Irish House of Commons


The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800 The upper house was the House of Lords The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain In counties, forty shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self electing corporations or a highly restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives Most notably, Roman Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised Most of the population of all religions had no vote The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron When these boroughs were disfranchised at the under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each1

The British-appointed Irish executive, under the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was not answerable to the House of Commons but to the British government However, the Chief Secretary for Ireland was usually a member of the Irish parliament In the Commons, business was presided over by the Speaker The House of Commons was abolished when the Irish parliament merged with its British counterpart in 1801 under the Act of Union, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The House sat for the last time in Parliament House, Dublin on 2 August 1800

Contents

  • 1 Speaker of the Commons
  • 2 Constituencies
  • 3 Sessions
    • 31 Parliaments of Edward III
    • 32 Parliaments of Richard II
    • 33 Parliaments of Henry VI
    • 34 Parliaments of Henry VIII
      • 341 Parliament 1516
      • 342 Parliament 1521–22
      • 343 Parliament 1531
      • 344 Parliament 1533
      • 345 Parliament 1536–37
      • 346 Parliament 1541–43
    • 35 Parliament of Mary I
    • 36 Parliaments of Elizabeth I
    • 37 Parliaments of James I
    • 38 Parliaments of Charles I
      • 381 Parliament of 1634–35
      • 382 Parliament of 1639–49
    • 39 Parliament of Charles II
    • 310 Parliaments of James II
    • 311 Parliaments of William III and Mary II
    • 312 Parliaments of Anne
    • 313 Parliament of George I
    • 314 Parliament of George II
    • 315 Parliaments of George III
      • 3151 Grattan's Parliament
  • 4 Resignation
  • 5 Famous members
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 Sources
  • 9 External links

Speaker of the Commonsedit

Drawing of the front of the Irish Parliament House with the dome, seen from the street-level, in the 18th century Main article: Speaker of the Irish House of Commons

The Speaker of the Irish House of Commons was the presiding officer of the House and its most senior official The position was one of considerable power and prestige, and in the absence of a government chosen from and answerable to the Commons, he was the dominant political figure in the Parliament The last Speaker was John Foster

Constituenciesedit

Engraving of section of the Irish House of Commons chamber by Peter Mazell based on the drawing by Rowland Omer 1767

The House was elected in the same way as the British House of Commons By the time of the Union, the shape of the House had been fixed with two members elected for each of the 32 Counties of Ireland, two members for each of 117 Boroughs, and two members for Dublin University, a total of 300 members The number of Boroughs invited to return members had originally been small only 55 Boroughs existed in 1603 but was doubled by the Stuart monarchs

Constituency Type County Creationn 1 Enfranchised Fate after the union
Antrim Borough Borough Antrim 1666 Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Antrim County County Antrim 15702 Freeholders 2Two seats
Ardee Borough Louth 1378 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ards County Down By 15603 0Already disfranchisedn 2
Ardfert Borough Kerry 1639 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Armagh Borough Borough Armagh 1613 26 March 4 Corporation 1One seat
Armagh County County Armagh 1585 September5 Freeholders 2Two seats
Askeaton Borough Limerick 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Athboy Borough Meath By 15603 Manor 0Disfranchised
Athenry Borough Galway 1310 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Athlone Borough Westmeath 1606 10 December4 Corporation 1One seat
Athy Borough Kildare By 15603 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Augher Borough Tyrone 1613 15 April4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ballynakill Borough Queen's County 1612 10 December4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ballyshannon Borough Donegal 1613 23 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Baltimore Borough Cork 1613 25 March4 Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Baltinglass Borough Wicklow 1664 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Banagher Borough King's County 1629 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Bandonbridge Borough Cork 1613 30 March4 Corporation 1One seat
Bangor Borough Down 1613 18 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Bannow Borough Wexford Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Belfast Borough Antrim 1613 27 April4 Corporation 1One seat
Belturbet Borough Cavan 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Blessington Borough Wicklow 1670 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Boyle Borough Roscommon 1613 25 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Callan Borough Kilkenny 1585 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Carlingford Borough Louth 13 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Carlow Borough Borough Carlow 1613 19 April4 Corporation 1One seat
Carlow County County Carlow 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Carrick Borough Leitrim 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Carrickfergus County borough Antrimn 3 1326 Freeholder and householder 1One seat
Carysfort Borough Wicklow 1629 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Cashel Borough Tipperary By 15853 Corporation 1One seat
Castlebar Borough Mayo 1613 26 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Castlemartyr Borough Cork 1676 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Cavan Borough Borough Cavan 1610 15 November4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Cavan County County Cavan 15796 or 15847 or 15855 Freeholders 2Two seats
Charlemont Borough Armagh 1613 29 April4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Charleville Borough Cork 1673 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Clare County Clare By 1560 Freeholders 2Two seats
Clogher Borough Tyrone Between 1614 and 1692 Ecclesiastical 0Disfranchised
Clonakilty Borough Cork 1613 5 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Clonmel Borough Tipperary By 15603 Corporation 1One seat
Clonmines Borough Wexford Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Coleraine Borough Londonderry 1613 25 March4 Corporation 1One seat
Connacht County Multiplen 4 1297 0Already disfranchisedn 4
Cork City County borough Corkn 3 1299 Freeholder and Freemen 2Two seats
Cork County County Cork 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Coleraine County County Londonderry 1585 September5 Freeholders Already disfranchised
Dingle Borough Kerry By 158538 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Donegal Borough Borough Donegal 1613 27 February4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Donegal County County Donegal 1585 September5 Freeholders 2Two seats
Doneraile Borough Cork 1640 Manor 0Disfranchised
Down County Down 15702 Freeholders 2Two seats
Downpatrick Borough Down 1586 Potwalloper 1One seat
Drogheda County borough Louthn 3 1299 Freeholders and freemen 1One seat
Dublin City County borough Dublinn 3 1299 Freeholders and freemen 2Two seats
Dublin County County Dublin 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Dublin University University Dublinn 5 1603 Graduates 1One seat
Duleek Borough Meath Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Dundalk Borough Louth By 15603 Corporation 1One seat
Dungannon Borough Tyrone 1612 27 November4 Corporation 1One seat
Dungarvan Borough Waterford By 15603 Potwalloper 1One seat
Dunleer Borough Louth 1679 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ennis Borough Clare 1613 27 February4 Corporation 1One seat
Enniscorthy Borough Wexford 1613 25 May4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Enniskillen Borough Fermanagh 1613 27 February4 Corporation 1One seat
Fermanagh County Fermanagh 1585 September5 Freeholders 2Two seats
Ferns County Wexford By 15799 Freeholders 0Already disfranchisedn 6
Fethard Borough Tipperary 1613 15 April4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Fethard Borough Wexford 1613 15 April4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Fore Borough Westmeath Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Galway Borough County borough Galwayn 3 By 15603 Freemen 1One seat
Galway County County Galway By 1579 10 Freeholders 2Two seats
Gorey also Newburgh Borough Wexford 1620 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Gowran Borough Kilkenny 1608 15 September4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Granard Borough Longford 1679 Manor 0Disfranchised
Harristown Borough Kildare 1684 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Hillsborough Borough Down 1662 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Inistioge Borough Kilkenny By 15853 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Jamestown Borough Leitrim 1622 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kells Borough Meath By 15603 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kerry County Kerry 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Kilbeggan Borough Westmeath 1613 27 February4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kildare Borough Borough Kildare By 15603 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kildare County County Kildare 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Kilkenny City County borough Kilkennyn 3 1299 Freeholders and Freemen 1One seat
Kilkenny County County Kilkenny 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Killybegs Borough Donegal 1616 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Killyleagh Borough Down 1613 10 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kilmallock Borough Limerick By 15603 Corporation 0Disfranchised
King's County County King's County 1556 1112 Freeholders 2Two seats
Kinsale Borough Cork 1334 Corporation and Freemen 1One seat
Knocktopher Borough Kilkenny 1665 Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Lanesborough Borough Longford 1642 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Leitrim County Leitrim 1583 Freeholders 2Two seats
Lifford Borough Donegal 1613 27 February4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Limerick City County borough Limerickn 3 1299 Freeholders and Freemen 1One seat
Limerick County County Limerick 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Lisburn Borough Antrim 1661 Potwalloper 1One seat
Lismore Borough Waterford 1613 6 May4 Manor 0Disfranchised
Londonderry City Borough Londonderry 1613 29 March413 Corporation 1One seat
Londonderry County County Londonderry 1613 Freeholders 2Two seats
Longford Borough Borough Longford 1669 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Longford County County Longford 15711415 Freeholders 2Two seats
Louth County Louth 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Mallow Borough Cork 1613 27 February4 Manor 1One seat
Maryborough Borough Queen's County 1571 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Mayo County Mayo By 157910 Freeholders 2Two seats
Meath County Meath 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Midleton Borough Cork 1671 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Monaghan Borough Borough Monaghan 1613 26 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Monaghan County County Monaghan 1585 September5 Freeholders 2Two seats
Mullingar Borough Westmeath By 15603 Manor 0Disfranchised
Naas Borough Kildare By 15603 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Navan Borough Meath 1469 Corporation 0Disfranchised
New Ross Borough Wexford By 15603 Corporation 1One seat
Newcastle Borough Dublin 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Newry Borough Down 1613 27 February4 Potwalloper 1One seat
Newtown Limavady Borough Londonderry 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Newtownards Borough Down 1613 25 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Old Leighlin Borough Carlow Between 1614 and 1692 Ecclesiastical corporation 0Disfranchised
Philipstown Borough King's County 1571 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Portarlington Borough Queen's County 1668 Corporation 1One seat
Queen's County County Queen's County 1556 1112 Freeholders 2Two seats
Randalstown Borough Antrim 1683 Freeman / Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Rathcormack Borough Cork Between 1614 and 1692 Potwalloper / Manor 0Disfranchised
Ratoath Borough Meath Between 1614 and 1692 Manor 0Disfranchised
Roscommon Borough Borough Roscommon 1613 27 February4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Roscommon County County Roscommon 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
St Canice Borough Kilkennyn 7 Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
St Johnstown Borough Donegal 1618 Corporation 0Disfranchised
St Johnstown Borough Longford 1628 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Sligo Borough Borough Sligo 1613 30 March4 Corporation 1One seat
Sligo County County Sligo By 157910 Freeholders 2Two seats
Strabane Borough Tyrone 1613 18 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Swords Borough Dublin By 15853 Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Taghmon Borough Wexford bef 1642 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tallow Borough Waterford 1613 1 May4 Manor / Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Thomastown Borough Kilkenny 1541 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tipperary County Tipperary 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Cross Tipperary County Tipperary by 1585 Freeholders 0Already disfranchisedn 8
Tralee Borough Kerry 1613 31 March4 Corporation 1One seat
Trim Borough Meath By 15603 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tuam Borough Galway 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tulsk Borough Roscommon 1663 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tyrone County Tyrone 1585 September5 Freeholders 2Two seats
Liberty of Ulster County Multiplen 9 1297 0Already disfranchisedn 9
Waterford City County borough Waterfordn 3 1299 Freemen and freeholders 1One seat
Waterford County County Waterford 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Westmeath County Westmeath 154316 Freeholders 2Two seats
Wexford Borough Borough Wexford By 15603 Freemen 1One seat
Wexford County County Wexford 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Wicklow Borough Borough Wicklow 1613 30 March4 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Wicklow County County Wicklow 15771718 160619 Freeholders 2Two seats
Youghal Borough Cork 1374 Corporation and Freemen 1One seat
Notes
  1. ^ The date of either: the earliest Parliament at which it is known to have received a writ of election or sent representatives; or else: the earliest charter or statute granting representation Outside the Pale, places enfranchised after the Norman conquest often had long periods unrepresented prior to the Tudor reconquest
  2. ^ The territory of Ards, one of the medieval sheriffdoms of the Earldom of Ulster, was included in the reconstituted County Down in 1570
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Actually a separate county corporate
  4. ^ a b The medieval county of Connacht was subdivided in 1570 into the modern counties of Galway and Mayo
  5. ^ The University was in the county of the city of Dublin The electorate was its Fellows and Scholars
  6. ^ The area of Ferns, corresponding to the northern part of County Wexford, was briefly made a separate shire between the 1570s before merging back into Wexford in the 1600s
  7. ^ Actually in the county of the city of Kilkenny rather than county Kilkenny
  8. ^ Cross Tipperary last returned MPs in 1634, and was definitively merged with Tipperary in 1716
  9. ^ a b The medieval liberty of Ulster was subdivided in 1570 into the modern counties of Antrim and Down

Sessionsedit

Parliaments of Edward IIIedit

Parliament of 1374

  • William de Karlell, Kilkenny
  • John de Karlell, Kilkenny
  • Sir Richard Plunkett, Meath

Parliament of 137520

  • Sir Richard Plunkett, Meath
  • Henry Mitchell
  • John Tirel

Parliaments of Richard IIedit

21

Parliament of 1380

  • Sir Richard Plunkett
  • John Tirel

Parliaments of Henry VIedit

22

Parliament of 1429

  • Sir Richard FitzEustace, Kildare

Parliament of 1450

  • John Chevir, Kilkenny, Speaker

Parliaments of Henry VIIIedit

Parliament 1516edit

Parliament 1521–22edit

Parliament 1531edit

Parliament 1533edit

Parliament 1536–37edit

Members

  • Patrick Barnewall
  • Sir William Brabazon

Parliament 1541–43edit

  • First session held at Dublin 13 June to 20 or 23 July 1541, 7 November 1541, 22 December 1541 23
  • Second session held at Limerick 15 February to 7 or 10 March 154223
  • Third session held at Trim June 1542
  • Dissolved 19 November 154323

Speaker: Sir Thomas Cusack24

Parliament of Mary Iedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 1 June 1557 1 March 1558 James Stanyhurst 3

Parliaments of Elizabeth Iedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 12 January 1560 1 February 1560 James Stanyhurst 1
2 17 January 1569 25 April 1571 James Stanyhurst 10

Members:

  • Sir Edmond Butler
  • Sir Thomas Cusack, Athenry
  • Sir Christopher Barnewall, Dublin County
  • James Stanyhurst, Speaker
  • Sir Lucas Dillon, Meath
  • Sir John Alan, Kinsale
  • Francis Agard, Kinsale
  • John Parker, Trim
  • Sir Henry Radclyffe, Carlingford
  • John Walsh, Youghal
  • John Portyngall, Youghal
  • Richmond Archbold, Cross Tipperary
  • Edmund Prendergast, Cross Tipperary
  • Nicholas White, County Kilkenny
  • Henry Draycott, Naas
  • John Meade, Cork City
  • Humphrey Warren, Carrickfergus
  • Barnaby Fitzpatrick later 2nd Baron Upper Ossory
Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
3 26 April 1585 14 May 1586 Nicholas Walsh 7

Members: List of Irish MPs 1585–86

Parliaments of James Iedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 18 May 1613 24 October 1615 Sir John Davies

Members:

  • Roger Atkinson, Enniskillen
  • Andrew Barrett Cork County
  • Richard Barry, Dublin City
  • Sir John Bere, Carlow
  • Sir Francis Berkeley, Limerick County
  • Ralph Birchenshaw, Augher
  • Sir Valentine Blake, 1st Baronet, Galway County
  • Sir John Blennerhassett, Baron of the Court of Exchequer, Belfast
  • Robert Blennerhassett Tralee
  • Richard Bolton, Dublin City
  • Sir Edward Brabazon, Wicklow County
  • Edmund Butler, Cross Tipperary
  • Boetius Clancy, junior, Clare
  • Edmund Coppinger, Youghal
  • Sir Thomas Crooke, 1st Baronet, Baltimore
  • Sir John Davies, Speaker and Attorney-General, Fermanagh
  • Gilbert Domville, Kildare
  • Charles Doyne, Trinity College
  • Sir John Everard, Catholic d 1624, 'the acknowledged leader of the opposition'25 Tipperary
  • Humphrey Farnham, Enniskillen
  • William Ferrar, Clogher26
  • James Roche Fitz-Philip, Kinsale
  • Dominick Roche Fitz-Richard, Kinsale
  • Sir Henry Folliott, Fermanagh
  • John Forrest, Youghal
  • Sir Paul Gore, 1st Baronet, Ballyshannon
  • Henry Gosnold, Second Justice of Munster, Clonakilty
  • Sir James Gough, Waterford
  • Sir Edward Harris, Chief Justice of Munster, Clonakilty
  • Sir Robert Jacobe, Solicitor-General, Carlow
  • Sir John King, Muster-master, Roscommon County
  • Thomas Laffan, Cross Tipperary
  • Gerard Lowther, Justice of the Common Pleas, Tallow
  • Thomas Luttrell, Dublin County
  • Dermot McCarthy Cork County
  • Thomas Browne Mills, Limerick County
  • Daniel Molyneaux, Ulster King of Arms, Strabane
  • Samuel Molyneaux, Mallow
  • Sir Garrett Moore, later Viscount Moore of Drogheda, Dungannon
  • Sir Edward Moore, Charlemont
  • Sir Richard Moryson, Vice-president of Munster, Bandonbridge
  • Barnabas O'Brien, later Earl of Thomond, Coleraine
  • Sir Daniel O'Brien, later 1st Viscount Clare, Clare
  • Lawrence Parsons, Tallow
  • William Parsons, Surveyor General, Newcastle
  • Henry Piers or Pierce, Secretary to the Lord Deputy, Baltimore
  • Sir Christopher Plunket, Dublin County
  • Sir Hugh Pollerde, Dungannon
  • Sir Thomas Ridgeway, later Earl of Londonderry, vice-treasurer and treasurer-at-war, 'in practice recognized by both parties as leader of the house'27 Tyrone
  • Sir Robert Ridgeway, Ballynakill
  • Sir Francis Roe, Tyrone
  • Christopher Sibthorpe, Justice of the Court of King's Bench, Newtown Limavady
  • Edward Skorye, Augher
  • Sir Oliver St John, Master of the Ordnance and Vice-President of Connaught, Roscommon County
  • Sir William Talbot, 1st Baronet, Kildare
  • William Temple, Provost of Trinity College, Dublin, Trinity College
  • Sir William Usher, Clerk of the Council, Wicklow Borough
  • Sir James Ware, Auditor-General, Mallow
  • George Watkins, Clogher26
  • Sir Richard Wingfield, Marshal of the Army, Downpatrick

Parliaments of Charles Iedit

Parliament of 1634–35edit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 14 July 1634 18 April 1635 Sir Nathaniel Catelyn

Members:

  • Sir Nathaniel Catelyn, Speaker
  • John Clotworthy
  • Patrick Darcy
  • Sir Edward Fitzharris
  • Maurice Fitzgerald
  • Sir Henry Lynch
  • Sir Thomas Luttrell
  • Richard Martin
  • Nicholas Plunkett
  • Sir William Sarsfield
  • Sir Nicholas White
  • William Gallwey
  • James Roche
  • Guildford Slingsby
  • Nicholas Barnewall
  • Sir Paul Davys
  • Sir John Borlase
  • Sir Valentine Blake, 3rd Baronet
  • Sir James Ware
  • James Donnellan
  • Sir Henry Spotteswood
  • Edward Ayscough
  • Sir William Cole
  • Sir John Hume
  • Sir Faithful Fortescue
  • John Perkins
  • Barnabas O'Brien
  • Daniel O'Brien
  • Christopher Wandesford
  • George Radcliffe
  • Sir Richard Kennedy, 1st Baronet
  • Lott Peere
  • Edward Skipwith
  • Sir Charles Coote, later Earl of Mountrath
  • James Dillon
  • Sir Thomas Geogh
  • Geoffrey Mockler
  • Sir James Erskine
  • Sir Henry Tichborne
  • Sir William St Leger, Cork County
  • Sir Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty, Cork County
  • William Kingsmill, Mallow
  • Robert Meredith, Augher
  • James Erskine, Augher
  • James Barry, later Lord Barry, Liamore
  • Sir Henry Bingham, 1st Baronet, Castlebar
  • John Bysse, Charlemont
  • Sir Robert Talbot, 2nd Baronet, Wicklow
  • Sir Jerome Alexander, Lifford
  • Sir William Ryves, Belturbet
  • Geoffrey Barron, Clonmel
  • Sir Robert Travers, Clonakilty
  • Philip Mainwaring, Clonakilty

Parliament of 1639–49edit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 16 March 1639 prorogued 1641 30 January 1649 Sir Maurice Eustace

Members: List of Irish MPs 1639–49

Parliament of Charles IIedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 8 May 1661 7 August 1666 Sir Audley Mervyn

Members: List of Irish MPs 1661–66

Members:

  • Sir John Temple, Carlow
  • Sir Thomas Burdett, 1st Baronet, Carlow
  • Nicholas Plunkett, Meath
  • Sir Audley Mervyn, Tyrone, Speaker
  • Sir Arthur Forbes, later Earl of Granard, Tyrone
  • Sir Maurice Eustace junior, Knocktopher
  • Sir William Domville, Dublin City
  • St John Broderick
  • Randolph Clayton
  • Sir Henry Ingoldsby, 1st Baronet, Clare
  • Sir William Davys, Dublin City
  • Sir MIchael Cole
  • Sir Robert Cole
  • Sir Arthur Gore, 1st Baronet, Mayo
  • Matthew Harrison
  • Sir James Ware, University of Dublin
  • Lord John Butler, University of Dublin
  • Sir William King
  • Robert Oliver
  • Sir John Cole, 1st Baronet
  • Sir Paul Davys, Kildare
  • Sir Robert King 1st Baronet, Ballyshannon
  • Henry Bellingham
  • John Blennerhassett
  • Robert Blennerhassett
  • Sir John Skeffington
  • Sir Toby Poyntz
  • Richard Southwell, Askeaton
  • Sir Richard Bulkeley, 1st Baronet, Baltinglass
  • Sir Arthur Chichester
  • Sir Thomas Bramhall
  • Nicholas Ward, Downpatrick
  • Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet, Lismore
  • Sir Nicholas Purdon, Baltimore
  • Richard Townsend, Baltimore
  • Sir Randal Berseford, Coleraine
  • Moses Hill, Drogheda
  • Sir Robert Reading, Ratoath
  • Sir William Flower, St Canice
  • Oliver Wheeler, St Canice
  • John Ponsonby, County Kilkenny
  • Daniel Redman, County Kilkenny
  • William Handcock, Westmeath
  • John Chambers, Ardee
  • John Ruxton, Ardee
  • Richard Boyle, Cork County
  • Roger Boyle, Cork County
  • Sir Henry Tynte, Cork County
  • Sir John Perceval, Cork County
  • John St Leger, Cork County
  • Henry Mervyn, Augher
  • Richard Palfrey, Augher
  • Francis Harvey, Clonmines
  • John Povey, Swords
  • Sir George Bingham, 2nd Baronet, Castlebar
  • Moses Hill, Drogheda
  • Sir Richard Reynell, 1st Baronet, Athboy
  • Henry O'Brien, Lord Ibrackan, Clare
  • Sir Edward Smith, Lisburn
  • Oliver Jones, Roscommon County
  • Joshua Boyle, Clonakilty
  • Arthur Freke, Clonakilty
  • Colonel Carey Dillon, Banagher
  • Dudley Colley, Philipstown
  • Sir John Lyndon, Carrickfergus

Parliaments of James IIedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 7 May 1689 20 July 1689 Sir Richard Nagle28

Members:

Main article: Patriot Parliament

Parliaments of William III and Mary IIedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 5 October 1692 26 June 1693 Sir Richard Levinge 1

Members: List of Irish MPs 1692–93

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 27 August 1695 14 June 1699 Robert Rochfort 2

Members: List of Irish MPs 1695–99

Parliaments of Anneedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 21 September 1703 6 May 1713 Alan Brodrick; John Forster from 19 May 1710 6

Members: List of Irish MPs 1703–13

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 25 November 1713 1 August 1714 on death of Queen Anne Alan Brodrick 1

Members: List of Irish MPs 1713–14

Parliament of George Iedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 12 November 1715 11 June 1727 William Conolly 6

Members: List of Irish MPs 1715–27

Parliament of George IIedit

Henry Boyle, speaker between 1733–1756 John Ponsonby, speaker between 1756–1771
Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 28 November 1727 25 October 1760 on death of King George II William Conolly; Sir Ralph Gore, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 13 October 1729; Henry Boyle from 4 October 1733; John Ponsonby from 26 April 1756 17

Members: List of Irish MPs 1727–60

Members: elected 1727

  • St John Brodrick
  • Henry Boyle
  • Sir Richard Cox, 2nd baronet
  • Sir Matthew Deane, 3rd Baronet
  • Charles Viscount Dungarvan
  • Anthony Malone, Westmeath married Speaker Ralph Gore's daughter,
  • Thomas Carter
  • Luke Gardiner, Tralee Thomastown to 1755
  • Sir Arthur Acheson, 5th Baronet, for Mullingar
  • Edward Lovett Pearce
  • Robert Marshall
  • Eaton Stannard

Members: elected 1728/29

Members: elected 1739

  • John Ponsonby

Members: in 1747

  • Henry Gore, Tulsk
  • Frederick Gore, Killybegs
  • Sir Ralph Gore, Donegal County
  • Arthur Hyde
  • John Macarell, Carlingford
  • Henry Mitchell, Castlebar

Members: elected 1751/1752

  • Thomas Newenham, Cork
  • Sir Richard Cox, Cork
  • Cosby Nesbitt, Cavan
  • Frederick Gore, Killybegs
  • Henry Gore, Tulsk
  • Sir Ralph Gore, Donegal County
  • John Macarell, Carlingford
  • Henry Mitchell, Castlebar

Members: elected 1753/1754

  • Francis Pierpoint Burton, Killybegs
  • Robert Fitzgerald, Kerry
  • Henry Gore, Tulsk
  • Frederick Gore, Killybegs
  • Sir Ralph Gore, Donegal County
  • John Macarell, Carlingford
  • Henry Mitchell, Castlebar
  • Cosby Nesbitt, Cavan County
  • Mervyn Archdall
  • William Brownlow, Armagh, Independent
  • Francis Pierpoint Burton, Killybegs
  • Charles Viscount Dungarvan
  • Robert French
  • John Gore
  • Henry Gore, Tulsk
  • Frederick Gore, Killybegs
  • Sir Ralph Gore, Donegal County
  • Anthony Malone
  • John Macarell, Carlingford
  • Henry Mitchell, Castlebar
  • Edmund Pery, Independent
  • John Ponsonby
  • Abel Ram Committee of Commons unseated Robert Leigh, Wexford

Members:

  • Sir Archibold Acheson
  • John Bowes
  • Benjamin Burton
  • Sir Charles Burton, Dublin
  • Francis Pierpoint Burton, Killybegs
  • Nathaniel Clements
  • Cunninghame
  • James Dunn, Dublin
  • Sir William Fownes
  • John Gore
  • Henry Gore
  • Frederick Gore
  • John Hely-Hutchinson, Cork
  • Henry Lyons
  • Anthony Malone
  • Cosby Nesbitt, Cavan County
  • Charles O'Hara
  • Edmond Pery, Independent
  • Sir Thomas Prendergast
  • Stone
  • Philip Tisdall

Parliaments of George IIIedit

Edmund Perry, speaker between 1771 and 1785 John Foster, last speaker of the Irish House of Commons 1807–1811
Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 22 October 1761 28 May 1768 Octennial Act John Ponsonby 4

Members: List of Irish MPs 1761–68

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 17 October 1769 5 April 1776 John Ponsonby to 4 March 1771, Edmond Pery Sexton 5

Members: List of Irish MPs 1769–76

Grattan's Parliamentedit

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
3 18 June 1776 25 July 1783 Edmund Sexton Pery 4

Members: List of Irish MPs 1776–83

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
4 14 October 1783 8 April 1790 Edmund Sexton Pery, then John Foster from 5 September 1785 7

Members:List of Irish MPs 1783–90

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
5 2 July 1790 11 July 1797 John Foster 8

Members: List of Irish MPs 1790–97

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
6 9 January 1798 31 December 1800 John Foster 3

Members:List of Irish MPs 1798–1800

Resignationedit

Until 1793 members could not resign their seats They could cease to be a member of the House only by one of four ways:

  • death
  • expulsion
  • taking Holy Orders
  • being awarded a peerage and so a seat in the Irish House of Lords

In 1793 a methodology for resignation was created, equivalent to the Chiltern Hundreds in the British House of Commons Irish members could now be appointed to either the Escheatorship of Munster, the Escheatorship of Leinster, the Escheatorship of Connaught or the Escheatorship of Ulster Possession of one of these Crown offices, with entailed a 30/- 30 shilling salary, automatically terminated one's membership of the House of Commons

Famous membersedit

  • Henry Grattan: Went on to serve as an Irish member of the United Kingdom House of Commons
  • Boyle Roche: The "father" of Irish bulls
  • Hon Arthur Wellesley: Later became Duke of Wellington, defeated Napoleon I at Waterloo, and served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom He represented his family borough of Trim, County Meath from 1790–98
  • William Conolly: A past Speaker, Conolly remains today one of the most widely known figures ever to be produced by the Irish parliament He is famous not just for his role in parliament but also for his great wealth that allowed him to build one of Ireland's greatest Georgian houses, Castletown House
  • Nathaniel Clements: 1705–77 Government and Treasury Official, Managed extensive financial functions from 1720–77 on behalf of the Government, de facto Minister for Finance 1740–77, extensive property owner and developer major influence on the architecture of Georgian Dublin and the Irish Palladian Country house
  • John Philpot Curran: Orator and wit, originator of the quotation "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty"

See alsoedit

  • History of Ireland
  • Parliament of Ireland
  • List of UK Parliamentary constituencies in Ireland 1801–1832

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Porritt, Edward 1963 The Unreformed House of Commons Parliamentary Representation Before 1832 CUP Archive pp 185–7 Retrieved 23 July 2013 
  2. ^ a b Fiants Ire Eliz No 1530
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Hardiman, James 1842 "Appendix III: The lordes spirituall and temporall, counties, cytties, and borough-townes, as are answerable to the Parlyament in this realme of Ireland ; and souche as weare sommoned unto the Parlyament holden before the right honorable Sir John Perrot, knyght, Lord Deputie Generall of the realme of Ireland, xxvi die Aprilis, anno regni Regine nostre Elizabeth, vicesimo septimo A D 1585" A Statute of the fortieth Year of Edward III, enacted in a Parliament held in Kilkenny, A D 1367, before Lionel Duke of Clarence, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Now first printed from a MSin the Library of his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lambeth With a Translation and Notes Tracts relating to Ireland VolII Dublin: Irish Archaeological Society 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as Moody, TW; The Irish Parliament under Elizabeth and James I, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol 45 1939 No 6, PP 72-76
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Moody, TW; Martin, FX; Byrne, FJ 1991 Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691 Oxford University Press p 166 Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum Cancellariae Hiberniae Asservatarum Repertorium Repertory of the Inquisitions of the Chancery of Ireland Volume II, page xix 'An Order for the division, setting out and appoyntinge of the boundes, lymytts and circuits of sixe severall sheires or countyes within the pvince of Ulster within this realme of Ireland, viz the countye of Tyron, the countye of Donnyngall, the countye of Fermanaghe, the countye of Colrane, the countye of Armaghe and the countye of Monohon the firste of September anno dei 1585, annoque dominae Reginae Elizabeth', 27mo'
  6. ^ "Turlough Lynagh O'Neill's pretence to harm the new made county of Cavan" Proceedings and orders of the Chancellor, Council and Gentlemen of Meath and Dublin, August 21 1579, Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 2, 1574-1585 page 184
  7. ^ "O'Reilly's country erected into the County of Cavan" Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham, 16 November 1584, Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 2, 1574-1585 page 537
  8. ^ Then called Dengenechoyshe
  9. ^ Moody, TW; Martin, FX; Byrne, FJ 1984 A New History of Ireland, Vol IX, Maps, Genealogies, Lists Oxford University Press p 108 
  10. ^ a b c "Orders to be observed by Sir Nicholas Malby, Knight, for the better government of the Province of Connaght" Printed in O'Flaherty's Chorographical Description of West Or H-Iar Connaught: Written AD 1684 ed Hardiman, P 304
  11. ^ a b An Act "whereby the King and Queen's Majesties, and the Heires and Successors of the Queen, be entituled to the Counties of Leix, Slewmarge, Irry, Glinmaliry, and Offaily, and for making the same Countries Shire Grounds" 3 & 4 Phil & Mar, c2 1556 The Act was repealed in 1962
  12. ^ a b ”Falkiner, Caesar Litton 1904 Illustrations of Irish history and topography, mainly of the seventeenth century London: Longmans, Green, & Co pp 118–9 ISBN 1-144-76601-X 
  13. ^ Previously incorporated as Derry, 11 July 1604
  14. ^ Maginn, Christopher 2012 William Cecil, Ireland, and the Tudor State Oxford p 194 
  15. ^ "The Annaley, formerly governed by O’Farrale Bane and O’Farrale Boy, is erected into a shire called Longford" Lord Chancellor and Council to the Queen, March 23, 1571,Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 1, 1509-1573, page 440
  16. ^ Counties of Meath and Westmeath Act 1543 34 Henry VIII cap 1 Ire An Act for the division of Methe into two shires”Falkiner, Caesar Litton 1904 Illustrations of Irish history and topography, mainly of the seventeenth century London: Longmans, Green, & Co p 117 ISBN 1-144-76601-X 
  17. ^ Fiants Ire Eliz No 3003, 22 March 1577
  18. ^ The county of Wicklow created in 1577 seems not to have functioned and ceased to exist some time after 1586 - Moody, TW; Martin, FX; Byrne, FJ 1984 A New History of Ireland, Vol IX, Maps, Genealogies, Lists Oxford University Press p 108 
  19. ^ Moody, TW; Martin, FX; Byrne, FJ 1991 Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691 Oxford University Press p 166 
  20. ^ Hart, AR The History of the King's Serjeants at law in Ireland Four Courts Press 2000 pp19-20
  21. ^ Hart p20
  22. ^ Ball, F Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926 Vol1 p102
  23. ^ a b c Alan Bryson, ‘St Leger, Sir Anthony 1496–1559’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 14 June 2014
  24. ^ O'Flanagan "could not say for what place he sat in Parliament, although he had carefully examined the List as given in the ‘Liber Munerum Publicorum Hiberniæ’" O'Flanagan, JRoderick Lives of the Lord Chancellors of Ireland 2 Volumes London 1870, page 219
  25. ^ Moody, TW; The Irish Parliament under Elizabeth and James I, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol 45 1939 No 6, P65
  26. ^ a b Ceased to sit after the first session, as his borough was declared not to have the franchise
  27. ^ Moody, TW; The Irish Parliament under Elizabeth and James I, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol 45 1939 No 6, P64
  28. ^ Seward, Paul: Parliamentry History: Speakers and Speakership Blackwell Publishing 2010 p 62

Sourcesedit

  • Charles Ivar McGrath, The making of the 18th century Irish Constitution; Government, Parliament and the Revenue, 1692-1714, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000, ISBN 1-85182-554-1
  • Eoin Magennis, The Irish Political System 1740-1765, Doublin: Four Courts Press, 2000, ISBN 1-85182-484-7
  • Moody/Vaughan, A new history of Ireland, Oxford, 1986, ISBN 0-19-821742-0 and ISBN 0-19-821739-0
  • Mary Frances Cusack, Illustrated History of Ireland, Project Gutenberg
  • Return of the name of every member of the lower house of parliament of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with name of constituency represented, and date of return, from 1213 to 1874 C 69–I HMSO 1878 
  • Edith Mary Johnston-Liik, ed 2002 History of the Irish parliament, 1692–1800 Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation 

External linksedit

  • Members Name Search Commons and Lords, 1692–1800 Irish Legislation Database, Queen's University Belfast
  • History of the Irish Parliament: Constituencies Ulster Historical Foundation
  • Journals of the House of Commons of Ireland proceedings 1613–1800; published 1795-1800; large ~1 GB PDF scans from Oireachtas library Index Vol1 Index Vol2 Vol2 Vol3 Vol4 Vol5 Vol6 Vol7 Vol8 Vol9 Vol10 Vol11 Vol12 Vol13 Vol14 Vol15 Vol16 Vol17 Vol17 Appendix Vol18 Vol19 Vol19 Appendix


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