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Kagawa Prefecture

kagawa prefecture, kagawa prefecture japan
Kagawa Prefecture 香川県, Kagawa-ken is the smallest prefecture of Japan by area It is located on Shikoku island1 and the capital is Takamatsu2

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Battle of Yashima
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Foods
  • 5 Demographics
  • 6 Education
    • 61 Universities
  • 7 Sports
  • 8 Tourism
  • 9 Transportation
    • 91 Railroad
    • 92 Bus
      • 921 Departure from Takamatsu
    • 93 Road
      • 931 Expressway
      • 932 National Highway
    • 94 Port
    • 95 Airport
  • 10 In popular culture
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province3

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture4

Battle of Yashimaedit

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans

Geographyedit

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa'scitation needed Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park5

Citiesedit

Map of Kagawa Prefecture Takamatsu Marugame Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Townsedit

These are the towns in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Kagawa Prefecture

Economyedit

Foodsedit

People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Sanuki udon a type of udon noodle is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture In 2008, there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alonecitation needed

Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country

Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908 As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail" Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily

Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, soumen noodles and shoyu soy sauce

Demographicsedit

Educationedit

Universitiesedit

  • Kagawa University in Takamatsu
  • Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
  • Shikoku Gakuin University in Zentsuji
  • Takamatsu University
  • Tokushima Bunri University in Sanuki

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa

Baseball

  • Kagawa Olive Guyners

Basketball

  • Takamatsu Five Arrows Takamatsu

Football Soccer

  • Kamatamare Sanuki Takamatsu

Volleyball

  • Shikoku Eighty 8 Queen

Ice Hockey

  • Kagawa Ice Fellows see Japan Ice Hockey Federation

Tourismedit

Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre Benesse House, Naoshima Manno Lake Sanuki Manno National Park
  • Kotohira
    • Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
    • Konpira Shrine
  • Manno
    • Manno Lake
    • Sanuki Manno National Park
  • Marugame
    • Marugame Castle
    • Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museumn of Contemporary Art Naoshima Island
    • Ando Museum
    • Benesse House
    • Chichu Art Museum
    • Lee Ufan Museum
  • Setonaikai National Park
  • Shikoku Pilgrimage – Zentsū-ji, Motoyama-ji, Yashima-ji, etc
Kankakei
  • Shodoshima
    • Kankakei Gorge
    • Shodoshima Olive Park
  • Takamatsu
    • Megijima and Ogijima
    • Ritsurin Garden
    • Takamatsu Castle
    • Yashima, the island on which the Battle of Yashima was fought Ritsurin Garden
  • Teshima Island
    • Shima Kitchen
    • Teshima Art Museum

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon wheat noodles Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japancitation needed, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa

Transportationedit

Railroadedit

  • JR Shikoku
    • Honshi-Bisan Line
    • Yosan Line
    • Dosan Line
    • Kotoku Line
  • Kotoden Takamatsu Kotohira Electric Railroad
    • Kotohira Line
    • Shido Line
    • Nagao Line

Busedit

Departure from Takamatsuedit

  • Tokyo Station
  • Shinjuku of Tokyo
  • Tokyo Disneyland
  • Hachioji
  • Yokohama
  • Nagoya
  • Kyoto Station
  • Osaka
    • Umeda
    • Nanba
  • Kansai Int'l Airport
  • Kobe
    • Sannomiya
    • Maiko Bus Stop
  • Tokushima
  • Kōchi
  • Matsuyama
  • Yawatahama
  • Hiroshima
  • Fukuoka
    • Kokura Station
    • Hakata Station
    • Tenjin Station

Roadedit

Expresswayedit

  • Seto Chuo Expressway
  • Takamatsu Expressway
  • Matsuyama Expressway

National Highwayedit

  • Route 11 Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438

Portedit

  • Port of Takamatsu – Ferry route to Uno, Tonoshō Shōdoshima Island, Kobe, Naoshima
  • Port of Marugame
  • Port of Tadotsu
  • Port of Tonoshō – Ferry route to Okayama, Himeji, Kobe and Osaka

Airportedit

  • Takamatsu Airport

In popular cultureedit

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa 'Castle Rock' in the Kagawa Prefecture Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture

Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture is also the main setting of the book "Kafka on the Shore" by Haruki Murakami

Kagawa Prefecture is also the setting of the anime Poco's Udon World

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 446, p 446, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p 934, p 934, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed March 31, 1987 Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 Ikata Town History in Japanese Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing 
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 19 August 2012 

External linksedit

  • Kagawa Prefecture English homepage
  • in Japanese Official Kagawa Prefecture Japanese homepage
  • National Archives of Japan Kagawa map 1891
  • Notes from Shikoku in English

Coordinates: 34°16′N 133°57′E / 34267°N 133950°E / 34267; 133950

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