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Jane Luu

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Dr Jane X Luu Vietnamese: Lưu Lệ Hằng;[3] born July 1963 is a Vietnamese American astronomer She was awarded the Kavli Prize shared with David C Jewitt and Michael Brown for 2012 "for discovering and characterizing the Kuiper Belt and its largest members, work that led to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system"

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Work as a graduate student and co-discovery of the Kuiper Belt
  • 3 Professional life
  • 4 Personal life
  • 5 Honors, awards and accolades
  • 6 Some publishing
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Early life

Luu was born in July 1963 in South Vietnam to a father who worked as a translator for the US Army[4] Her father taught her French as a child, beginning her lifelong love of languages[5]

Luu immigrated to the United States as a refugee in 1975, when the South Vietnamese government fell She and her family settled in Kentucky, where she had relatives A visit to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory inspired her to study astronomy[5] She attended Stanford University, receiving her bachelor's degree in 1984[6]

Work as a graduate student and co-discovery of the Kuiper Belt

As a graduate student at the University of California at Berkeley[7] and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she worked with David C Jewitt to discover the Kuiper Belt[5] In 1992, after five years of observation, they found the first known Kuiper Belt object other than Pluto and its largest moon Charon, using the University of Hawaii's 22 meter telescope on Mauna Kea[4][8] This object is 15760 1992 QB1, which she and Jewitt nicknamed "Smiley"[6] The American Astronomical Society awarded Luu the Annie J Cannon Award in Astronomy in 1991 In 1992, Luu received a Hubble Fellowship from the Space Telescope Science Institute and chose the University of California, Berkeley as a host institution The Phocaea main-belt asteroid 5430 Luu is named in her honor[9][10] She received her PhD in 1992 at MIT

Professional life

After receiving her doctorate, Luu worked as a professor at Harvard University, since 1994[6] Luu also served as a professor at Leiden University in the Netherlands[5] Following her time in Europe, Luu returned to the United States and works on instrumentation as a Senior Scientist at Lincoln Laboratory at MIT

In December 2004, Luu and Jewitt reported the discovery of crystalline water ice on Quaoar, which was at the time the largest known Kuiper Belt object They also found indications of ammonia hydrate Their report theorized that the ice likely formed underground, becoming exposed after a collision with another Kuiper Belt object sometime in the last few million years[11]

In 2012, she won along with David C Jewitt of the University of California at Los Angeles the Shaw Prize "for their discovery and characterization of trans-Neptunian bodies, an archeological treasure dating back to the formation of the solar system and the long-sought source of short period comets" [12] and the Kavli Prize shared with Jewitt and Michael E Brown "for discovering and characterizing the Kuiper Belt and its largest members, work that led to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system"[13]

Personal life

Luu enjoys traveling, and has worked for Save the Children in Nepal[citation needed] She enjoys a variety of outdoor activities and plays the cello She met her husband, Ronnie Hoogerwerf, who is also an astronomer, while in Leiden, the Netherlands[5]

Honors, awards and accolades

  • 1991 Annie J Cannon Award in Astronomy
  • 2012 Shaw Prize in Astronomy [14]
  • 2012 Kavli Prize in Astrophysics [15]
  • The asteroid 5430 Luu was named in her honor on 1 July 1996 MPC 27459[9][16]
  • She is a fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters[17]

Some publishing

  • NASA Astrophysics Data System publication listing, Over 200 publications are listing
  • Luu, Jane; DC Jewitt & C Trujillo 2000 "Water ice in 2060 Chiron and its implications for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt objects" Astrophysical Journal 531 2: L151–L154 arXiv:astro-ph/0002094  Bibcode:2000ApJ531L151L doi:101086/312536 PMID 10688775 
  • Luu, Jane; DC Jewitt 1998 "Deep Imaging of the Kuiper Belt with the Keck 10-Meter Telescope" Astrophysical Journal 502: L91–L94 Bibcode:1998ApJ502L91L doi:101086/311490 
  • Luu, Jane; B Marsden; DC Jewitt; C Trujillo; C Hegenrother; J Chen & W Offutt 1997 "A New Dynamical Class of Object in the Outer Solar System" Nature 387 6633: 573 Bibcode:1997Natur387573L doi:101038/42413 
  • Luu, Jane; DC Jewitt 1996 "Color Diversity among the Centaurs and Kuiper Belt Objects" Astronomical Journal 112: 2310–2318 Bibcode:1996AJ1122310L doi:101086/118184 
  • Luu, Jane; DC Jewitt 1992 "High Resolution Surface Brightness Profiles of Near-Earth Asteroids" Icarus 97 2: 276–287 Bibcode:1992Icar97276L doi:101016/0019-10359290134-S 
  • Luu, Jane 1991 "CCD Photometry and Spectroscopy of Outer Jovian Satellites" Astronomical Journal 102: 1213–1225 Bibcode:1991AJ1021213L doi:101086/115949 
  • Crystalline Ice on Kuiper Belt Object 50000 Quaoar article co-written with David Jewitt, published in the December 9, 2004 issue of Nature
  • The Shape Distribution of Kuiper Belt Objects paper co-written with Pedro Lacerda, June 2003
  • Comet Impact on McMaster presentation summary, November 2001
  • Accretion in the Early Kuiper Belt I Coagulation and Velocity Evolution paper co-written with Scott J Kenyon, published in May 1998 Astronomical Journal
  • Optical and Infrared Reflectance Spectrum of Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TL66 paper co-written with DC Jewitt, January 1998

References

  1. ^ "Graduate Student Advisees by David Jewitt" PDF 
  2. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers by number" Minor Planet Center 20 August 2016 Retrieved 25 August 2016 
  3. ^ Hữu Thiện, Jane Lưu lên núi ngắm sao, Vietnamnet, 2004
  4. ^ a b Bartusiak, Marcia February 1996 "The Remarkable Odyssey of Jane Luu" PDF Astronomy 24: 46 Bibcode:1996Ast2446B  Autobiography of Jane Luu 17 September 2012
  5. ^ a b c d e An Interview WithJane Luu, 21 March 2003
  6. ^ a b c May/June 1998 Feature Alum, Jane Luu, '84 CLASS NOTABLE: JANE LUU, '84, Scoping the Cosmos By Erika Check, '99
  7. ^ The Kuiper Belt Michael E Brown, Physics Today, doi:101063/11752422
  8. ^ University of Hawaii 22-meter telescope - Public Information Richard J Wainscoat
  9. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D 2007 Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – 5430 Luu Springer Berlin Heidelberg p 464 ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3 Retrieved 13 August 2016 
  10. ^ Marquis Who's Who 2006 
  11. ^ Chang, Kenneth December 9, 2004 "Astronomers Entertain Visions of Icy Volcanoes in Faraway Places" The New York Times pp A33 
  12. ^ "The Shaw Prize - Top prizes for astronomy, life science and mathematics" wwwshawprizeorg 
  13. ^ "Dresselhaus, Graybiel, Luu receive 2012 Kavli Prizes" 
  14. ^ The Shaw Prize in Astronomy 2012 29 May 2012
  15. ^ "2012 Kavli Prizes - The Kavli Foundation" wwwkavlifoundationorg 
  16. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive" Minor Planet Center Retrieved 13 August 2016 
  17. ^ "Gruppe 2: Astronomi, fysikk og geofysikk" in Norwegian Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters Retrieved 26 April 2014 

External links

  • Jane Luu American astronomer at Encyclopædia Britannica
  • No Starry Eyed Astronomer Vijaysree Venkatraman October 2012


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