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Jackson County, Oregon

jackson county oregon assessor property search, jackson county oregon planning department
Jackson County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 203,2061 The county seat is Medford23 The county is named for Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the United States4

Jackson County comprises the Medford, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area

There are 11 incorporated cities and 34 unincorporated communities in Jackson County; the largest is Medford, which has been the county seat since 19275

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Points of interest
    • 61 Bear Creek Greenway
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Census-designated places
    • 73 Unincorporated communities
    • 74 Former communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Modoc, Shasta, Takelma, Latgawa, and Umpqua Indian tribes are all native to the region of present Jackson County In the early 1850s, both the Klickitats from the north and the Deschutes from the south raided and settled the area

The Territorial Legislature created Jackson County on January 12, 1852, from the southwestern portion of Lane County and the unorganized area south of Douglas and Umpqua Counties It included lands which now lie in Coos, Curry, Josephine, Klamath and Lake Counties Gold discoveries in the Illinois River valley and the Rogue River valley near Jacksonville in 1852, and the completion of a wagon road connecting the county with California to the south and Douglas County to the north led to an influx of non-native settlers

Conflict between the miners and Native Americans led to war in 1853, which continued intermittently until the final defeat of the last band under chiefs John and George by a combined force of regular army and civilians May 29, 1856 at Big Bend on the Illinois River The Native Americans had received the worse of the fighting throughout this conflict, and as they began to surrender, they were herded to existing reservations, beginning in January 1856 when one group was marched to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation west of Salem Over the following months, other groups were forced to leave until by May 1857 almost all of the Shasta, Takelma, and Latgawas tribes had been relocated to the Siletz Reservation, where they remained

Jacksonville was designated as the first county seat in 1853 However, Jacksonville declined due to diminishing returns in the local goldfields and the construction in the 1880s of the Oregon and California Railroad This railroad bypassed Jacksonville and instead went through Medford, located five miles 8 km east of Jacksonville Medford's prospects improved because of the location of the railroad and the accompanying commerce and development as Jacksonville continued its steady decline Jacksonville fended off suggestions to move the county seat until 1927 when Medford was finally selected as the county seat

In March 2004, Jackson County became the first of an eventual 35 counties in Oregon to implement a voluntary plan of fireproofing homes situated on properties zoned as part of the forestland-urban interface This requires homeowners to maintain a 30' or greater firebreak around their structures, and affects 12,000 homeowners In 2007 this plan becomes mandatory for many landowners, under threat of liability if their property is involved in a fire

On May 15, 2007, residents voted not to reopen the county's 15 libraries, which had been closed since April 6 due to a shortage of funds6 This was the largest library closure in the history of the United States7 The libraries were reopened, with reduced hours, on October 24, 20078

Geographyedit

Campground in Valley of the Rogue State Park on the banks of the Rogue River adjacent to Interstate 59

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,802 square miles 7,260 km2, of which 2,784 square miles 7,210 km2 is land and 18 square miles 47 km2 06% is water10 A portion of the Umpqua National Forest is in Jackson County

Located entirely within Jackson County is Bear Creek and its watershed, a tributary of the Rogue River11 The population centers of Medford, Ashland, Phoenix, Talent, and Central Point are located along the stream It connects with the Rogue River near the Upper and Lower Table Rock lava formations

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Josephine County west
  • Klamath County east
  • Douglas County north
  • Siskiyou County, California south

National protected areasedit

  • Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument
  • Crater Lake National Park part
  • Klamath National Forest part
  • Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest part
  • Umpqua National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 3,736
1870 4,778 279%
1880 8,154 707%
1890 11,455 405%
1900 13,698 196%
1910 25,756 880%
1920 20,405 −208%
1930 32,918 613%
1940 36,213 100%
1950 58,510 616%
1960 73,962 264%
1970 94,533 278%
1980 132,456 401%
1990 146,389 105%
2000 181,269 238%
2010 203,206 121%
Est 2016 216,527 66%
US Decennial Census13
1790-196014 1900-199015
1990-200016 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census17 of 2000, there were 181,269 people, 71,532 households, and 48,427 families residing in the county The population density was 65 people per square mile 25/km² There were 75,737 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile 10/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9165% White, 040% Black or African American, 109% Native American, 090% Asian, 018% Pacific Islander, 288% from other races, and 291% from two or more races 669% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 174% were of German, 129% English, 102% Irish and 88% United States or American ancestry 927% spoke only English at home, while 56% spoke Spanish

Of the 71,532 households, 3030% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5320% were married couples living together, 1050% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3230% were non-families 2510% of all households were made up of one individual, 1100% being a person who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 248 and the average family size was 295

The age distribution of the county's population was 2440% under the age of 18, 870% from 18 to 24, 2550% from 25 to 44, 2540% from 45 to 64, and 1600% 65 years of age or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 9460 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9170 males

The median income for a household in the county was $36,461, and the median income for a family was $43,675 Males had a median income of $32,720 compared to $23,690 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,498 890% of families and 1250% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1630% of those under age 18 and 690% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 203,206 people, 83,076 households, and 53,460 families residing in the county18 The population density was 730 inhabitants per square mile 282/km2 There were 90,937 housing units at an average density of 327 per square mile 126/km219 The racial makeup of the county was 887% white, 12% Asian, 12% American Indian, 07% black or African American, 03% Pacific islander, 45% from other races, and 35% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 107% of the population18 In terms of ancestry, 199% were German, 144% were English, 141% were Irish, and 53% were American20

Of the 83,076 households, 287% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 484% were married couples living together, 110% had a female householder with no husband present, 356% were non-families, and 277% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 240 and the average family size was 291 The median age was 421 years18

The median income for a household in the county was $44,142 and the median income for a family was $53,739 Males had a median income of $40,435 versus $30,632 for females The per capita income for the county was $24,410 About 99% of families and 140% of the population were below the poverty line, including 190% of those under age 18 and 74% of those age 65 or over21

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results22
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 493% 53,870 407% 44,447 101% 11,010
2012 505% 49,020 458% 44,468 38% 3,639
2008 485% 49,043 486% 49,090 29% 2,914
2004 553% 56,519 434% 44,366 13% 1,304
2000 543% 46,052 391% 33,153 66% 5,591
1996 459% 33,771 397% 29,230 145% 10,646
1992 372% 28,704 378% 29,146 250% 19,246
1988 525% 32,516 453% 28,028 22% 1,368
1984 618% 37,895 379% 23,230 04% 234
1980 560% 32,879 339% 19,903 101% 5,958
1976 483% 24,237 466% 23,384 52% 2,615
1972 578% 24,003 350% 14,529 73% 3,029
1968 562% 19,577 365% 12,714 73% 2,551
1964 428% 14,598 572% 19,486 00% 0
1960 546% 17,554 452% 14,531 02% 72
1956 575% 17,201 425% 12,733 00% 0
1952 676% 18,279 321% 8,674 04% 107
1948 589% 11,226 385% 7,342 26% 504
1944 557% 8,598 432% 6,668 10% 160
1940 555% 8,507 440% 6,754 05% 78
1936 350% 4,866 541% 7,520 110% 1,528
1932 400% 5,459 551% 7,519 49% 661
1928 754% 8,053 231% 2,463 15% 160
1924 533% 4,868 201% 1,840 266% 2,433
1920 598% 4,382 342% 2,503 60% 441
1916 394% 3,538 543% 4,874 63% 566
1912 162% 847 397% 2,079 442% 2,317
1908 501% 2,032 379% 1,537 120% 488
1904 612% 1,992 245% 798 143% 467

As is typical of southwestern Oregon, Jackson County leans toward the Republican Party in presidential elections, although the presence of a substantial student body at Ashland means Democrats get a larger proportion of the vote in statewide elections than in any other county south of the Willamette Valley No Democratic presidential candidate has won an absolute majority in Jackson County since Lyndon Johnson’s landslide in 1964, although Bill Clinton in 1992 and Barack Obama in 2008 both obtained narrow pluralities

In the United States House of Representatives, Jackson County lies within Oregon's 2nd congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+11 and is represented by Republican Greg Walden In the Oregon House of Representatives, Jackson County is divided between five districts, which are together represented by four Republicans and one Democrat Pam Marsh of Ashland In the Oregon State Senate, Jackson County is divided between the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 28th Districts, all represented by Republicans

Economyedit

The county’s principal industries are healthcare, agriculture, lumber, manufacturing, and tourismcitation needed

Jackson County has over 10,000 acres 40 km2 of orchards and shares with Josephine County the Rogue Valley and Applegate wine appellations

Soapstone, a substance used in art sculpture, is mined in Jackson County23

Points of interestedit

Bear Creek Greenwayedit

Main article: Bear Creek Greenway

The Bear Creek Greenway is the area on both side of Bear Creek running from Ashland to Central Point The Greenway's most popular feature is the bike path which runs from Ashland north towards Medford Eventually it will be a 21-mile 34 km paved link between Ashland and Central Point The bike path is very popular with cyclists and skaters, especially during the warmer spring and summer months24

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Ashland
  • Butte Falls
  • Central Point
  • Eagle Point
  • Gold Hill
  • Jacksonville
  • Medford county seat
  • Phoenix
  • Rogue River
  • Shady Cove
  • Talent

Census-designated placesedit

  • Prospect
  • Foots Creek
  • Ruch
  • Trail
  • White City
  • Wimer

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Applegate
  • Beagle
  • Bitter Lick
  • Brownsboro
  • Buckhorn Springs
  • Buncom
  • Cascade Gorge
  • Climax
  • Colestin
  • Dardanelles
  • Four Corners
  • Lake Creek
  • Lincoln
  • McKee Bridge
  • McLeod
  • Mountain View
  • Persist
  • Pinehurst
  • Provolt
  • Rock Point
  • Rogue Elk
  • Sams Valley
  • Seven Oaks
  • Starvation Heights
  • Steamboat
  • Table Rock
  • Tolo
  • Union Creek

Former communitiesedit

  • Copper
  • Sterlingville

See alsoedit

  • Beekman Native Plant Arboretum
  • Bigfoot trap
  • Britt Festival
  • Jackson County Sheriff's Office Oregon
  • Mail Tribune
  • National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Jackson County, Oregon
  • Oregon Shakespeare Festival
  • Southern Oregon Land Conservancy
  • Southern Oregon University
  • Southern Oregon Speedway
  • Medford School District
  • Ashland School District

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "About Jackson County" Jackson County Retrieved January 12, 2017 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 167 
  5. ^ "About Medford" Mail Tribune Retrieved April 29, 2009 
  6. ^ Mann, Damian; County library levy fails handily at the Mail Tribune; written May 16, 2007; retrieved February 4, 2008
  7. ^ May, Meredith; Largest library closure in US looms at the San Francisco Chronicle; written March 4, 2007; retrieved February 4, 2008
  8. ^ Mann, Damian; Libraries will start to open Oct 24 at the Mail Tribune; written October 9, 2007; retrieved February 4, 2008
  9. ^ Gumprecht Bannan, Jan 2002 Oregon State Parks The Mountaineers Books p 150 ISBN 0-89886-794-0 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  11. ^ "Bear Creek Watershed Assessment - Phase 2" PDF Rogue Valley Council of Governments December 2001 p 9 Archived from the original PDF on July 13, 2010 Retrieved April 21, 2009 
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  15. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved January 31, 2008 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  23. ^ St John, James; Soapstone at the Oregon State University; retrieved February 4, 2008
  24. ^ http://wwwbearcreekgreenwaycom/indexasp

External linksedit

  • Jackson County, Oregon
  • Jackson County Records 1853–1920
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 42°25′N 122°44′W / 4242°N 12274°W / 4242; -12274

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