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Kalathur Kannamma

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Kalathur Kannamma error: }: text has italic markup help is a 1960 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film produced by A V Meiyappan and directed by A Bhimsingh The film stars Gemini Ganesan and Savitri in the lead, while Kamal Haasan made his debut in this film as a child artist T S Balaiah, Devika and S V Subbaiah play supporting roles The film tells the story of a young couple — a wealthy zamindar's son and a farmer's daughter — who are separated by unfortunate circumstances, while their innocent son is forced to grow up in an orphanage

Kalathur Kannamma, inspired by the 1960 film Nobody's Child was originally directed by T Prakash Rao who left due to differences with Meiyappan, resulting in the entire film being reshot by Bhimsingh The film's soundtrack was composed by R Sudharsanam

Kalathur Kannamma was released on 12 August 1960 The film was critically acclaimed, with Haasan's performance being singled out It was also commercially successful, running for over 100 days in theatres It won the Certificate of Merit by the Government of India, and the President's Gold Medal award for Haasan The film was remade in Telugu as Mooga Nomu It was also remade in Hindi as Main Chup Rahungi with Bhimsingh returning as director, and in Sinhalese as Mangalika


  • 1 Plot
  • 2 Cast
  • 3 Production
  • 4 Soundtrack
  • 5 Release
    • 51 Critical reception
    • 52 Accolades
  • 6 Other versions
  • 7 In other media
  • 8 References
  • 9 Bibliography
  • 10 External links


Rajalingam Gemini Ganesan is the only son of Ramalingam T S Balaiah, the zamindar of Kalathur Kannamma Savithri is the daughter of Murugan S V Subbaiah, a farmer of the same place On the zamindar's advice, Murugan sends his daughter to Madras for higher education While returning from Madras, Kannamma meets Raja in the train Noticing her respect and awe for the zamindar, Raja calls himself an electrician visiting the Palace They fall in love A few days later, Kannamma learns the truth and to reassure her, Raja marries her secretly in a temple

Two days later, Raja has to go abroad for higher studies During his absence, Ramalingam learns of the marriage and orders Kannamma to forget his son Moved by the zamindar's feelings, Kannamma promises never to mention their marriage to anyone Kannamma is now in the family way Ramalingam arranges for the stay of Murugan and Kannamma in a nearby town, Sevalpatti Murugan, who is ashamed of Kannamma's love affair, leaves Kannamma's newborn son in an orphanage and lies that the child was stillborn They both decide to leave the place and settle in Bangalore

When Raja returns, he learns that Kannamma had left Kalathur His inquiries in Sevalpatti lead him to believe that Kannamma had led an immoral life Grief-stricken, he travels from place to place to forget Kannamma and takes to drinking as a last resort In Bangalore, he encounters Kannamma in a dancer's house where she had come to teach the dancer’s daughter Her presence in the house and reticence to Raja’s questions strengthens his belief that Kannamma is a woman of ill repute and in disgust, he returns home

Kannamma’s son Selvam grows up into an intelligent boy Kamal Haasan and is living in the orphanage in Sevalpatti Murugan visits the orphanage and on meeting Selvam, decides to shift to Sevalpatti to be near him Kannamma becomes a teacher in Selvam’s school and feels attracted to him She invites him to stay with her but he refuses as he has to look after Mani, a lame orphan living with him Raja is invited to Sevalpatti by Singaram, a rich merchant who wants to marry his daughter Maduram Devika to him, to preside over a school function Raja takes a fascination for Selvam who acts in the school drama After the drama ends, he encounters Kannamma again and orders the headmistress to dismiss her

Mani is seriously ill and Selvam turns to Raja for help, but Mani eventually dies Raja takes Selvam with him to the Palace On Selvam's insistence, he stops drinking and to give him a mother, also decides to marry Maduram A seriously ill Murugan confesses to Kannamma that her child is not dead and reveals the identity of Selvam Kannamma tries to contact Selvam but does not find him in the orphanage The news shocks Murugan and to soothe his nerves, they move down to their village Kalathur In the local temple, Kannamma meets Selvam and tells him that she is his mother On learning from him that Raja is bringing him up and is marrying shortly to find him a mother, she asks him not to mention anything about her to Raja While preparations were going on for the marriage of Raja with Maduram, she comes to know from Selvam that he is the son of Raja Singaram insists on a written undertaking that the properties of Raja would go to the children of Maduram only The news of this conflict spreads in the village

On learning this, Murugan rushes to the palace to own the boy but collapses near the palace gate Kannamma who has followed takes Selvam and tries to move away when she is intercepted by Raja who demands the boy back Raja refuses to believe that Selvam is Kannamma’s son and abuses Kannamma for her shameless life Ramalingam observes that even in such a humiliating situation, Kannamma is silent and does not breathe a word about her promise to him He is moved and acknowledges her as his daughter-in-law Selvam is united with his parents, and Raja’s marriage with Maduram is cancelled


  • Gemini Ganesan as Rajalingam
  • Savithri as Kannamma
  • Kamal Haasan as Selvam
  • T S Balaiah as Ramalingam
  • S V Subbaiah as Murugan
  • Devika as Maduram
  • Javar Seetharaman
  • V R Rajagopal
  • Manorama as Amalu


Originally, T Prakash Rao was the director of the film While AVM Productions paid its directors salaries ranging from ₹15,000 to ₹20,000, Prakash Rao charged ₹40,000 Producer M Saravanan discussed this with his father A V Meiyappan, who approved as he did not want to stand in the way of Saravanan's enthusiasm Prakash Rao had directed "nearly half the film", but because Meiyappan and he "didn't see eye to eye", the entire film was re-shot by A Bhimsingh Although Meiyappan offered to retain Prakash Rao's name in the credits, he declined The film was written by Javar Seetharaman, and is loosely adapted from the Moral Rearmament Army's play The Forgotten Factor While Gemini Ganesan and Savitri were cast in the lead roles, Kamal Haasan – who was then a child – was cast in the film, making his cinematic debut The original choice for Haasan's role was Daisy Irani, who had already been paid ₹10,000 in advance S P Muthuraman, who later became a leading director in Tamil cinema, made his debut as an assistant director in this film

There have been varying accounts regarding Haasan's entry into this film In 1997, V S Srinivasan wrote for Rediff that young Haasan accompanied a doctor who went to treat an ill woman at the home of Meiyappan On hearing loud shouting from a first-floor tenant of the bungalow, the doctor became uneasy Haasan strode up the stairway to ask the noisemaker not to shout over the phone as someone was ill, leaving the person astonished An impressed Meiyappan later provided him an entry into films However, other sources state that when Haasan accompanied a family doctor of Meiyappan to his house, Meiyappan's son, producer M Saravanan noticed Haasan as a hyperactive child He took him over and introduced to Meiyappan who was looking for a young boy to act in Kalathur Kannamma According to film critic Naman Ramachandran, Meiyappan cast Haasan after being impressed with his impressions of actors M G Ramachandran and Sivaji Ganesan, and his performance of a song from Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi 1958 The first shot filmed on Haasan was a scene featuring Savitri's character feeding him upma Haasan held on to the upma in his mouth until the shot was done He had not swallowed it After the shot, he ran out and spat the upma, believing it to be fake He refused to believe that the upma was real until after Muthuraman convinced him The final length of the film was 17,570 feet 5,360 m


The music of the film was composed by R Sudharsanam, while the lyrics were penned by Kannadasan, Kothamangalam Subbu, Ku Ma Balasubramaniam, M K Athmanathan and T K Sundara Vathiyar The playback singers were C S Jayaraman, T M Soundararajan, A M Rajah, S C Krishnan, M S Rajeswari, Jikki, A P Komala and P Susheela For the song "Arugil Vanthaal", Kannadasan came up with 56 pallavis

The soundtrack received positive response, with major praises for the number Ammavum Neeye Film historian B Vijayakumar said "One stand out sequence in Kalathoor Kannamma is the song pictured on Kamal The song, ‘Ammavum neeye’ by M S Rajeswari and Kamal's acting made it an unforgettable experience" A report from The Hindu described the song's verses as "immortal" The Times of India said, "Ammavum Neeye Appavum Neeye — this is a line that'll forever remain etched in the memory of Tamil cinema fans"

No Title Lyrics Singers Length
1 "Kangalin Vaarthaigal" Kannadasan A M Rajah, P Susheela 3:33
2 "Sirithaalum" Kannadasan C S Jayaraman 3:30
3 "Aadatha Manamum" Ku Ma Balasubramaniam A M Rajah, P Susheela 3:19
4 "Arugil Vanthaal" Kannadasan A M Rajah 3:23
5 "Ammavum Neeye" T K Sundara Vathiyar M S Rajeswari 2:47
6 "Unaikkandu Mayangaadha" Kothamangalam Subbu S C Krishnan, T M Soundararajan, M S Rajeswari, A P Komala 6:58
7 "Malaril Madhu Edharkku" M K Athmanathan Jikki 2:93
8 "Ammavum Neeye Pathos" T K Sundara Vathiyar M S Rajeswari 1:26


Kalathur Kannamma was released on 12 August 1960 It was a major commercial success, running for over 100 days in theatres

Critical reception

Reviews were mostly positive On 11 September 1960, Ananda Vikatan praised Kamal Haasan's performance and described Kalathur Kannamma as one of the best films in Tamil to that point The Madras-based film magazine Movieland said, "A new star rises on the movie horizon" The article by film journalist, K Vasudevan, praised the performance of Haasan Randor Guy of The Hindu wrote that the film was remembered for "The little boy’s remarkable performance and the song filmed on him" Kamal Haasan's elder brother Charuhasan said, "I have watched Kamal’s first movie a 100 times, as I took him to all the theatres wherever ‘Kalathur Kannamma’ was being screened" S Saraswathi of Rediff included Kalathur Kannamma in her list of "The 10 Best Films of Kamal Haasan", praising Haasan's performance over that of Gemini Ganesan and Savitri Pavithra Srinivasan also included it in her list, titled "The best of Kamal Haasan"


Kalathur Kannamma won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil – Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film in 1961 Haasan's performance earned him the President's Gold Medal

Other versions

Kalathur Kannamma was dubbed in Telugu as Mavoori Ammayi, which was released on 20 October 1960 The film was also remade in the same language as Mooga Nomu 1969 Bhimsingh later remade the film in Hindi as Main Chup Rahungi 1962, which starred Sunil Dutt and Meena Kumari in the lead roles The film was also remade in Sinhalese as Mangalika 1963, while the Hindi version was remade as Udarata Menike

In other media

In Udan Pirappu 1993, Goundamani as a beggar sings "Ammavum Neeye" as "Mummy-um Neeye" In Kaathala Kaathala 1998, the footage of "Ammavum Neeye" will be shown in the title credits and the young Kamal gets transformed into elder Kamal, he and Prabhu Deva along with children is seen singing this song to a garbage


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  • Ramachandran, Naman 2012 Rajinikanth: The Definitive Biography New Delhi: Penguin Books Limited ISBN 978-81-8475-796-5 
  • Saravanan, M 2013 AVM 60 cinema in Tamil 3rd ed Rajarajan Pathippagam 

External links

  • Kalathur Kannamma on IMDb
  • Kalathur Kannamma at Rotten Tomatoes
  • Kalathur Kannamma at Upperstallcom

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