambler ride Formerly called Witch Doctor 3
Volcano, The Blast Coaster 1998 Intamin A launched inverted roller coaster The largest of its kind in the world It is an enclosed roller coaster since the station is located inside a model of a giant volcano 5

Planet Snoopyedit

The section originally opened as Nickelodeon Splat City in 1996, and was later renamed Nickelodeon Central in 2000 It was re-themed to the Peanuts for the 2010 season In 2013, Cedar Fair merged the KidZville section of the park and introduce 12 new and re-themed attractions29 In 2017, another expansion will update the former Nickelodeon Central area of Planet Snoopy with three new attractions and a covered pavilion area

Attractions Height Requirement Description Thrill rating36
Boo Blasters on Boo Hill Under 46" with adult An interactive dark ride by Sally Corporation; replaced Scooby Doo and the Haunted Mansion 2
Kite-Eating Tree TBA A miniature drop tower from Zamperla; opens 2017 TBA
Lucy's Crabbie Cabbies Under 54" Children's bumper cars; formerly Boulder Bumpers 2
Flying Ace Over 44" or with adult An Aviator swing ride from Chance Rides; formerly Nickelodeon Space Surfer 3
Great Pumpkin Coaster 40" or with adult A 200-foot-long 61 m children's coaster from EF Miler Formerly Taxi Jam 2
Joe Cool's Driving School Between 40" and 60" A miniature turnpike ride, formerly Rugrats Toonpike; one third of the ride's layout will be removed to make room for the 2017 expansion 2
Peanuts 500 TBA A minitature whip ride from Zamperla; opens 2017 TBA
Peanuts Road Rally Under 54" A rail-guided car ride across a pond Formerly Alleycat 500 1
Sally's Sea Plane TBA A Zamperla Crazy Bus ride; opens in 2017 TBA
Snoopy vs Red Baron Between 36" and 54" A flat ride where miniature airplanes fly in a circle Formerly Dick Dastardly's Airfield 2
Peanuts Turnpike Under 54" A rail-guided car ride Formerly Top Cat's Turnpike 1
Woodstock Express Over 46" or with adult A small wooden roller coaster Formerly named Scooby Doo 1974–1996, Scooby Doo's Ghoster Coaster 1997–2009, and Ghoster Coaster 2010–2012 7
Flying Ace Balloon Race Over 42" or with adult A an aerial teacups ride from Zamperla 2
Snoopy's Rocket Express At least 36" Between 36" and 42" with adult A slow-moving monorail ride over the area from Zamperla 2
Linus Launcher 42" A circular flat ride on which riders lay face down and swing in a circle Built by Zamperla 3
Charlie Brown's Wind Up Over 42" or with adult A small-scale swing ride from Zamperla 2
Lucy's Tugboat Over 42" or with adult A rock-n-tug ride from Zamperla 2
Snoopy's Junction Over 36" or with adult A train ride built by Zamperla 1
Snoopy's Space Buggies Over 36" or with adult A circular flat ride on which vehicles attached to a central console bounce up and down Built by Zamperla 2
Woodstock Whirlybirds Over 42" or with adult A teacups ride from Zamperla 2

Soak Cityedit

Main article: Soak City Kings Dominion

Soak City, formerly known as WaterWorks, is Kings Dominion's water park It opened in 1992 as Hurricane Reef and is included with admission to Kings Dominion In 2015, the water park was expanded and re-branded as Soak City30

Fast Laneedit

Further information: List of Fast Lane attractions § Kings Dominion

Fast Lane is Kings Dominion's virtual queue system For $60, visitors get a wrist band that enables them to get to the front of the line on 15 of the most popular attractions without queueing

Halloween Hauntedit

Halloween Haunt is an annual Halloween event at Kings Dominion It debuted in 2001 as FearFest,45 but was renamed Halloween Haunt in 2007 to match other Cedar Fair parks


As of 2016update, Halloween Haunt features 17 attractions including 9 mazes and 6 scare zones46

Attraction Type Opened Location Theme
Cleaver Brothers Carnival Scare zone 2012 Candy Apple Grove Clowns
Blackout Maze 2016 Candy Apple Grove Dark void
CornStalkers Maze 2011 International Street Scarecrows
The Doll Factory Maze 2010 Planet Snoopy Dolls
Feary Tales Scare zone 2008 Planet Snoopy Twisted storybook characters
IronWorX Scare zone 2010 International Street Steampunk
Necropolis Scare zone 2010 Old Virginia Cemetery
No Vacancy Maze 2012 Action Theater Haunted hotel
PrimEvil: The Kuru Curse Scare zone 2012 Safari Village Cannibals
Trick Or Treat Maze 2016 Candy Apple Grove Haunted Victorian house
The Lair Scare zone 2011 Old Virginia Vampires
Zombie High Maze 2013 Candy Apple Grove Zombies
Urgent Scare Maze of Madness until 2016 Maze 2014 Candy Apple Grove Haunted hospital
Lockdown Maze 2015 Flight of Fear Prison
Tollway Terror Maze 2015 Blue Ridge Tollway Haunted forest


In 2013, the park's "Halloween Haunt" event featured a walk-through maze called Miner's Revenge Advertisements for the attraction characterized it as "the worst coal mine accident in history,"47 and the attraction featured depictions of dead miners' bodies that had been mangled by a mining disaster

The attraction drew criticism in the press for being in poor taste due to the region's experience with mine disasters Washington Post writer Peter Galuszka author of a book on the Upper Big Branch Mine disaster48 said that the attraction "hits a little too close to home for me" since "The idea of abandonment is a difficult topic for miners At Kings Dominion, the suggestion of living miners left to die is meant to inject some enjoyable dramatic tension",49 while in the Washington Monthly, Kathleen Geier decried that "agonizing deaths are being served up for fun and profit to the gawking, peanut-crunching masses" and asked "What next — a thrill ride based on the Rana Plaza factory disaster in Bangladesh Auschwitz: The Theme Park"50

Following the controversy, Kings Dominion stated that they would not operate Miner's Revenge in the future


  • 1974: Preview event featuring a film theater, Scooby-Doo now called Woodstock Express, and Lion Country Safari
  • 1975: Grand opening, Rebel Yell wooden coaster, and Galaxie metal coaster
  • 1976: Apple Turnover Enterprise flat ride
  • 1977: King Kobra Steel coaster
  • 1978: Kings Dominion Campground
  • 1979: Lost World Themed area featuring Journey to Atlantis, Land of the Dooz and Time Shaft
  • 1980: Haunted River replaced Journey to Atlantis
  • 1982: Grizzly and Amphitheater
  • 1983: White Water Canyon; Galaxie coaster closed
  • 1984: Berserker; Smurf Mountain replaced Land of the Dooz
  • 1985: Diamond Falls and Scooby's Play Park
  • 1986: Shockwave; King Kobra removed
  • 1987: Racing Rivers
  • 1988: Avalanche
  • 1989: Sky Pilot replaced Monster
  • 1990: Hanna-Barbera Land expansion
  • 1991: Anaconda
  • 1992: Hurricane Reef Water park
  • 1993: Days of Thunder; Smurf Mountain removed
  • 1994: Hurler; Old Dominion Line steam train removed
  • 1995: Nickelodeon Splat City; The Time Shaft and The Haunted River are removed, leaving The Lost World completely empty
  • 1996: Flight of Fear and Xtreme SkyFlyer
  • 1997: Taxi Jam; Hanna-Barbera Land renamed KidZville
  • 1998: Volcano; Action Theater replaces Days of Thunder
  • 1999: Expansion of Hurricane Reef to WaterWorks
  • 2000: Nickelodeon Central; Pipeline Peak added to WaterWorks
  • 2001: HyperSonic XLC Xtreme Launch Coaster; Stan Lee's 7th Portal 3D feature in Action Theater; Shockwave and Anaconda repainted with new colors
  • 2002: Ricochet and Triple Spin; Meteor Attack feature in Action Theater; Diamond Falls closes
  • 2003: Drop Tower and SpongeBob SquarePants 3-D feature in Action Theater
  • 2004: Scooby-Doo & The Haunted Mansion
  • 2005: Tomb Raider Firefall Now known as The Crypt
  • 2006: Backlot Stunt Coaster and Thunder Raceway Go-Karts
  • 2007: Tidal Wave Bay, Tornado and Zoom Flume added to WaterWorks; FearFest becomes Halloween Haunt
  • 2008: Dominator Originally from the now closed amusement park Geauga Lake; Hypersonic XLC removed
  • 2009: El Dorado and Americana both relocated from Geauga Lake; Grizzly retracked
  • 2010: Intimidator 305 Intamin Giga Coaster; Nickelodeon Central becomes Planet Snoopy; Boo Blasters on Boo Hill replaces Scooby-Doo & The Haunted Mansion; Rebel Yell retracked
  • 2011: Snoopy's Starlight Spectular; Shockwave repainted a new color; Grizzly retracked; El Dorado closes
  • 2012: WindSeeker and Dinosaurs Alive!; Fast Lane debuts; Dinosaur 3D replaces SpongeBob SquarePants 3-D motion seats removed
  • 2013: Planet Snoopy 7-acre 28 ha expansion and merges with KidZville;29 Snoopy's Splash Dance removed
  • 2014: 40th Anniversary celebration; International Street fountain restored, Candy Apple Grove and Safari Village return; Volcano: The Blast Coaster and Anaconda retrofitted
  • 2015: 40th Anniversary celebration continues; WaterWorks expands and is renamed to Soak City with new attractions including Aqua Blast, Paradise Plunge, Splash Island and Thunder Falls; Shockwave and Hurler close permanently
  • 2016: Delirium opens in place of Shockwave
  • 2017: Planet Snoopy expansion with the addition of Kite Eating Tree, Sally's Sea Plane, and Peanuts 500

Retired rides and attractionsedit

  • 1974–1993: Lion Country Safari
  • 1975–1981: Adam's Apple/Vertigo himalaya ride
  • 1975–1984: Flying Carpets
  • 1975–1984: Galaxie Galaxi made by SDC
  • 1975–1995: Old Dominion Line steam train
  • 1975–1995: Sky Ride Two entrances, one next to the Rebel Yell and one in Hanna-Barbera Land; one entrance still stands
  • 1975–1988: Bad Apple Monster
  • 1976–1993: Apple Turnover Enterprise ride next to Lake Charles
  • 1976–1990: Mt Kilimanjaro Spinning mountain ride
  • 1977–1986: King Kobra Steel Coaster
  • 1979–1980: Lost World Mountain: Journey to Atlantis Replaced by Haunted River
  • 1979–1995: Lost World Mountain: The Time Shaft
  • 1979–1983: Lost World Mountain: Journey to the Land of Dooz
  • 1980–1995: Lost World Mountain: The Haunted River
  • 1984–1993: Smurf Mountain
  • 1985–2002: Diamond Falls Big Splash ride located where Back Lot Stunt coaster sits
  • 1986–1996: Fred's Jungle Gym Children's play area
  • 1987–1996: Racing Rivers Water slide complex
  • 1989–1998: Sky Pilot Located near Rebel Yell in Candy Apple Grove
  • 1992–2004: Kiddie Cove Children's area of WaterWorks
  • 1997–2012: KidZville
  • 2001–2007: Hypersonic XLC compressed air-launched coaster made by S&S Power
  • 2009–2011: El Dorado where the WindSeeker is now located
  • 1995–2012: Snoopy's Splash Dance Formerly Nickelodeon Green Slime Zone
  • 1992–2014: Shoot-The-Curl water slide, demolished to make room for a food stand
  • 1986–2015: Shockwave stand-up roller coaster replaced by Delirium
  • 1994-2015: Hurler out-and-back wooden coaster;
  • 2010-2016: Snoopy's Moon Bounce replaced by Sally's Sea Plane

Kings Dominion logosedit

In popular cultureedit

Parts of the 1977 movie Rollercoaster were filmed at Kings Dominion, and the park was involved in a major part of the film's plot


  1. ^ "Kings Dominion Announces New Vice President and General Manager" Kings Dominion June 7, 2016 Retrieved June 8, 2016 
  2. ^ a b c d "Big day arrives for Kings Dominion" Free Lance-Star Fredericksburg, Virginia May 3, 1975 p 2 
  3. ^ "Directions to the Park" Kings Dominion Archived from the original on March 24, 2015 Retrieved 15 Mar 2015 
  4. ^ "Kings Dominion Announces Two New Rides for 2009" Kings Dominion Archived from the original on July 13, 2011 Retrieved 1 July 2011 
  5. ^ a b "Kings Dominion" COASTER-net 11 February 2011 Retrieved 4 July 2011 
  6. ^ "Park Fun Facts" Kings Dominion Archived from the original on July 13, 2011 Retrieved 4 July 2011 
  7. ^ "Paramount's Kings Dominion" Theme Park Timelines Retrieved 4 July 2011 
  8. ^ "Roller Coaster Database" King Kobra Jolly Roger Amusement Park Archived from the original on September 9, 2006 Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  9. ^ "Timeline: A History of Kings Island" Kings Island Archived from the original on July 23, 2011 Retrieved 10 July 2011 
  10. ^ "Kings Island Development" Kings Island Archive Archived from the original on March 26, 2012 Retrieved 10 July 2011 
  11. ^ "Roller Coaster Database" Search Results Mack Bobsleds Archived from the original on 29 October 2004 Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  12. ^ "PkdPlace" Avalanche Archived from the original on December 22, 2005 Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  13. ^ "Traveling Today" Calling All Thrill-Seekers! Welcome to Paramount's Kings Dominion Retrieved 14 December 2006 
  14. ^ "Roller Coaster Database" Anaconda Paramount's Kings Dominion Archived from the original on September 8, 2006 Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  15. ^ "Richmondcom" Don’t let the heat and humidity of a Richmond summer keep you stuck to your vinyl car seats Archived from the original on 26 September 2007 Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  16. ^ "Paramount's Kings Dominion" WaterWorks Retrieved 14 December 2006 
  17. ^ "Coaster-Netcom" Ride Gallery: Hypersonic XLC Retrieved 14 December 2006 
  18. ^ "Roller Coaster Database" Search Results Hypersonic XLC Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  19. ^ "Coaster-Netcom" Hypersonic XLC Archived from the original on 19 June 2006 Retrieved 28 July 2006 
  20. ^ "Cedar Fair, LP To Acquire Paramount Parks" Cedar Fair 22 May 2006 Archived from the original on 24 May 2006 
  21. ^ "Cedar Fair, LP Completes Acquisition of the Paramount Parks" Cedar Fair 30 June 2006 Archived from the original on 28 July 2006 
  22. ^ a b c d "Paramount's Kings Dominion Press Room" Kings Dominion To Lower Daily Admission Price For the First Time Retrieved 14 December 2006 
  23. ^ "Ital International LLC" Launch Coaster: Reference Number 937 Retrieved 14 December 2006 
  24. ^ "Kings Dominion: Virginia's Premier Themed Amusement Park" Thrill Rides Archived from the original on December 13, 2007 Retrieved 13 December 2007 
  25. ^ Kings Dominion | Virginia's Premier Themed Amusement Park Richmond Archived October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Kings Dominion Announces Two New Rides for 2009" Archived from the original on June 30, 2009 
  27. ^ "Welcome to Virginia's Premier Themed Amusement Park | Kings Dominion" Intimidator305com Archived from the original on April 26, 2015 Retrieved 2013-03-29 
  28. ^ a b Thursday, September 1, 2011 1:00 am 2011-09-01 "Kings Dominion to roll out two attractions for coming year" timesdispatchcom Archived from the original on 2013-02-05 Retrieved 2013-03-29 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  29. ^ a b c "Kings Dominion announces expansion of Planet Snoopy" Richmond Times-Dispatch September 12, 2012 Archived from the original on January 2, 2013 Retrieved September 12, 2012 
  30. ^ a b Bacque, Peter "Kings Dominion rebrands expanded water park as Soak City" Richmond Times-Dispatch Retrieved February 5, 2015 
  31. ^ Gilligan, Gregory J July 9, 2015 "Kings Dominion eliminating Shockwave roller coaster" Richmond Times-Dispatch Retrieved July 11, 2015 
  32. ^ a b "Kings Dominion - It's official" Facebook 2016-10-15 Retrieved 2017-03-05 
  33. ^ "KingsDominion" Kings Dominion Trivia Page Retrieved 2 July 2014 
  34. ^ a b "PkdPlace" 1980 Kings Dominion Map Archived from the original on August 8, 2007 Retrieved 3 January 2007 
  35. ^ "PkdPlace" 2005 Kings Dominion Map Archived from the original on August 8, 2007 Retrieved 3 January 2007 
  36. ^ a b c d e Kings Dominion's ride rating based on intensity, where "1" is the lowest and "5" is most See "Guest Assistance Guide" PDF Kings Dominion 2016  for specific details
  37. ^ "Steam Locomotive Information" Steamlocomotiveinfo Retrieved 2017-03-05 
  38. ^ "Steam Locomotive Information" Steamlocomotiveinfo Retrieved 2017-03-05 
  39. ^ "PkdPlace" 1978 Kings Dominion Map Archived from the original on August 8, 2007 Retrieved 3 January 2007 
  40. ^ "Apple Turnover" Kings Dominion Retrieved November 27, 2013 
  41. ^ "Mushrooms Press Release" Kings Dominion Retrieved November 27, 2014 
  42. ^ "New for the 40" Kings Dominion Retrieved 3 July 2014 
  43. ^ "Carousel History" Kings Dominion Retrieved November 27, 2013 
  44. ^ "Kings Dominion to Introduce $25 Million Steel Giga-Coaster In 2010" Kings Dominion August 20, 2009 Archived from the original on February 14, 2010 Retrieved December 23, 2012 
  45. ^ "Screams of Fright to Fill October Nights at Kings Dominion" Ultimaterollercoastercom 2001-09-05 Retrieved 2013-03-29 
  46. ^ 1
  47. ^ "Attraction: Miner's Revenge" King's Dominion Archived from the original on October 29, 2013 Retrieved October 27, 2013 
  48. ^ Galuszka, Peter 2012 Thunder on the Mountain: Death at Massey and the Dirty Secrets Behind Big Coal St Martin's Press ISBN 978-1250000217 
  49. ^ Peter Galuszka October 25, 2013 "Miners’ deaths aren’t a theme-park thrill" Washington Post Retrieved October 27, 2013 
  50. ^ Kathleen Geier October 27, 2013 "Wost Theme Park Ever" Political Animal Washington Monthly Retrieved October 27, 2013 

External linksedit

  • Amusement parks portal
  • Trains portal
  • Virginia portal
  • Official website
  • Kings Dominion at the Roller Coaster DataBase

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