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Israel Washburn Jr.

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Israel Washburn Jr June 6, 1813 – May 12, 1883 was a United States political figure Originally a member of the Whig Party, he later became a founding member of the Republican Party In 1842, Washburn served in the Maine House of Representatives2

In 1854, angry over the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Washburn called a meeting of 30 members of the US House of Representatives to discuss forming what became the Republican Party Republican gatherings had taken place in Wisconsin and Michigan earlier in the year, but Washburn's meeting was the first in the US Capital, and among US Congressmen He was probably also the first politician of his rank to use the term "Republican", in a speech at Bangor, Maine on June 2, 18543 Washburn represented the district which included Bangor and the neighboring town of Orono, Maine, where he had his home and law office

Born in 1813 in Livermore in modern-day Maine, then a part of Massachusetts to a prominent political family, Washburn organized the Maine Republican Party from 1854 onward He was the 29th Governor of Maine from 1861 to 1863 During the American Civil War, he helped recruit Federal troops from Maine In 1862, he attended the Loyal War Governors' Conference in Altoona, Pennsylvania, which ultimately gave Abraham Lincoln support for his Emancipation Proclamation

Washburn had been an unsuccessful candidate for the Thirty-first Congress in 1848; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses, as a Republican to the Thirty-fourth, Thirty-fifth, and Thirty-sixth Congresses and served from March 4, 1851, to January 1, 1861, when he resigned, having been elected Governor He was Chairman of the Committee on Elections Thirty-fourth Congress

Washburn was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 18824

Washburn was the brother of Elihu B Washburne, Cadwallader C Washburn, William D Washburn, Samuel Benjamin Washburn, and Charles Ames Washburn He died in 1883 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania He is buried at the Mount Hope Cemetery in Bangor, Maine

The town of Washburn, Maine is named in his honor

Notesedit

  1. ^ http://wwwharvardsquarelibraryorg/universalists/Israel-Washburn-Jrphp
  2. ^ Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library-Maine Legislators Database
  3. ^ William E Gienapp, The Origins of the Republican Party Oxford, 1987, p 89
  4. ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory

Referencesedit

  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguidecongressgov
  • Hanson, Mary E Hanson:, In memoriam Israel Washburn Jr: born June 5, 1813, died May 12, 1883 1884
  • Gienapp, William E:, The Origins of the Republican Party Oxford, 1987, p 89

External linksedit

  • Biography portal
  • United States Congress "Israel Washburn Jr id: W000173" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 
  • Israel Washburn Jr at Find a Grave
  • The Washburn Family
US House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles Stetson
Member of the US House of Representatives
from Maine's 6th congressional district

March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
Succeeded by
Thomas J D Fuller
Preceded by
Ephraim K Smart
Member of the US House of Representatives
from Maine's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1853 – January 1, 1861
Succeeded by
Stephen Coburn
Political offices
Preceded by
Lot M Morrill
Governor of Maine
1861–1863
Succeeded by
Abner Coburn

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