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Jefferson County, Ohio

jefferson county ohio recorder's office, jefferson county ohio job and family services
Jefferson County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,7092 Its county seat is Steubenville3 The county is named for Thomas Jefferson, who was at the time Vice President4

Jefferson County is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area5

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Government
  • 6 Transportation
  • 7 Education
    • 71 Colleges and universities
    • 72 Community, junior, and technical colleges
    • 73 Public school districts
      • 731 High schools
  • 8 Communities
    • 81 Cities
    • 82 Villages
    • 83 Townships
    • 84 Census-designated places
    • 85 Unincorporated communities
    • 86 Historical community
    • 87 Population ranking
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

Jefferson County was organized on July 29, 1797 by proclamation of Governor Arthur St Clair, six years before Ohio was granted statehood

In 1786, the United States built Fort Steuben to protect the government surveyors mapping the land west of the Ohio River When the surveyors completed their task a few years later, the fort was abandoned In the meantime, settlers had built homes around the fort; they named their settlement La Belle When the County was created in 1797, La Belle was selected as the County seat The town was subsequently renamed Steubenville, in honor of the abandoned fort

During the first half of the nineteenth century, Steubenville was primarily a port town, and the rest of the county consisted of small villages and farms However, in 1856, Frazier, Kilgore and Company erected a rolling mill the forerunner of steel mills and the Steubenville Coal and Mining Company sank a coal shaft, resulting in Jefferson County becoming one of the leading centers of the new Industrial Revolution

Jefferson County's population has declined to 70% of its 1960 figure as its manufacturing base collapsed over the last few decades

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles 1,060 km2, of which 408 square miles 1,060 km2 is land and 26 square miles 67 km2 06% is water6

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Columbiana County north
  • Hancock County, West Virginia northeast
  • Brooke County, West Virginia east
  • Ohio County, West Virginia southeast
  • Belmont County south
  • Harrison County southwest
  • Carroll County northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1800 8,766
1810 17,260 969%
1820 18,531 74%
1830 22,489 214%
1840 25,030 113%
1850 29,133 164%
1860 26,115 −104%
1870 29,188 118%
1880 33,018 131%
1890 39,415 194%
1900 44,357 125%
1910 65,423 475%
1920 77,580 186%
1930 88,307 138%
1940 98,129 111%
1950 96,495 −17%
1960 99,201 28%
1970 96,193 −30%
1980 91,564 −48%
1990 80,298 −123%
2000 73,894 −80%
2010 69,709 −57%
Est 2016 66,704 −43%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20132

2000 censusedit

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 73,894 people, 30,417 households, and 20,592 families residing in the county The population density was 180 people per square mile 70/km² There were 33,291 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile 31/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9249% White, 568% Black or African American, 020% Native American, 033% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 025% from other races, and 103% from two or more races 062% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 965% spoke English, 11% Spanish and 10% Italian as their first language

There were 30,417 households out of which 2670% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5230% were married couples living together, 1160% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3230% were non-families 2850% of all households were made up of individuals and 1440% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 236 and the average family size was 288

In the county, the population was spread out with 2140% under the age of 18, 850% from 18 to 24, 2560% from 25 to 44, 2590% from 45 to 64, and 1860% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 42 years For every 100 females there were 9120 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 8750 males

The median income for a household in the county was $30,853, and the median income for a family was $38,807 Males had a median income of $35,785 versus $20,375 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,476 About 1140% of families and 1510% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2230% of those under age 18 and 890% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,709 people, 29,109 households, and 18,713 families residing in the county13 The population density was 1707 inhabitants per square mile 659/km2 There were 32,826 housing units at an average density of 804 per square mile 310/km214 The racial makeup of the county was 919% white, 56% black or African American, 04% Asian, 01% American Indian, 02% from other races, and 17% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11% of the population13 In terms of ancestry, 200% were German, 171% were Irish, 129% were Italian, 91% were English, 83% were Polish, and 46% were American15

Of the 29,109 households, 264% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 470% were married couples living together, 124% had a female householder with no husband present, 357% were non-families, and 305% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 232 and the average family size was 286 The median age was 439 years13

The median income for a household in the county was $37,527 and the median income for a family was $47,901 Males had a median income of $43,601 versus $27,965 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,470 About 124% of families and 177% of the population were below the poverty line, including 295% of those under age 18 and 77% of those age 65 or over16

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results17
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 652% 21,117 299% 9,675 50% 1,619
2012 513% 17,034 464% 15,385 23% 758
2008 487% 17,559 489% 17,635 24% 877
2004 473% 17,185 523% 19,024 05% 163
2000 434% 15,038 505% 17,488 61% 2,110
1996 295% 10,212 560% 19,402 145% 5,009
1992 277% 10,764 541% 20,978 182% 7,056
1988 387% 14,141 605% 22,095 08% 273
1984 425% 17,105 567% 22,832 08% 340
1980 410% 15,777 530% 20,382 61% 2,332
1976 392% 14,839 590% 22,318 18% 668
1972 563% 21,531 423% 16,198 14% 545
1968 335% 12,949 568% 21,917 97% 3,749
1964 263% 11,784 737% 33,039
1960 440% 21,186 560% 26,955
1956 505% 22,162 495% 21,703
1952 416% 19,569 584% 27,499
1948 371% 14,230 618% 23,725 12% 454
1944 384% 15,496 616% 24,827
1940 360% 16,578 640% 29,514
1936 319% 13,044 671% 27,472 10% 419
1932 450% 14,179 509% 16,066 41% 1,299
1928 681% 19,175 309% 8,711 10% 275
1924 680% 14,929 175% 3,840 145% 3,194
1920 598% 13,038 370% 8,064 33% 714
1916 532% 6,658 419% 5,250 49% 609
1912 419% 4,777 278% 3,171 304% 3,467
1908 572% 7,310 382% 4,882 46% 585
1904 691% 7,337 245% 2,600 64% 680
1900 623% 6,470 344% 3,575 33% 348
1896 606% 6,185 375% 3,824 19% 195
1892 533% 4,793 388% 3,493 79% 710
1888 581% 5,106 375% 3,293 45% 392
1884 581% 4,834 395% 3,283 25% 204
1880 594% 4,434 395% 2,945 11% 85
1876 578% 4,067 416% 2,922 06% 42
1872 638% 3,776 355% 2,102 07% 42

Jefferson county was a strong Democratic county in the 20th century However, since the turn of the century it has become much more competitive and even moved towards the Republicans during the Democratic years of 2008 and 2012 In 2012 Mitt Romney became the first Republican in four decades to win the county, the last being President Nixon

Governmentedit

See also: Ohio county government

Commissioners: Thomas Graham, PhD, Dave Maple, and Thomas Gentile
Prosecutor: Jane Hanlin
Sheriff: Fred Abdalla
Auditor: Patrick J Marshall
Treasurer: Raymond M Agresta
Engineer: James Branagan
Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Hon Joseph J Bruzzese Jr, Hon David E Henderson
Probate Court: Hon Samuel W Kerr
Clerk of Courts: John A Corrigan
Health Commissioner: Frank J Petrola, MD
Director, Board of Elections: Diane M Gribble
Director, Job and Family Services: Nicholas Balakos
Director, Jefferson County Port Authority: Evan Scurti

Transportationedit

Commercial air service is available at nearby Pittsburgh International Airport to the east via US Route 22 The county is served by two general aviation fields, the Jefferson County Airpark and the Eddie Dew Memorial Airpark

Ohio Route 7 is the main north-south highway through the county

Educationedit

Colleges and universitiesedit

  • Franciscan University of Steubenville

Community, junior, and technical collegesedit

  • Eastern Gateway Community College
  • Trinity Health System School of Nursing

Public school districtsedit

  • Buckeye Local School District
  • Edison Local School District
  • Indian Creek Local School District
  • Steubenville City School District
  • Toronto City School District

High schoolsedit

  • Buckeye Local High School
  • Catholic Central High School
  • Edison High School
  • Indian Creek High School
  • Jefferson County Christian School
  • Steubenville High School
  • Toronto High School

Communitiesedit

Map of Jefferson County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Citiesedit

  • Steubenville county seat
  • Toronto

Villagesedit

  • Adena
  • Amsterdam
  • Bergholz
  • Bloomingdale
  • Dillonvale
  • Empire
  • Irondale
  • Mingo Junction
  • Mount Pleasant
  • New Alexandria
  • Rayland
  • Richmond
  • Smithfield
  • Stratton
  • Tiltonsville
  • Wintersville
  • Yorkville

Townshipsedit

  • Brush Creek
  • Cross Creek
  • Island Creek
  • Knox
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Ross
  • Salem
  • Saline
  • Smithfield
  • Springfield
  • Steubenville
  • Warren
  • Wayne
  • Wells

Census-designated placesedit

  • Brilliant
  • Connorville
  • East Springfield
  • Pottery Addition

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Alikanna
  • Annapolis
  • Bradley
  • Calumet
  • Circle Green
  • Costonia
  • Deyarmonville
  • Dunglen
  • Emerson
  • Fairplay
  • Fernwood
  • Georges Run
  • Gould
  • Greentown
  • Hammondsville
  • Herrick
  • Hopewell
  • Knoxville
  • Middleburg
  • Monroeville
  • New Somerset
  • Osage
  • Piney Fork
  • Port Homer
  • Pravo
  • Ramsey
  • Reeds Mill
  • Rush Run
  • Unionport
  • Warrenton
  • Wolf Run
  • Weems
  • York

Historical communityedit

Carpenter's Fort, or Carpenter's Station as it was sometimes called, was established in the summer of 1781 when John Carpenter built a fortified house above the mouth of Short Creek on the Ohio side of the Ohio River in Coshocton County, but now in Jefferson County, Ohio, near Marietta, Ohio1819

Population rankingedit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jefferson County20

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc Population 2010 Census Municipal type
1 † Steubenville 18,659 City
2 Toronto 5,091 City
3 Wintersville 3,924 Village
4 Mingo Junction 3,454 Village
5 Tiltonsville 1,372 Village
6 Yorkville partially in Belmont County 1,079 Village
7 Smithfield 869 Village
8 Adena 759 Village
9 Dillonvale 665 Village
10 Bergholz 664 Village
11 Amsterdam 511 Village
12 Mount Pleasant 478 Village
13 Richmond 481 Village
14 Rayland 417 Village
15 Irondale 387 Village
16 Empire 299 Village
17 Stratton 294 Village
18 Pottery Addition 293 CDP
19 New Alexandria 272 Village
20 Bloomingdale 202 Village

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Jefferson County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Archived from the original PDF on 2007-06-21 Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Jefferson County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  5. ^ "Archived copy" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 2013-03-19 Retrieved 2017-01-04 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  18. ^ J A Caldwell: History of Belmont and Jefferson Counties, Ohio, Historical Publishing Co, Wheeling, WVa, 1880, p 605, reprinted 1983
  19. ^ Julie Minot Overton, with Kay Ballantyne Hudson and Sunda Anderson Peters eds: Ohio Towns and Townships to 1900: A Location Guide, The Ohio Genealogical Society, Mansfield, O Penobscot Press, 2000, p 59
  20. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2013-12-21 Retrieved 2016-02-13 

External linksedit

  • County website
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 40°23′N 80°46′W / 4038°N 8076°W / 4038; -8076

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