Johann Viktor Bredt
Johann Viktor Bredt 2 March 1879 – 1 December 1940 was a German jurist and politician He served as Minister of Justice of the Weimar Republic in 1930/1
- 1 Biography
- 2 Political career
- 3 Works
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Bredt was born in Barmen on 2 March 1879 as the only son of Viktor Richard Bredt 1849-81, an industrialist, and his wife, Henriette née Koll
He worked at the Barmer Bankverein in 1897/8 before studying jurisprudence and economics at Tübingen, Göttingen and Bonn In 1901 he was awarded a doctorate Dr jur and in 1904 a Dr phil In 1909 he became a professor at Marburg Bredt worked in the civil service in 1903-09 and in 1910 was appointed to a professorship for jurisprudence at Marburg university
Johann married twice: in 1902 Ada Bredt divorced in 1912 at Barmen and in 1931 Olga Bredt at Marburg
In 1911–8, and again from 1921-4 Bredt was a member of the lower chamber of the Landtag of Prussia, first for the Free Conservative Party in the Kingdom of Prussia, then in the Free State of Prussia From 1924 to 1932, he was the parliamentary leader of the Reich Party of the German Middle Class which he had co-founded in the Reichstag He also held various honorary and political positions on a local Marburg and regional Hesse-Nassau level
In 1926, Bredt was an expert witness for the parliamentary committee on the causes of the German collapse in 1918 In 1930/1, he served as Minister of Justice in the first cabinet of Heinrich Brüning Bredt also played a key role in the German reformed church In 1925, he was awarded an honorary doctorate in theology Dr theol h c by the University of Bonn
Bredt died 1 December 1940 in Marburg
- Die Trennung von Kirche und Staat, 1919
- Die Rechte des Summus Episcopus, 1919
- Neues evangelisches Kirchenrecht für Preußen, 3 volumes, 1921–27
- Der Geist der deutschen Reichsverfassung, 1924
- Der deutsche Reichstag im Weltkrieg, 1926
- Die belgische Neutralität und der Schlieffensche Feldzugsplan, 1929
- Geschichte der Familie Bredt, 1937
- Haus Bredt-Rübel, 1937
- Die Verfassung der reformierten Kirche in Cleve-Jülich-Berg-Mark, 1938
- ^ a b c d e f "Biografie Johann Viktor Bredt German" Bayerische Nationalbibliothek Retrieved 12 December 2017mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
- ^ "Johann Viktor Bredt 1879-1940, Minister" rheinische-geschichtelvrde Retrieved 28 February 2013
- Newspaper clippings about Johann Viktor Bredt in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
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