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Josef Grohé

josef grohe nazis, josef grohe
Josef Grohé 6 November 1902 – 27 December 1987 was a German Nazi Party official He was the Gauleiter of Cologne and Reichskommissar for Belgium and Northern France


  • 1 Background
    • 11 Politics and official positions
    • 12 Post-war
  • 2 Sources
  • 3 Further reading
  • 4 External links


Grohé was born in Gemünden im Hunsrück as the son of a shopkeeper[1] He finished secondary school in 1919 and worked as a clerk in the hardware industry[1]

Politics and official positions

Grohé was already active in anti-democratic and racist organizations as an adolescent He joined the anti-Semitic Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund and the Nazi Party in 1922[1] He was co-founder of the Nazi organization in Cologne in 1922 and founder of its newspaper, the Westdeutscher Beobachter[1] In 1931 he was appointed Gauleiter regional party leader of Cologne-Aachen, and in 1932 he was elected to both the Reichstag and the Prussian Staatsrat State Council[1]

In July 1944, in addition to these posts, Grohé was made the Reichskommissar of the newly created civilian administration in German-occupied Belgium and Northern France[1] From September 1944, however, the territory's liberation by the Allies begun In 1945, he organized the Cologne Volkssturm and ordered the demolition of five large bridges over the Rhine[1]

Grohé was arrested by the British occupation authorities in Cologne in 1945 and imprisoned until 1950[1]


After the war, Grohé remained dedicated to the Nazi cause for the rest of his life and showed no remorse[1] In 1950, he was sentenced to a four and a half years imprisonment time served by a court in Bielefeld for being a part of the political leadership of the Nazi party[2] He had known of the Holocaust, but the court was not able to prove his involvement in atrocities[2] After being released from imprisonment, he continued his professional career as a sales representative for German toy manufacturers[2] He died on 27th of December 1987 in Brück, Cologne[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Grohé biography at the NRW2000de Archived 2012-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d DER SPIEGEL 2/1988 - GESTORBEN - Josef Grohe

Further reading

  • Ernst Klee, Das Personen-lexikon zum Dritten Reich Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt-am-Main, 2005, 202
  • Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders Of The Nazi Party And Their Deputies, 1925-1945 Herbert Albreacht-H Wilhelm Huttmann-Volume 1 by Michael D Miller and Andreas Schulz R James Bender Publishing, 2012

External links

  • Newspaper clippings about Josef Grohé in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
20th-century German Nazi official and war criminal

josef grohe, josef grohe nazis

Josef Grohé Information about

Josef Grohé

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