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Kibo (ISS module)

kibo iss module design, kibo iss module dimensions
The Japanese Experiment Module JEM, nicknamed Kibo きぼう, Kibō, Hope, is a Japanese science module for the International Space Station ISS developed by JAXA It is the largest single ISS module The first two pieces of the module were launched on Space Shuttle missions STS-123 and STS-124 The third and final components were launched on STS-1271

Contents

  • 1 Components
    • 11 Pressurized Module
    • 12 Exposed Facility
    • 13 Experiment Logistics Module
    • 14 Remote Manipulator System
  • 2 Launch sequence
  • 3 Specifications
  • 4 Current external experiments on Kibo
  • 5 Planned external experiments on Kibo
  • 6 Current internal experiments on Kibo
  • 7 Planned internal experiments on Kibo
  • 8 Parts
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Componentsedit

Kibō consists of six major elements: 1 Pressurized Module PM, 2 Exposed Facility EF, 3 Experiment Logistics Module-Pressurized Section ELM-PS, 4 Experiment Logistics Module-Exposed Section ELM-ES, 5 Japanese Experiment Module Remote Manipulator System JEMRMS, and 6 Inter-orbit Communication System ICS2

Pressurized Moduleedit

Interior of the Pressurized Module

The Pressurized Module PM is the core component connected to the port hatch of the Node 2 Module It is cylindrical in shape and contains twenty-three International Standard Payload Racks ISPRs, ten of which are dedicated to science experiments while the remaining 13 are dedicated to Kibo’s systems and storage3 The racks are placed 6-6-6-5 along the four walls of the module The end of the JEM-PM has an airlock and two window hatches The Exposed Facility, Experiment Logistics Module and the Remote Manipulator System all connect to the pressurized module Kibo is also the location for many of the press conferences that take place on board the station

Exposed Facilityedit

Exposed Facility

The Exposed Facility EF, also known as "Terrace", is located outside the port cone of the PM which is equipped with an airlock The EF has 12 EFU Exposed Facility Unit ports that attach to PIU Payload Interface Unit connectors on EF-EEUs EF-Equipment Exchange Units All experiment payloads are fully exposed to the space environment For proper functioning of these experiments, the payload requires an ORU Orbital Replacement Unit which consists of the EPS Electrical Power System, CT Communications & Tracking and the TCS Thermal Control System Of the 12 ORUs, eight are replaceable by the JEMRMS while the other four are EVA-replaceable

Experiment Logistics Moduleedit

Experiment Logistics Module, Pressurized Section

The Experiment Logistics Module ELM includes two sections:

  • The Japanese Experiment Logistics Module, Pressurized Section ELM-PS –- also called the JLP –- is a pressurized addition to the PM The module is a storage facility that provides storage space for experiment payloads, samples and spare items4
  • The unpressurized external section ELM-ES serves the EF as a storage and transportation module

Remote Manipulator Systemedit

The Remote Manipulator System JEMRMS is a 10m long robotic arm, mounted at the port cone of the PM, intended to service the EF and to move equipment from and to the ELM The RMS control console was launched while inside the ELM-PS The main arm was launched with the PM The "Small Fine Arm", is 2m long and attaches to the end effector of the main arm, was launched aboard5 The free end of the arm is able to use the type of grapple fixtures that the Canadarm2 uses6

Launch sequenceedit

The EF and ELM-ES arrive at the Kennedy Space Center left Technicians work on the Remote Manipulator System at KSC right

NASA launched the JEM complex over three flights using the Space Shuttle The shuttle had a large payload bay which carried the modules into orbit along with the crew This is in contrast to the Russian modules, which are launched into orbit on multistage Proton rockets and then rendezvous and dock with the station automatically On 12 March 2007, the Experiment Logistics Module Pressurized Section ELM-PS, the main laboratory, arrived at the Kennedy Space Center KSC from Japan7 It was stored in the Space Station Processing Facility until launched into orbit aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour as part of the STS-123 mission8

At first the ELM-PS, the small cargo bay, was connected to a temporary location on the Harmony module Node 2 and later, on 6 June 2008, was moved to its final destination, or berthing location, on top zenith of the main laboratory On 30 May 2003, the Pressurized Module PM arrived at KSC from Japan9 It was stored at the Space Station Processing Facility until launched into orbit aboard Space Shuttle Discovery as part of the STS-124 mission10 On 3 June 2008 the PM was attached to the Harmony module The EF and ELM-ES arrived at KSC on 24 September 200811 The Exposed Facility EF and ELM-ES were launched on STS-127, on 15 July 200912 The ELM-ES was brought back to Earth at the end of the mission The assembly of the EF was completed during the fifth spacewalk of the mission13

Specificationsedit

NASDA era graphic

Kibō is the largest single ISS module

  • Pressurized Module14
    • Length: 1119 m 367 ft
    • Diameter: 439 m 144 ft
    • Mass: 15,900 kg 35,100 lb
  • Experiment Logistics Module15
    • Length: 421 m 138 ft
    • Diameter: 439 m 144 ft
    • Mass: 8,386 kg 18,488 lb

Current external experiments on Kiboedit

  • MAXI - X-ray astronomy from 05 to 30 keV16
  • ICS-EF - Inter-orbit Communication System - Exposed Facility, Japanese communication system
  • SEDA-AP Space Environment Data Acquisition equipment-Attached Payload - Measures neutrons, plasma, heavy ions, and high-energy light particles in the station's orbit
  • HREP Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean HICO & Remote Atmospheric & Ionospheric Detection System RAIDS Experimental Payload
  • CATS - Cloud-Aerosol Transport System LiDAR, NASA
  • CALET - CALorimetric Electron Telescope JAXA, Observation for high energy Launched aboard HTV-517 Mass: 2500 kg18
  • NREP - Nanoracks External Platform is inside the ISS when the first experiments arrive it will be transferred to the external facility through the airlock
  • i-SEEP - IVA-replaceable Small Exposed Experiment Platform JAXA

Deorbited with HTV-5:

  • SMILES - Observes and monitors very weak sub-millimeter wave emission lines of trace gas molecules in the stratosphere19
  • MCE - Multi-mission Consolidated Equipment NASA

Planned external experiments on Kiboedit

Looking alongside
  • CREAM - Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass, scheduled for delivery in August 2017 by SpaceX CRS-12
  • ECOSTRESS - Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station
  • OCO-3 - Monitoring of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere using a flight spare from OCO-2 To be launched in 2018 aboard a SpaceX Dragon capsule20
  • GEDI - Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation on ISS
  • NICER - Neutron-star Interior Composition Explorer NASA, X-ray telescope, delivered by SpaceX CRS-11 in June 2017

Current internal experiments on Kiboedit

Looking forward at Kibo

Japanese:

  • RYUTAI Rack - Fluid Physics Experiment Facility FPEF, Solution Crystallization Observation Facility SCOF, Protein Crystallization Research Facility PCRF, Image Processing Unit IPU
  • SAIBO Rack - Cell Biology Experiment Facility CBEF, Clean Bench CB
  • KOBAIRO Rack - Gradient Heating Furnace GHF
  • MPSR-1 - Multi-Purpose Small payload Rack
  • MPSR-2 - Multi-Purpose Small payload Rack, housing Electrostatic Levitating Furnace ELF

American:

  • EXPRESS Rack 4 - Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller BSTC, Gas Supply Module GSM, Space Acceleration Measurement System-II SAMS-II, Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller BSTC, Nanoracks NanoLab
  • EXPRESS Rack 5
  • MELFI-1 two Minus eighty degree freezer racks

Planned internal experiments on Kiboedit

  • JEM-EUSO

Partsedit

See alsoedit

  • Scientific research on the ISS

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Kamiya, Setsuko, "Japan a low-key player in space race Archived 3 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine", Japan Times, 30 June 2009, p 3
  2. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 10 March 2009 Retrieved 2009-03-06 
  3. ^ "NASA — Kibo Japanese Experiment Module" NASA 
  4. ^ "STS-123 MCC STATUS REPORT #11" NASA 16 March 2008 
  5. ^ "Remote Manipulator System" JAXA Archived from the original on 20 March 2008 
  6. ^ http://issjaxajp/en/htv/mission/htv-1/presskit/htv-1_presskitpdf pg19
  7. ^ "Shipping of the Kibo ELM-PS, Kibo RMS and Kibo experiment racks" JAXA 
  8. ^ "NASA's Shuttle Endeavour Begins Mission to the Space Station" NASA 
  9. ^ "Kibo PM arrival in USA" JAXA 
  10. ^ "NASA's Shuttle Discovery Launches With Japanese Laboratory" NASA 
  11. ^ "Kennedy Media Gallery — PHOTO NO: KSC-08PD-2924" NASA Archived from the original on 8 June 2011 
  12. ^ "STS-127 mission page" 
  13. ^ William Harwood for CBS news 27 July 2009 "Endeavour crew completes fifth and final spacewalk" spaceflightnowcom Retrieved 29 July 2009 
  14. ^ "STS-124 Press Kit" PDF NASA 
  15. ^ "STS-123 Press Kit" PDF NASA 
  16. ^ "Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image: MAXI" JAXA Archived from the original on 21 May 2013 
  17. ^ "About the cooperation of JAXA and ASI in the development of CALET" JAXA 10 June 2013 Retrieved 10 January 2014 
  18. ^ The CALET project for investigating high energy universe
  19. ^ "Superconducting Submillimeter-wave Limb-emission Sounder: SMILES" JAXA Archived from the original on 28 September 2006 
  20. ^ OCO-3 instrument

External linksedit

  • Japanese Experiment Module KIBO at JAXAjp

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