Mon . 18 Dec 2018

Karl Eduard Heusner

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Carl Eduard Heusner 8 January 1843 in Perl today in the German state of Saarland – 27 February 1891 in Weimar, Germany was a Vice-Admiral of the German Imperial Navy Kaiserliche Marine

Heusner entered the Prussian Navy in 1857 and 1859–1862, was on an expedition to the Far East on the frigate Thetis In 1864 during the Second Schleswig War he commanded the Prussian gunboat the Wespe, and then was in the following years stationed in the Mediterranean and the West Indies In 1872 he did survey work in the Baltic Sea and in 1873 and was chairman of the Torpedo Examination Board or Torpedo Depot at Kiel-Friedrichsort where he and Otto von Diederichs worked on the Whitehead torpedo

In 1877 he left the Torpedo Depot and was sent with Tirpitz to the Whitehead Torpedo works Torpedo-Fabrik von Robert Whitehead at Fiume to further study the torpedo

In 1878 to 1880 he was posted to South America to protect the interests of Germany during the War of the Pacific Here he also supervised the observance of the neutrality laws In 1882 Heusner was Chief Dezernent of Section A1 Military Utilization of Ships/Militärische Verwendung der Schiffe of the Admiralty's Military Department Militärische Abteilung, which was headed by Eduard von Knorr In March, von Knorr put him to develop 'Plan-O' for naval operations against Russia in case of war His plan called for an attempt at a quick and decisive battle to cripple the Russian fleet, followed by the mining of ports and blockade by a screen of light warships In 1883-87 he commanded the armored ships Panzerschiffen SMS Deutschland and SMS Oldenburg and then the squadrons off Australia and East Africa

In 1888 Wilhelm II appointed him as Chief of the Navy Department Marineabteilung in the Admiralty and promoted him to Rear Admiral In April 1889 he became Secretary of the German Imperial Naval Office in the Cabinet of Otto von Bismarck He stayed on when Bismarck was replaced as chancellor by Leo von Caprivi, but soon had to resign because of heart disease, turning the office over to Friedrich von Hollmann

He retired as a Vice Admiral, and died on 27 February 1891 in Weimar, Germany


  1. ^ By order of the Kaiser, p 48
  2. ^ By order of the Kaiser, p 50
  3. ^ By order of the Kaiser, p 89-90


  • By order of the Kaiser: Otto von Diederichs and the rise of the Imperial German Navy, 1865-1902 by Terrell D Gottschall; Institute Press, 2003, 337 pages
  • Hans H Hildebrand; Ernest Harriot, eds 1989 H-O Deutschlands Admirale II pp 87–88 

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