Karađorđević dynasty


The Karađorđević Serbian pronunciation: karad͡ʑǒːrd͡ʑeʋit͡ɕ, Serbian: Карађорђевићи/Karađorđevići is a Serbian dynastic family, founded by Karađorđe Petrović, the Veliki Vožd "Grand Leader" of Serbia in the early 1800s during the First Serbian Uprising The relatively short-lived dynasty had an ongoing blood feudcitation needed with the Obrenović dynasty after Karađorđe's assassination in 1817, which was authorized by Miloš Obrenovićcitation needed The two houses subsequently traded the throne for several generations In 1903, the Serbian Parliament chose Karađorđe's grandson, Peter Karađorđević, then living in exile, for the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia He was duly crowned as King Peter I, and shortly before the end of World War I, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed a Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes with Peter I as sovereign In 1929, the Kingdom was renamed Yugoslavia, under Alexander I, the son of Peter I In November 1945, the throne was lost when the League of Communists of Yugoslavia seized power, during the reign of Peter II

Contents

  • 1 Name
  • 2 Ancestry
  • 3 Monarchs
  • 4 Current claims to the throne
  • 5 Serbia and Yugoslavia
  • 6 Heraldry
  • 7 Royal Standards of Yugoslavia
  • 8 Family tree
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Nameedit

In English, it is typically spelled Karadjordjevic while pronunciation is roughly anglicized as Karageorgevitch, and was in previous times rendered also as Kara-Georgevitch

Ancestryedit

According to some researchers, Karađorđe's paternal ancestors most likely migrated from the Highlands in what is today Montenegro to Šumadija during the Second Great Serb Migration in 1737–39 under the leadership of Patriarch Šakabenta, as a result of the Austrian-Turkish War in which Serbs took part1 Serbian historiography accept the theory that Karađorđe's ancestors came from Vasojevići2

Some conjecture has arisen about where the family ended up after arriving in Šumadija According to Radoš Ljušić, Karađorđe's ancestors most likely hailed from Vasojevići, but he has said there is no certain historical information on Karađorđe's ancestors or where they came from, folklore being the only real source Most likely, Karađorđe's ancestors hailed from Vasojevići345 Grigorije Božović 1880–1945 claimed that the family were Srbljaci natives in Vasojevići territory6 Contributing to Srbljak theory is the fact that the family celebrated St Clement as their Slava until 1890, while the patron saint of Vasojevići, ie Vaso's descendants is Archangel Michael King Peter I was granted to change his Slava to St Andrew the First-called by Belgrade Metropolitan Mihailo in 1890, following the death of his wife, Princess Zorka, thus honoring the date by Julian calendar when Serbian rebels liberated Belgrade during the First Serbian Uprising78

Oplenac is the mausoleum of the Karađorđević dynasty

Furthermore, King Peter chose Duke of Vasojevići Miljan Vukov Vešović to be his bridesman during his wedding to princess Zorka in 1883 Upon being asked by his future father-in-law prince Nicholas why he chose Miljan amongst various Dukes of Montenegro, he replied that he chose him because of heroism and relation describing him as Vojvode of my own blood and kin9 His son, Alexander, who was born in Cetinje was nicknamed Montenegrin10 The Vasojevići tribe claim descent from Stefan Konstantin of the Nemanjić dynasty4 The Vasojevići were proud of Karađorđe, and saw him as their kinsman11 Montenegrin politician and Vasojević Gavro Vuković, supported this theory12 Accordingly, Alexander Karađorđević 1806-1885 was given the title "Voivode of Vasojevići" by Petar II in 18401213 Other theories include: Montenegrin historian Miomir Dašić claimed that Karađorđe's family originated from the Gurešići from Podgorica in Montenegro6 Folklorist Dragutin Vuković believed that Tripko Knežević–Guriš was Karađorđe's great-grandfather;6 Vukićević, writing in 1907, said that in the surroundings of Podgorica, there is a local claim that Karađorđe's ancestors initially came from Vranj14

The family claimed descent from the Vasojevići tribe in Montenegro and had emigrated in the late 1730s or early 1740s15 The family lived in Mačitevo in Suva Reka, from where grandfather Jovan moved to Viševac, while Jovan's brother Radak moved to Mramorac34

Monarchsedit

See also: List of Serbian monarchs and List of heads of state of Yugoslavia
Picture TitleName Reign Notes
Grand Vožd of Serbia
Karađorđe Petrović
February 15, 1804 – September 21, 1813 Leader of the First Serbian Uprising
Deposed and exiled to Austria
Collapse of the First Serbian Uprising
Prince of Serbia
Alexander
September 14, 1842 – December 23, 1858 Abdicated
Return of Obrenović dynasty to power
Prince of Serbia;
King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Petar I
June 15, 1903 – August 16, 1921 In exile from November 1915 due to the Serbian Campaign
Proclaimed King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1, 1918
King of Yugoslavia
Alexander I
August 16, 1921 – October 9, 1934 Changed title to "King of Yugoslavia" in 1929
Assassinated in Marseilles
Prince regent of Yugoslavia
Paul
October 9, 1934 – March 27, 1941 Prince Regent for Peter II
King of Yugoslavia
Peter II
October 6, 1934 – November 29, 1945 Prince Paul acted as regent until ousted on March 27, 1941; exiled on April 17, 1941, and deposed on November 29, 1945

Current claims to the throneedit

See also: Line of succession to the former Yugoslavian throne Prince Alexander with his wife Princess Katherine

The Karađorđevićs are active in Serbian society in various ways There is a view that constitutional parliamentary monarchy would be the ultimate solution for stability, unity and continuity In addition, they support Serbia as a democratic country with a future in the European Union

The last crown prince of Yugoslavia, Alexander, has lived in Belgrade in the Dedinje Royal Palace since 2001 As the only son of the last king, Peter II, who never abdicated, and the last official heir of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia he claims to be the rightful heir to the Serbian throne in the event of restoration Prior to the fall of Slobodan Milosevic, he personally united the parliamentary opposition in several major congressescitation needed In the palace, he regularly receives religious leaders and strives, as opportunity permits, to demonstrate his commitment to human rights and to democracy

The Karađorđevićs are much engaged in humanitarian work Crown Princess Katherine has a humanitarian foundation while Crown Prince Alexander heads the Foundation for Culture and Education, whose activities include student scholarships, summer camps for children, etc The Karađorđevics are also prominent in national sports activities

Serbia and Yugoslaviaedit

See also: Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The Karadjordjević family initially was a Serbian Royal House, then the Royal House of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and then the Royal House of Yugoslavia When they last reigned they were called the Royal House of Yugoslavia

Crown Prince Alexander was born in London but on property temporarily recognised by the United Kingdom's government as subject to the sovereignty of the Yugoslav crown, on which occasion it was publicly declared that the Crown Prince had been born on the native soil of the land he was expected to eventually rulecitation needed

Heraldryedit

See also: Coat of arms of Serbia and Coat of arms of Yugoslavia

Royal Standards of Yugoslaviaedit

See also: List of Yugoslav flags

Family treeedit

Karađorđe Petrović
b 1768 – d 1817
reigned 1804–1813
                         
                 
Alexis
b 1801 – d 1830
          Alexander Karađorđević
b 1806 – d 1885
reigned 1842–1858
                                               
                             
George
b 1827 – d 1884
    Peter I
b 1844 – d 1921
reigned 1903–1921
                    Arsen
b 1859 – d 1938
 
                                                 
             
Alexis
b 1859 – d 1920
Bojidar
b 1862 – d 1908
    George
b 1887 – d 1972
      Alexander I
b 1888 – d 1934
reigned 1921–1934
        Paul Karađorđević
b 1893 – d 1976
ruled 1934–1941
as Prince Regent
           
                                                           
                                 
        Peter II
b 1923 – d 1970
reigned 1934–1945
  Tomislav
b 1928 – d 2000
  Andrew
b 1929 – d 1990
  Alexander
b 1924 – d 2016
  Nicholas
b 1928 – d 1954
   
                                                         
        Alexander Karađorđević
b 1945
  Nikola
b 1958
George
b 1984
Michael
b 1985
  Karl Vladimir
b 1964
Dimitri Mihailo
b 1965
  Dimitri
b 1958
Michael
b 1958
Sergius
b 1963
Dushan
b 1977
       
                               
        Peter
b 1980
Philip
b 1982
Alexander
b 1982
                   

See alsoedit

  • Karađorđević family tree

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://wwwnovostirs/dodatni_sadrzaj/clanci119html:276201-Pastir-u-najmu  Missing or empty |title= help
  2. ^ "Srpsko Nasledje" Srpsko Nasledje Retrieved August 15, 2012 
  3. ^ a b Bogdan Popović, Jovan Skerlić 1932 Srpski književni glasnik, Volumes 35-36 p 282 
  4. ^ a b c R-J V Vesović, 1935, "Pleme Vasojevići", Državna Štampa u Sarajevu, Sarajevo
  5. ^ Felix Phillip Kanitz 1987, p 334: "Као што је доказао Ђукић10, велики српски борац за слободу угледао је свој први дан живота 1752 у Вишевцу, окруженом густом храстовом шумом, где се његов отац доселио из Васојевића у Црној Гори"
  6. ^ a b c http://wwwsrpsko-nasledjecors/sr-l/1998/01/article-09html
  7. ^ http://wwwtelegrafrs/vesti/politika/1349512-misterija-slave-karadjordjevica-evo-kojim-svecima-su-se-molili-preci-karadjordja-foto  Missing or empty |title= help
  8. ^ http://wwwvesti-onlinecom/Vesti/Drustvo/455962/Cuvaju-slavu-velikog-vozda  Missing or empty |title= help
  9. ^ http://mojenovosticom/lat/indexphpoption=btg_novosti&idnovost=112734&-Karadjordjevici-porijeklom-iz-Vasojevica#V1ilJr7sHug
  10. ^ http://politikin-zabavnikcors/pz/tekstovi/uskrs
  11. ^ Pregled, Volume 9 in Serbian Nova tiskara Vrček i dr 1933 Васојевићи нарочито радо причају о војводама Србије који су имали везе са њиховим племеном или из њега старином потичу Говоре често о Карађорђу, зову га Карађоко и сматрају га као свој изданак 
  12. ^ a b Vuković 1985
  13. ^ "Његово мишљење је почетком прошлог века прихватио и историчар Вукићевић, прилажући као доказ диплому коју је 1840 године владика црногорски Петар II Петровић Његош издао Вождовом сину Александру Карађорђевићу, у којој се каже да Вожд потиче од „древних кнезова наше провинције Васојевића"" 
  14. ^ Vukićević 1907, p 5: "околини Подгорице и у селу Врању А да је Карађорђе старинбм из села Врања, чуо је у Црној Гори још 1875 године г
  15. ^ Király & Rothenberg 1982, p 23
  • Gavro Vuković 1985 Slobodan Tomović, ed Memoari, Volume 2 Obod 
  • Felix Phillip Kanitz 1987 Srbija: zemlja i stanovništvo od rimskog doba do kraja XIX veka, Volume 1 3 ed Srpska književna zadruga 
  • Milenko M Vukićević 1907 Karađorđe: 1752-1804 Štampano u Državnoj štampariji Kraljevine Srbije 

External linksedit

  • Official site of the Serbian Royal Family
  • Crown Prince Alexander's Foundation for Culture and Educationdead link
  • Princess Katherine's Humanitarian Foundation


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