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Kidd-class destroyer

kidd class destroyers, kidd class destroyer
The Kidd-class guided missile destroyers DDGs were a series of four warships based on the Spruance class destroyers The Kidds were designed as more advanced multipurpose ships, in contrast to their predecessor's focus on anti-submarine warfare, adding considerably enhanced anti-aircraft capabilities1 Originally ordered for the former Imperial Iranian Navy, the contracts were canceled when the 1979 Iranian Revolution began, and the ships were completed for the US Navy Because they were equipped with heavy-duty air conditioning and other features that made them suitable in hot climates, they tended to be used in the Middle East, specifically the Persian Gulf itself2 In service with the US Navy from the 1980s to the late 1990s, they were decommissioned and sold to Taiwan as the Kee Lung-class

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Sale and reactivation
    • 21 Kee Lung-class destroyers
  • 3 Ships in class
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

These ships were originally ordered by the last Shah king of Iran for service in the Persian Gulf, in an air defence role The Shah was overthrown in the Iranian Revolution, prior to Iran accepting delivery of the ships, causing the United States Navy to integrate the vessels into its own fleet

Each ship in the class was named after a US Navy Admiral who had died in combat in the Pacific in World War II:

  • USS Kidd DDG-993 was named after Rear Admiral Isaac C Kidd, who died on the bridge of his flagship, the USS Arizona BB-39, during the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941
  • USS Callaghan DDG-994 was named after Rear Admiral Daniel Callaghan, who was killed during a surface action at the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 13 November 1942, aboard the USS San Francisco CA-38
  • USS Scott DDG-995 was named after Rear Admiral Norman Scott, who was killed during the same surface action that killed Admiral Callaghan at the First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, aboard the USS Atlanta CL-51
  • USS Chandler DDG-996 was named after Rear Admiral Theodore Chandler, who died on 7 January 1945, as a result of burns received from a kamikaze crashing into his flagship, the USS Louisville CA-28, the previous day

In 1988–90, the Kidds' received the "New Threat Upgrade", which allowed cooperative engagement with Aegis Ticonderoga-class cruisers, enabling the cruisers to control the Kidds' surface-to-air missiles in flight while the destroyers remained electronically silent However, the arrival of the Aegis-equipped Arleigh Burke-class destroyers led to the accelerated retirement of the Kidd class23

All four ships were decommissioned from the US Navy in the late 1990s, and were initially offered for sale to Australia in 1997 for A$30 million each4 In 1999, the offer was rejected, based on extensive problems the Royal Australian Navy had encountered during the acquisition of two surplus Newport class tank landing ships from the US Navy in 19944 After the Australian refusal, the four ships were offered to Greece, which also refused4

Sale and reactivationedit

In 2001, the US authorized the reactivation and sale of all four ships to Taiwan All four have been transferred to the Republic of China Taiwan Navy under the Kuang Hua VII program They were sold for a total price of US$732 million with upgraded hardware, overhaul, activation, and training, included a reduced missile loadout of 148 SM-2 Block IIIA and 32 RGM-84L Block II Harpoon anti-ship missiles5 The reactivation was done in Charleston, South Carolina, by VSE/BAV6

Kee Lung-class destroyersedit

The first two ships, ex-Scott and ex-Callaghan, arrived at Su-ao, a military port in eastern Taiwan, in December 2005, and were named Kee Lung DDG-1801 and Su Ao DDG-1802 in a commissioning ceremony on 17 December 2005 Following the tradition of ship class naming, ROCN has referred these vessels as Kee Lung class destroyers The remaining two units, ex-Kidd and ex-Chandler, were delivered in 2006, and named Tso Ying DDG-1803 and Ma Kong DDG-1805, respectively

The opposition-led Legislature Yuan originally allocated only enough money to purchase half of the SM-2 missiles that the destroyers can carry; a further purchase of 100 supplemental SM-2MRs was included in the 2007 annual budget to ensure all four ships had a full load of SM-2

By end of 2008, DDG-1802 Su Ao was spotted to have eight HF-3 AShMs installed in place of eight Harpoon AShMs7 It has been speculated from 2014 on that a navalized Sky Bow missile system, currently planned for an upcoming shipbuilding programme that involves the procurement of three or four air defense frigates, will also be replacing the Standard Missile system on these destroyers

Ships in classedit

  • Original name: USS Kidd DDG-993
    • Tentative Iranian name: Kouroush
    • Present name: Tso Ying 左營, DDG-1803; was to be Tung Teh 同德; commissioned on 3 November 2006
  • Original name: USS Callaghan DDG-994
    • Tentative Iranian name: Daryush
    • Present name: Su Ao 蘇澳, DDG-1802; was to be Ming Teh 明德; commissioned on 17 December 2005
  • Original name: USS Scott DDG-995
    • Tentative Iranian name: Nader
    • Present name: Kee Lung 基隆, DDG-1801; was to be Chi Teh 紀德; commissioned on 17 December 2005
  • Original name: USS Chandler DDG-996
    • Tentative Iranian name: Anoshirvan
    • Present name: Ma Kong 馬公, DDG-1805; was to be Wu Teh 武德; commissioned on 3 November 2006

See alsoedit

  • Arleigh Burke-class destroyer
  • Atago-class destroyer
  • Kongō-class destroyer
  • Sejong the Great-class destroyer
  • Type 052D destroyer

Referencesedit

  1. ^ DDG-993 KIDD-class, archived from the original on 9 March 2016 
  2. ^ a b Kidd Class, Destroyer History Foundation, archived from the original on 14 March 2016 
  3. ^ Spruance Class, archived from the original on 14 March 2016 
  4. ^ a b c McPhedran, Ian 5 November 1999 "Navy told US ships too risky" Herald Sun News Corporation p 26  |access-date= requires |url= help
  5. ^ "DDG-993 KIDD-class" GlobalSecurityOrg Retrieved 15 April 2010 
  6. ^ "Vsebav completes reactivation of ex-Kidd class guided missile destroyers" PR Newswire Retrieved 25 November 2010 
  7. ^ luke822's album, archived from the original on 20 October 2012, Photo of ship-mounted Hsiung Feng-III Anti-ship missiles taken at Su Ao Harbour 

External linksedit

  • Kidd-class destroyers at Destroyer History Foundation
  • "World Navies Today: Taiwan Republic of China", Haze Gray & Underway
  • "DDG-993 KIDD-class"


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