Kaidōo toko no kaidō hikawa kiyoshi, haru kaidō
Kaidō 街道, road were roads in Japan dating from the Edo period They act important roles in transportation like the Appian way of ancient Roman roads Major examples include the Edo Five Routes, all of which started at Edo modern-day Tokyo Minor examples include sub-routes such as the Hokuriku Kaidō and the Nagasaki Kaidō
Kaidō, however, do not include San'yōdō, San'indō, Nankaidō and Saikaidō, which were part of the even more ancient system of Yamato government called Gokishichidō These names were used for administrative units, and the roads within these units
Many highways and railway lines in modern Japan follow the ancient routes and carry the same names The early roads radiated from the capital at Nara or Kyoto Later, Edo was the reference, and even today Japan reckons directions and measures distances along its highways from Nihonbashi in Chūō, Tokyo
- 1 The Gokaidō
- 2 Lodgings
- 3 Cultural References to Kaidō
- 4 See also
The GokaidōeditMain article: Edo Five Routes
The five main kaidō from Nihonbashi in Edo were:
- Tōkaidō 東海道 to Kyoto along the coastline
- Nakasendō 中山道 to Kyoto through the mountains
- Kōshū Kaidō 甲州街道 to Kōfu
- Ōshū Kaidō 奥州街道 to Shirakawa and other places of northern Japan
- Nikkō Kaidō 日光街道 to Nikkō
At various times, the government established post stations shukuba along the roads These had lodgings for travelers and grew as commercial centers These former post towns, along with castle and harbor towns, form a major category of cities in Japan
Cultural References to Kaidōedit
Kaidō figure prominently in Japanese culture The poet Matsuo Bashō memorialized his travels along the Ōshū Kaidō and elsewhere in the book Oku no Hosomichi A set of woodblock prints by Hiroshige forms a travelogue of the Tōkaidō Daimyō, making the required sankin-kōtai trip between their han and Edo, also traveled along the kaidō and stayed at post stations Some woodblock prints show their stately processions The Bunraku play Kanadehon Chūshingura, the fictionalized account of the true story of the Forty-seven Ronin, has several scenes set along various kaidōMap of Kumano Kodō, ancient pilgrimage routes
- Sankin kotai
aki kaidō, haru kaidō, kaidō, o toko no kaidō hikawa kiyoshi
Kaidō Information about
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