Kalisz Voivodeship (1314–1793)
Thu . 18 Aug 2018

Kalisz Voivodeship (1314–1793)


Coat of arms

Kalisz Voivodeship in
the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1635 Capital Kalisz History    Established 1314    Split off
   Gniezno Voivodeship 1768    Annexed by Prussia 25 September 1793 Area 15,320 km2 5,915 sq mi Political subdivisions Counties: six until 1768, then three ¹ Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Voivodeship of Grand Duchy of Lithuania before 1569

Kalisz Voivodeship 1314–1793 Polish: Województwo Kaliskie, Latin: Palatinatus Calisiensis was an administrative unit of Poland from 1314 to the Second Partition of Poland in 1793 It was part of the Greater Polish Province Its capital was in Kalisz, and together with neighboring Poznań Voivodeship, Kalisz elected general starosta of Greater Poland The sejmiks for the two voivodeships took place at Środa Wielkopolska, while general sejmik for the whole Province of Greater Poland took place in Koło, at the Bernardine Abbey

The territory of the voivodeship remained unchanged from 1314 until 1768, when Gniezno Voivodeship was carved out of its northern three counties Its original area was 15,320 km2, but after 1768 it shrank to 7,810 km2 Local starostas resided at Kalisz, Gniezno, Konin, Kcynia, Naklo, Pyzdry, and Złotów Kalisz Voivodeship had eight senators These were: Archbishop of Gniezno, Voivode of Kalisz who resided at the Kalisz Royal Castle, Castellan of Kalisz, Castellan of Gniezno, and Castellans of Ląd, Nakło nad Notecią, Biechowo, and Kamieńsk

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland gives a detailed description of Kalisz Voivodeship:

"Kalisz Voivodeship made eastern half of Greater Poland proper In the testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty, the Land of Kalisz, as part of Greater Poland, was granted to Duke Mieszko III the Old His two grandsons, Przemysł I of Greater Poland and Bolesław the Pious divided Greater Poland in 1247 Przemyslaw, the older brother, controlled Gniezno and Poznań, while Boleslaw ruled Kalisz In the late 14th century, the Duchy of Kalisz was seized by Wladyslaw Lokietek, returning to the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland as newly established Kalisz Voivodeship Its total area was 300 sq miles, and the largest county was that of Kalisz In the mid-16th century, Kalisz Voivodeship had 411 Roman-Catholic parishes, 88 towns and 1,869 villages Its coat of arms was Wieniawa

Kalisz Voivodeship, together with Poznań Voivodeship had its sejmiks at Środa Wielkopolska, where each province elected six deputies to the Sejm, and two deputies to the Greater Poland Tribunal at Piotrków Trybunalski Land court was at Kalisz, as well as town court for the counties of Kalisz, Kamieńsk and Pyzdry The voivodeship had eight senators, while local starostas were located in several towns, such as Kalisz, Gniezno, Pyzdry, Konin, Kcynia, Ujście, Powidz, Odolanów, Kłecko, Pobiedziska, and Kolo Among historic towns of the voivodeship were Kalisz, Gniezno, Lad, Wągrowiec, Mogilno, and Trzemeszno"

Greater Poland general governor Starosta Generalny seat:

  • Poznań

Voivodeship governor Wojewoda seat:

  • Kalisz

Voivodes:

  • Zygmunt Grudziński 1628–1652

Regional council Sejmik seat:

  • Środa Wielkopolska

General council Sejmik Generalny for the Greater Poland seat:

  • Koło

Administrative division till 1768:

  • Kalisz County Powiat Kaliski, Kalisz
  • Konin County Powiat Koniński, Konin
  • Pyzdry County Powiat Pyzdrski, Pyzdry
  • Gniezno County Powiat Gnieżnieński, Gniezno
  • Kcynia County Powiat Kcyński, Kcynia
  • Nakło County Powiat Nakielski, Nakło

In 1768 counties of Gniezno, Kcynia and Nakło were transferred to the newly created Gniezno Voivodeship As a result, in final years of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Kalisz Voivodeship consisted of the following three counties:

  • Kalisz County Powiat Kaliski, Kalisz
  • Konin County Powiat Koniński, Konin
  • Pyzdry County Powiat Pyzdrski, Pyzdry

Sources

  • Kalisz Voivodeship, description by Zygmunt Gloger

Coordinates: 51°45′50″N 18°05′04″E / 51763799°N 18084363°E / 51763799; 18084363


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    29.10.2014


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