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Kagoshima Prefecture

kagoshima prefecture, kagoshima prefecture japan
Kagoshima Prefecture 鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu1 The capital is the city of Kagoshima2

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Region
    • 41 Cities
    • 42 Districts
    • 43 Mergers
  • 5 Sport and recreation
  • 6 Colleges and universities
  • 7 Science and technology facilities
  • 8 Museums
  • 9 Transportation
    • 91 Rail
    • 92 Trams
    • 93 Roads
      • 931 Expressways and toll roads
      • 932 National Highways
    • 94 Ports
    • 95 Airports
  • 10 Notable people
  • 11 Mythical creatures
  • 12 Sister relations
  • 13 See also
  • 14 Notes
  • 15 References
  • 16 External links

Historyedit

Main article: History of Kagoshima Prefecture See also: Historic Sites of Kagoshima Prefecture

Kagoshima Prefecture corresponds to the ancient Japanese provinces Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands Satsunan3 This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration Saigo Takamori, and the city of Kagoshima was an important naval base during Japan's 20th century wars and the home of admiral Tōgō Heihachirō More recent incidents are the sinking of a North Korean spy ship 100 ton class in 2001 by the Coast Guard, which was later salvaged and exhibited in Tokyo, and the abduction of an office clerk from a Kagoshima beach in 1978 by agents from the same country This became known only recently under the Koizumi administration

Geographyedit

Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of Kyushu on the Satsuma Peninsula and Ōsumi Peninsula This prefecture also includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest of Kyushu for a few hundred kilometers The most important group is the Amami Islands Surrounded by the East China Sea to the west, Okinawa Prefecture in the south, Kumamoto Prefecture to the north, and Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, it has 2,632 km of coastline including the 28 islands It has a bay called Kagoshima Bay Kinkowan, which is sandwiched by two peninsulas, Satsuma and Ōsumi Its position made it a 'gateway' to Japan at various times in history While Kyushu has about 13 million people, there are less than 2 million in this prefecture

The prefecture boasts a chain of active and dormant volcanoes, including the great Sakurajima, which towers out of the Kagoshima bay opposite Kagoshima city A steady trickle of smoke and ash emerges from the caldera, punctuated by louder mini-eruptions on an almost daily basis On active days in Kagoshima city an umbrella is advisable to ward off the ash Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes Major eruptions occurred in 1914, when the island mountain spilled enough material to become permanently connected to the mainland, and a lesser eruption in 1960 Volcanic materials in the soil make Sakurajima a source for record daikon radishes, roughly the size of a basketball Many beaches around the Kagoshima Bay are littered with well-worn pumice stones A crater lake in the southwestern tip of the prefecture, near the spa town of Ibusuki, is home to a rare species of giant eel

As of March 31, 2008, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Yaku and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Amami Guntō and Nichinan Kaigan Quasi-National Parks; and Akune, Bōnoma, Fukiagehama, Imutaike, Koshikijima, Ōsumi Nanbu, Sendaigawa Ryūiki, Takakumayama, and Tokara Rettō Prefectural Natural Parks4

Economyedit

Most of the economic sector is focused in Kagoshima City and the surrounding area, corresponding to the extent of the former Satsuma Province The eastern part of the prefecture, the former Ōsumi Province, is mostly rural and shows a general population decline

The prefecture has strong agricultural roots, which are reflected in its most well-known exports: green tea, sweet potato, radish, Pongee rice, Satsuma ware and Berkshire pork "kurobuta" Kagoshima prefecture's production of bonito flakes is second only to that of Shizuoka In addition it produces Japan's largest volume of unagi eels

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA has several facilities within the prefecture, including the country's main launch facility on Tanegashima and the Uchinoura Space Center

The prefecture's gross domestic product is approximately 4834 trillion yencitation needed

Regionedit

Map of Kagoshima Prefecture

The following is a list of Kagoshima Prefecture's cities, and its administrative districts with their constituent towns and villages:

Citiesedit

Kagoshima from space Sakurajima and Kagoshima City Makurazaki Amami City Tarumizu

Nineteen cities are located in Kagoshima Prefecture:

  • Kagoshima the capital city of the prefecture

Districtsedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Kagoshima Prefecture

Sport and recreationedit

Kagoshima Rebnise, a professional basketball team, was founded in 2003 and currently competes in the second division of the national BLeague Kagoshima United FC, a soccer team, was founded in 2014 and competes in the J3 League Although no major professional baseball teams are based in the prefecture, a number of Kagoshima's ballparks have hosted the spring training camps of Nippon Professional Baseball teams:

  • Kamoike Ballpark, previous camp home of the Chiba Lotte Marines NPB and Lotte Giants KBO League Also hosts regular season games
  • Kamoike Citizen Stadium ja
  • Ibusuki Municipal Ballpark 指宿市営球場, camp home of the Kokutesu Swallows
  • Yunomoto Ballpark 湯之元球場, camp home of the Yakult Atoms
  • Kagoshima Kamoike Stadium, camp home of Júbilo Iwata soccer and Toshiba Brave Lupus rugby
  • Kagoshima Fureai Sportsland ja, camp home of Sagan Tosu soccer

The Kirishima-Yaku National Park is located in Kagoshima Prefecture

Colleges and universitiesedit

  • Kagoshima University
  • National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya
  • The International University of Kagoshima
  • Kagoshima Immaculate Heart University
  • Daiichi Institute of Technology
  • Shigakukan University
  • Kagoshima Prefectural College
  • Kagoshima Immaculate Heart College
  • Kagoshima Women's Junior College
  • Daiichi Junior College of Infant Education

Science and technology facilitiesedit

  • Tanegashima Space Center
  • Uchinoura Space Center

Museumsedit

  • Bansei Tokkō Peace Museum
  • Chiran Peace Museum for Kamikaze Pilots
  • Museum of the Meiji Restoration
  • Reimeikan, Kagoshima Prefectural Center for Historical Material
  • Uenohara site

Transportationedit

Kagoshima-Chuo Station Kagoshima City Tram

Railedit

  • JR Kyushu
    • Kyushu Shinkansen
    • Kagoshima Line
    • Nippo Line
    • Ibusuki Makurazaki Line
    • Hisatsu Line
    • Kitto Line
  • Hisatsu Orange Railway

Tramsedit

  • Kagoshima City Tram

Roadsedit

Expressways and toll roadsedit

  • Kyushu Expressway
  • Miyazaki Expressway
  • Ibusuki Toll Road
  • Minamikyushu Expressway
  • Higashikyushu Expressway Hayato Road

National Highwaysedit

  • National Route 3 Kitakyushu–Fukuoka–Kurume–Kumamoto–Minamata-Izumi-Satsuma Sendai-Kagoshima
  • National Route 10 Kitakyushu-Nakatsu–Beppu–Saiki–Nobeoka–Miyazaki–Miyakonojo-Kagoshima
  • National Route 58 Amami Island
  • Route 220 Miyazaki-Nichinan-Shibushi-Kanoya-Tarumizu-Kirishima
  • Route 223
  • Route 224
  • Route 225
  • Route 226
  • Route 267 Hitoyoshi-Isa-Satsuma Sendai
  • Route 268 Minamata-Isa-Ebino–Kobayashi-Miyazaki
  • Route 269
  • Route 270
  • Route 328 Kagoshima-Isa-Izumi
  • Route 389 Ōmuta–Tamana–Unzen–Minamishimabara–Amakusa-Akune
  • Route 447 Ebino-Isa-Izumi
  • Route 448
  • Route 499
  • Route 504 Kanoya-Kirishima-Satsuma-Izumi

Portsedit

  • Kagoshima Port
    • Domestic ferry route to Sakurajima, Kikai Island, Tokunoshima, Amami Island, Tanegashima, Yakushima, Yoron Island, Okinoerabu and Naha
    • High-speed craft route to Ibusuki, Tanegashima and Yakushima
    • International container hub port
  • Shibushi Port
    • Ferry route to Osaka, Tokyo, Naha and Amami Island
    • International and domestic container hub port
  • Naze Port
    • Ferry Route to Osaka, Kobe, Kagoshima, Yakushima, Tanegashima, Tokunoshima and Naha
  • Yakushima Port
  • Tanegashima Port
  • Tokunoshima Port

Airportsedit

  • Kagoshima Airport
  • Amami Airport
  • Tokunoshima Airport
  • Tanegashima Airport
  • Yakushima Airport
  • Okinoerabu Airport
  • Yoron Airport

Notable peopleedit

  • Isamu Akasaki, scientist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
  • Hajime Chitose, singer
  • Yasuhito Endo, football player
  • Kosuke Fukudome, MLB player
  • GO!GO!7188, rock band
  • Masazumi Harada, doctor
  • Goyō Hashiguchi, artist
  • Kazuo Inamori, industrialist turned philanthropist
  • Junichi Inamoto, football player
  • Takehiko Inoue, modern comic artist
  • Shinobu Kaitani, modern comic artist
  • Yuki Kashiwagi, AKB48 member
  • Kunio Kato animator known especially for La Maison en Petits Cubes
  • Yoichiro Kawaguchi, computer graphics artist
  • Munenori Kawasaki, MLB player
  • Kawasaki Shōzō, founder of Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • Sakura Miyawaki, HKT48 member
  • Mika Nakashima, artist
  • Yuya Osako, football player
  • Jirō Sakagami, comedian
  • Hiroyuki Sakai, Iron Chef cook
  • Hitoshi Sakimoto, composer
  • Nanami Sakuraba, actress
  • Tokichi Setoguchi, composer
  • Shimazu Nariakira, feudal lord
  • Nabi Tajima, Japan's oldest person
  • Saigō Takamori, samurai
  • Ōkubo Toshimichi, statesman
  • Tōgō Heihachirō, Admiral of the Fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Seiji Tōgō, artist

Mythical creaturesedit

  • Garappa Kappa
  • Issie
  • Ittan-momen

Sister relationsedit

  • Miami, United States
  • Naples, Italy
  • Jeollabuk-do, South Korea, October 1989 duo-declaration
  • Georgia, United States November 28, 1966 became a sister state
  • Jiangsu, China
  • Gifu Prefecture July 27, 1971 became a sister prefecture

See alsoedit

  • Japan portal
  • Geography portal
  • 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake
  • Sakurajima radish
  • Kagoshima dialect
  • Amami language, Kunigami language

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 447, p 447, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kagoshima prefecture" at p 447, p 447, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 8 February 2012 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan Encyclopedia Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-01753-6; ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Kagoshima prefecture travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Official Kagoshima Prefecture website in English
  • National Archives of Japan Kagoshima map 1891

Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31400°N 130517°E / 31400; 130517

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