Jan Patočka


Jan Patočka 1 June 1907 – 13 March 1977 was a Czech philosopher Due to his contributions to phenomenology and the philosophy of history he is considered one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century Having studied in Prague, Paris, Berlin and Freiburg, he was one of the last pupils of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger During his studies in Freiburg he was also tutored by Eugen Fink, a relation which eventually turned into a lifelong philosophical friendship

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Works
  • 3 List of works
    • 31 In English
  • 4 References
  • 5 Further reading
  • 6 External links

Early lifeedit

Patočka attended Jan Neruda Grammar School

Worksedit

His works mainly dealt with the problem of the original, given world Lebenswelt, its structure and the human position in it He tried to develop this Husserlian concept under the influence of some core Heideggerian themes eg historicity, technicity, etc On the other hand, he also criticised Heideggerian philosophy for not dealing sufficiently with the basic structures of being-in-the-world, which are not truth-revealing activities this led him to an appreciation of the work of Hannah Arendt From this standpoint he formulated his own original theory of "three movements of human existence": 1 receiving, 2 reproduction, 3 transcendence He also translated many of Hegel's and Schelling's works into Czech

Apart from his writing on the problem of the Lebenswelt, he wrote interpretations of Presocratic and classical Greek philosophy and several longer essays on the history of Greek ideas in the formation of our concept of Europe He also entered into discussions about modern Czech philosophy, art, history and politics

Patočka's Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History is analyzed at length and with much care in Jacques Derrida's important book The Gift of Death Derrida was the most recent person who wrote or conversed with Patočka's thought; Paul Ricoeur and Roman Jakobson who respectively wrote the preface and afterword to the French edition of the Heretical Essays are two further examples

Grave of Jan Patočka, Břevnov cemetery, Prague

During the years 1939–1945, when the Czech universities were closed, as well as between 1951–1968 and from 1972 on, Patočka was banned from teaching Only a few of his books were published and most of his work circulated only in the form of typescripts kept by students and disseminated mostly after his death Along with other banned intellectuals he gave lectures at the so-called "Underground University", which was an informal institution that tried to offer a free, uncensored cultural education In January 1977 he became one of the original signatories and main spokespersons for the Charter 77 Charta 77 human rights movement in Czechoslovakia For the three months after the Charter was released he was intensely active writing and speaking about the meaning of the Charter, in spite of his deteriorating health He was also interrogated by the police regarding his involvement with the Charter movement, and on March 3, 1977 he was held by the police for ten hours, who had claimed that he would be allowed to speak in his role as a Charter spokesperson with a high-ranking official in fact, this was a pretext to keep him from attending a reception at the West German embassy1 He fell ill that evening and was taken to the hospital, where his health briefly improved, enabling him to give one final interview with Die Zeit and to write one final essay entitled "What We Can Expect from Charter 77" On March 11 he relapsed, and on March 13 he died of apoplexy, at the age of 69

His brother František Patočka was a microbiologist

List of worksedit

  • The Natural World As a Philosophical Problem Přirozený svět jako filosofický problém
  • An Introduction to Husserl's Phenomenology Úvod do Husserlovy fenomenologie
  • Aristotle, his Predecessors and his Heirs Aristoteles, jeho předchůdci a dědicové
  • Body, Community, Language, World Tělo, společenství, jazyk, svět
  • Negative Platonism Negativní platónismus
  • Plato and Europe Platón a Evropa
  • Who are the Czechs Co jsou Češi
  • Care for the Soul Péče o duši
  • Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History Kacířské eseje o filosofii dějin

In Englishedit

  • “Wars of the Twentieth Century and the Twentieth Century as War” Telos 30 Winter 1976-77 New York: Telos Press
  • Body, Community, Language, World Translated by Erazim Kohák Edited by James Dodd Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1998
  • Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History Translated by Erazim Kohák Edited by James Dodd Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1996
  • An Introduction to Husserl's Phenomenology Translated by Erazim Kohák Edited by James Dodd Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1996
  • Plato and Europe Translated by Petr Lom Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2002
  • The Natural World as a Philosophical Problem Translated by Erika Abrams Edited by Ivan Chvatík and Ľubica Učnik Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2016

Referencesedit

  1. ^ John Bolton, Worlds of Dissent Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012, p 159

Further readingedit

  • Renaud Barbaras, Le mouvement de l'existence Etudes sur la phénoménologie de Jan Patočka, Les Editions de la transparence, 2007
  • Dalibor Truhlar, Jan Patočka Ein Sokrates zwischen Husserl und Heidegger, Sonderpublikation des Universitätszentrums für Friedensforschung Wien, 1996
  • Erazim Kohák, Jan Patočka: Philosophy and Selected writings
  • Jacques Derrida, The Gift of Death
  • Edward F Findlay, Caring for the soul in a postmodern age : politics and phenomenology in the thought of Jan Patočka
  • Marc Crépon, Altérités de l'Europe
  • Jan Patočka and the European Heritage, Studia Phaenomenologica VII 2007 - Ivan Chvatik guest editor

External linksedit

  • The Jan Patočka Archive in Prague
  • The Jan Patočka Archive, Vienna, Institute of Human Sciences

Daniel Epstein, http://wwwacheretcoil/en/cmd=articles300&act=read&id=1897 Let us not despair of Europe, let us not despair of ourselves, http://wwwacheretcoil/en Eretz Acheret Magazine Comment:Is this broken link to be fixed or just here by mistake<-->

  • A Representative Bibliography of Writings, a bibliography


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