Tue . 19 Jun 2019

Kimberley, Nottinghamshire

moors lane kimberley nottinghamshire postcode, kimberley nottinghamshire england
Kimberley is a town in Nottinghamshire, England, lying 6 miles northwest of Nottingham along the A610 The town grew as a centre for coal mining, brewing and hosiery manufacturing Together with the neighbouring villages of Giltbrook, Greasley and Swingate it has a population of around 6,500 people At the 2011 Census the appropriate ward was Cossall and Kimberley This had a population of 6,6591 There has been no mining or hosiery manufacturing in the town for many years and the local brewery was sold and closed at the end of 2006 However as of 2017 it has a retail park centre, which includes a local newsagent, a wine shop, a pharmacy, as well as big national chains like Greggs bakery and a Sainsburys superstore

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Industry
  • 3 Airships over Kimberley
  • 4 Kimberley today
  • 5 Famous residents
  • 6 Sport
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Kimberley is referred to as Chinemarelie in William the Conqueror's Domesday Book With the accession of William to the throne Kimberley came into the possession of William de Peveril2 The Peverils lost control when they supported the losing side in the civil war which preceded the accession of Henry II of England in 1154 The King became the owner of the land King John of England granted land in the area to Ralph de Greasley in 1212 who took up residence at Greasley Castle and also at around this time to Henry de Grey whose son re-built Codnor Castle on the site of an earlier castle established by William Peveril3

Ralph de Greasley's land passed by inheritance and marriage to Nicholas de Cantelupe who took part in Edward III of England's Scottish campaigns and also the Battle of Crécy Nicholas founded Beauvale Priory using part of his Kimberley holding in 1343 That part of Kimberley which had become the property of Beauvale Priory was claimed by King Henry VIII during the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century3

The Priory's land was redistributed by the King and came into the possession of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham again by inheritance and marriage in 1627 Arthur was beheaded in 1649 having fought for the Royalists in the English Civil War Arthur's son was created Earl of Essex in 16613

In 1753 the land was purchased by Sir Matthew Lamb whose grandson William Lamb became Prime Minister in 1834 The Lamb's Kimberley estates passed by marriage to the 5th Earl Cowper in 1805 and on the death of the 7th Earl in 1913 were sold off in pieces3

That part of Kimberley retained by the Cantelupe's passed by inheritance and marriage to John Lord Zouch who died at the Battle of Bosworth with Richard III in 1485 He was posthumously found guilty of high treason with his property forfeited to Henry VII John Savage -1491 received this part of Kimberley in gratitude for his efforts on behalf of Henry VII at Bosworth The Savage family sold this land to the Earl of Rutland in the early 17th century The Duke of Rutland's Kimberley estates were sold in parcels in the early 19th century3

Industryedit

Kimberley has been home to a lot of industry including: coal mining, brewing and hosiery manufacturing

All major industry in kimberley has stopped, the last bieng Kimberley Brewery which ceased brewing in dec 2006 Most businesses are now retail based concerns

Airships over Kimberleyedit

Airship advertising the RAC flying over Kimberley in August 1997

Airships have flown over Kimberley on a number of occasions The R101 flew over Kimberley during a trial flight on 18 October 1929, the year before it crashed with the loss of most of its passengers and crew during a flight to India4 During a bombing raid on the Bennerley and Stanton Ironworks during World War One, a German Zeppelin airship, L20 LZ 59 overflew Kimberley5 The R101 and the L20 were rigid airships but more recently, in August 1997 a non-rigid airship advertising the RAC flew over Kimberley6

Kimberley todayedit

One of Kimberley's most notable structures is its unusual war memorial, in the form of a rotunda which is used as the emblem of Kimberley School This secondary school has a catchment area which extends into the neighbouring areas of Nuthall, Eastwood, Watnall, and Hempshill Vale

Kimberley Chapel of Rest on Knowle Hill

On the South side of Kimberley lies Swingate, which has many different walking and cycling routes into the woods and surrounding countryside

The twin towns of Kimberley are Échirolles in France and Grugliasco in Italy7


Kimberley Brewery was taken over by Greene King in 2006, another major brewer in a multimillion-pound deal which marked the end of the traditional Kimberley Ales as ale brewing ceased shortly afterwards and only a distribution centre remained there

The former Kimberley Brewery site has within its boundaries a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI It is listed under the title of "Kimberley Railway Cutting"8 as an important location for Permian Gymnosperm fossils The Permian - Carboniferous unconformity can be found in the Kimberley Railway Cutting

Since 1974, Kimberley has been part of the Borough of Broxtowe From 1894 to 1974, however, it was part of Basford Rural District Council

Recently there has been speculation that the Nottingham Express Tram NET want to extend their Phoenix Park tram stop into Kimberley towards Giltbrook Retail Park9

Famous residentsedit

  • John Reynolds was British Superbike Champion, 1992, 2001 and 200410
  • Sergeant Richard Bolitho was the Rear Gunner on a Lancaster bomber which crashed with the loss of the whole crew during the Dambuster raid in World War II11

Sportedit

Kimberley's distinctive water tower
  • Kimberley Town FC were the main local football team until they folded in 2012
  • Kimberley Miners Welfare FC
  • Kimberley Institute Cricket Club is the town's cricket team
  • Awsworth - Kimberley & District Rifle Club

See alsoedit

  • Kimberley West railway station
  • Kimberley East railway station
  • Watnall railway station
  • Kimberley Brewery

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Broxtowe ward population 2011" Neighbourhood Statistics Office for National Statistics Retrieved 11 April 2016 
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration London: Penguin, 2003 ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p772
  3. ^ a b c d e Lee, JM, A Brief History of Kimberley CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  4. ^ Plumb, Arthur Kimberley in old picture postcards Volume 6 
  5. ^ Phyllis Drew "Chinemarelian Kimberley Historical Society Newsletter 32" 
  6. ^ "RAC Airship" The Independent London 12 July 1997 Retrieved 2010-05-07 
  7. ^ "Twin Towns" Archived from the original on 24 June 2007 
  8. ^ "Kimberley Railway Cutting" 
  9. ^ http://wwweastmidlandsnewsorguk/news/tram-extension-supporters-of-line-to-kimberley-walk-route
  10. ^ "John Reynolds" 
  11. ^ "Richard Bolitho" 

Further readingedit

  • Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration London: Penguin 2003 ISBN 0-14-143994-7 
  • Ottewell, David 2001 Old Kimberley Stenlake Publishing ISBN 1-84033-155-0 
  • Lee, JohnM 2001 A Brief History of Kimberley First ed 
  • Plumb, Arthur 1993 Kimberley in old picture postcards European Library ISBN 90-288-4669-7 

External linksedit

  • "Kimberley Railway Cutting" 
  • Kimberley Railway Cutting photos

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