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Jefferson County, Oregon

jefferson county oregon assessor's office, jefferson county oregon school district
Jefferson County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,7201 The county seat is Madras2 The county is named after Mount Jefferson3

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References

Historyedit

Jefferson County was created on December 12, 1914, from a portion of Crook County The county owes much of its agricultural prosperity to the railroad, which links Madras with the Columbia River, and was completed in 1911, and to the development of irrigation projects in the late 1930s The railroad was completed despite constant feuds and battles between two lines working on opposite sides of the Deschutes River

Madras was incorporated in 1911, and has been the permanent county seat since a general election in 1916 The first temporary county seat was Culver, which was selected by a three-man commission appointed by the governor Due to repeated tie votes over several days with one vote each cast for Culver, Metolius and Madras The deadlock was eventually broken by allowing the Metolius Commissioner to post the tie-breaker, by voting for Culver 1

Rapid development in adjacent Deschutes County, Oregon during the 1990s has farmers in Jefferson County concerned that they may be priced out of their own farmlands, which could be replaced by destination resorts, golf courses, and other amenities for recent arrivalscitation needed

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,791 square miles 4,640 km2, of which 1,791 square miles 4,640 km2 is land and 10 square miles 26 km2 06% is water4

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Wheeler County east
  • Crook County south
  • Deschutes County south
  • Linn County west
  • Marion County northwest
  • Wasco County north

National protected areasedit

  • Crooked River National Grassland
  • Deschutes National Forest part
  • Mount Hood National Forest part
  • Willamette National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1920 3,211
1930 2,291 −287%
1940 2,042 −109%
1950 5,536 1711%
1960 7,130 288%
1970 8,548 199%
1980 11,599 357%
1990 13,676 179%
2000 19,009 390%
2010 21,720 143%
Est 2016 23,080 63%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161
From 2000 to 2007, Jefferson County's population grew by 159%, more than twice the national average It was the third fastest growing county in the state, after neighboring Deschutes and Crook counties

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 19,009 people, 6,727 households, and 5,166 families residing in the county The population density was 11 people per square mile 4/km² There were 8,319 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile 2/km² The racial makeup of the county was 6898% White, 026% Black or African American, 1568% Native American, 030% Asian, 022% Pacific Islander, 1132% from other races, and 323% from two or more races 1774% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 136% were of German, 95% English, 87% American and 53% Irish ancestry 822% spoke English, 155% Spanish and 10% Sahaptian as their first language

There were 6,727 households out of which 3560% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6050% were married couples living together, 1050% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2320% were non-families 1860% of all households were made up of individuals and 690% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 280 and the average family size was 316

In the county, the population was spread out with 2980% under the age of 18, 770% from 18 to 24, 2690% from 25 to 44, 2320% from 45 to 64, and 1240% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 35 years For every 100 females there were 10190 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 10080 males

The median income for a household in the county was $35,853, and the median income for a family was $39,151 Males had a median income of $31,126 versus $22,086 for females The per capita income for the county was $15,675 About 1040% of families and 1460% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2220% of those under age 18 and 590% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,720 people, 7,790 households, and 5,646 families residing in the county11 The population density was 122 inhabitants per square mile 47/km2 There were 9,815 housing units at an average density of 55 per square mile 21/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 690% white, 169% American Indian, 06% black or African American, 04% Asian, 01% Pacific islander, 91% from other races, and 38% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 193% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 150% were German, 94% were Irish, 83% were English, and 49% were American13

Of the 7,790 households, 340% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 536% were married couples living together, 126% had a female householder with no husband present, 275% were non-families, and 222% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 268 and the average family size was 311 The median age was 396 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $41,425 and the median income for a family was $48,818 Males had a median income of $37,370 versus $30,047 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,009 About 135% of families and 201% of the population were below the poverty line, including 336% of those under age 18 and 65% of those age 65 or over14

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results15
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 580% 5,483 315% 2,980 105% 996
2012 568% 4,642 404% 3,301 28% 232
2008 529% 4,402 443% 3,682 28% 234
2004 587% 4,762 400% 3,243 14% 110
2000 557% 3,838 389% 2,681 55% 378
1996 425% 2,634 412% 2,555 162% 1,006
1992 332% 1,962 366% 2,161 302% 1,783
1988 502% 2,509 470% 2,346 28% 140
1984 629% 3,283 368% 1,920 03% 13
1980 533% 2,523 349% 1,654 118% 560
1976 479% 1,810 468% 1,769 52% 198
1972 564% 1,816 382% 1,229 55% 176
1968 553% 1,669 384% 1,160 63% 191
1964 407% 1,197 592% 1,739 01% 2
1960 538% 1,413 462% 1,214 01% 2
1956 548% 1,356 452% 1,117 00% 0
1952 671% 1,488 326% 723 03% 6
1948 507% 622 456% 559 38% 46
1944 580% 419 411% 297 10% 7
1940 472% 423 521% 467 07% 6
1936 315% 253 640% 514 45% 36
1932 330% 253 623% 477 47% 36
1928 593% 481 380% 308 27% 22
1924 390% 374 252% 242 358% 343
1920 616% 623 296% 300 88% 89
1916 361% 581 562% 904 77% 123

Though Jefferson County is located in central Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Jefferson County, as well as most counties in eastern Oregon, are members of the Republican Party16 In the 2008 presidential election, 5147% of Jefferson County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 4305% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 546% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate17 These numbers show a small shift towards the Democratic candidate as well as a Third Party candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 587% of Jefferson Country voters voted for George W Bush, while 40% voted for John Kerry, and 13% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate18

Economyedit

Agriculture is the predominant source of income in this county, with vegetable, grass and flower seeds, garlic, mint and sugar beets cultivated on some 60,000 acres 240 km2 of irrigated land Jefferson County also has vast rangelands and until 2016 had an industrial base related to forest products The Warm Springs Forest Products Industry, a multimillion-dollar complex owned by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs — partially located in the northwestern corner of the county — was the single biggest industry With 300 days of sunshine and a low yearly rainfall, fishing, hunting, camping, boating, water-skiing and rock hunting are major tourist activities

The major landowners in the county are the Forest Service, which manages National Forest System Lands the comprise 24% of the lands within the county boundaries, and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs-Warm Springs Reservation, which owns and manages 21% of the lands within the county boundaries

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Culver
  • Madras county seat
  • Metolius

Census-designated placesedit

  • Camp Sherman
  • Warm Springs

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Ashwood
  • Crooked River Ranch
  • Kilts
  • Gateway
  • Geneva
  • Grandview
  • Grizzly
  • Horse Heaven
  • Opal City
  • Willowdale

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ McArthur, Lewis A; McArthur, Lewis L 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names 7th ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press p 509 ISBN 978-0875952772 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  16. ^ http://wwwsosstateorus/elections/votreg/apr09pdf Retrieved on 5/20/09
  17. ^ http://wwwcojeffersonorus/LinkClickaspxfileticket=h%2bgR0D7cuqc%3d&tabid=1421&mid=10139&language=en-US retrieved 5/20/09
  18. ^ http://wwwcity-datacom/county/Jefferson_County-ORhtml Retrieved on 4/21/09
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 44°38′N 121°10′W / 4463°N 12117°W / 4463; -12117

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