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Jaffrey, New Hampshire

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Jaffrey is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 5,457 at the 2010 census1

The primary settlement in town, where 2,757 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Jaffrey census-designated place CDP and is located along the Contoocook River at the junction of US Route 202 and New Hampshire routes 124 and 137

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 School system
  • 5 Master plan
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Old Baker Home, which was the oldest house in Jaffrey in 1905

First granted by the Massachusetts General Court in 1736 to soldiers from Rowley, Massachusetts, returning from the war in Canada, the town was known as Rowley-Canada In 1749, the town was re-chartered by the Mason proprietors as Monadnock No 2, sometimes called Middle Monadnock or Middletown2 It was one of the first towns established following the Masonian proprietors' purchase of undivided lands under the claim

Settled about 1758,3 the town was regranted in 1767 It would be incorporated in 1773 by Governor John Wentworth, and named for George Jaffrey, member of a wealthy Portsmouth family2 Jaffrey's son was a life trustee of Dartmouth College, and designer of the official college seal The Contoocook River provided water power for mills Village prosperity would be expressed in fine early architecture, including the Town Meetinghouse, built in 1775

Beginning in the 1840s, the area's scenic beauty attracted tourists, and several summer hotels were built at the base of Mount Monadnock, enduringly popular with hikers Some who scaled the summit were Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau and Rudyard Kipling The experience inspired Emerson in 1845 to write the poem, Monadnoc

Jaffrey was the setting for a 1950 biography by Elizabeth Yates entitled Amos Fortune, Free Man, winner of the 1951 Newbery Medal Amos Fortune was an African-born slave who purchased his freedom and that of his wife, and established a tannery in the village He is buried in the local cemetery, together with bandbox craftswoman Hannah Davis, and author and summer resident Willa Cather

Jaffrey was the inspiration for a chapter in Parliament of Whores by P J O'Rourke, who was a resident for several years

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 400 square miles 104 km2, of which 383 sq mi 99 km2 is land and 17 sq mi 44 km2 is water, comprising 432% of the town The town center, or census-designated place, has a total area of 26 sq mi 67 km2 25 sq mi 65 km2 of it is land and 01 sq mi 026 km2 383% is water

Thorndike Pond is in the north, and Contoocook Lake is on the southern boundary Mount Monadnock, elevation 3,165 feet 965 m above sea level and the highest point in Jaffrey, is in the northwest Jaffrey lies mostly within the Merrimack River watershed, via the Contoocook River in the eastern part of the town, with the northwest corner of town lying in the Ashuelot River watershed, part of the larger Connecticut River watershed4

Located in southeast Cheshire County, the town of Jaffrey is bordered by Dublin to the north, Peterborough and Sharon to the east both part of Hillsborough County, Rindge to the south, and Troy and Marlborough to the west

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,235
1800 1,341 86%
1810 1,336 −04%
1820 1,339 02%
1830 1,354 11%
1840 1,411 42%
1850 1,497 61%
1860 1,453 −29%
1870 1,256 −136%
1880 1,267 09%
1890 1,469 159%
1900 1,801 226%
1910 1,895 52%
1920 2,303 215%
1930 2,485 79%
1940 2,879 159%
1950 2,911 11%
1960 3,154 83%
1970 3,353 63%
1980 4,349 297%
1990 5,361 233%
2000 5,476 21%
2010 5,457 −03%
Est 2015 5,300 −29%
US Decennial Census6

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,476 people, 2,120 households, and 1,464 families residing in the town The population density was 1430 people per square mile 552/km² There were 2,352 housing units at an average density of 237 persons/km² 614 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9732% White, 042% African American, 035% Native American, 069% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 004% from other races, and 119% from two or more races 057% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 2,120 households out of which 338% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 527% were married couples living together, 113% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 309% were non-families 244% of all households were made up of individuals and 83% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 250 and the average family size was 298

In the town, the population was spread out with 260% under the age of 18, 69% from 18 to 24, 287% from 25 to 44, 227% from 45 to 64, and 157% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 922 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 873 males

The median income for a household in the town was $45,033, and the median income for a family was $48,703 Males had a median income of $35,349 versus $26,773 for females The per capita income for the town was $21,412 78% of the population and 38% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 102% are under the age of 18 and 100% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,802 people, 1,157 households, and 730 families residing in the town center, or census-designated place The population density was 1,1142 people per square mile 4310/km² There were 1,217 housing units at an average density of 1872 persons/km² 4839 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9739% White, 029% African American, 025% Native American, 068% Asian, and 139% from two or more races 064% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 1,157 households out of which 328% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 438% were married couples living together, 134% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 369% were non-families 301% of all households were made up of individuals and 98% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 241 and the average family size was 301

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 271% under the age of 18, 93% from 18 to 24, 302% from 25 to 44, 209% from 45 to 64, and 125% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 35 years For every 100 females there were 964 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 919 males

The median income for a household is $35,880, and the median income for a family was $45,343 Males had a median income of $29,606 versus $26,833 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,781 108% of the population and 50% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 128% are under the age of 18 and 102% are 65 or older

School systemedit

Jaffrey, along with the town of Rindge, forms the Jaffrey-Rindge Cooperative School District, also known as SAU 47 The public schools in the town are Jaffrey Grade School grades K–5, Jaffrey-Rindge Middle School 6–8, and Conant High School 9–12 There is also a parochial school, St Patrick School K–8, as well as a private high school, Victory High School 9–12

Master planedit

As with many small rural towns in New England, Jaffrey entered the 21st century grappling with the issues of how to cope with increased population growth and development pressures Both for tourism and for quality of life of its residents, open undeveloped land is an important component of the town's attractions In the 2007 update to its Master Plan, the town specifically cites a desire to preserve open space and rural character

Notable peopleedit

  • Laban Ainsworth, early minister
  • Vannevar Bush, engineer, inventor, and scientist
  • Willa Cather, author
  • Amos Fortune, early resident, tanner, and subject of Elizabeth Yates' book Amos Fortune, Free Man
  • Fannie Hillsmith, painter
  • Alfred B Kittredge, US senator from South Dakota
  • Talcott Parsons, sociologist
  • Levi Spaulding, missionary
  • Oliver L Spaulding, Civil War general and politician


Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 536–537 
  3. ^ Cutter, Daniel B, MD 1881 History of The Town of Jaffrey: The Masonian Charter to the Present Time, 1749–1880 Concord, NH p 32 
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 

External linksedit

  • Town of Jaffrey official website
  • Jaffrey Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile

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