Johns Hopkins School of Medicine


480 MD

1,400 Total 2 Location Baltimore, Maryland, US Campus Urban Website http://wwwhopkinsmedicineorg/som/

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine JHUSOM, located in Baltimore, Maryland, US, is the academic medical teaching and research arm of Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins has consistently been among the nation's top medical schools in the number of research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the best hospital in the United States for 22 years by US News & World Report3

Contents

  • 1 Overview
  • 2 Reputation
  • 3 Colleges
  • 4 Governance
  • 5 Nobel laureates
  • 6 Notable faculty and alumni
  • 7 In popular culture
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Overviewedit

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is located in the East Baltimore campus of Johns Hopkins University together with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the School of Nursing Known collectively as the "Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions" JHMI Campus,4 it spans several city blocks, radiating outwards from the Billings building of the Johns Hopkins Hospital with its historic dome cupola The founding physicians of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine included pathologist William Henry Welch 1850-1934, the first dean of the school and a mentor to generations of research scientists; internist Sir William Osler 1849-1919, sometimes called the “Father of Modern Medicine,” having been perhaps the most influential physician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries as author of The Principles and Practice of Medicine 1892, written at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and published for more than a century; surgeon William Stewart Halsted 1852-1922, who revolutionized surgery by insisting on subtle skill and technique, as well as strict adherence to sanitary procedures; and gynecologist Howard Atwood Kelly 1858-1943, a superb gynecological surgeon often credited with establishing gynecology as a specialty and being among the first to use radium to treat cancer

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is affiliated with the Johns Hopkins Hospital, its major teaching hospital, as well as several other regional medical centers, including the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in Baltimore, Howard County General Hospital, Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, DC, and Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital in St Petersburg, Florida 5 Together they form an academic health science center

Reputationedit

For years, Johns Hopkins has been among the nation's top medical schools in the number of competitive research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health According to US News and World Report, Johns Hopkins has always ranked in the top 3 research-oriented medical schools6 Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the top hospital in the United States every year from 1991 to 2011 by US News & World Report3 Askmencom ranked an MD from Johns Hopkins as one of the five most prestigious degrees in the world7

According to the Flexner Report, Hopkins has served as the model for American medical education8 It was the first medical school to require its students to have an undergraduate degree and was also the first graduate-level medical school to admit women on an equal basis as men Mary Elizabeth Garrett, head of the Women's Medical School Fund, was a driving force behind both of these firsts Sir William Osler became the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and the first Physician-in-Chief at the Johns Hopkins Hospital Osler was responsible for establishing the residency system of postgraduate medical training, where young physicians were required to reside within the hospital to better care for their patients

Collegesedit

Upon matriculation, medical students at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are divided into four Colleges named after famous Hopkins faculty members who have had an impact in the history of medicine Florence Sabin, Vivien Thomas, Daniel Nathans and Helen Taussig The Colleges were established to "foster camaraderie, networking, advising, mentoring, professionalism, clinical skills, and scholarship"9 Students are assigned to faculty advisors within their colleges Each advisor has a group of five students from each of the four years They instruct these same five students in 'Clinical Skills', a core first-year course, and continue advising them throughout their 4 years of medical school Every year, the Colleges compete in the “College Olympics”

Governanceedit

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is led by Ronald J Daniels, the president of Johns Hopkins University, Paul B Rothman, CEO and dean of the medical faculty, and Ronald R Peterson, president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and health system The CFO of Johns Hopkins Medicine is Richard A Grossi, who is also the Senior Associate Dean for Finance and Administration and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine

Vice deans preside over specific administrative task areas The vice deans are: William A Baumgartner, Vice Dean for Clinical Affairs; Janice E Clements, Vice Dean for Faculty Affairs; Landon King, Vice Dean for Research; Daniel E Ford, Vice Dean for Clinical Investigation; David G Nichols, Vice Dean for Education; and David Hellmann, Vice Dean for the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center The dean's office also includes over twenty administrators in the position of associate or assistant dean10

Nobel laureatesedit

Sixteen Nobel laureates associated with the School of Medicine as alumni and faculty have won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Chemistry11

  • Carol Greider – Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  • Oliver Smithies – Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  • Richard Axel – MD 1971, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  • Peter Agre – MD 1974, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2003
  • Paul Greengard – PhD 1953, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  • David Hubel – Assistant resident, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  • Torsten Wiesel – Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  • Hamilton O Smith – Faculty, MD 1956, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  • Daniel Nathans - Faculty, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  • Haldan Keffer Hartline – MD 1927, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  • Francis Peyton Rous – MD, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  • Joseph Erlanger – MD 1899, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  • Herbert Spencer Gasser – MD 1915, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  • George Richards Minot – Assistant in Medicine, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  • George Hoyt Whipple – MD 1905, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  • Thomas Hunt Morgan – PhD 1890, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1933

Notable faculty and alumniedit

See also: List of Johns Hopkins University people John Jacob Abel, founder and chair of the first department of pharmacology in the US at the University of Michigan, and later chair of the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins
  • John Jacob Abel – Pharmacologist, founder and chair of the first department of pharmacology in the US
  • Fuller Albright – endocrinologist; McCune–Albright syndrome
  • John Auer – physiologist and pharmacologist, namesake of the Auer rod
  • Stanhope Bayne-Jones – Bacteriologist and US Army Brigadier General
  • Jeremy M Berg – former Director of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry; co-author of widely used Biochemistry text
  • John Shaw Billings – Civil War surgeon, pioneering leader in hygiene
  • Alfred Blalock – Developed field of cardiac surgery; Blalock–Taussig shunt
  • Max Brödel – Acclaimed medical illustrator; illustrated for Harvey Cushing, William Halsted and Howard Kelly
  • William R Brody – Radiologist, President of the Salk Institute, former President of Johns Hopkins University
  • Ben Carson – Pediatric neurosurgeon, awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Denton Cooley – Renowned cardiovascular surgeon
  • John Fielding Crigler – pediatrician; first described Crigler–Najjar syndrome
  • Harvey Cushing – Father of modern neurosurgery; Cushing's syndrome; Cushing ulcer
  • Walter Dandy – Neurosurgeon, namesake of the Dandy-Walker malformation
  • Harry Dietz – pediatric geneticist; described Loeys–Dietz syndrome
  • Catherine Clarke Fenselau – Biochemist and mass spectrometrist
  • Joseph F Fraumeni, Jr - described Li–Fraumeni syndrome; trained at Johns Hopkins
  • Irwin Freedberg - former Director of the Department of Dermatology
  • Ernest William Goodpasture – pathologist, described Goodpasture syndrome
  • William Halsted – Father of modern surgery
  • J William Harbour MD – Ocular oncologist, cancer researcher and vice chairman at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute in Miami
  • Andy Harris – US Congressman, 1st District of Maryland
  • Tinsley R Harrison – Cardiologist, editor of the first five editions of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
  • Leroy Hood – Invented automated DNA and protein sequencing, Lasker award winner, entrepreneur
  • Kay Redfield Jamison – Psychologist and Psychiatry professor, author of An Unquiet Mind
  • Leo Kanner – Father of child psychiatry
  • Howard Kelly – Pioneer in gynecology, credited with establishing gynecology as a specialty
  • Harry Klinefelter – rheumatologist, endocrinologist, namesake of Klinefelter syndrome
  • Albert L Lehninger – former chairman of Biological Chemistry; author of Principles of Biochemistry text
  • Michael Lesch – described Lesch–Nyhan syndrome
  • Bart Loeys – pediatric geneticist; described Loeys–Dietz syndrome
  • Howard Markel – pediatrician, historian of medicine, medical journalist; Guggenheim Fellow, member of the National Academy of Medicine
  • Donovan James McCune – described McCune–Albright syndrome
  • Paul McHugh – former psychiatrist-in-chief at Johns Hopkins
  • Victor A McKusick – Developed field of medical genetics
  • John Menkes – identified Menkes disease
  • Adolf Meyer – first psychiatrist-in-chief at Johns Hopkins
  • Vernon Mountcastle – Neuroscientist, Lasker Award winner
  • Victor Assad Najjar – pediatrician; first described Crigler–Najjar syndrome
  • William Nyhan – pediatrician, described Lesch–Nyhan syndrome
  • William Osler – Father of modern medicine; Osler–Weber–Rendu syndrome
  • Wilder Penfield – Pioneer of epilepsy neurosurgery; developed the cortical homunculus
  • Peter Pronovost – Anesthesiologist, MacArthur Fellow, Time 100 2008
  • Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa – Acclaimed neurosurgeon; former faculty in neurosurgery
  • Dorothy Reed – Pathologist, namesake of the Reed–Sternberg cell
  • Dale G Renlund – Cardiologist, trained at Johns Hopkins
  • David Sabatini – Howard Hughes Investigator and molecular biologist, discovered mTOR mammalian target of rapamycin
  • Florence Sabin – Anatomist, namesake of Sabin College at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • Mark Schlissel – President elect of the University of Michigan
  • Pamela Sklar – Neuroscientist and psychiatrist
  • Solomon H Snyder – Neuroscientist, Lasker Award winner
  • Gertrude Stein – novelist and playwright
  • Helen Taussig – Founder of pediatric cardiology, developed Blalock–Taussig shunt; namesake of Taussig College at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • Vivien Thomas – Helped develop the Blalock–Taussig shunt, namesake of Thomas College at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • Thomas Turner – Microbiologist, former Dean of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine 1957–68, Archivist
  • Victor Velculescu – Cancer genomics pioneer, entrepreneur
  • Bert Vogelstein – Molecular oncologist; pioneer in cancer genetics, elucidated the role of p53 in cancer
  • David B Weishampel – Paleontologist, author of The Dinosauria
  • William H Welch – Pathologist, first Dean of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • Hugh Hampton Young – Urologist, former head of Urology
  • Elias Zerhouni – Radiologist, former Director of the NIH 2002–2008

In popular cultureedit

  • In the television drama Grey's Anatomy, two of the cardiothoracic surgeons Preston Burke and Erica Hahn graduated from Hopkins Med, coming first and second in their class respectively Arizona Robbins, the head of Pediatric Surgery, is also a Hopkins Med graduate
  • In the television drama Private Practice, the character Charlotte King is a graduate of Hopkins Med and Amelia Shepherd trained at Hopkins for residency
  • In the Fox television program House, Dr Gregory House is a world-famous diagnostician who attended Johns Hopkins University for his undergraduate degree He was expelled from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine for cheating, and received his medical degree from the University of Michigan12 Neurologist Dr Eric Foreman also attended Hopkins
  • In The Simpsons, Julius Hibbert is a family physician who graduated from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine hence his initials JH
  • In the animated television series South Park, Butters Stotch is sent to Johns Hopkins Hospital for evaluation13
  • Dr Perry Cox, from the television series Scrubs, attended Johns Hopkins for medical school
  • The Little Couple on TLC features a Hopkins Med graduate - Jennifer Arnold, class of 2000 - now a neonatologist at Texas Children's Hospital
  • In the movie Step Brothers, Dr Robert Doback attends Johns Hopkins for his postgraduate degree However, this is not good enough for Will Ferrell's character, who says that he "smoked pot with Johnny Hopkins"14
  • In the TV show Gilmore Girls Hopkins is mentioned as one of the medical schools the character Paris Geller wants to get accepted to, and eventually is
  • Dr Hannibal Lecter, from The Silence of the Lambs and other books, completed his residency training at Hopkins
  • The character of Alex Cross, created by author James Patterson, is a graduate of Hopkins Med
  • In The West Wing, President Bartlet's middle daughter Ellie is a student at Hopkins Med
  • Johns Hopkins is mentioned many times in Tom Clancy's novels; Jack Ryan's wife, Cathy, is an ophthalmology professor there
  • In the movie Shutter Island, Dr John Cawley, the head psychiatrist at the Ashecliff Hospital for the criminally insane, is said to have graduated at the top of his class at Johns Hopkins
  • The ABC documentary series Hopkins takes a look at the life of the medical staff and students of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System15 This new series is a sequel to the 2000 ABC special Hopkins 24/7 Both Hopkins and Hopkins 24/7 were awarded the Peabody Award16
  • The movie Something the Lord Made is the story of two men – an ambitious white surgeon, head of surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and a gifted black carpenter turned lab technician – who defied the racial strictures of the Jim Crow South and together pioneered the field of heart surgery17
  • Melanie Barnett from the television series The Game often discusses how she gave up Johns Hopkins for professional football player boyfriend Derwin
  • In the movie Getting In, an applicant to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine who is placed on the waitlist is suspected of murdering other wait-listed applicants to clear his way to admission
  • In MASH episode 817 'Heal Thyself' the visiting surgeon, Dr Newsome Edward Herrmann, shuts up Charles Winchester by disclosing that he is an alumnus of Johns Hopkins

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Operating Results and Financial Position Hopkinsmedicineorg 2005-06-30 Retrieved on 2011-11-12
  2. ^ a b "Hopkins Pocket Guide 2007" PDF 
  3. ^ a b US News Best Hospitals: the Honor Roll Retrieved on 2012-10-9
  4. ^ index Jhmiedu Retrieved on 2011-04-03
  5. ^ 1 Retrieved on 2011-11-02
  6. ^ Best Graduate Schools | Top Graduate Programs | US News Education Grad-schoolsusnewsrankingsandreviewscom Retrieved on 2013-06-24
  7. ^ "Most Prestigious Degrees"
  8. ^ Ludmerer, Kenneth The Development of American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care Accessed July 8, 2007
  9. ^ Stewart, RW; Barker, AR; Shochet, RB; Wright, SM 2007 "The new and improved learning community at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine resembles that at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry" Medical teacher 29 4: 353–7 doi:101080/01421590701477423 PMID 17786750 
  10. ^ School of Medicine Deans 2008–2009 Hopkinsmedicineorg Retrieved on 2011-11-02
  11. ^ The Johns Hopkins University – Nobel Prize Winners Webappsjhuedu Retrieved on 2011-04-03
  12. ^ Dr Gregory House played by Hugh Laurie House MD Guide Retrieved on 2011-04-03
  13. ^ That Squirrel is Nuts Season 12, Episode 2 – Video Clips South Park Studios 2008-03-19 Retrieved on 2011-04-03
  14. ^ "Step Brothers Quotes on IMDB" 
  15. ^ "ABC Hopkins" Archived from the original on January 7, 2009 
  16. ^ Abc Documentary “Hopkins” Wins Prestigious Peabody Award Hopkinsmedicineorg 2009-04-02 Retrieved on 2011-04-03
  17. ^ Something the Lord Made – An HBO Film Hopkinsmedicineorg Retrieved on 2011-04-03

External linksedit

  • Johns Hopkins Medicine

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