Josef Grohéjosef grohe nazis, josef grohe
Josef Grohé 6 November 1902 – 27 December 1987 was a German Nazi Party official He was the Gauleiter of Cologne and Reichskommissar for Belgium and Northern France
- 1 Background
- 11 Politics and official positions
- 12 Post-war
- 2 Sources
- 3 Further reading
- 4 External links
Grohé was born in Gemünden im Hunsrück as the son of a shopkeeper He finished secondary school in 1919 and worked as a clerk in the hardware industry
Politics and official positions
Grohé was already active in anti-democratic and racist organizations as an adolescent He joined the anti-Semitic Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund and the Nazi Party in 1922 He was co-founder of the Nazi organization in Cologne in 1922 and founder of its newspaper, the Westdeutscher Beobachter In 1931 he was appointed Gauleiter regional party leader of Cologne-Aachen, and in 1932 he was elected to both the Reichstag and the Prussian Staatsrat State Council
In July 1944, in addition to these posts, Grohé was made the Reichskommissar of the newly created civilian administration in German-occupied Belgium and Northern France From September 1944, however, the territory's liberation by the Allies begun In 1945, he organized the Cologne Volkssturm and ordered the demolition of five large bridges over the Rhine
Grohé was arrested by the British occupation authorities in Cologne in 1945 and imprisoned until 1950
After the war, Grohé remained dedicated to the Nazi cause for the rest of his life and showed no remorse In 1950, he was sentenced to a four and a half years imprisonment time served by a court in Bielefeld for being a part of the political leadership of the Nazi party He had known of the Holocaust, but the court was not able to prove his involvement in atrocities After being released from imprisonment, he continued his professional career as a sales representative for German toy manufacturers He died on 27th of December 1987 in Brück, Cologne
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Grohé biography at the NRW2000de Archived 2012-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ a b c d DER SPIEGEL 2/1988 - GESTORBEN - Josef Grohe
- Ernst Klee, Das Personen-lexikon zum Dritten Reich Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt-am-Main, 2005, 202
- Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders Of The Nazi Party And Their Deputies, 1925-1945 Herbert Albreacht-H Wilhelm Huttmann-Volume 1 by Michael D Miller and Andreas Schulz R James Bender Publishing, 2012
- Newspaper clippings about Josef Grohé in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
josef grohe, josef grohe nazis
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