Jaroslav Heyrovský


Jaroslav Heyrovský Czech pronunciation: ˈjaroslaf ˈɦɛjrofskiː December 20, 1890 – March 27, 1967 was a Czech chemist and inventor Heyrovský was the inventor of the polarographic method, father of the electroanalytical method, and recipient of the Nobel Prize in 1959 for his discovery and development of the polarographic methods of analysis2 His main field of work was polarography134567

Contents

  • 1 Life and work
  • 2 Honors, awards, legacy
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

Life and workedit

Jaroslav Heyrovský was born in Prague on December 20, 1890, the fifth child of Leopold Heyrovský, Professor of Roman Law at the Charles University in Prague, and his wife Clara, née Hanl von Kirchtreu8 He obtained his early education at secondary school until 1909 when he began his study of chemistry, physics, and mathematics at the Charles University in Prague From 1910 to 1914 he continued his studies at University College London, under Professors Sir William Ramsay, W C McC Lewis, and F G Donnan, taking his BSc degree in 1913 He was particularly interested in working with Professor Donnan, on electrochemistry

During the First World War Heyrovský worked in a military hospital as a dispensing chemist and radiologist, which enabled him to continue his studies and to take his PhD degree in Prague in 1918 and DSc in London in 1921

Heyrovský started his university career as assistant to Professor B Brauner in the Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Charles University, Prague; he was promoted to Associate Professor in 1922 and in 1926 he became the University's first Professor of Physical Chemistry

Heyrovský's invention of the polarographic method dates from 1922 and he concentrated his whole further scientific activity on the development of this new branch of electrochemistry He formed a school of Czech polarographers in the University, and was himself in the forefront of polarographic research In 1950 Heyrovský was appointed Director of the newly established Polarographic Institute which has since been incorporated into the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences since 1952

In 1926 Professor Heyrovský married Marie Mary Koranová, and the couple had two children, a daughter, Judith, and a son, Michael

Jaroslav Heyrovský died on March 27, 1967 He was interred in the Vyšehrad cemetery in Prague

Honors, awards, legacyedit

Memorial plaque in Kaprova street in Prague

Many universities and seats of learning honored Heyrovský He was elected Fellow of University College, London, in 1927, and received honorary doctorates from the Technical University, Dresden in 1955, the University of Warsaw in 1956, the University Aix-Marseille in 1959, and the University of Paris in 1960 He was granted honorary membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1933; in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1955; the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, in 1955; the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, in 1962; was elected Corresponding Member of the German Academy of Sciences, Berlin, in 1955; member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists, Leopoldina Halle-Saale in 1956; Foreign Member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences, Copenhagen, in 1962; Vice-President of the International Union of Physics from 1951 to 1957; President and first honorary member of the Polarographic Society, London; honorary member of the Polarographic Society of Japan; honorary member of the Chemical Societies of Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, England and India In 1965, Heyrovský was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society ForMemRS in 19651

In Czechoslovakia Heyrovský was awarded the State Prize, First Grade, in 1951, and in 1955 the Order of the Czechoslovak Republic

Heyrovský lectured on polarography in the United States in 1933, the USSR in 1934, England in 1946, Sweden in 1947, the People's Republic of China in 1958, and in UAR Egypt in 1960 and 1961

The crater Heyrovský on the Moon is named in his honour

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c Butler, J A V; Zuman, P 1967 "Jaroslav Heyrovsky 1890-1967" Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 13: 167 doi:101098/rsbm19670008 
  2. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1959" Nobelprizeorg Nobel Media AB 2014 Web 2 Feb 2017
  3. ^ L R Sherman December 1990 "Jaroslav Heyrovský 1890 – 1967" Chemistry in Britain: 1165–1167 
  4. ^ Calascibetta, F 1997 "Chemistry in Czechoslovakia between 1919 and 1939: J Heyrovsk�A and the Prague Polarographic School" Centaurus 39 4: 368–381 doi:101111/j1600-04981997tb00043x  replacement character in |title= at position 63 help
  5. ^ Zuman, P 2001 "Electrolysis with a Dropping Mercury Electrode: J Heyrovsky's Contribution to Electrochemistry" Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry 31 4: 281–289 doi:101080/20014091076767 
  6. ^ Barek, J Í; Fogg, A G; Muck, A; Zima, J Í 2001 "Polarography and Voltammetry at Mercury Electrodes" Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry 31 4: 291 doi:101080/20014091076776 
  7. ^ Barek, J Í; Zima, J Í 2003 "Eighty Years of Polarography - History and Future" Electroanalysis 15 5–6: 467 doi:101002/elan200390055 
  8. ^ http://wwwsteinbauerbiz/familytree/Rodokmenyhtm#_Toc219631234

External linksedit

  • Biography
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1959
  • "Electrochemistry Encyclopedia Jaroslav Heyrovsky and Polarography" Electrochemistry Encyclopedia Archived from the original on 2008-05-09 


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