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Karl Bryullov

karl bryullov, karl bryullov last day of pompeii
Karl Pavlovich Bryullov Russian: Карл Па́влович Брюлло́в; 12 December 1799 – 11 June 1852, also transliterated Briullov or Briuloff and referred to by his friends as "The Great Karl", was a Russian painter He is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian neoclassicism to romanticism

Contents

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Selected artwork
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Biographyedit

Karl Bryullov was born on December, 12th 23, 1799 in St Petersburg,1 in a family of the academician, the woodcarver and engraver Pavel Ivanovich Briullo Brulleau, 1760—1833 who was of Huguenot descent He felt drawn to Italy from his early years Despite his education at the Imperial Academy of Arts 1809–1821, Bryullov never fully embraced the classical style taught by his mentors and promoted by his brother, Alexander Bryullov After distinguishing himself as a promising and imaginative student and finishing his education, he left Russia for Rome where he worked until 1835 as a portraitist and genre painter, though his fame as an artist came when he began doing historical painting

His best-known work, The Last Day of Pompeii 1830–1833, is a vast composition compared by Pushkin and Gogol to the best works of Rubens and Van Dyck It created a sensation in Italy and established Bryullov as one of the finest European painters of his day After completing this work, he triumphantly returned to the Russian capital, where he made many friends among the aristocracy and intellectual elite and obtained a high post in the Imperial Academy of Arts

An anecdote concerning Bryullov appeared in Leo Tolstoy's essay "Why Do Men Stupefy Themselves" and later in the same author's essay "What Is Art"

While teaching at the academy 1836–1848 he developed a portrait style which combined a neoclassical simplicity with a romantic tendency that fused well, and his penchant for realism was satisfied with an intriguing level of psychological penetration While he was working on the plafond of St Isaac's Cathedral, his health suddenly deteriorated Following advice of his doctors, Bryullov left Russia for Madeira in 1849 and spent the last three years of his life in Italy He died in the village of Manziana near Rome and is buried at the Cimitero Acattolico there

Selected artworkedit

See alsoedit

  • List of Russian artists

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Karl Pavlovich Bryullov Russian artist - Encyclopædia Britannica" Britannicacom Retrieved 2014-02-03 

External linksedit

  • Paintings by Bryullov Karl - high res
  • Online gallery of Briullov paintings
  • Brullov's paintings at the Russian Art Gallery
  • Karl Brulloff The Last Day of Pompeii

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Karl Bryullov Information about

Karl Bryullov


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