Jaromír Weinberger


Jaromír Weinberger Prague, 8 January 1896 – August 8, 1967 was a Czech born, naturalized American composer

Contents

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Major works
  • 3 List of works
  • 4 Notes
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Biography

Weinberger was born in Austria-Hungary, from a family of Jewish origin He heard Czech folksongs from time spent at his grandparents' farm as a youth He started playing the piano aged 5, and composing and conducting aged 10 He began musical studies with Jaroslav Křička, and later teachers included Václav Talich and Rudolf Karel He became a student at the Prague Conservatory at age 14, as a second-year student, where he studied composition with Vítězslav Novák and Karel Hoffmeister Later, at Leipzig, he studied with Max Reger, who influenced Weinberger on the use of counterpoint In September 1922, Weinberger moved to the United States where he took up a position as an instructor at Cornell University Between 1922 and 1926 he was professor of composition at the Ithaca Conservatory now the music school of Ithaca College, New York

When he returned to Czechoslovakia he was appointed director of the National Theater in Bratislava, and later received appointments in Eger, Hungary, and Prague In 1926 Weinberger completed Schwanda the Bagpiper Švanda Dudák, which became highly successful, with thousands of performances in hundreds of theatres including the Metropolitan Opera in New York City His operetta Frühlingsstürme was first performed at the Theatre in Admiralspalast in Berlin on January 19, 1933 with Jarmila Novotná and Richard Tauber in the leading roles Mary Losseff took over from Novotná in February, but the show was closed down by the Nazi government in March His subsequent European works include the Passacaglia for orchestra and organ, Six Bohemian Dances for violin and piano, the opera The Outcasts of Poker Flat and a grand oratorio Christmas, though none of them matched the success of Schwanda the Bagpiper

In 1939, after extensive travels to the United States, Bratislava and Vienna, he left Czechoslovakia to escape the Nazis and settled in New York state, teaching there and in Ohio He wrote a number of works on commission from American orchestras He became an American citizen in 1948

During the 1950s, Weinberger moved to St Petersburg, Florida In later life, he developed cancer of the brain This, together with money worries and the neglect of his music, prompted him to take a lethal sedative overdose in August 1967 His wife, Hansi Lemberger Weinberger also known as Jane, died on July 31, 1968

In 2004 Czech pianist Tomáš Víšek and cellist František Brikcius organized a tour celebrating Weinberger's work

Major works

Weinberger composed over 100 works, including operas, operettas, choral works, and works for orchestra However, the only one which is still performed is the opera Schwanda the Bagpiper Švanda dudák, a worldwide success after its première in 1927 The opera is still performed occasionally, and the Polka and Fugue from it is often heard in a concert version The artists of the Walt Disney studio considered making it into a segment for Fantasia 2000, but instead chose Shostakovich's Piano Concerto No 2 in F major, in the form of Hans Christian Andersen's "The Steadfast Tin Soldier"

Weinberger used a varied musical language His studies in Prague and Leipzig stressed formal control and contrapuntal mastery; following the example of his teachers, Křička, Novák and Reger, Weinberger's works exhibit control, but are also playful This combination received both praise and criticism

List of works

Opera and operetta
  • Švanda dudák Schwanda the Bagpiper, Opera in 2 acts 1926; libretto by Miloš Kareš after Josef Kajetán Tyl
  • Milovaný hlas The Beloved Voice; Die Geliebte Stimme, Opera in 3 acts 1930; libretto by the composer after the 1928 novel by Robert Michel
  • Lidé z Pokerflatu The Outcasts of Poker Flat, Opera 1932; libretto by Miloš Kareš after the 1869 short story by Bret Harte
  • Jarní bouře Spring Storms; Frühlingsstürme, Operetta in 3 acts 1933; libretto by Gustav Beer
  • Na růžích ustláno A Bed of Roses, Operetta 1933; libretto by Bohumír Polách and Jiří Žalman
  • Apropó, co dělá Andula By the Way, What Is Andula Doing, Operetta 1934; libretto by Bohumír Polách and Jiří Žalman
  • Císař pán na třešních The Emperor Lord of Cherries, Operetta 1936; libretto by Bohumír Polách and Jiří Žalman
  • Valdštejn Wallenstein, Musical Tragedy Opera in 6 scenes 1937; libretto by Miloš Kareš after Friedrich Schiller; German translation by Max Brod
Stage
  • Únos Evelynion The Abduction of Evelyne; Die Entführung der Evelyne, Pantomime in 1 act 1915; libretto by František Langer
  • Kocourkov Schilda, Puppet Show 1926; libretto by František Smažík
  • Saratoga, Ballet 1941; libretto by the composer
Orchestral
  • Lustspiel Veseloherní ouvertura, Overture 1914; with popular song "Pepíku, Pepíku" as the main theme
  • Three pieces for small orchestra Tři kusy pro malý orchestr 1916
  • Don Quijote 1918
  • Scherzo giocoso 1920
  • Kocourov 1923–1924
  • Overture to a Marionette Play Puppenspiel Ouverture; Předehra k loutkové hře 1924
  • Polka and Fugue Polka a fuga z opery Švanda dudák from the opera Schwanda the Bagpiper 1926, published 1928
  • Furiant Furiant z opery Švanda dudák from the opera Schwanda the Bagpiper 1926, published 1931
  • White Mountain Ouverture Předehra k Bílé hoře piano arrangement 1926
  • Dance rondo Taneční rondo, 1927
  • Vánoce Christmas; Weihnachten for orchestra and organ 1929
  • Neckerei for chamber orchestra 1929; also for piano
  • 6 Czech Songs and Dances České písně a tance 1929; also for violin and piano
  • Overture to a Chivalrous Play Ouverture zum einen ritterlichen Spiel; Předehra k rytířské komedii 1931
  • Passacaglia for orchestra and organ UE 1932
  • Chant hébraïque Canto ebraico; Neima Ivrit; Hebrejský zpěv piano reduction 1936
  • Valdštejn Wallenstein, Suite from the opera 1937
  • Under the Spreading Chestnut Tree Pod košatým kaštanem, Variations and Fugue on an Old English Tune 1939, revised 1941
  • Legend of Sleepy Hollow, 4 Movements from Washington Irving's Sketch Book 1940
  • Song of the High Seas for chamber orchestra and organ 1940
  • Prelude and Fugue on a Southern Folktune 1940; also known as Prelude and Fugue on "Dixie"
  • A Bird's Opera, Symphonic Suite 1940
  • Česká rapsódie Czech Rhapsody 1941
  • Lincolnova symfonie The Lincoln Symphony 1941
  • Préludes Réligieux et Profanes 1952; composed in 8 parts, part 4 is titled Hymne an St Wenzeslaus
  • Aus Tirol, Folkdance and Fugue 1959
  • A Waltz Overture 1960
Concert band
  • Homage to the Pioneers, Triumphant March 1940
  • Mississippi Rhapsody 1940
  • Prelude to the Festival, Concert March 1941
  • Afternoon in the Village 1951
Concertante
  • The Devil on the Belfry for violin and orchestra
  • Concerto for Timpani with 4 trumpets and 4 trombones or 4 trumpets, 3 trombones and tuba 1939
  • Concerto for alto saxophone and orchestra 1940
  • The Raven for cello, bass clarinet, harp and string orchestra published 1942
Chamber music
  • String Quartet
  • Colloque sentimental, Prelude after the Poem by Paul Verlaine for violin and piano 1920
  • Une cantilène jalouse Žárlivá kantiléna for violin and piano 1920
  • 3 Pieces Tři skladby for violin and piano 1924
  1. Banjos
  2. Cowboy's Christmas Cowboyovy Vánoce
  3. To Nelly Gray Na Nelly Gray
  • 6 Czech Songs and Dances České písně a tance violin and piano 1929; also for orchestra
  • 10 Characteristic Solos for snare drum with piano 1939–1941
  • Sonatina for bassoon and piano 1940
  • Sonatina for clarinet and piano 1940
  • Sonatina for flute and piano 1940
  • Sonatina for oboe and piano 1940
  • Der Rabe for cello and piano
Organ
  • Bible Poems 1939
  • Sonata 1941
  • 6 Religious Preludes 1946
  • Meditations, 3 Preludes 1953
  • Dedications, 5 Preludes 1954
Piano
  • Sonatina 1908
  • Sonata, Op4 1915
  • Étude in G major on a Polish Chorale "Z dymem pożarów" 1924; included in the 1942 collaborative album Homage to Paderewski
  • Rytiny Engravings; Gravures, 5 Preludes and Fugues UE 1924
  • Drei Klavierstücke Tři klavírní kusy 1924
  • Spinett-Sonate Spinet Sonata UE 1925
  • Neckerei 1929; also for orchestra
  • Dupák, Folk Tune 1941
  • Five-Eighths, Etude 1941
Vocal
  • Hatikvah for voice and piano 1919
  • Písně s průvodem klavíru Songs with Piano Accompaniment for low voice and piano 1924
  1. Má první láska byla Olympia My First Beloved Was Olympia; words by Miloš Kareš
  2. Rozhovor Conversation; words by Miloš Kareš
  3. Námořnická; words by the composer
  • Psalm 150 for high voice and organ 1940; Biblical text
  • The Way to Emmaus for high voice and organ 1940; Biblical text
  • Ecclesiastes, Cantata for soprano, baritone, mixed chorus, organ and bells 1946
  • Of Divine Work, Anthem for mixed chorus 1946; Biblical text from Ecclesiastes
  • Five Songs from Des Knaben Wunderhorn for soprano and piano 1962
  • Ave, Rhapsody for chorus and orchestra 1962
  • Tři písně 3 Songs for children's chorus and piano
  • Volnost for 4 voices; words by Josef Václav Sládek
  • Dvě písně 2 Songs for voice and piano
  1. Pan Vrchní; words by Pavel Maternov
  2. U Vrátek; words by Josef Václav Sládek

Notes

  1. ^ a b Kushner, David Z, "Jaromir Weinberger 1896-1967: From Bohemia to America" Autumn 1988 American Music, 6 3: pp 293-313
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "OREL Foundation Jaromir Weinberger 2008 Michael Beckerman" 
  3. ^ Norton, Leslie April 5, 2004 Leonide Massine and the 20th Century Ballet McFarland p 259 ISBN 978-0786417520 
  4. ^ Date unknown Manuscript at the Weinberger archive @ the National Library of Israel, see OCLC 875862167 Possibly first published in 2011 or 2016 by Willemsmusiik, Oeyer, Norway- see OCLC 965201327

References

  • Černušák, Gracián ed; Štědroň, Bohumír; Nováček, Zdenko ed 1963 Československý hudební slovník II M-Ž in Czech Prague: Státní hudební vydavatelství pp 942–943 CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link

External links

  • The OREL Foundation- Jaromír Weinberger's biography and links to bibliography, discography and media
  • Weinberger Tour
  • Richard Tauber sings 'Wozu die Sehnsucht' from Frühlingsstürme on YouTube
  • Richard Tauber sings 'Du warst für mich die Frau gewesen' from Frühlingstürme on YouTube
  • Jaromír Weinberger: Une Cantilène jalouse 1920 and Colloque sentimental 1920 on YouTube


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