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Jericho, Oxford

jericho oxford, jericho oxfordshire
Jericho is an historic suburb of the English city of Oxford1 It consists of the streets bounded by the Oxford Canal, Worcester College, Walton Street and Walton Well Road Located outside the old city wall, it was originally a place for travellers to rest if they had reached the city after the gates had closed The name Jericho may have been adopted to signify this 'remote place' outside the wall2

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Community
  • 3 Jericho in fiction
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Gallery
  • 6 References
  • 7 Sources and further reading
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Cranham Street, looking east

This was originally an industrial area which grew up because of its proximity to the Oxford Canal, which arrived in 1790 The Eagle Ironworks now redeveloped into apartments, wharves and the Oxford University Press were based there and its residential streets are mostly 'two-up, two-down' Victorian workers' houses With back streets of 19th century terraced housing and many restaurants, it has become a popular area for student and London commuter accommodation

Many reports from the 1870s suggest that early homes in Jericho were built with very poor drainage Low-lying land and lack of basic drainage in these homes would result in flooding Flooding, open sewers, and overcrowding resulted in deaths from diseases such as typhoid and dysentery, with five out of eleven typhoid deathsin Oxford in 1873 originating from Jericho3

In the 1950s, Jericho was briefly a red light area, and in the early 1960s there were plans to demolish it and replace it with light industrial units and new housing However, many people objected and campaigned to save this historic area, rallied by local city councillor Olive Gibbs and the Jericho Residents Association As a result, the plans were changed Those houses beyond repair were demolished, but many others were upgraded in the late 1960s and early 1970s with the help of council grants This encouraged many young professionals and families to move in; and subsequently Jericho became one of Oxford's most sought-after areas Large council and social housing developments were built in the 1970s and 1980s

Communityedit

Jericho Street Fair

Jericho retains a strong community spirit The Jericho Community Association runs the Jericho Community Centre4 in Canal Street, maintains the community website, Jericho Online,5 and organizes the annual Jericho Street Fair which is held in mid-June each year, around the feast day of the patron saint Barnabas 11 June It is also the focus for other community activities and has also been very active in campaigning for responsible development of the canal-side land behind St Barnabas Church, on a part of which it plans to build a new Community Centre as one of the four members of the Jericho Wharf Trust 6 Jericho is served by a primary school, St Barnabas Primary School, a large primary school where over 50% speak English as a second language

Appropriately for its biblical name, Jericho is also known for its iconic places of worship The Church of England parish church is the Anglo-Catholic St Barnabas Church,7 next to the Oxford Canal St Sepulchre's Cemetery lies off Walton Street, which has no associated church and has lost its chapel The Albert Street Chapel 8 Reformed Baptist is also in the neighbourhood The Oxford Synagogue one of the few in England with more than one denomination of Judaism worshipping in the same house and the Oxford Jewish Centre 9 are in Jericho

Castlemill Boatyard is a 160-year-oldclarification needed wharf on the canal in Jericho, previously owned by British Waterways and now closed British Waterways sold the site to a company that subsequently went into administration The land has been bought by a developer but has yet to be developed The Jericho Wharf Trust has been negotiating with the developer to develop the site as a focus for community activities including a new boatyard and community centre One of the members of the Jericho Wharf Trust is Jericho Community Boatyard Ltd 10 which has been set up to restore services for Oxford boaters

The local cinema has had a number of incarnations It started in 1913 as the North Oxford Kinema1112 In 1925, it was renamed The Scala Then in 1970 it was split in two and became Studios 1 and 2, one of which was well known for showing softcore pornography In 1977, the cinema revived again after being taken over by the London company Contemporary Entertainments and acquired its current name, the Phoenix, showing first-run and art house films

Jericho in fictionedit

Boaters protest against the proposed sale of the Castle Mill Boatyard on the Oxford Canal, 2005, with St Barnabas Church in the background

Thomas Hardy's novel Jude the Obscure has a scene set in St Barnabas Church, and it is possible that the suburb named 'Beersheba' in the novel is based on Jericho13 As an homage to Hardy, in 1996, one of Jericho's pubs was renamed Jude the Obscure

The first episode of the long running ITV drama series Inspector Morse, starring British actor John Thaw, called "The Dead of Jericho", was partially filmed in the streets of Jericho, notably Combe Road which is 'Canal Reach' in the drama It also featured the exterior of the Bookbinders Arms public house on the corner of Victor Street The spin-off show Lewis also has stories based around the same area

Philip Pullman set parts of his novels Northern Lights and Lyra's Oxford in Jericho In the books, Jericho is home to the water-dwelling "Gyptians" He has been a vocal advocate of the residential boaters' fight to save the Castlemill Boatyard14

In The Whore's Asylum by Katy Darby Penguin Group, 2012, the "home for indigent whores" is in Victor Street and the young doctor attending their special medical needs lives in Canal Street Jericho in 1887 is described probably inaccurately as "haunted by drunkards, thieves, and the lowest sort of brazen female as ever lifted her petticoats"

See alsoedit

  • Art Jericho, a contemporary art gallery
  • Jericho Press
  • Great Clarendon Street
  • Juxon Street

Galleryedit

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Curl, 1977, pages 149-162
  2. ^ Stalker, Peter 1 Jericho Online
  3. ^ Kennedy, 1997, page not cited
  4. ^ Jericho Community Centre
  5. ^ Jericho Online
  6. ^ Jericho Wharf Trust
  7. ^ St Barnabas Church Website
  8. ^ The Albert Street Chapel website
  9. ^ Oxford Synagogue
  10. ^ 2
  11. ^ Hibbert, Christopher, ed 1988 "Cinemas" The Encyclopaedia of Oxford Macmillan pp 88–89 ISBN 0-333-39917-X 
  12. ^ White, Debbie January 24, 2013 "Jericho cinema to mark centenary" The Oxford Times p 29 
  13. ^ Jericho Online
  14. ^ Portmeadoworg

Sources and further readingedit

  • Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, CJ; Hassall, TG; Selwyn, Nesta 1979 Crossley, Alan; Elrington, CR, eds Victoria County History: A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 4 
  • Curl, James Stevens 1977 The Erosion of Oxford Oxford Illustrated Press Ltd pp 149–162 ISBN 0-902280-40-6 
  • Kennedy, Julie 1997 The Changing Faces Of Jericho, Book One Witney: Robert Boyd ISBN 1-899536-14-0 
  • Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus 1974 The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire Harmondsworth: Penguin Books pp 289–291 ISBN 0-14-071045-0 

External linksedit

  • Jericho Online
  • The Oxford Guide: Jericho

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