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Intercontinental Cup (football)

intercontinental cup (football) keeling, intercontinental cup (football) michigan
The Intercontinental Cup, also known as European/South American Cup, and also Toyota Cup from 1980 to 2004 for commercial reasons by agreement with the automaker, was an official international football competition endorsed by the Union of European Football Associations UEFA and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol CONMEBOL,12 contested between representative clubs from these confederations, usually the winners of the European Champions' Cup now known as the UEFA Champions League, and the South American Copa Libertadores The competition has since been replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup

From its formation in 1960 to 1979, the competition was contested over a two legged tie, with a playoff if necessary until 1968, and penalty kicks later During the 1970s, European participation in the Intercontinental Cup became a running question due to controversial events in the 1969 final,3 and some European Champions Club' winner teams withdrew4 From 1980 until 2004, the competition was contested over a single match held in Japan and sponsored by multinational automaker Toyota, which offered a secondary trophy, the Toyota Cup5

All the winning teams are regarded by worldwide mass media and football's community as "world champions"678 The first winner of the cup was Spanish side Real Madrid, defeating Uruguayan side Peñarol in 1960 The last winner was Portuguese side Porto, defeating Colombian side Once Caldas in a penalty shoot-out in 2004

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Beginnings
    • 12 Rioplatense violence
    • 13 Degradation
    • 14 Rebirth in Japan
  • 2 De facto club teams' World Championship
  • 3 Trophy
  • 4 Cup format
  • 5 Results
    • 51 Notes
  • 6 Performances
    • 61 Performance by club
    • 62 Performance by country
    • 63 Performance by confederation
    • 64 Coaches
    • 65 Players
  • 7 All-time top scorers
  • 8 Hat-tricks
  • 9 Man of the Match
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

Beginningsedit

According to Brazilian newspaper Tribuna de Imprensa, the idea for the Intercontinental Cup rose in 1958 in a conversation between the then president of the Brazilian FA João Havelange and French journalist Jacques Goddet9 The first mention to the creation of the Intercontinental and Libertadores Cups was published by Brazilian and Spanish newspapers on October 9, 1958, referring to then Brazilian FA president João Havelange's announcement of the project to create such competitions, which he uttered during a UEFA meeting he attended as an invitee10111213 From the rise of the European Cup in 1955 to the announcement in October 1958 and finally the onset of Libertadores and Intercontinental Cups in 1960, Real Madrid CF the reigning European champion all over the period played two intercontinental club competitions, the 1956 Pequeña Copa del Mundo de Clubes and the 1957 Tournoi de Paris14 According to a French video record of the highlights of the 1957 Tournoi de Paris final match, between Real Madrid CF and CR Vasco da Gama, this was the first match ever dubbed as "the best team of Europe X the best team of South America", before the rise of the Intercontinental Cup1516 The aforementioned final match of the 1957 Tournoi de Paris, as well as a  Real Madrid CF X Santos FC June 1959 friendly match held in Madrid won by the Spaniards, 5 x 3, were both mentioned as "being like a club world cup  match" by the Brazilian press,1718 on the grounds that those were clashes between the European Champion and the champions of the most important leagues of Brazil1920  

Created in 1960 at the initiative of the European confederation UEFA, with CONMEBOL's support, the European/South American Cup, known also as the Intercontinental Cup, was contested by the holders of the European Champion Clubs’ Cup and the winners of its newly established South American equivalent, the Template:Top scorer Copa Libertadores FIFA failed to authorise the competition in the 1960s21 in 1961 prohibiting the competition from taking place unless the participants gave it a "private friendly match" status;22 however, the competition went on, being endorsed by both UEFA and CONMEBOL all over its history, from 1960 to 2004, and both UEFA and CONMEBOL consider all editions official by including them in their records232425 It was the brainchild of UEFA president Henri Delaunay, who also helped Jules Rimet in the realization of the inaugural FIFA World Cup in 19302627 Initially played over two legs, with a third match if required in the early years when goal difference did not count, the competition had a rather turbulent existence The first winners of the competition were Spanish club Real Madrid Real Madrid managed to hold Uruguayan side Peñarol 0-0 in Montevideo and trounce the South Americans 5-1 in Madrid to win282930 After the victory of Real Madrid in the first edition of the Intercontinental Cup, Barcelona newspaper El Mundo Deportivo hailed the Madrid team as the First World Champion Club, on the one hand pointing out that the competition "did not include Africans, Asians and other countries part to FIFA", on the other hand expressing doubt that these regions might present football of the same high quality of Europe and South America31 The Spaniards titled themselves world champions until FIFA stepped in and objected; citing that the competition did not include any other champions from the other confederations, FIFA stated that they can only claim to be intercontinental champions of a competition played between two organizations32 Peñarol would appear again the following year and come out victorious after beating Portuguese club Benfica on the playoff; after a 1-0 win by the Europeans in Lisboa and a 5-0 trashing by the South Americans, a playoff at the Estadio Centenario saw the home side squeeze a 2-1 win to become the first South American side to win the competition333435

In 1962 the tournament grew more in worldwide attention after it was swept through the sublime football of a Santos team led by Pelé, considered by some the best club team of all times36 Os Santásticos, also known as O Balé Branco or white ballet, which dazzled the world during that time and containing stars such as Gilmar, Mauro, Mengálvio, Coutinho, and Pepe, won the title after defeating Benfica 3-2 in Rio de Janeiro and thrashing the Europeans 2-5 in their Estádio da Luz373839 Santos would successfully defend the title in 1963 after being pushed all the way by Milan After each side won 4-2 at their respective home legs, a playoff match at the Maracanã saw Santos keep the title after a tight 1-0 victory3740 The competition had attracted the interest of other continents The North and Central America condeferation, CONCACAF, had asked, unsuccessfully, to participate3941 Milan's fierce rivals, Inter Milan, would go on to win the 1964 and 1965 editions, beating Argentine club Independiente on both occasions4243444546 Peñarol gained revenge for their loss in 1960 by crushing Real Madrid 4-0 in aggregate in 1966354748

Rioplatense violenceedit

However, as a result of the violence often practised in the Copa Libertadores by Argentine and Uruguayan clubs during the 1960s,49 disagreements with CONMEBOL, the lack of financial incentives and the violent, brutal and controversial way the Brazilian national team was treated in the 1966 FIFA World Cup by European teams, Brazilian football—including its club sides—declined to participate in international competitions in the late 1960s, including the Copa Libertadores and consequently the Intercontinental Cup During this time, the competition became dogged by foul play50 Calendar problems, acts of brutality, even on the pitch, and boycotts tarnished its image, to the point of bringing into question the wisdom of organizing it at all

The 1967 edition between Argentina's Racing Club and Scotland's Celtic was a violent affair, with the third decisive game being dubbed "The Battle of Montevideo" after three players from the Scottish side and two from the Argentine side were sent off A fourth Celtic player was also dismissed, but amid the chaos he got away with staying on51525354

AC Milan's Néstor Combin was left bloodied and unconscious after a brutal series against Estudiantes de La Plata

The following season, Argentine side Estudiantes de La Plata faced England's Manchester United in which the return leg saw Estudiantes come out on top of a bad-tempered series555657 But it was the events of 1969 which damaged the competition's integrity58 After a 3-0 win at San Siro, Milan went to Buenos Aires to play Estudiantes at La Bombonera596061 Estudiantes' players booted balls at the Milan team as they warmed up and hot coffee was poured on the Italians as they emerged from the tunnel by Estudiantes' fans Estudiantes resorted to inflicting elbows and allegedly even needles at the Milanese team in order to intimidate them Pierino Prati was knocked unconscious and continued for a further 20 minutes despite suffering from a mild concussion Estudiantes goalkeeper Alberto Poletti also punched Gianni Rivera, but the most vicious treatment was reserved for Néstor Combin, an Argentinean-born striker, who had faced accusations of being a traitor as he was on the opposite side of the intercontinental match586263

Combin was kicked in the face by Poletti and later had his nose and cheekbone broken by the elbow of Ramón Aguirre Suárez Bloodied and broken, Combin was asked to return to the pitch by the referee but fainted While unconscious, Combin was arrested by Argentine police on a charge of draft dodging, having not undertaken military service in the country The player was forced to spend a night in the cells, eventually being released after explaining he had fulfilled national service requirements as a French citizen58 Estudiantes won the game 2-1 but Milan took the title on aggregate58616263

Italian newspaper Gazzetta dello Sport dubbed it "Ninety minutes of a man-hunt" The Argentinean press responded with "The English were right" – a reference to Alf Ramsey's famous description of the Argentina national football team as "animals" during the 1966 FIFA World Cup586263 The Argentinean Football Association AFA, under heavy international pressure, took stern action Argentina's President, military dictator Juan Carlos Onganía, summoned Estudiantes delegate Oscar Ferrari and demanded "the severest appropriate measures in defence of the good name of the national sport It was a lamentable spectacle which breached most norms of sporting ethics"586263 Poletti was banned from the sport for life, Suárez was banned for 30 games, and Eduardo Manera for 20 with the former and latter serving a month in jail58

Degradationedit

Due to the brutality in these editions, FIFA was called into providing penalties and regulating the tournament However, FIFA stated that it could not stipulate regulations in a competition that it did not organize Though the competition was endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL as an official competition, René Courte, FIFA's General Sub-Secretary, wrote an article shortly afterwards stating that FIFA viewed the competition as a "European-South American friendly match"64 Courte's statement was endorsed by then–FIFA president Sir Stanley Rous, who then stated that FIFA saw the Intercontinental Cup as a friendly match65666768 Madrid newspaper ABC then pointed out that, though the Intercontinental Cup was not officially endorsed by FIFA, it was endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, therefore being an "intercontinental jurisdiction" cup69 However, with the Asian and North-Central American club competitions in place, FIFA opened the idea of supervising the competition if it included those confederations, which was met with a negative response from its participating confederations, UEFA and CONMEBOL According to Stanley Rous, CONCACAF and the Asian Football Confederation had requested their participation in the Intercontinental Cup, which was rejected by UEFA and CONMEBOL707172737475 Nevertheless, some European champions started to decline participation in the tournament after the events of 196976

Estudiantes would face Dutch side Feyenoord the following season, which saw the Europeans victorious Oscar Malbernat ripped off Joop van Daele's glasses and trampled on them claiming that he was "not allowed to play with glasses"77787980 Dutch side Ajax, European champions of 1971, would decline to face Uruguay's Nacional due to the latter side's reputation for violent play, which resulted in European Cup runners-up, Greek side Panathinaikos, participating818283 Nacional's Luis Artime ended up breaking Yiannis Tomaras' leg in two places in the first leg as Nacional won the series 3-2 on aggregate81828384

Dutch team Ajax won the 1972 series v Argentine club Independiente

Ajax participated in 1972 against Independiente858687 The team's arrival at Buenos Aires was extremely hostile: Johan Cruyff received several death threats from Independiente's local fan firms88 Due to the indifference from the Argentine police, Ajax manager Ştefan Kovács appointed an organized emergency security detail for the Nederlandse meester, headed by himself and team member Barry Hulshoff, described as a big and burly man88 In the first leg, Cruyff opened the scoring in Avellaneda at the 5th minute As a result, Dante Mircoli retaliated with a vicious tackle a couple of minutes later; Cruyff was too injured to continue and the Dutch team found themselves being assaulted with tackles and punches858687 Kovács had to convince his team to play on during half-time as his players wanted to withdraw858687 Ajax squeezed a 1-1 tie and followed up with a 3-0 trounce in Amsterdam to win the Cup85868789 Although Ajax were the defending champions, they again declined to participate a year later after Independiente won the Libertadores again, leaving it to Juventus, European Cup runners-up, to play a single-match final won by the Argentines86879091 That same year, French newspaper L'Equipe, which helped to bring about the birth of the European Cup, volunteered to sponsor a Club World Cup contested by the champions of Europe, South America, Central and North America and Africa, the only continental club tournaments in existence at the time; the competition was to potentially take place in Paris between September and October 1974 with an eventual final to be held at the Parc des Princes7676929394 The proposal, supported by the South Americans,76 was dismissed due to the negativity of the Europeans94

German club Bayern Munich also declined to play in 1974 as Independiente again qualified to participate95969798 European Cup runners-up Atlético Madrid from Spain won the competition 2-1 on aggregate9596 Once again, Independiente qualified to participate in 1975; this time, both finalists of the European Cup declined to participate and the competition was not played99 That same year, L'Equipe tried, once again, to create a Club World Cup, in which the participants would have been: the four semifinalists of the European Cup, both finalists of the Copa Libertadores, as well as the African and Asian champions However, UEFA declined once again and the proposal failed100

In 1976, when Brazilian side Cruzeiro won the Copa Libertadores, the European champions Bayern Munich willingly participated, with the Bavarians winning 2–0 on aggregate In an interview with Jornal do Brasil, Bayern's manager Dettmar Cramer denied that Bayern's refusal to dispute the 1974 and 1975 Intercontinental Cups were a result of the rivals being Argentine teams He claimed it was a scheduling impossibility, rather, which kept the Germans from participating He also stated that the competition was not economically rewarding due to the team's fan base's disinterest in the Cup To cover the costs of playing the first leg in Munich's Olympiastadion, the organizers needed to have a minimum of 25,000 spectators However, due to heavy snow and cold weather, only 18,000 showed up Because of this deficit, Cramer stated that if Bayern were to win the European Cup again, they would decline to participate as it held no assurances of income101

Argentine Boca Juniors played German Borussia Mönchengladbach after European champions Liverpool declined to participate in the 1977 edition

Argentine side Boca Juniors qualified for the 1977 and 1978 editions, for which the European champions, English club Liverpool, declined to participate on both occasions In 1977, Boca Juniors defeated European Cup runners-up, German club Borussia Mönchengladbach, 5-2 on aggregate102103104105 Boca Juniors declined to face Belgian club Brugge in 1978 leaving that edition undisputed99 Paraguay's Olimpia won the 1979 edition against European Cup runners-up, Swedish side Malmö FF, after winning both legs106107108109 However, the competition had greatly declined in prestige After the 0-1 win of the South Americans in the first leg at Malmö, which saw fewer than 5,000 Swedish fans turn up, Spanish newspaper El Mundo Deportivo called the Cup "a dog without an owner"76

The truth is that the Intercontinental Cup is an adventitious competition without foundation It has no known owner, it depends on a strange consensus and the interested clubs are not tempted to risk much for so little money, as evidenced by the attendance at the game in Malmö, played, of course, in absence of this year's champion, Nottingham Forest, by the Swedish team, finalist in one of the most boring and worst games played to cap off the European Cup since 1956

“ ” Spanish newspaper El Mundo Deportivo76

According to Brazilian newspaper O Estado de São Paulo, the deal for the establishment of the Interamerican Cup was made in 1968 by CONMEBOL and CONCACAF, and established that the Interamerican Cup champion club would be entitled to represent the American continent in the Intercontinental Cup110 According to the Mexican newspapers, after winning the 1977 and 1980 editions of the Interamerican Cup, Mexican clubs América and PUMAS Unam, and the Mexican Football Association, demanded, unsuccessfully, to participate in the Intercontinental Cup111112113

Rebirth in Japanedit

Uruguayan club Nacional won the first edition held in Japan, 1980

Seeing the deterioration of the Intercontinental Cup, Japanese motor corporation Toyota took the competition under its wing It created contractual obligations to have the Intercontinental Cup played in Japan once a year in which every club participating were obliged to participate or face legal consequences This modern format breathed new air into the competition which saw a new trophy handed out along with the Intercontinental Cup, the Toyota Cup

To protect themselves against the possibility of European withdrawals, Toyota, UEFA and every European Cup participant signed annual contracts requiring the eventual winners of the European Cup to participate at the Intercontinental Cup—as a condition UEFA stipulated to the clubs' participation in the European Cup—or risk facing an international lawsuit from UEFA and Toyota114

The first Toyota Cup was held in 1980 which saw Uruguay's Nacional triumph over Nottingham Forest The 1980s saw a domination by South American sides as Brazil's Flamengo and Grêmio, Uruguay's Nacional and Peñarol, Argentina's Independiente and River Plate take the spoils once each after Nacional's victory in 1980 Only Juventus, Porto and Milan managed to bring the trophy to the European continent In that decade, the English Football Association tried organizing a Club World Cup sponsored by promoting company West Nally only to be shot down by UEFA115

The 1990s proved to be a decade dominated by European teams, as Milan, Red Star Belgrade, Ajax, Juventus, Real Madrid, Manchester United, and newcomers Borussia Dortmund of Germany were fueled to victory by their economic powers and heavy poaching of South American stars Only three titles went to South America, as São Paulo and Argentina's Vélez Sársfield came out the winners, each of them defeating Milan, with São Paulo's inaugural win being over Barcelona The 2000s would see Boca Juniors win the competition twice for South America, while European victories came from Bayern Munich, Real Madrid, and Porto The 2004 Intercontinental Cup proved to be the last edition, as the competition was absorbed into the FIFA Club World Cup

De facto club teams' World Championshipedit

All the winning teams are regarded as de facto "world club champions"116117118119 According to some texts on FIFAcom, due to the superiority at sporting level of the European and South American clubs to the rest of the world, reflected earlier in the tournament for national teams, the winning clubs of the Intercontinental Cup were named world champions and can claim to be world champions,120121 in a "symbolic" club world championship,122 while the FIFA Club World Cup would have another dimension,123 as the "true" world club showdown,124125126 created because, with the passage of time and the development of football outside Europe and South America, it had become "unrealistic" to continue to confer the symbolic title of world champion upon the winners of the Intercontinental Cup,127 the idea to expand it being mentioned for the first time in 1967 by Stanley Rous as CONCACAF and the AFC had established their continental club competitions and requested the participation,68707172737475 an expansion that was to occur only in 2000 through the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship Nevertheless, some European champions started to decline participation in the tournament after the events of 196976 Though "symbolic" or de facto as a club world championship, the Intercontinental Cup is official at confederation level, with both UEFA and CONMEBOL considering all editions of the competition as part of their official honours232425

Despite being chronologically the fourth international competition created to define "the best team in the world" – after Lipton Trophy, Copa Rio, and Pequeña Copa del Mundo, due to FIFA's inability to organize club competitions,128 – the Intercontinental Cup is considered by FIFA as one of the two predecessors116 to the FIFA Club World Cup, which was held for the first time in 2000 It had been regarded by FIFA as the sole predecessor,129 until the June 2014 FIFA Executive Committee meeting, which declared the 1951 edition of Copa Rio as "the first worldwide club tournament with teams from Europe and South America"130131

Trophyedit

The looks of Toyota Cup, awarded from 1980 to 2004

The competition trophy bears the words "Coupe Européenne-Sudamericaine" "European-South American Cup" at the top At the base of the trophy, there is the round logo of UEFA and a map of South America in a circle

During the sponsorship by Toyota, the competition awarded an additional trophy, entitled "Toyota Cup"

Cup formatedit

From 1960 to 1979, the Intercontinental Cup was played in two legs Between 1960 and 1968, the cup was decided on points only, the same format used by CONMEBOL to determine the winner of the Copa Libertadores final through 1987 Because of this format, a third match was needed when both teams were equal on points Commonly this match was host by the continent where the last game of the series was played From 1969 through 1979, the competition adopted the European standard method of aggregate score, with away goals

Starting in 1980, the final became a single match Up until 2001, the matches were held at Tokyo's National Stadium Finals since 2002 were held at the Yokohama International Stadium, also the venue of the 2002 FIFA World Cup final

Resultsedit

Key
Match was won during extra time
Match was won on a penalty shoot-out
Play-off match where teams were tied on points 1 win and 1 defeat each
# European runner-up contested in place of European champion
Year Country Winners Score Runners-up Country Venue Location Refs
1960  ESP Real Madrid 0–0 Peñarol  URU Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay 132
 ESP Real Madrid 5–1 Peñarol  URU Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
1961  URU Peñarol 0–1 Benfica  POR Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal 133
 URU Peñarol 5–0 Benfica  POR Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
 URU Peñarol ‡2–1‡ Benfica  POR Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
1962  BRA Santos 3–2 Benfica  POR Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 134
 BRA Santos 5–2 Benfica  POR Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal
1963  BRA Santos 2–4 Milan  ITA San Siro Milan, Italy 135
 BRA Santos 4–2 Milan  ITA Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
 BRA Santos ‡1–0‡ Milan  ITA Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1964  ITA Inter Milan 0–1 Independiente  ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina 136
 ITA Inter Milan 2–0 Independiente  ITA San Siro Milan, Italy
 ITA Inter Milan ‡1–0‡ Independiente  SPA Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
1965  ITA Inter Milan 3–0 Independiente  ITA San Siro Milan, Italy 137
 ITA Inter Milan 0–0 Independiente  ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina
1966  URU Peñarol 2–0 Real Madrid  ESP Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay 138
 URU Peñarol 2–0 Real Madrid  ESP Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
1967  ARG Racing Club 0–1 Celtic  SCO Hampden Park Glasgow, Scotland 139
 ARG Racing Club 2–1 Celtic  SCO El Cilindro Avellaneda, Argentina
 ARG Racing Club ‡1–0‡ Celtic  SCO Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
1968  ARG Estudiantes 1–0 Manchester United  ENG Estadio Camilo Cichero Buenos Aires, Argentina 140
 ARG Estudiantes 1–1 Manchester United  ENG Old Trafford Manchester, England
1969  ITA Milan 3–0 Estudiantes  ARG San Siro Milan, Italy 141
 ITA Milan 1–2 Estudiantes  ARG Estadio Camilo Cichero Buenos Aires, Argentina
1970  NED Feyenoord 2–2 Estudiantes  ARG Estadio Camilo Cichero Buenos Aires, Argentina 142
 NED Feyenoord 1–0 Estudiantes  ARG De Kuip Rotterdam, Netherlands
1971  URU Nacional 1–1 Panathinaikos#1  GRE Karaiskakis Stadium Piraeus, Greece 143
 URU Nacional 2–1 Panathinaikos#1  GRE Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
1972  NED Ajax 1–1 Independiente  ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina 144
 NED Ajax 3–0 Independiente  ARG Olympic Stadium Amsterdam, Netherlands
1973  ARG Independiente 1–0 Juventus#2  ITA Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy 145
Second leg was not played Independiente declared winner
1974  ESP Atlético Madrid#3 0–1 Independiente  ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina 146
 ESP Atlético Madrid#3 2–0 Independiente  ARG Vicente Calderón Madrid, Spain
1975 Bayern Munich and Independiente did not find compatible schedule to play 147
1976  FRG Bayern Munich 2–0 Cruzeiro  BRA Olympiastadion Munich, West Germany 148
 FRG Bayern Munich 0–0 Cruzeiro  BRA Mineirão Belo Horizonte, Brazil
1977  ARG Boca Juniors 2–2 Borussia Mönchengladbach#4  FRG La Bombonera Buenos Aires, Argentina 149
 ARG Boca Juniors 3–0 Borussia Mönchengladbach#4  FRG Wildparkstadion Karlsruhe, West Germany
1978 Liverpool and Boca Juniors declined to play each other 147
1979  PAR Olimpia 1–0 Malmö FF#5  SWE Malmö Stadion Malmö, Sweden 150
 PAR Olimpia 2–1 Malmö FF#5  SWE Defensores del Chaco Asunción, Paraguay
1980  URU Nacional 1–0 Nottingham Forest  ENG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 151
1981  BRA Flamengo 3–0 Liverpool  ENG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 152
1982  URU Peñarol 2–0 Aston Villa  ENG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 153
1983  BRA Grêmio 2–1 aet Hamburger SV  FRG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 154
1984  ARG Independiente 1–0 Liverpool  ENG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 155
1985  ITA Juventus 2–2 4–2 p Argentinos Juniors  ARG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 156
1986  ARG River Plate 1–0 Steaua București  ROU National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 157
1987  POR Porto 2–1 aet Peñarol  URU National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 158
1988  URU Nacional 2–2 7–6 p PSV Eindhoven  NED National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 159
1989  ITA Milan 1–0 aet Atlético Nacional  COL National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 160
1990  ITA Milan 3–0 Olimpia  PAR National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 161
1991  YUG Red Star Belgrade 3–0 Colo-Colo  CHI National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 162
1992  BRA São Paulo 2–1 Barcelona  ESP National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 163
1993  BRA São Paulo 3–2 Milan#6  ITA National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 164
1994  ARG Vélez Sársfield 2–0 Milan  ITA National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 165
1995  NED Ajax 0–0 4–3 p Grêmio  BRA National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 166
1996  ITA Juventus 1–0 River Plate  ARG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 167
1997  GER Borussia Dortmund 2–0 Cruzeiro  BRA National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 168
1998  ESP Real Madrid 2–1 Vasco da Gama  BRA National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 169
1999  ENG Manchester United 1–0 Palmeiras  BRA National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 170
2000  ARG Boca Juniors 2–1 Real Madrid  ESP National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 171
2001  GER Bayern Munich 1–0 aet Boca Juniors  ARG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan 172
2002  ESP Real Madrid 2–0 Olimpia  PAR International Stadium Yokohama, Japan 173
2003  ARG Boca Juniors 1–1 3–1 p Milan  ITA International Stadium Yokohama, Japan 174
2004  POR Porto 0–0 8–7 p Once Caldas  COL International Stadium Yokohama, Japan 175

Notesedit

  • After the events of the 1969 Intercontinental Cup, many European Cup Champions refused to play in the Intercontinental Cup176
  • #1 1970–71 European Cup finalists Panathinaikos replaced the champions Ajax who declined to participate177
  • #2 1972–73 European Cup finalists Juventus replaced the champions Ajax who declined to contest the meeting in South America, officially for financial reasons178179
  • #3 1973–74 European Cup finalists Atlético Madrid replaced the champions Bayern Munich who declined to participate180
  • #4 1976–77 European Cup finalists Borussia Mönchengladbach replaced the champions Liverpool who declined to participate181
  • #5 1978–79 European Cup finalists Malmö FF replaced the champions Nottingham Forest who declined to participate182
  • #6 1992–93 Champions League finalists Milan replaced the champions Marseille who were suspended due to a match fixing and bribery scandal183

Performancesedit

The performance of various clubs is shown in the following tables:147184

Performance by clubedit

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runner-up years
Milan 3 4 1969, 1989, 1990 1963, 1993, 1994, 2003
Peñarol 3 2 1961, 1966, 1982 1960, 1987
Real Madrid 3 2 1960, 1998, 2002 1966, 2000
Boca Juniors 3 1 1977, 2000, 2003 2001
Nacional 3 1971, 1980, 1988
Independiente 2 4 1973, 1984 1964, 1965, 1972, 1974
Juventus 2 1 1985, 1996 1973
Santos 2 1962, 1963
Inter Milan 2 1964, 1965
São Paulo 2 1992, 1993
Ajax 2 1972, 1995
Bayern Munich 2 1976, 2001
Porto 2 1987, 2004
Estudiantes 1 2 1968 1969, 1970
Olimpia 1 2 1979 1990, 2002
Grêmio 1 1 1983 1995
River Plate 1 1 1986 1996
Manchester United 1 1 1999 1968
Racing Club 1 1967
Feyenoord 1 1970
Atlético Madrid 1 1974
Flamengo 1 1981
Red Star Belgrade 1 1991
Vélez Sarsfield 1 1994
Borussia Dortmund 1 1997
Benfica 2 1961, 1962
Liverpool 2 1981, 1984
Cruzeiro 2 1976, 1997
Celtic 1 1967
Panathinaikos 1 1971
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 1977
Malmö FF 1 1979
Nottingham Forest 1 1980
Aston Villa 1 1982
Hamburger SV 1 1983
Argentinos Juniors 1 1985
Steaua București 1 1986
PSV Eindhoven 1 1988
Atlético Nacional 1 1989
Colo-Colo 1 1991
Barcelona 1 1992
Vasco da Gama 1 1998
Palmeiras 1 1999
Once Caldas 1 2004

Performance by countryedit

Country Winners Runners-up Winning clubs Winning years
 Argentina 9 9 Boca, Independiente, Estudiantes, River Plate, Racing Club, Vélez Sarsfield 1967, 1968, 1973, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1994, 2000, 2003
 Italy 7 5 Milan, Juventus, Inter Milan 1964, 1965, 1969, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1996
 Brazil 6 5 Santos, São Paulo, Grêmio, Flamengo 1962, 1963, 1981, 1983, 1992, 1993
 Uruguay 6 2 Peñarol, Nacional 1961, 1966, 1971, 1980, 1982, 1988
 Spain 4 3 Real Madrid, Atlético Madrid 1960, 1974, 1998, 2002
 Germany 3 2 Bayern Munich, Borussia Dortmund 1976, 1997, 2001
 Netherlands 3 1 Ajax, Feyenoord 1970, 1972, 1995
 Portugal 2 2 Porto 1987, 2004
 England 1 5 Manchester United 1999
 Paraguay 1 2 Olimpia 1979
 Yugoslavia 1 Red Star Belgrade 1991
 Colombia 2
 Scotland 1
 Greece 1
 Sweden 1
 Romania 1
 Chile 1

Performance by confederationedit

Confederation Winners Runners-up Winning Clubs Countries
CONMEBOL 22 21 13 4
UEFA 21 22 12 7

Coachesedit

List of Intercontinental Cup winning managers

  • Carlos Bianchi won three editions as coach: one with Vélez Sársfield in 1994, and two with Boca Juniors in 2000 and 2003
  • Luis Cubilla and Juan Mujica won cups both as players and coaches:
    • Luis Cubilla played for Peñarol in 1961 and for Nacional in 1971, then coached Olimpia in 1979
    • Juan Mujica played for Nacional in 1971, and coached it in 1980

Playersedit

  • Alessandro Costacurta and Paolo Maldini played five times in the competition, all with Milan 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 2003
  • Estudiantes 1968, 1969 and 1970 and Independiente 1972, 1973 and 1974 played in three consecutive years Of these teams a few players played in all three years, including Carlos Bilardo and Juan Ramón Verón

All-time top scorersedit

Pelé is the all-time top goalscorer in Intercontinental Cup's history with 7 goals in 3 matches
  • Pelé is the all-time top scorer in the competition having scored seven goals in three matches
    • In 1962, he scored five goals in two matches against Benfica, including a hat-trick in the second leg played in Lisbon the only hat trick in competition's history185
    • In 1963, he scored two goals in one match in the first leg played away to Milan186187188
  • Only six players scored at least three goals in the Intercontinental Cup189
Player Club Goals Apps Years
Pelé Santos 7 3 1962, 1963
Alberto Spencer Peñarol 6 6 1960, 1961, 1966
Luis Artime Nacional 3 2 1971
José Sasía Peñarol 3 3 1961
Santana Benfica 3 4 1961, 1962
Sandro Mazzola Inter Milan 3 4 1964, 1965

Hat-tricksedit

  • Pelé is the only player in the history of the competition to have scored a hat-trick Lisbon, 1962, second leg, against Benfica185

Man of the Matchedit

  • Since 1980:190
Year Player Club
1980 Waldemar Victorino Nacional
1981 Zico Flamengo
1982 Jair Peñarol
1983 Renato Gaúcho Grêmio
1984 José Percudani Independiente
1985 Michel Platini Juventus
1986 Antonio Alzamendi River Plate
1987 Rabah Madjer Porto
1988 Santiago Ostolaza Nacional
1989 Alberigo Evani Milan
1990 Frank Rijkaard Milan
1991 Vladimir Jugović Red Star Belgrade
1992 Raí São Paulo
1993 Toninho Cerezo São Paulo
1994 Omar Asad Vélez Sársfield
1995 Danny Blind Ajax
1996 Alessandro Del Piero Juventus
1997 Andreas Möller Borussia Dortmund
1998 Raúl Real Madrid
1999 Ryan Giggs Manchester United
2000 Martín Palermo Boca Juniors
2001 Samuel Kuffour Bayern Munich
2002 Ronaldo Real Madrid
2003 Matías Donnet Boca Juniors
2004 Maniche Porto

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Legend – UEFA club competition" PDF Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2009 p 99 Retrieved 23 August 2014 
  2. ^ "Competencias oficiales de la CONMEBOL" Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol in Spanish 2011 pp 99; 107 Retrieved 23 August 2014 
  3. ^ "1969: Milan prevail in tough contest" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 22 October 1969 Retrieved 21 November 2012 
  4. ^ Risolo, Don 2010 Soccer Stories: Anecdotes, Oddities, Lore, and Amazing Feats p109 U of Nebraska Press Retrieved 29 February 2012
  5. ^ "FIFA Club World Cup 2012 - Statistical Kit" PDF Fédération Internationale de Football Association 6 November 2012 p 9 Retrieved 21 November 2012 
  6. ^ "Milan thrive on world stage" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 4 December 2003 Retrieved 30 January 2017 
  7. ^ "Ronaldo treble fires Madrid to Club World Cup glory" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 18 December 2016 Retrieved 30 January 2017 
  8. ^ Fédération Internationale de Football Association, ed 18 December 2015 "Japan Aiming High" PDF The FIFA Weekly No 50 pp 8–9 OCLC 862248672 Retrieved 30 January 2017 
  9. ^ Tribuna de Imprensa, ed 2675, page 8, of 23/10/1958 In Portuguese
  10. ^ Spanish newspaper El Mundo Deportivo, October 9th 1958, page 04
  11. ^ Spanish newspaper ABC Madrid, October 9th 1958, page 58
  12. ^ Brazilian newspaper Jornal do Brasil,October 9th 1958
  13. ^ Brazilian newspaper O Estado de S Paulo, October 9th 1958, page 19
  14. ^ Real Madrid FC's supporters' site La Leyenda Blanca Full list of Real Madrid FC´s adult-male football matches
  15. ^ CR Vasco da Gama's supporters' site "Casaca": "Há 55 anos o Vasco conquistava o I Torneio de Paris"
  16. ^ http://globoesporteglobocom/futebol/times/vasco/noticia/2012/06/dario-lembra-vitoria-do-vasco-sobre-real-em-1957-nao-ha-clube-igualhtml
  17. ^ Jornal dos Sports, Rio de Janeiro newspaper, ed 8526, June 18th 1957, page 8, on Vasco da Gama's victory over Real Madrid at the 1957 Tournoi de Paris
  18. ^ Última Hora, Rio de Janeiro newspaper,  ed 2749, June 17th 1959, page 13, on the Real Madrid X Santos match
  19. ^ Última Hora, Rio de Janeiro newspaper,  ed 2749, June 17th 1959, page 13, on the Real Madrid X Santos match, citing Santos as the current champions of the Torneio Rio – São Paulo
  20. ^ Tribuna da Imprensa, Rio de Janeiro newspaper, June 14th 1957, ed 2264, on the  Vasco da Gama Vs Real Madrid CF match for the 1957 Tournoi de Paris, citing Real Madrid as current European Champions and Vasco da Gama as the current Rio de Janeiro champions
  21. ^ UEFA Direct, nº 105, 2011, page 15 Access on 04/Feb/2013
  22. ^ Mundo Deportivo Spanish sports newspaper: No Habrá La Copa Intercontinental There won't be the Intercontinental Cup 03/Jun/1961, page 3
  23. ^ a b http://wwwuefacom/teamsandplayers/teams/club=50051/profile/indexhtml
  24. ^ a b Carluccio, Jose 2 September 2007 "¿Qué es la Copa Libertadores de América" What is the Copa Libertadore de América in Spanish Historia y Fútbol Retrieved 18 May 2010 
  25. ^ a b "Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Archived from the original on April 30, 2011 Retrieved July 2, 2010 
  26. ^ "World Club Cup deserves respect" British Broadcasting Corporation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  27. ^ "World Club Cup deserves respect" British Broadcasting Corporation Brasil in Portuguese Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  28. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1960" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  29. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1960" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  30. ^ "Trofeos de Fútbol" Real Madrid Club de Fútbol in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  31. ^ El Mundo Deportivo newspaper, September 5th, 1960, page 3
  32. ^ "La Copa Intercontinental, un perro sin amo" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  33. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1960" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  34. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1961" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
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  36. ^ Cunha, Odir 2003 Time dos Sonhos Dream Teams in Portuguese ISBN 85-7594-020-1 
  37. ^ a b "Intercontinental Cups 1962 and 1963" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  38. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1962" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  39. ^ a b "Títulos" Santos Futebol Clube in Portuguese Retrieved 2 July 2010 permanent dead link
  40. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1963" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  41. ^ "European Commissioner visits UEFA" PDF Union Européenne de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  42. ^ "Intercontinental Cups 1964 and 1965" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  43. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1964" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  44. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1965" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  45. ^ "Palmares: PRIMA COPPA INTERCONTINENTALE - 1964" Football Club Internazionale Milano SpA in Italian Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  46. ^ "Palmares: SECONDA COPPA INTERCONTINENTALE - 1965" Football Club Internazionale Milano SpA in Italian Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  47. ^ "Intercontinental Cups 1966" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  48. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1966" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  49. ^ "História da Libertadores" Campeones do Futebol in Portuguese Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  50. ^ "European-South American Cup" Union Européenne de Football Association Archived from the original on December 8, 2013 Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  51. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1967" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  52. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1967" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  53. ^ "Copa Intercontinental 1967" Racing Club de Avellaneda in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  54. ^ "The Battle of Montevideo: Celtic Under Siege" Waterstones Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  55. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1968" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  56. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1968" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  57. ^ "Titulos" Club Estudiantes de La Plata in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  58. ^ a b c d e f g "Estudiantes leave their mark" Entertainment and Sports Programming Network Football Club Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  59. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1969" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Archived from the original on January 24, 2010 Retrieved July 2, 2010 
  60. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1969" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  61. ^ a b "Coppa Intercontinentale 1969" Associazione Calcio Milan in Italian Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  62. ^ a b c d "Coppa Intercontinentale 1969: Estudiantes-Milan, sfida selvaggia" Storie di Calcio in Italian Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  63. ^ a b c d "Partidos inolvidables: Estudiantes - Milan Final Intercontinental 1969/1970" Fútbol Primera in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  64. ^ "La FIFA rehuye el bulto" FIFA shuns the bulge PDF El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish 25 November 1967 p 8 Retrieved 6 March 2013 
  65. ^ /Mundo Deportivo Spanish sports newspaper: La FIFA no controla la intercontinental FIFA does not control the Intercontinental Cup 3/Nov/1967, page 6
  66. ^ Glasgow Herald Scottish newspaper, 06/Nov/1967, page 06: "Sir Stanley said then that FIFA regarded the competition, which is between the winners of the European Cup and the South American equivalent, as a friendly fixture"
  67. ^ Archive of Italian newspaper La Stampa Look for: "La finale mondiale Europa-America di calcio ufficialmente è una semplice gara amichevole", published 03nov1967 page 10"
  68. ^ a b ABC Newspaper, Madrid Spain, Nov 03, 1967, page 97 Headline La FIFA no quiere saber nada de la final intercontinental, pues para ella es um partido “amistoso” In English: FIFA does not care about the Intercontinental final, as, for FIFA, it is a “friendly match” Contents in Spanish: Rous declaró em um almuerzo de redactores esportivos que los partidos anuales para el título intercontinental – entre los ganadores de la Copa de Europa y de America del Sur – está considerados oficialmente como encontros amistosos Rous anadió que otras Federaciones, la Asiatica y de Americas Central y del Norte – han solicitado la participacion de sus clubs campeones en la Copa Intercontinental Se oponen a ello – dijo el – las federaciones Europea y Sudamericana Siguió diciendo Sir Stanley que espera que se estudie todo lo relacionado con la competicion en la proxima Asemblea General de la FIFA: “Si se aprueba, la competicion se desarrollaria a partir de entonces bajo la tutela del organismo mundial que presido”, finalizó diciendo Sir Stanley Rous English translation: Rous stated, during a lunch with sports writers, that the annual matches for the intercontinental cup – between the winners of the European Cup and the South American one- are officially considered as friendly fixtures Rous also said that other Federations, the Asian and the North-Central American one- have requested the participation of their champion clubs in the Intercontinental Cup According to Rous, the European and South American federations are opposed to it Sir Stanley kept on saying that he expects that everything related to the competition should be studied in the next FIFA General Assembly: “If approved, the competition would go on from then on under the auspices of the world organisation I preside”, concluded Sir Stanley
  69. ^ ABC, Madrid newspaper, 08/nov/1967, page 87
  70. ^ a b "La Copa Intercontinental de futbol debe ser oficial" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  71. ^ a b "La FIFA rehuye el bulto" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  72. ^ a b "La FIFA, no controla la Intercontinental" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  73. ^ a b "El proyecto de Copa del Mundo se discutira en Méjico" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  74. ^ a b "¿Nueva Copa Intercontinental" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  75. ^ a b "La Copa del Mundo Inter-clubs se amplia" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  76. ^ a b c d e f g "Europa ha desvalorizado la Copa Intercontinental" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  77. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1970" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  78. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1970" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  79. ^ "1970: Feyenoord unfazed by Estudiantes" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2 March 1980 Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  80. ^ "Feyenoord viert veertigjarig jubileum winst Wereldbeker" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation in Dutch Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  81. ^ a b "Intercontinental Cup 1971" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Archived from the original on June 25, 2012 Retrieved July 2, 2010 
  82. ^ a b "Intercontinental Cup 1971" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  83. ^ a b "Copa Intercontinental 1971" Club Nacional de Football in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  84. ^ "1971: Artime puts paid to Panathinaikos" Union Européenne de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  85. ^ a b c d "Intercontinental Cup 1972" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  86. ^ a b c d e "Intercontinental Cup 1972" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  87. ^ a b c d e "Erelijst" Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax in Dutch Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  88. ^ a b "The Super Cup was the last trophy Ajax" Football Journey Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  89. ^ "1972: Cruyff comes good for Ajax" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2 March 1980 Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  90. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1973" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Archived from the original on March 6, 2008 Retrieved July 2, 2010 
  91. ^ "1973: Independiente resist Juve challenge" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2 March 1980 Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  92. ^ "European Cup: 50 Years" PDF Union Européenne de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  93. ^ "Una ide para los cinco campeones de cada continente" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  94. ^ a b "Una copa mundial de clubs con los campeones de Europa, África, Sudamérica y América Central" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  95. ^ a b "Intercontinental Cup 1974" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Archived from the original on December 4, 2009 Retrieved July 2, 2010 
  96. ^ a b "Intercontinental Cup 1974" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  97. ^ "Sala de Trofeos" Club Atlético de Madrid, SAD in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  98. ^ "1974: Aragonés brings joy to Atlético" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2 March 1980 Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  99. ^ a b "Intercontinental Cup" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  100. ^ "Una idea para los cinco campeones de cada continente" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  101. ^ "Taça não interessa mais aos alemães page 20" Jornal do Brasil in Portuguese Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  102. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1977" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  103. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1977" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  104. ^ "El Club: Titulos" Club Atlético Boca Juniors in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  105. ^ "1977: Boca Juniors brush aside Mönchengladbach" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2 March 1980 Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  106. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1979" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  107. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1979" RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  108. ^ "1979: Club Olimpia overpower Malmö" Union des Associations Européennes de Football 2 March 1980 Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  109. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1979" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Retrieved 17 December 2012 
  110. ^ Brazilian newspaper O Estado de São Paulo, 10/10/1968, page28
  111. ^ Mexican neswspaper El Informador, 14 and 16 of April 1978, referring to Club America's claim to participate in the Intercontinental Cup Archived May 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  112. ^ Mexican newspaper El Siglo de Torréon Archive "Los Pumas Por La Copa Concacaf-EUFA" 15/May/1981, page 13
  113. ^ Mexican newspaper El Siglo de Torréon Archive "Mediocridad existente en el futbol del area de Concacaf" 29/August/1980, page 11
  114. ^ Aguilar, Francesc 18 September 1992 "La negociación será difícil" Negotiations will be difficult PDF El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish p 8 Retrieved 6 March 2013 
  115. ^ "La Copa Intercontinental el 11-D en Tokio: No habra una Copa Mundial de Clubes" El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish Retrieved 2 July 2010 
  116. ^ a b "FIFA Club World Championship TOYOTA Cup: Solidarity – the name of the game" PDF FIFA Activity Report 2005 Zurich: Fédération Internationale de Football Association: 62 April 2004 – May 2005 Archived from the original PDF on October 11, 2012 Retrieved December 17, 2012 
  117. ^ "Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship" Fédération Internationale de Football Association December 10, 2004 Archived from the original on April 30, 2011 Retrieved December 24, 2010 
  118. ^ "Ten tips on the planet's top club tournament" Fédération Internationale de Football Association July 28, 2005 Archived from the original on April 30, 2011 Retrieved October 28, 2009 
  119. ^ "We are the champions" Fédération Internationale de Football Association December 1, 2005 Archived from the original on April 30, 2011 Retrieved October 28, 2009 
  120. ^ Text We Are The Champions 01/12/2005 FIFA site Accessed on 04/feb/2013: clubs that have been NAMED world champions
  121. ^ Text Ten things you never knew FIFA site Accessed on 15/12/2015 "Among this year's six representatives, Brazil's Sao Paulo are the only team that CAN CLAIM to have been world champions"
  122. ^ Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship, FIFA site Accessed on 10 December 2004 Accessed on 08/03/2015: With the passage of time, it became apparent that it was unrealistic to continue to confer the SYMBOLIC title of "club world champion" on the basis of a single match between the European and South American champions
  123. ^ Text Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship, on FIFA site Access on 08/mar/2015: "As of 2005, the Toyota Cup, traditionally a one-off match between the champions of Europe and South America, will take on a WHOLE NEW DIMENSION when it becomes the FIFA Club World Championship, disputed by the champion clubs from all six continents"
  124. ^ Text Japan welcomes the world with open arms, from FIFA site, recovered by Way Back Machine Text of 28 July 2005 Accessed recovery on 31/12/2015 In the list of texts referring to the 2005 FIFA Club World Cup, this text brings as subtitle: Brought up watching the annual Europe-South America clash, Japanese fans are counting the days to the kick off of the TRUE world club showdown
  125. ^ Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship, FIFA site Accessed on 10 December 2004 Accessed on 08/03/2015: According to the new format, which enters into force in 2005, once again in Japan, the respective winners of the six "champions cups" of each confederation will qualify for the FIFA Club World Championship "I am convinced that this is the best formula for everyone," argues Michel Platini, a FIFA Executive Committee member and former Toyota Cup winner from 1985 "It won't make the clubs' trips any longer, but by playing an extra game, the club crowned this time will be TRUE world champions," continued the former Juventus playmaker
  126. ^ Text Continental champions prepare for Tokyo draw,FIFA site, 28 July 2005 Accessed on 08/March/2015: Initially a one-off contest between the champions of South America and Europe, the Toyota Cup, which superseded the Intercontinental Cup in 1980, has been revamped by FIFA to reach out to all confederations and associations across the globe so the winners may TRULY be regarded as the best club side in the world
  127. ^ Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship, FIFA site Accessed on 10 December 2004 Accessed on 08/03/2015: With the passage of time, it became apparent that it was unrealistic to continue to confer the symbolic title of "club world champion" on the basis of a single match between the European and South American champions
  128. ^ "50 years of the European Cup" PDF Union des Associations Européennes de Football October 2004 pp 7–9 Retrieved 15 December 2011 
  129. ^ "FIFA Club World Championship to replace Toyota Cup from 2005" Fédération Internationale de Football Association May 17, 2004 Archived from the original on April 30, 2011 Retrieved December 24, 2010 
  130. ^ http://espnuolcombr/noticia/431977_fifa-divulga-comunicado-e-reconhece-titulo-mundial-do-palmeiras-mas-erra-nome-do-time
  131. ^ http://esportesestadaocombr/noticias/futebol,ao-estado--fifa-confirma-mundial-de-1951-para-o-palmeiras,1813361
  132. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1960" 
  133. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1961" 
  134. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1962" 
  135. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1963" 
  136. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1964" 
  137. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1965" 
  138. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1966" 
  139. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1967" 
  140. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1968" 
  141. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1969" 
  142. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1970" 
  143. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1971" 
  144. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1972" 
  145. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1973" 
  146. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1974" 
  147. ^ a b c "Intercontinental Club Cup" 
  148. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1976" 
  149. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1977" 
  150. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1979" 
  151. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1980" 
  152. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1981" 
  153. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1982" 
  154. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1983" 
  155. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1984" 
  156. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1985" 
  157. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1986" 
  158. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1987" 
  159. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1988" 
  160. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1989" 
  161. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1990" 
  162. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1991" 
  163. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1992" 
  164. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1993" 
  165. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1994" 
  166. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1995" 
  167. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1996" 
  168. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1997" 
  169. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1998" 
  170. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1999" 
  171. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 2000" 
  172. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 2001" 
  173. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 2002" 
  174. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 2003" 
  175. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 2004" 
  176. ^ "THE DECLINE, FALL AND REBIRTH OF THE INTERCONTINENTAL CUP" 
  177. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1971" 
  178. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1973" Fédération Internationale de Football Association Archived from the original on March 6, 2008 Retrieved November 5, 2014 
  179. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1973" 
  180. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1974" 
  181. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1977" 
  182. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1979" 
  183. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup 1993" 
  184. ^ "Hall of Honour" 
  185. ^ a b "Luis Suárez scores first ever hat-trick in Club World Cup | FC Barcelona" wwwfcbarcelonacom Retrieved 2016-06-02 
  186. ^ "Messi, just three behind Pelé in Club World Cup Intercontinental goals" 
  187. ^ "Extraordinary Pele crowns Santos in Lisbon" 
  188. ^ "King-less Santos retain throne in style" 
  189. ^ "Trivia on Intercontinental Toyota Cup" 
  190. ^ "Toyota Cup - Most Valuable Player of the Match Award" Archived from the original on December 24, 2008 

External linksedit

  • International Clubs Cup – The RecSportSoccer Statistics Foundation

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