Jacob Wrey Mould


Jacob Wrey Mould August 7, 1825 – June 14, 18861 was a British architect, illustrator, linguist and musician, noted for his contributions to the design and construction of New York City's Central Park He was "instrumental" in bringing the British High Victorian architecture to the United States,2 and was a founding member of the American Institute of Architects3

Biographyedit

A drawing of a lamp by Jacob Wrey Mould

Born in Chislehurst, Kent in 1825, Mould attended King's College School in 1842 For two years, he studied the Alhambra in Spain under Owen Jones, the "master of polychromy,"4 with whom he later co-designed the "Turkish Chamber" of Buckingham Palace Mould's subsequent designs were often influenced by his appreciation of the Moorish style of architecture

Mould designed decorations for The Great Exhibition in London in 1851 He moved to the United States in 1852,3 and worked on the Crystal Palace Exhibition in Manhattan He was invited by Moses H Grinnell in 1853 to design and build Unitarian Church of All Souls,5 and then was brought in on early plans for the great urban park in the heart of the city, Central Park Working closely with creators Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted, he designed many of the park's notable landmarks, including the "graceful" and "richly decorated" old Bandstand,6 Belvedere Castle,7 a great number of bridges,8 and the carvings on the Bethesda Terrace910

Though described as eccentric and ill-mannered,11 Mould was hired full-time as an assistant city architect in 1857, and from 1870 to 1871 was architect-in-chief for the Department of Public Works3 In the 1860s, he had also built two notable country homes in Long Island on Hempstead Bay, both of which were lavish and ornate buildings for rich clients from New York3 Mould also collaborated with Vaux on the design of the original Metropolitan Museum of Art and the American Museum of Natural History, and designed the fountain at City Hall Park 187112

In 1874, Mould went to Lima, Peru, with Henry Meiggs, where he helped design a public park He returned to New York in 1879, and resumed his duties for the Department of Public Works until his death in New York City on June 14, 18863 He built the Morningside Park promenade in 1883, and his final design in the United States was a temporary tomb for President Ulysses S Grant in Riverside Park, replaced later by the permanent monument known as Grant's Tomb13

Besides being an accomplished architect and designer, Jacob Wrey Mould was an avid pianist and organist, and employed his talent for language in translating numerous foreign opera librettos into English14 He is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Ancestrycom
  2. ^ Van Zanten, David T March 1969 "Jacob Wrey Mould: Echoes of Owen Jones and the High Victorian Styles in New York, 1853-1865" Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians Society of Architectural Historians 27: 41–57  |access-date= requires |url= help
  3. ^ a b c d e MacKay, Robert B; Anthony K Baker; Carol A Traynor 1997 Long Island country houses and their architects, 1860-1940 Norton p 188 ISBN 978-0-393-03856-9 
  4. ^ The architecture of Frank Furness Philadelphia Museum of Art 1973 pp 27, 36 
  5. ^ Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl 1985 HH Richardson, complete architectural works MIT Press p 156 ISBN 978-0-262-65015-1 Retrieved 6 February 2010 
  6. ^ Central Park; a history and a guide C N Potter 1967 pp 97–98 Retrieved 6 February 2010 
  7. ^ M M Graff 1982 The Men Who Made Central Park, Greenward Foundation Archived October 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Spiegler, Jennifer C; Paul M Gaykowski 2006 The Bridges of Central Park Arcadia pp 12, 20, 30, 42, 47, 64, 71, 97, 99, 118, 122, 124 ISBN 978-0-7385-3861-7 Retrieved 6 February 2010 
  9. ^ Nevius, Michelle; James Nevius 2009 Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City Simon and Schuster pp 114–16 ISBN 978-1-4165-8997-6 Retrieved 6 February 2010 
  10. ^ Miller, Sarah Cedar 2003 Central Park Conservancy, ed Central Park, an American masterpiece HN Abrams p 41  |access-date= requires |url= help
  11. ^ Cody, Jeffrey W 2003 Exporting American architecture, 1870-2000 Routledge p 4 ISBN 978-0-419-24690-9 Retrieved 6 February 2010 
  12. ^ Conservation Solutions Inc
  13. ^ Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol 4, pg 445, Digitized by Google 1
  14. ^ James Stevens Curl 2006 A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Oxford University Press, Oxford Reference Online

External sourcesedit

Blog entry on Mould's translations, with a list of works



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