James Krenovjames krenov, james krenov cabinet
James Krenov October 31, 1920 – September 9, 2009 was a woodworker and studio furnituremaker
- 1 Biography
- 2 Influence
- 3 Approach
- 4 Selected writings
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Jim Krenov was born on October 31, 1920, in the village of Uelen, Siberia, the only child of Dimitri and Julia Krenov He and his family left Russia the following year, and after some time in Shanghai, China, they moved to a remote village in Alaska, where his parents worked as teachers They lived in Alaska for seven years Jim remembered airplane drops of goods and supplies onto the snow for the villagers In one of those bundles was a good steel jack-knife "From the time I was 6, I was making my own toys with the jackknife," Jim told "It was a joy to me that I could rely on my hands and my eyes to produce things" Eventually, the family moved to Seattle Jim spent his teen years there, where he developed a love for the sea and began building model boats at first, graduating to sailboats before long As a young man during World War II, Krenov served as a Russian interpreter for the military when Russian ships docked in Seattle He also worked for a ship chandler and spent a great deal of time surrounded by boats It influenced his aesthetic He loved the lines of boats: “There's hardly a straight line on them, but there's harmony People think right angles produce harmony, but they don't They produce sleep," Krenov said
In 1947 Jim and his mother moved to Europe In Paris, in 1949, he met his future wife, Britta They were married on March 2, 1951 Jim and Britta traveled together in Italy and France, and spent many summers in the mountains of Sweden where they liked to hike and he fished for trout in the mountain streams Always a writer, Krenov published several articles and a novel chronicling these travels
A friend in Sweden got Krenov a job building wooden architectural models for a restaurant designer; later Krenov got himself a spot at the Stockholm design school run by Carl Malmsten, considered the father of Scandinavian furniture design He attended the famous Malmsten school for two years and then struck out on his own, keeping a shop in his basement Toiling anonymously for years, he gradually built a reputation for his simple design Once established as a master woodworker, Krenov also began sharing his expertise "Krenov really helped re-create an interest in fine woodworking that had largely died out by the 1950s," says Frank Ramsay, president of the Bay Area Woodworkers Association, "Such a change from the 'make a box, cover it with plywood and paint it' era of the 1960s" Over time, Krenov received numerous requests to document his design philosophy in book format In 1976, Krenov’s first book, “A Cabinetmaker’s Notebook” was published The positive response to that first book surprised Krenov, and he ended up writing four more books including a final book that showcased the work of his students,”With Wakened Hands”
Krenov taught and lectured about his approach to woodworking at places such as the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York, Boston University, UC Santa Cruz, Graz, Austria, as a Fulbright guest at New Zealand’s Craft Council, Takayama, Japan, and Anderson Ranch, Colorado "I traveled all over the world to talk about my work," Krenov said "These weren't high occasions - just people interested in talking with a craftsman I'm known as the guy who is always interested in the thing that is both beautiful and useful"
In 1981, Krenov was invited to start the Fine Woodworking Program at the College of the Redwoods in Fort Bragg, California Over the years, people from all over the world would come to the school He retired from the College of the Redwoods in 2002 but continued to work in wood almost to the end of his life, from a shop at his home His work is displayed in museums in Sweden, Norway, Japan, and the United States, as well as in the homes of some royal families He became an Elected Fellow, American Craft Council in 2000, and was the first non-British recipient of the Annual Award of the Society of Designer-Craftsman's Centennial Medal in 1992 Krenov was presented with The Furniture Society's Award of Distinction in 2001
In 2003, Fine Woodworking magazine asked Krenov how he would like to be remembered He responded, “As a stubborn, old enthusiast"
Krenov died in Fort Bragg, California on September 9, 2009 He was 88 years old
Krenov is revered by many craftsmen for his inspiration to bring into one's work simplicity, harmony and above all, a love of wood Krenov's books A Cabinetmaker's Notebook and The Impractical Cabinetmaker shun ostentatious and overly sculpted pieces, stains, sanded surfaces, and unbalanced or unproportional constructions Krenov felt that details such as uniformly rounded edges, perfectly flat surfaces, and sharp corners remove the personal touch from a piece of furniture His books extoll the virtues of clean lines, hand-planed surfaces, unfinished or lightly finished wood, and techniques that Krenov referred to as "honest"
Although he made a living of his craft, Krenov referred to his attitude towards his work as that of an amateur, feeling that the competitive attitude of a professional causes one to compromise one's values as a craftsman He avoided calling the conception and creation of a piece as "design," preferring a more inclusive term "composing" Composing, explained Krenov, is reacting to the wood, a continual re-evaluation and improvisation open to wherever the wood takes the composer
In his cabinets and other pieces, Krenov paid careful attention to variations in woodgrain and color in his search for "harmony" in a piece A self described "wood nut," he often sought out woods that are rare, highly figured, or containing unique coloration Krenov was also highly critical of those who seek "originality" at the expense of well made furniture
Although Krenov believed machinery has its place in the shop, namely to efficiently complete the relatively grueling and crude early stages of stock removal and thicknessing he felt an over-dependence on power tools removes the "fingerprints" left on the finished piece that only handwork can leave, and alienates the craftsman from his work Krenov criticized the trend in woodworking schools toward the early use of power tools, instead of building a foundation of hand skills Instead of focusing on which machinery one should buy, he put emphasis on having well-tuned equipment
Graduates from Krenov's College of the Redwoods classes have gone on to professional furniture-making, writing craft books, and teaching in many programs throughout the world
- 1976 A Cabinetmaker's Notebook Studio Vista ISBN 0-289-70754-4
- 1977 The Fine Art of Cabinetmaking Studio Vista ISBN 0-289-70797-8
- 1979 The Impractical Cabinetmaker Van Norstrand Reinhold ISBN 0-442-24558-0
- 1981 James Krenov: Worker in Wood Van Norstrand Reinhold ISBN 0-442-26336-8
- Krenov; Janofsky 2000 With Wakened Hands ISBN 1-892836-06-8
- Krenov; Finck 2005 Making and Mastering Wood Planes Sterling ISBN 1-4027-2022-X
- Krenov's personal web site
- A transcript of an interview with Krenov, stored at the Smithsonian Institution
- The Furniture Society's Award of Distinction
- San Francisco Chronicle story with video from 2008
- New York Times obituary
|Honorary Fellows are listed in italics|
|Recipients of the Gold Medal for Consummate Craftsmanship Dorothy Liebes 1970 Anni Albers 1981 Harvey Littleton 1983 Lucy M Lewis 1985 Margret Craver 1986 Peter Voulkos 1986 Gerry Williams 1986 Lenore Tawney 1987 Sam Maloof 1988 Ed Rossbach 1990 John Prip 1992 Beatrice Wood 1992 Alma Eikerman 1993 Douglass Morse Howell 1993 Marianne Strengell 1993 Robert C Turner 1993 John Paul Miller 1994 Toshiko Takaezu 1994 Rudolf Staffel 1995 Bob Stocksdale 1995 Jack Lenor Larsen 1996 Ronald Hayes Pearson 1996 June Schwarcz 1996 Wendell Castle 1997 Ruth Duckworth 1997 Sheila Hicks 1997 Kenneth Ferguson 1998 Karen Karnes 1998 Warren MacKenzie 1998 Rudy Autio 1999 Dominic L Di Mare 1999 L Brent Kington 2000 Cynthia Schira 2000 Arline Fisch 2001 Gertrud Natzler 2001 Otto Natzler 2001 Don Reitz 2002 Kay Sekimachi 2002 William Daley 2003 Fred Fenster 2005 Dale Chihuly 2006 Paul Soldner 2008 Katherine Westphal 2009 Albert Paley 2010 Stephen De Staebler 2012 Betty Woodman 2014|
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