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Jackson, New Hampshire

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Jackson is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 816 at the 2010 census1 Jackson is an elegant resort area in the White Mountains Parts of the White Mountain National Forest are in the west, north and east

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historyedit

Bird's-eye View in 1907

Once consisting of several large land grants by Colonial Governor John Wentworth, the town was first named New Madbury, after the seacoast town of Madbury In 1772, a road was built through Pinkham Notch, and the area was first settled in 1778 by Benjamin Copp and his family In 1800, the community was renamed in honor of President John Adams, who was then in office The name Adams stuck until the town was incorporated in 1829, when Andrew Jackson, the hero of the Battle of New Orleans, was inaugurated president Governor Benjamin Pierce, a staunch backer of President Jackson, was influential in changing the name to Jackson Only one vote was cast against the switch

In 1847, artists of the White Mountain School began arriving in Jackson to paint the scenic beauty of the White Mountains Others would follow, and in 1858, Joshua B Trickey opened the Jackson Falls House The Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad began service to Glen station at nearby Bartlett in the early 1870s, and several hotels were built to accommodate a growing infusion of tourists Thorn Mountain House, built by Trickey in 1869, would evolve during the 1880s into Wentworth Hall, still in business today Designed as a grouping of cottages around a main service building, the hotel included such amenities as a casino, built in 1886, and a hydroelectric plant, built in the 1890s By the 1920s, 40 trains a day delivered passengers to Jackson

The increasing use of automobiles, however, reduced travel by train, as vacationers could venture beyond the limits of rail service Consequently, some grand 19th century hotels lost patrons and closed, although the town itself would never lose popularity Jackson is one of the region's most picturesque villages, famous in part for Jackson Falls and Jackson X-C, a 150+ kilometer cross-country skiing trail system, rated one of the best in the world Wildcat Mountain, with an unsurpassed view of Mount Washington, is a favorite alpine skiing destination Jackson is perhaps best known for its red covered bridge the Honeymoon Bridge, built in 1876, one of the most photographed in the state

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 669 square miles 173 km2, of which 001% is water Jackson is drained by the Ellis River and Wildcat Brook The highest point in Jackson is 3,870 feet 1,180 m above sea level on Wildcat Ridge, at the northern boundary of town The ridge continues to rise north of town to the summit of Wildcat Mountain—4,422 ft 1,348 m—in the neighboring township of Bean's Purchase Jackson lies fully within the Saco River watershed2

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1850 589
1860 631 71%
1870 474 −249%
1880 464 −21%
1890 579 248%
1900 624 78%
1910 452 −276%
1920 533 179%
1930 321 −398%
1940 409 274%
1950 344 −159%
1960 315 −84%
1970 404 283%
1980 642 589%
1990 678 56%
2000 835 232%
2010 816 −23%
Est 2015 814 −02%
US Decennial Census4
Old Town Hall in 2001

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 835 people, 377 households, and 240 families residing in the town The population density was 125 people per square mile 48/km² There were 910 housing units at an average density of 136 per square mile 52/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9928% White, 024% Native American, 012% Asian, 012% Pacific Islander, and 024% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 012% of the population

There were 377 households out of which 210% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 578% were married couples living together, 50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 361% were non-families 271% of all households were made up of individuals and 103% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 218 and the average family size was 267

Fairview Bridge in 1912

In the town, the population was spread out with 180% under the age of 18, 22% from 18 to 24, 287% from 25 to 44, 293% from 45 to 64, and 218% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 46 years For every 100 females there were 993 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 991 males

The median income for a household in the town was $49,583, and the median income for a family was $59,327 Males had a median income of $32,813 versus $26,667 for females The per capita income for the town was $25,718 About 61% of families and 81% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47% of those under age 18 and 145% of those age 65 or over

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Jackson official website
  • Jackson Historical Society
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Jackson Area Chamber of Commerce
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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