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Kingdom of Jolof


The Kingdom of Jolof French: Djolof or Diolof, also known as Wolof and Wollof, was a West African rump state located in what is today the nation of Senegal For nearly two hundred years, the Serer rulers of the Jolof Empire collected tribute from vassal kings states who voluntarily agreed to the confederacy At the Battle of Danki, the Buurba Jolof was defeated by the lord of Kayor resulting in the rapid disintegration of the empire Jolof survived as a meager state, unable to prosper from the Atlantic trade between its former vassal territories and the Portuguese

Contents

  • 1 Mauretanian promise
  • 2 Baol and Kayor
  • 3 Destruction
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Sources
  • 6 References

Mauretanian promise

In 1670, wandering Muslim clerics from Mauretania stirred up a rebellion against the Wolof people by a ruse They promised to show the Wolof how to produce millet without the labor of planting During the ensuing rebellion, the Mauretanians invaded, killed the rulers of Waalo and Kayor and defeated the burba Jolof However, when the Mauretanians could not deliver on their promise, the Wolof restored their rulers and drove the invaders out This claim is questionable because most rural Wolofs are great farmers who produce millet and other crops To believe that the Wolof would have fallen for such tactic is most unlikely The Mauretanians still remained a problem, however; and Waalo in particular suffered from their constant raids

Baol and Kayor

Main articles: Cayor and Baol

In 1686, Baol split from Kayor under the teny king Lat Sukabe Fall The burba Jolof used this as an excuse to try and hem in his crumbling empire and invaded Kayor Sukabe, fearing for his own security, invaded Kayor and killed the burba Jolof in battle He then annexed Kayor creating a union of the two states that would last until his death in 1702 Thereafter, the two states would be ruled by his sons By the late 18th century, Kayor was pre-eminent again and annexed Baol while inflicting serious defeats on the Muslim al-Mami of Futa Toro in 1786

Destruction

Around 1875, Ahmadu Shaykhu of the Imamate of Futa Jallon took his jihad to Djolof The empire was more or less annexed until 1890 From then on, it was absorbed into the French colony administered from Dakar The state was formally extinguished in 1900 Ahamdu Shaykou was from Fouta Toro, precisely from Wourou Madiyou

See also

  • List of rulers of Jolof
  • Cayor Kingdom
  • History of Senegal
  • History of the Gambia
  • Wolof people
  • Serer people
  • Mali Empire
  • Jolof Empire

Sources

  • Ogot, Bethwell A 1999 General History of Africa V: Africa from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century Berkeley: University of California Press ISBN 0-520-06700-2 

References

  1. ^ Mwakikagile, Godfrey Ethnic Diversity and Integration in the Gambia
  2. ^ Levinson, David 1998 Ethnic Groups Worldwide: a Ready Reference Handbook Greenwood Publishing Group p 162 ISBN 9781573560191 
  3. ^ a b Stride, GT & C Ifeka: "Peoples and Empires of West Africa: West Africa in History 1000-1800" page 24 Nelson, 1971


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