Johannes Vodnianus Campanus


Jan Campanus Vodňanský Johannes Vodnianus Campanus, Jan Vodňanský Campanus; also Jan z Vodňan, Jan Kampánus Vodňanský, Ionnes Campanus Vodnianus 27 December 1572 – 13 December 1622 was a Czech humanist, composer, pedagogue, poet, and dramatist He was born in Vodňany hence his surname, in southern Bohemia He studied at the University of Prague and in 1596 and was made Master of Liberal Arts there He became a teacher in Prague and Kutná Hora From 1603 he taught Greek and Latin at the University of Prague He also taught history and Latin poetry He was repeatedly appointed as dean, prorector, and rector of this university

Campanus was a Hussite before renouncing this faith and becoming a Catholic in 1622

Contents

  • 1 Works
  • 2 Poems
  • 3 Death and legacy
  • 4 Sources
  • 5 External links

Worksedit

Campanus usually wrote his works in Latin, but also wrote occasionally in Czech, Greek, and German Some of his works, like the play Břetislav und Jitka Bretislaus 1614, were forbidden, because they were critical of the dukes of Bohemia His works were recognized in Europe for their metrical perfection

Campanus' first collection of musical works, Sacrarum odarum libri duo, was published in Frankfurt in 1613 The Sacrarum odarum, which includes Rorando coeli, contains primarily short vocal works set in a simple, homorhythmic style

  • Turcicorum tyrannorum qui inde usque ab Otomanno rebus Turcicis praefuerunt, descriptio 1597
  • Heilige Oden/Posvátné ódy Umdichtung der Psalmen Davids/Přebásnění Davidových žalmů
  • Cechias a history of Bohemia in verse form
  • Bretislaus play
  • Elegie der Angst Elegie o strachu
  • Bitte um Frieden Prosba o mír

His chants include:

  • Ad Jehovam
  • Ad puelli Jesuki cunas
  • Rorando coeli: Rorando coeli has two choirs They imitate one another throughout The double choir technique utilized in this motet evokes the more complex antiphonal works of Campanus' contemporaries in Venice

Poemsedit

  • Tristitia In lectulo quaero meo
  • Surge iam linquens Surge iam linquens thalamum tepentem

These were published in 1612, and can be found in the Cantica canticorum in Odaria, LIII, od 17 They were set to music by Jan Novák in the twentieth century

Death and legacyedit

  • He died in Prague
  • A historical novel was published about him in 1909 by Zikmund Winter, called Mistr Kampanus: historický obraz

Sourcesedit

  • University of Mannheim biographical source German
  • University of Mannheim source German
  • Lawrence Kaptein, Rorando Coeli
  • The Lied and Art Song Texts Page
  • Medieval literature
  • Laudatio Mansfeldiana aneb "Zrádci Plzáci" Czech
  • World Catalogue Libraries

External linksedit

  • Free scores by Johannes Vodnianus Campanus in the Choral Public Domain Library ChoralWiki


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