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Johann Böhm


Johann Böhm January 20, 1895 – November 27, 1952 was a German Bohemian chemist who focused on photochemistry and radiography The aluminum-containing mineral boehmite or böhmite was named after him1

Böhm studied at the German Polytechnic University in Prague and then worked with Fritz Haber in Berlin where he re-designed and considerably improved the Weissenberg x-ray goniometer2 In 1926 George de Hevesy, then a professor at the University of Freiburg, invited Böhm to co-operate with him on a series of experiments in spectrographic analysis Afterwards Böhm worked at Freiburg University as an assistant and later as an associate professor3 From October 19353 he was a professor of physical chemistry at the German University in Prague After the war Böhm was allowed to remain in the country and become again a citizen of Czechoslovakia because he had been active in the anti-Nazi movement supporting Czech scientists such as Jaroslav Heyrovský, but was not permitted to continue his academic career He worked in an industrial research institute in Rybitví Výzkumný ústav organických syntéz4 A few days before his death he was appointed Corresponding Member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences

He died in Prague on November 27, 1952

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Wiley Online Library
  2. ^ Johannes Böhm, Das Weissenbergsche Röntgengoniometer In: Zeitschrift für Physik 39 1926 pp 557–561
    Martin J Buerger MIT: Karl Weissenberg and the development of X-ray crystallography, part 4: Further Developments of Weissenberg’s Method PDF
  3. ^ a b L Dobiášová: Structure of microworld - the world seen by invisible rays Struktura mikrosvěta – Svět viděný nedviditelnými paprsky Abstract In: Materials Structure, vol 7, No 1 2000, p 29
    University calendar of Freiburg University, summer term 1935
  4. ^ Web of Science v České republice

External linksedit

  • Contains short biography of Böhm in Czech


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