IRT Lenox Avenue Line


The Lenox Avenue Line is one of the IRT lines in the New York City Subway, mostly built as part of the first subway line It is a rather short line, only serving upper Manhattan

Contents

  • 1 Extent and service
  • 2 History
  • 3 Station listing
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Extent and serviceedit

The following services use part or all of the IRT Lenox Avenue Line:2

  Time period Section of line
all times south of 145th Street
all times full line

The Lenox Avenue Line begins at the Harlem–148th Street station, which was formerly known as 148th Street–Lenox Terminal3 After the terminal, a track merges from the Lenox Yard, and the line heads south under Lenox Avenue At 142nd Street Junction, the IRT White Plains Road Line merges with an at-grade crossing between the northbound Lenox track and the southbound White Plains track, carrying through service from the Bronx

At the north border of Central Park is the final stop on the line, Central Park North–110th Street From there the line curves southwest under Central Park one of three lines to do so, the other two being the IND 63rd Street Line and the BMT 63rd Street Line, and heads west under 104th Street The line turns southwest and south to run underneath the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, passing under part of the northbound platform at 103rd Street After the center express track on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line ends by connecting to the two local tracks, the Lenox Avenue Line rises to become the two express tracks, with double crossovers to each local direction The four-track Broadway–Seventh Avenue line then continues south through 96th Street, an express station and transfer point

Historyedit

  • v
  • e
IRT Lenox Avenue Line
Legend
Lenox Yard
Harlem–148th Street
145th Street First 5 cars only
IRT White Plains Road Line
135th Street
125th Street
116th Street
Central Park North–110th Street
IND Eighth Avenue Line
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
This is a map of the Lenox Avenue Line from 1906

The line opened south of 145th Street just after midnight on November 23, 1904, as part of the IRT's original system It was known as the East Side Subway or East Side Branch at the time, as it was the spur of the main line to the east side4 The first train ran from the line onto the IRT White Plains Road Line known as the West Farms Branch or the West Farms Extension just after midnight on July 10, 19055 Soon after the line opened, it was speculated that it would bring prosperity to Harlem6

Originally the line north of the 142nd Street Junction was only intended to be a yard lead to Lenox Yard, and sometime afterwards it was suggested to add a station at 145th Streetcitation needed

The Harlem–148th Street station was opened on May 13, 1968 on land that had been part of the Lenox Yard; the station was originally called Lenox Terminal–148th Street7

The line has always carried trains of two service patterns, currently designated 2 and 3 Prior to February 6, 1959, 3 trains switched to the local on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line north of 96th Street Afterwards, all trains running from the Lenox Avenue Line ran express8910

From March 2 to October 12, 1998, the tunnel that carried the 2 and 3 services was reconstructed along with the cracked invert tunnel floor This was done to correct a major water problem that had existed for many years due to underground streams located around the Lenox Avenue area that caused extensive water damage and seepage problems, resulting in extensive and severe delays due to track and roadbed flooding The project cost $82 million11 Many 2 trains were rerouted via the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, while the 3 trains were rerouted to the 137th Street–City College station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line Each of the two tracks that carried both the 2 and 3 services were alternately taken out of service, the 116th Street Station was closed, and supplemental shuttle bus service connecting to other lines in the area were provided for much of this time1213

From 1995 until 2008, the line's two northernmost stations, Harlem–148th Street and 145th Street, were served by shuttle buses during the late-night hours Full-time service was restored on July 27, 200814

Station listingedit

The entire line is located in Harlem

Station service legend
Stops all times
Time period details
Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
 ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
 ↓
Elevator access to mezzanine only
Station Services Opened Notes
Harlem–148th Street May 13, 1968 Formerly 148th Street–Lenox Terminal
connecting track to Lenox Yard
145th Street November 23, 1904 Only first 5 cars platform
No northbound entrance
Merge from IRT White Plains Road Line at 142nd Street Junction 2 
135th Street 2  ​3  November 23, 1904
125th Street 2  ​3  November 23, 1904 M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
116th Street 2  ​3  November 23, 1904
Central Park North–110th Street 2  ​3  November 23, 1904 The only cross-platform between uptown and downtown trains on the line
Tracks continue as the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line express tracks 2  ​3 

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Average Weekday Subway Ridership" MTA Archived from the original on 28 March 2014 Retrieved 2 April 2014 
  2. ^ "Subway Service Guide" PDF Metropolitan Transportation Authority June 25, 2017 Retrieved July 1, 2017 
  3. ^ "148 Street-Lenox Terminal 3" subwaynutcom Jeremiah Cox Retrieved 2016-06-15 
  4. ^ "East Side Subway Open — Train from 145th Street to Broadway in 9 Minutes and 40 Seconds" New York Times November 23, 1904 p 1 ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved 2016-03-27 
  5. ^ "Subway Trains Running From Bronx to Battery — West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight — Start Without a Hitch — Bowling Green Station Also Opened — Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter" New York Times July 10, 1905 p 1 ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved 2016-03-27 
  6. ^ "History of Harlem — Harlem Heritage Tours & Cultural Center" Retrieved 2016-09-02 
  7. ^ "IRT Passengers Get New 148th St Station" New York Times May 14, 1968 p 95 Retrieved October 4, 2011 
  8. ^ Levey, Stanley January 26, 1959 "Modernized IRT To Bow on Feb 6 — West Side Line to Eliminate Bottleneck at 96th Street" New York Times p 1 Retrieved 6 November 2016 
  9. ^ "New Hi-Speed Locals 1959 New York City Transit Authority" Flickr — Photo Sharing! Retrieved 2016-06-15 
  10. ^ "Wagner Praises Modernized IRT — Mayor and Transit Authority Are Hailed as West Side Changes Take Effect" New York Times February 7, 1959 p 21 Retrieved 6 November 2016 
  11. ^ "About NYC Transit — History" 2002-10-19 Archived from the original on 2002-10-19 Retrieved 2016-09-18 CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown link
  12. ^ Newman, Andy December 12, 1997 "Repairs to Lenox Ave Tunnel To Affect Many Subway Lines" New York Times Retrieved July 31, 2013 
  13. ^ "Lenox Avenue Rehabilitation Brochure" thejoekornercom Joseph D Korman Retrieved 6 November 2016 
  14. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Service Enhancements on 3 Line" wwwmtainfo Metropolitan Transportation Authority July 24, 2008 Retrieved 2016-09-02 

External linksedit

Route map: Google

Template:Attached KML/IRT Lenox Avenue Line KML is from Wikidata
  • nycsubwayorg — nycsubwayorg - IRT Lenox/White Plains Line


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