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Kaohsiung International Airport

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Kaohsiung International Airport Chinese: 高雄國際航空站; pinyin: Gāoxióng guójì hángkōngzhàn; commonly 高雄國際機場; Gāoxióng guójì jīchǎng IATA: KHH, ICAO: RCKH, also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport 高雄小港機場; Gāoxióng xiǎogǎng jīchǎng for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan ROC Kaohsiung International is the third busiest Taiwanese airport, after Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and Taipei Songshan Airport, in passenger movement1

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Terminals
  • 3 Airlines and destinations
  • 4 Statistics
  • 5 Accidents and incidents
  • 6 Ground transportation
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Footnotes
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Army Air Squadron base in 1942 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan,2 Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945 Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 19723

During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare at the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinationscitation needed Since the early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport were inaugurated This brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience, as they can transit via the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport where there was a higher availability of international flights In the meantime, direct flights to Southeast Asia cities were gradually openedcitation needed This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to Taoyuan in the north before flying south These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements A new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997

In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership Northwest Airlines served Siaogang Airport, operating from Kansai Airport from 1999 to 2001, and Narita Airport from 2002 to 2003 These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak

After the Taiwan High Speed Rail's inauguration in January 2007, the Kaohsiung airport suffered great losses in passenger/flight movements; the Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel are eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport frequent buses link the Taoyuan Airport and the THSR Taoyuan Station Some carriers dropped the two routes while other carriers reduced flights

Since 2009, the number of passengers has been recovering due to the opening of regular scheduled cross-strait flights, as well as the rise of low cost carriers

Terminalsedit

Kaohsiung International Airport terminal building Kaohsiung International Airport control tower

Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals – domestic and international They are connected by a corridor way

The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the facility was first opened as a civilian airport Through the years, it has undergone small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges have never been added The domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require jet bridges The current domestic terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997

The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges It serves all international flights and connecting flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport While riding a connecting flight to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung International Airport and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestion in Taoyuan and saving time between flights The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic one

Airlines and destinationsedit

Countries with direct flights to Kaohsiung and top 20 cities
Operations and Statistics 13
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
tons
Aircraft
movement
2007 5,717,242 70,2413 67,149
2008 4,160,515 62,1394 47,793
2009 3,661,023 54,3820 40,335
2010 4,053,069 64,8508 41,300
2011 4,050,980 55,3644 42,596
2012 4,465,794 54,1045 45,302
2013 4,646,222 55,1120 46,721
2014 5,397,021 68,7673 51,681
2015 6,001,487 63,0308 55,685
2016 6,416,681 71,4478 57,446
Busiest routes from Kaohsiung 2016 1415
Rank Airport Category Passengers % Change 2016 / 15 Carriers
1 Hong Kong International 1,490,303 +12% China Airlines, Dragonair
2 Magong Domestic 796,459 +119% Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air
3 Tokyo-Narita International 565,964 +170% China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines, Vanilla Air
4 Osaka-Kansai International 475,879 +130% China Airlines, EVA Air, Peach
5 Kinmen Domestic 426,826 +122% Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air
6 Macau International 410,707 +116% Air Macau, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, TransAsia Airways
7 Shanghai-Pudong International 289,026 +13% China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines
8 Seoul-Incheon International 219,790 +303% China Airlines, EVA Air, Mandarin Airlines
9 Ho Chi Minh City International 151,166 -20% Mandarin Airlines, Vietnam Airlines,VietJetAir
10 Taipei-Taoyuan Domestic-International 128,672 -10% China Airlines

Accidents and incidentsedit

  • On 15 February 1969, a Douglas C-47B B-241 of Far Eastern Air Transport was damaged beyond economic repair in an accident at Kaohsiung International Airport16
  • On 27 June 1989, a Cessna 404 Titan of Formosa Airlines on its way to Wang-an, Penghu crashed into nearby Cianjhen District streets shortly after takeoff All 12 people on board were killed; there were no ground casualties17
  • On 23 July 2014, TransAsia Airways Flight 222 took off from Kaohsiung International Airport bound for Magong Airport The ATR 72-500 crashed into buildings during a second attempt to land in bad weather Of the 58 people on board, only 10 survived 5 people on the ground were injured and the crash caused a fire involving two homes

Ground transportationedit

  • Subway/Train: Kaohsiung MRT red line's Kaohsiung International Airport Station has outlets in the international and domestic terminals Passengers can use the Kaohsiung MRT Red Line to access Taiwan Railway at Kaohsiung Station and Taiwan High Speed Rail at Zuoying Station
  • Bus: Several city bus lines serve the airport Long-distance buses to Fangliao and Kenting National Park are available
  • Taxi: Available in both terminals

See alsoedit

  • Civil Aeronautics Administration Taiwan
  • Transportation in Taiwan
  • List of airports in Taiwan

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ ex-09L/27R

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" PDF CAA CAA Retrieved 23 January 2015 
  2. ^ Hung, Chih-wen 2015 不沈空母 : 台灣島內飛行場百年發展史 The history of airfields and airports in Taiwan in Chinese 洪致文 ISBN 9789574325153 
  3. ^ "History of Taiwan Kaohsiung Airport KHH: Airport History and Facts, Kaohsiung Area, Taiwan" 
  4. ^ China Eastern Adds New Routes to Kaohsiung in S14 Airline Route 10 April 2014
  5. ^ a b "Far Eastern Air Transport May 2016 Route Timetable" PDF Far Eastern Air Transport Retrieved 7 May 2016 
  6. ^ "Far Eastern Air Transport files Macau schedule from Dec 2016" Airline Route 24 October 2016 Retrieved 24 October 2016 ,
  7. ^ "Mandarin Airlines adds new domestic route from Nov 2016" routesonline Retrieved 19 October 2016 
  8. ^ "Scoot Proposes New Japan Routes via Taiwan / Thailand from July 2015" Airline Route 
  9. ^ "tigerair Taiwan to Start Macau Service from Dec 2014" Airline Route 2 December 2014 Retrieved 2 December 2014 
  10. ^ "tigerair Taiwan adds Kaohsiung – Okinawa route in Mar 2017" routesonline Retrieved 9 November 2016 
  11. ^ "tigerair Taiwan Adds Kaohsiung - Osaka; Bangkok Service Reductions from July 2015" Airlineroutenet 16 June 2015 Retrieved 16 June 2015 
  12. ^ "tigerair Taiwan to Start Kaohsiung - Tokyo Service from Sep 2015" Airlineroutenet 10 July 2015 Retrieved 10 July 2015 
  13. ^ "民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" PDF CAA ROC in Chinese Retrieved 26 January 2017 
  14. ^ "國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率-按航線分" PDF CAA CAA Retrieved 26 January 2017 
  15. ^ "國內航線班機載客率-按航空公司及航線分" PDF CAA in Chinese Retrieved 26 January 2017 
  16. ^ "B-241 Accident Description" Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 23 January 2011 
  17. ^ Formosa Airlines Baaa-acrocom

External linksedit

Media related to Kaohsiung International Airport at Wikimedia Commons

  • Kaohsiung International Airport Official website
  • Guide to Kaohsiung Airport
  • Airport information for RCKH at World Aero Data Data current as of October 2006
  • Taiwan portal
  • Aviation portal

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