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Karl Krumbacher

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Karl Krumbacher 23 September 1856 – 12 December 1909 was a German scholar who was an expert on Byzantine Greek language, literature, history and culture He was one of the principal founders of Byzantine Studies as an independent academic discipline in modern universities1

Krumbacher was born at Kürnach im Allgäu in the Kingdom of Bavaria He studied Classical Philology and Indo-European linguistics at the Universities of Munich and Leipzig In 1879 he passed the State Exam Staatsexamen and was thereafter active as a school teacher until 1891 In 1883 he gain his doctorate Promotion and in 1885 his Habilitation in Medieval and Modern Greek philology From 1897 he was professor of Medieval and Modern Greek Language and Literature at the University of Munich and held the newly created Chair of Byzantine Studies,2 the first professorial chair in this subject in the world Krumbacher founded the Byzantinische Zeitschrift 1892, the oldest academic journal of Byzantine Studies, and the Byzantinisches Archiv 1898 His collaborator at the time was Božidar Prokić 1859-1922, the renowned Belgrade Byzantinist He died in Munich in 1909 His successor as Professor of Byzantine Studies was August Heisenberg, father of physicist Werner Heisenberg

His most important work is Geschichte der byzantinischen Literatur von Justinian bis zum Ende des oströmischen Reiches 527-1453 History of Byzantine Literature from Justinian to the Fall of the East Roman Empire in 1891 A second edition was published in 1897, with the collaboration of Albert Ehrhard section on theology and Heinrich Gelzer general sketch of Byzantine history, AD 395-1453 The value of the work was greatly enhanced by its lengthy bibliographies and it remained a standard textbook for decades

Krumbacher's extensive travels in Greece and the Ottoman Empire became the basis of his Griechische Reise 18863 His notable works include studies of the poetry of Michael Glykas 18944 and Kassia 18975 and Populäre Aufsätze 1900 In Das Problem der neugriechischen Schriftsprache 1902 he strongly opposed the efforts of the Katharevousa purists to introduce the classical style into modern Greek language and literature A full list of his works was published in the memorial edition of Byzantinische Zeitschrift6

Contents

  • 1 See also
  • 2 References
  • 3 Further reading
  • 4 External links

See alsoedit

  • Alexander Kazhdan

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Dietrich 1910; Heisenberg 1925; Schreiner and Vogt 2011
  2. ^ Prinzing 1999
  3. ^ K Krumbacher, Griechische Reise Blätter aus dem Tagebuche einer Reise in Griechenland und in der Türkei Hettler; Berlin 1886
  4. ^ K Krumbacher, 'Michael Glykas Eine Skizze seiner Biographie und seiner litterarischen Thätigkeit nebst einem unedierten Gedichte und Briefe desselben', Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Philologische und Historische Klasse 3 1894 392-460
  5. ^ K Krumbacher, 'Kasia', Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Philologische und Historische Klasse 7 1897 305-369
  6. ^ Byzantinische Zeitschrift 19 1910 700–708

Further readingedit

  • K Dieterich, 'Zum Gedächtnis an Karl Krumbacher', Neue Jahrbücher für das klassische Altertum, Geschichte und deutsche Literatur und für Pädagogik 13 1910 279–295
  • A Heisenberg, 'Karl Krumbacher', Allgäuer Geschichtsfreund NF 24 1925 1–26
  • F Dölger, 'Karl Krumbacher' in Chalikes Festgabe für die Teilnehmer am XI Internationalen Byzantinistenkongreß, München 15 – 20 September 1958 Freising 1958 121–135
  • J Aufhauser: 'Karl Krumbacher Erinnerungen' in Chalikes Festgabe für die Teilnehmer am XI Internationalen Byzantinistenkongreß, München 15 – 20 September 1958 Freising 1958 161–187
  • P Wirth, 'Krumbacher, Karl' in M Bernath and K Nehring eds Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte Südosteuropas 2: G – K = Südosteuropäische Arbeiten 75 München 1976 515–516 ISBN 3-486-49241-1
  • G Prinzing, 'Ad fontem Zum Gründungsjahr des Münchner "Seminars für Mittel- und Neugriechische Philologie"' in H Lamm ed, 40 Jahre Deutsch-Griechische Gesellschaft, Germano-Helleniko Syllogos, Wiesbaden 1959–1999 Wiesbaden 1999 14–16
  • P Schreiner and E Vogt ed, Karl Krumbacher Leben und Werk München 2011

External linksedit

  • Works written by or about Karl Krumbacher at Wikisource
  • Literature by and about Karl Krumbacher in the German National Library catalogue
  • Themenportal bei Propylaeum

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