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Istanbul University

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Istanbul University Turkish: İstanbul Üniversitesi is a prominent Turkish university located in Istanbul The main campus is adjacent to Beyazıt Square in Fatih, the capital district of the province, on the European side of the city

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Campus
  • 3 Notable alumni
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Rectorate of Istanbul University

Istanbul University was established in 1453 by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II1 However, Richard Honig, a German law historian, who claims that Byzantine and Ottoman traditions could be analyzed together, expressed that the history of Istanbul University can be traced back to 1 March 13212 The university, which was first established in today's main building, was equivalent to Roman universities consisting of schools of medicine, law, philosophy and letters, and is considered to be the pioneer of university education in Istanbul2

It was founded as an institution of higher education named the Darülfünûn دار الفنون House of Multiple Sciences on 23 July 1846; but the Medrese Islamic theological school which was founded immediately after Mehmed II conquered Constantinople Istanbul in 1453 is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünûn which evolved into Istanbul University in 19333 Education in a number of sciences and fields such as medicine, mathematics, astronomy, cartography, geography, history, philosophy, religion, literature, philology, law, etc became available, and, until the 19th century, they were instrumental in educating the ruling cadres of the Ottoman society However, when the medreses were no longer able to meet the needs of the modern world, a restructuring process began, and as a result, the institutions of higher education called Darülfünûn, the core of Istanbul University, was established

An institution of higher education named the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî دار الفنون عثماني Ottoman House of Sciences was created in 1863, but suppressed in 18713 Its first rector was Hasan Tahsini, regarded as one of the most important Ottoman scholars of the 19th century In 1874 the Imperial University Darülfünûn-u Sultanî دار الفنون سلطاني started classes in law in French, but was closed in 18813

The Imperial University, now known as Darülfünûn-u Şahâne دار الفنون شهانه was refounded in 1900, with the departments of theology, arts, mathematics, science and philology3 In 1924, the faculties of law, medicine, arts and sciences were established in Istanbul University İstanbul Darülfünûnu, as the university was now called3 Islamic theology was added in 1925, but in 1933 the university was reorganized without the latter3

Main entrance gate of Istanbul University on Beyazıt Square, which was known as Forum Tauri later Forum of Theodosius in the late Roman period Beyazıt Tower, located within the campus, is seen in the background, to the right of the flagpole

The first modern Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünûn on 31 December 1863, which marked the beginning of a new period, and on 20 February 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences and reorganized to meet the needs of modern sciences and technologies Starting from 1874, some classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the building of Galatasaray High School, which continued regularly until 1881 On 1 September 1900, the school was renamed and reorganized as the Darülfünûn-u Şahâne Imperial House of Multiple Sciences with courses on Mathematics, Literature and Theology On 20 April 1912, the school was renamed as the İstanbul Darülfünûnu Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences while the number of courses were increased and the curricula were modernized with the establishment of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Literature and Theology

On 21 April 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the İstanbul Darülfünûnu as a state school, and on 7 October 1925, the administrative autonomy of İstanbul Darülfünûnu was recognized while the Schools within the old Medrese system became modern Faculties

On 1 August 1933, İstanbul Darülfünûnu was reorganized as İstanbul Üniversitesi Istanbul University following the educational reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Classes officially began on 1 November 1933

Campusedit

The arched monumental gate of Istanbul University on the reverse of the 500 lira banknote 1971–1984 Late Roman and early Byzantine remains at the Istanbul University campus next to Beyazıt Tower Interior of the main building

The university has seventeen faculties on five campuses; the main campus being on Beyazıt Square, which was originally built by Constantine the Great as the Forum Tauri and was later enlarged by Theodosius the Great as the Forum of Theodosius during the Roman period

The main campus building with its landmark gate was previously used as the headquarters of the Harbiye Nezareti Ministry of War by the Ottoman government Located on the grounds is the Beyazıt Tower, a 85 m 279 ft tall fire-watch tower The grounds were previously the location of the Ottoman era Eski Saray Old Palace Some Roman and Byzantine ruins are still visible on the grounds

The university has a teaching staff of 2,000 professors and associates and 4,000 assistants and younger staff More than 60,000 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students follow the courses offered by Istanbul University every year

The main gate was depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 500 lira banknotes of 1971–19844

Notable alumniedit

Turkish Presidents
  • Abdullah Gül
Foreign Presidents
  • Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel
  • David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister of Israel
Speakers of the Turkish parliament
  • Fuat Sirmen
  • Ferruh Bozbeyli
Turkish Prime Ministers
  • Refik Saydamcitation needed
  • Yıldırım Akbulut
  • Sadi Irmak
  • Suad Hayri Ürgüplü
  • Nihat Erim
Foreign Prime Ministers
  • David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister of Israel
  • Moshe Sharett, Prime Minister of Israel
Turkish Ministers
  • Mehmet Ali Şahin
  • Cemil Çiçek
Journalists
  • Uğur Dündar
  • Abdi İpekçi
  • Halit Kıvanç
  • Nedim Şener
  • Ahmet Şık
  • Metin Toker
  • Hrant Dink
Scientists
  • Hulusi Behcet
  • Aykut Barka
  • Alp Ikizler
  • Ahmet Mete Işıkara
  • Muzaffer Şerif
  • Zeynel Mungan
  • Aziz Sancar, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
  • Nazim Terzioglu
Writers
  • Nihal Atsiz
  • Ali Kurumahmut
  • Orhan Pamuk, Nobel Laureate in Literature
  • İlhan Selçuk5
  • Ahmet Hamdi Tanpinar
  • Bahadir Kaleagasi, international co-ordinator of TUSIAD
Poets
  • Orhan Veli
  • Attila İlhan
  • Onat Kutlar
Musicians
  • Mercan Dede
  • Sadettin Kaynak
  • Arif Mardin
  • Bülent Ortaçgil
Medicine
  • Masud Sabri – Pharmacist and former Governor of Xinjiang province in China
Other
  • Burcu Esmersoy6 – Anchorwoman, Model
  • Deniz Gezmiş – Political activist
  • Metin Kaya – Judge, member of the Turkish Court of Cassation
  • Okan Yalabık – Actor
  • Özgür Çevik – Singer, Actor
  • Özgü Namal – Actress, Singer
  • Cansu Dere – Actress, Model
  • Çağatay Ulusoy – Actor

See alsoedit

  • Balkan Universities Network
  • Famous Academicians and Persons of Istanbul University German
  • List of modern universities in Europe 1801–1945
  • Istanbul University Observatory
  • Beyazıt Tower
  • Dar ul-Funun Persia
  • University portal
  • Turkey portal

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b Istanbul University: History
  2. ^ a b Istanbul University School of Business Administration: History
  3. ^ a b c d e f Rüegg, Walter: "European Universities and Similar Institutions in Existence between 1812 and the End of 1944: A Chronological List", in: Rüegg, Walter ed: A History of the University in Europe Vol 3: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries 1800–1945, Cambridge University Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-521-36107-1, p 687
  4. ^ Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 3 June 2009 Retrieved 2008-01-05  Banknote Museum: 6 Emission Group – Five Hundred Turkish Lira – I Series & II Series – Retrieved 20 April 2009
  5. ^ "Turkish journalist İlhan Selçuk died" National Turk 2008-06-23 Retrieved 2010-07-06 
  6. ^ İpek, Bülent 1 January 2011 "O Artık Bir Magazin Figürü" HaberTürk Istanbul Archived from the original on 3 August 2014 Retrieved 10 August 2016 

External linksedit

  • Istanbul University website Turkish English
  • History of Istanbul University Turkish

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