Bishop Johannes Rudbeckius or Bishop Johannes Rudbeck 1581–1646, bishop at Västerås, Sweden, from 1619 until his death, and personal chaplain to King Gustavus II Adolphus "the Great"
In his capacity of bishop he was restlessly active in organising He founded the Swedish system of public personal register, ordering his parsons to file comments on every person in the parish In 1623 he founded the first gymnasium, a school of secondary education, in Västerås, but he also took care to introduce a rough kind of compulsory schooling for all children in his diocese He also founded the first school for girls in Sweden; Rudbeckii flickskola in 1632
Rudbeckius was considered politically suspect by his superiors but his reforms were gradually introduced in the whole country
With his second wife Magdalena Hising, he had a son Olaus Rudbeckius, Sr, who was to become the most important Swedish scientist of the 17th century Bishop Rudbeckius' granddaughter, Wendela Rudbeck, married Peter Olai Nobelius, from whom descends Alfred Nobel
Bishop Rudbeckius is also notable for calling what is now known as the Dalecarlian horse "the Devil's plaything"
- Church of Sweden
- Rudbeckius, Johannes Johannis i Herman Hofberg, Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon andra upplagan, 1906
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