Japanizationjapanization definition, japanization beam
Japanization is the process in which Japanese culture dominates, assimilates, or influences other cultures, in general According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, the word Japanize means To make or become Japanese in form, idiom, style, or character1
- 1 Modern period
- 2 Imperial period
- 21 Okinawa
- 22 Taiwan
- 23 Korea
- 3 References
- 4 See also
In modern sense and day, many countries in East Asia particularly South Korea and Taiwan, has absorbed and incorporated Japanese popular culture such as music and video for many years after Japanese growth during the 1980s and 1990s Many Japanese films, especially soap operas are popular in South Korea, Taiwan and China among the younger generations after the movies are translated to their local languages Japanese electronic products and food are found throughout East Asia except for North Korea and Singapore
|Literal meaning||movement to make people become subjects of the emperor|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||movement to make something more Japanese|
In terms of World War II and military conquests, Japanization takes a negative meaning because of military conquests and forced introduction of Japanese culture by the government
During pre-imperial pre-1868 period a peaceful diplomacy was practiced during which Japan did not expand much in territories beyond its own islands
After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Japan began to follow the way of the western imperialism and expansionism in 1879, Japan officially annexed the Ryūkyū Kingdom, which was a tributary kingdom of both the Qing Dynasty and the Empire of Japan
Though the Ryukyuan languages belong to the Japonic language family, the Japanese language is not intelligible to the monolingual speakers of the Ryukyuan languages The Japanese government began to promote the language "standardization" program and took the Ryukyuan languages as dialects In schools, "standard" Japanese was promoted, and there were portraits of the Japanese Emperor and Empress were introduced Many high-ranking Japanese military officers went to inspect Okinawan schools to ensure that the Japanization was functioning well in the education system This measure did not meet the expected success at the beginning, partly because many local children's share of their heavy family labor impedes their presence in schools, and partly because people of the old Okinawan leading class received a more Chinese-styled education and were not interested in learning "standard" Japanese As measures of assimilation, the Japanese government also discouraged some local customs2
At the beginning, these assimilation measures met stronger reluctance of local people However, after China was defeated in the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, people lost their confidence in China, and the reluctance against the Japanization, though it did not disappear, became weaker Men and women began to adopt more Japanese-styled names2
TaiwaneditMain article: Taiwan under Japanese rule
Taiwan was ceded to the Empire of Japan in 1895 as a result of the First Sino-Japanese War At the beginning, Taiwan was governed rather like a colony In 1936, following the arrival of the 17th governor-general, Seizō Kobayashi, there was a change in the Japanese governance in Taiwan
Kobayashi was the first non-civilian governor-general since 1919 He proposed three principles of the new governance: the Kōminka movement 皇民化運動, industrialization, and making Taiwan as a base for the southward expansion3
"Kōminka" literally means "to make people become subjects of the emperor" The program itself had three components First, the "national language movement" 國語運動, kokugo undō promoted the Japanese language by teaching Japanese instead of Taiwanese Hokkien in the schools and by banning the use of Taiwanese Hokkien in the press Second, the "name changing program" 改姓名, kaiseimei replaced Taiwanese's Chinese names with Japanese names Finally, the "volunteers' system" 志願兵制度, shiganhei seidō drafted Taiwanese subjects into the Imperial Japanese Army and encouraged them to die in service of the emperor4
KoreaeditMain article: Korea under Japanese rule
In Korea during the second world war the use of written Korean in education and publication was banned by the Empire of Japan, but this did not cause a significant change in the use of the Korean language, which remained strong throughout the colonisation
- ^ Japanization – definition of Japanization by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia
- ^ a b JPRI Occasional Paper No 8
- ^ 第一節 皇民化運動
- ^ Ching, Leo T S 2001 Becoming "Japanese": Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation Berkeley: University of California Press pp 93–95 ISBN 0-520-22553-8
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